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Simpson family

The Simpson family consists of fictional characters featured in the animated television series The Simpsons. The Simpsons are a nuclear family consisting of married couple Homer and Marge and their three children Bart and Maggie, they live at 742 Evergreen Terrace in the fictional town of Springfield, United States, they were created by cartoonist Matt Groening, who conceived the characters after his own family members, substituting "Bart" for his own name. The family debuted on Fox on April 19, 1987 in The Tracey Ullman Show short "Good Night" and were spun off into their own series, which debuted on Fox in the U. S. on December 17, 1989. Alongside the five main family members, there are a number of other major and minor characters in their family; the most recurring characters are Homer's father Abraham "Grampa" Simpson. Other family members include Homer's mother Mona Simpson, Homer's half-brother Herbert Powell, Marge's mother Jacqueline Bouvier, other minor relatives. Groening conceived of the idea for the Simpsons in the lobby of James L. Brooks's office.

Brooks had asked Groening to pitch an idea for a series of animated shorts, which Groening intended to present as his Life in Hell series. However, when Groening realized that animating Life in Hell would require the rescinding of publication rights for his life's work, he chose another approach and formulated his version of a dysfunctional family, he named the characters after his own family members – his father Homer, his mother Margaret, his younger sisters Lisa and Maggie. He substituted "Bart", an anagram of "brat", for his own name, modeled the character after his older brother, Mark; the five family members were given simple designs so that their facial emotions could be changed with no effort and so that they would be recognizable in silhouette. Groening submitted only basic sketches to the animators and assumed that the figures would be cleaned-up in production. However, the animators re-traced his drawings, which led to the crude appearance of the characters in the initial short episodes.

The Simpson family made their debut on April 19, 1987 in The Tracey Ullman Show short "Good Night". In 1989, the shorts were adapted into The Simpsons, a half-hour series airing on the Fox Broadcasting Company; the Simpson family remained the main characters on this new show. Dan Castellaneta, Julie Kavner, Nancy Cartwright, Yeardley Smith all began voicing their characters on The Tracey Ullman Show. Nancy Cartwright was the only one of the group, trained to be a voice actor while Castellaneta had done some voice over work in Chicago. Castellaneta and Kavner had been part of the regular cast of The Tracey Ullman Show and voices were needed for the shorts, so the producers decided to ask them to voice Homer and Marge rather than hire more actors; the producers decided to hold casting for the roles of Lisa. Yeardley Smith had been asked to audition for the role of Bart, but casting director Bonita Pietila believed her voice was too high. Smith recalled, "I always sounded too much like a girl. I read two lines as Bart and they said,'Thanks for coming!'"

Smith was given the role of Lisa instead. On March 13, 1987, Nancy Cartwright went in to audition for the role of Lisa. After arriving at the audition, she found that Lisa was described as the "middle child" and at the time did not have much personality. Cartwright became more interested in the role of Bart who she found more fascinating because he was described as "devious, school-hating, clever." Matt Groening let her try out for the part instead, upon hearing her read, gave her the job on the spot. The Simpsons are a family who live in at 742 Evergreen Terrace in the town of Springfield in the United States; the state in which in this town is located is never specified, however they do have snow and sometimes wear sweaters in the fall. It's a running joke in the show to be as vague and ambiguous as possible whenever hinting at which U. S. state. Homer, the father, works as a safety inspector at the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant, a position at odds with his careless, buffoonish personality.

He is married to a stereotypical American housewife and mother. They have three children: a ten-year-old troublemaker; the family owns a dog, Santa's Little Helper, a cat, Snowball II. Both pets have had starring roles in several seasons. Despite the passing of yearly milestones such as holidays or birthdays, the Simpsons do not physically age and still appear just as they did at the end of the 1980s. Although the family is dysfunctional, many episodes examine their relationships and bonds with each other and they are shown to care about one another. Homer Jay Simpson is the father of the Simpson family, he embodies several American working class stereotypes: he is crude, incompetent, thoughtless and a borderline alcoholic. He has displayed flashes of great intellect and fitness whenever the situation calls for it, an integrity reflecting his own values, including a fierce devotion to and protectiveness of his family, his voice started out as an impression of Walter Matthau but evolved into a more robust voice during the second and third season of the half-hour show, allowing Homer to cover a fuller range of emotions.

Homer has since become one of the most influential fictional characters and has been described by the UK newspaper The

Karen Kopins

Karen Kopins Shaw is an American actress and former model. Kopins was Miss Connecticut 1977. Kopins graduated from Marymount College before moving to California to pursue an acting career. Kopins starred in films Fast Forward, Once Bitten, Jake Speed, appeared in guest roles in various television shows, such as The A-Team and Riptide. During seasons 11 and 13 of Dallas, she played a love interest of Bobby Ewing, she was cast as one of Charlie's Angels in the unaired spinoff Angels'88. In 1990, Kopins married Marc Shaw, with whom she has four children; the family resides in Connecticut. Karen Kopins on IMDb

Strazhitsa Municipality

Strazhitsa Municipality is a municipality in Veliko Tarnovo Province, Central-North Bulgaria, located in the Danubian Plain but covering parts of the so-called Fore-Balkan. It is named after its administrative centre - the town of Strazhitsa; the municipality embraces a territory of 512 km² with a population of 14,742 inhabitants, as of December 2009. The Hemus motorway is planned to cross the area, connecting the capital city of Sofia with the port of Varna on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. Strazhitsa Municipality includes the following 22 places: The following table shows the change of the population during the last four decades. Provinces of Bulgaria Municipalities of Bulgaria List of cities and towns in Bulgaria Official website

Umiliana de' Cerchi

Blessed Umiliana de' Cerchi was an Italian Roman Catholic widow and a professed member of the Third Order of Saint Francis. She came from a prominent house of merchants and was married in her mid-adolescence as part of a political alliance that her ambitious father had engineered though her husband died and she fled to become a Franciscan after her father pressured her into accepting a second marriage, her beatification received approval from Pope Innocent XII on 24 July 1694 after the latter formalized her beatification in the recognition of the late Franciscan's local and enduring'cultus' - or popular veneration. Umiliana de' Cerchi was born in Florence in 1219 to a noble house to the prominent merchant Ulivieri de' Cerchi, her father had six daughters - including her - and twelve sons. Her mother died. One of her brothers held important public offices. Another brother was Arrigo and a sister was Ravenna. In her childhood she was prone to undertaking charitable initiatives that sought to benefit the poor and the sick and those that knew her best were firm in their belief that she was being called to the service of God rather than to that of the world.

Her ambitious father however aimed for political alliances and the augmentation of the reputation of his name and so promised her in marriage to the nobleman Bonaguisi in 1235. Umiliana submitted to this desire and married him though found he was avaricious and treated her as a mere servant and she would retaliate with a spirit of meekness and patience; the marriage was more of an economic partnership for her father. In secret she would distribute food and clothes to the poor, she bore two daughters. Her husband fell ill in 1240 and it was she who nursed him before he died at which point she ceded his entire fortune to his relations on the condition that his relatives make restitution for her late husband's injustices, her two daughters was received into the home of her late husband's relations for care. Her father was less than impressed with this and sued her late husband's parents for the return of funds he gave to them at the time of the marriage. Umiliana retreated to her father's home and she fled when he made repeated attempts to have her enter into a second marriage.

The widow soon became a professed member of the Third Order of Saint Francis and henceforth led an austere life of solitude. She never left this solitude save for going out to visit the poor and the ill; this frustrated and angered her father who decided to deprive her of whatever she still owned and he succeeded in doing this. Her confessor was the priest Michele Alberti. Umiliana was not ashamed to go out begging though she never used the alms for herself and instead distributed them to the poor. On one occasion she pleaded with the Lord to transfer the severe pain of an ill person to herself and she was confined to her bed when the Lord appeared and restored her to health with the sign of the Cross; the widow attended frequent Mass at the church of Saint Martin and she fasted on vital liturgical feasts as well as during Lent and Advent. Her brother Arrigo became a third order Franciscan following his sister's example. Umiliana fell ill and she knew her end was close, her confessor was at her bedside.

Her feet were bandaged. Her remains were interred in one location though moved behind a wall near the stairs of the pulpit, her brother Arrigo arranged for a chapel to in the basilica to receive her remains. A total of 47 miracles were recorded in the period of 1246 to 1249 and she is perceived to be the first cloistered third order Franciscan in Florence; the chapel in the transept of the Basilica di Santa Croce is dedicated to her with a silver bust there. It is said that she is represented in Taddeo Gaddi's "Tree of Life" in that same church; the formal ratification of the late Franciscan's local'cultus' - otherwise being popular and enduring veneration - allowed for Pope Innocent XII on 24 July 1694 to issue a decree that recognized this and thus approved her formal beatification. Saints SQPN

1971 in jazz

This is a timeline documenting events of Jazz in the year 1971. 2 -- The 5th Montreux Jazz Festival started in Switzerland. 2 -- The 18th Newport Jazz Festival started in Rhode Island. 17 – The 14th Monterey Jazz Festival started in Monterey, California. January10 – Ernie Caceres, American saxophonist. 19 – Harry Shields, American clarinetist. February1 – Harry Roy, British clarinetist and bandleader. 5 – Chas Remue, Belgian reedist. 11 – Harry Arnold, Swedish saxophonist and bandleader. 22 – Derek Humble, English alto saxophonist. March26 – Harold McNair, Jamaican-born saxophonist and flute player. 28 – Morey Feld, American drummer. April1 – Baby Face Willette, American Hammond organist. 12 – Wynton Kelly, Jamaican pianist and composer. 28 – Sonny White, American pianist. May8 – Gus Deloof, Belgian trumpeter and arranger. June11 – Bert Ambrose, English bandleader and violinist. July2 – Bobby Donaldson, American drummer. 6 – Louis Armstrong, American singer and trumpeter. 8 – Charlie Shavers, American trumpeter.

August13 – King Curtis, American saxophonist. 17 – Tab Smith, American saxophonist. 27 – Lil Hardin Armstrong, American pianist and band leader. 28 – Lou McGarity, American trombonist and vocalist. November1 – Irene Daye, American singer. 3 – Gary McFarland, American composer, arranger and vocalist. Unknown dateGregor or Krikor Kélékian, Armenian-French bandleader. January1 Chris Potter, American saxophonist. Kenya Hathaway, American singer. 4 – Nigel Hitchcock, English saxophonist. 5 – Stian Carstensen, Norwegian multi-instrumentalist. 20 – Zoe Rahman, English pianist and composer. February16 – Øyvind Brandtsegg, Norwegian percussionist. 26 – Erykah Badu, American singer-songwriter, record producer, disc jockey and actress. March23 – Leszek Możdżer, Polish pianist, music producer, film music composer. April2 – Solveig Slettahjell, Norwegian singer. 10 – Joey Defrancesco, American organist and vocalist. 16 – Max Beesley, English actor and pianist. 25 – Trygve Seim, Norwegian saxophonist. 26 – Christian Wallumrød, Norwegian pianist and composer.

May6 – Till Brönner, German trumpeter, composer and producer. 12 – Kristin Asbjørnsen, Norwegian singer and composer. 15 – Erland Dahlen, Norwegian drummer and percussionist. 31 – Arun Luthra, Indo-Anglo-American saxophonist, konnakol artist, composer and band leader. June4 – Shoji Meguro, Japanese composer and director. 7 Håvard Fossum, Norwegian saxophonistand flautist. Jesse Green, American pianist, composer and record producer. 9 – Gerald Preinfalk, Austrian saxophonist and composer. 15 – Nasheet Waits, American drummer. 29 – Ingar Zach, Norwegian percussionist. July 17 – Liberty Ellman, English guitarist. 29 – Lisa Ekdahl, Swedish singer and songwriter. August14 – Walter Blanding, American saxophonist and clarinetist. 17 – Ed Motta, Brazilian singer and keyboardist. September15 – Graham Wood, Australian jazz pianist. 20 – Sean J. Kennedy, American drummer. 23 – Ingebrigt Håker Flaten, Norwegian bassist. October19 – Helén Eriksen, Norwegian saxophonist and singer. 20 – Russell Gunn, American trumpeter.

24 – Frode Berg, Norwegian bassist. 26 – Vijay Iyer, American pianist and composer. November1 – Antonio Sánchez, Mexican-American drummer and composer. 4 – Gregory Porter, American vocalist. 28 – Robert Mitchell, British pianist and teacher. December1 – Mika Pohjola, Finnish pianist and composer. 11 – Mattias Ståhl, Swedish vibraphonist and composer. 18 – Noriko Matsueda, Japanese pianist and composer. Unknown dateCarla Kihlstedt, American composer, violinist and multi-instrumentalist. Dominique Atkins, British singer, Grace. Kasper Tranberg, Danish trumpeter and flugelhornist. Tom Norris, English musician, ensemble leader, songwriter. Vellu Halkosalmi, Finnish trombonist and composer. 1970s in jazz List of years in jazz 1971 in music History Of Jazz Timeline: 1971 at All About Jazz

Harry McNally

Harry McNally was an English football player and manager, noted for his spells as manager of Wigan Athletic and Chester City. Unusually for a Football League manager, McNally's playing career was spent as an amateur at Skelmersdale United. Upon retirement as a player, he became coach at the club and served as manager at Southport in their first season in non-league football and was a member of coaching staff at Altrincham as Football League clubs began to take note of his achievements. McNally was a stonemason by trade, the son of a miner, he joined Wigan as a coach in 1981. The club's manager, Larry Lloyd quit to become the manager of Notts County at the end of the 1982–83 season, at about the same time, owner Ken Bates pulled his investment out of the club, forcing the sale of most of the first team. McNally was appointed manager and rebuilt the squad with youth players and lower–league signings, leading the side to a creditable 13th-place finish the following season, he ended up having to sell his new squad at the end of the season to alleviate the continuing financial problems, forcing another rebuild.

The following season was not as successful, McNally resigned in February 1985. A few months after McNally's departure, Wigan won the Associate Members Cup at Wembley Stadium, thanks to the squad McNally had put together; when he became Chester City manager in July 1985, McNally inherited a side that had finished bottom of the Football League a year before and had needed an excellent run under Mick Speight to avoid a similar fate in 1984–85. Despite's Speight's success, McNally was appointed in his place amid protests from supporters, he was to soon silence his doubters, as with the help of successful new signings of David Glenn, Milton Graham and John Kelly, the Blues finished runners–up in Division Four for only their second promotion since joining the Football League in 1931. Although he had to contend with the loss of key players Andy Holden and the prolific Stuart Rimmer through injury, Chester sealed promotion with three games still to play. After comfortably guiding Chester to safety in 1986–87 and 1987–88, McNally enjoyed his most successful season with the club in 1988–89.

He led the Blues to eighth position in Division Three, missing out on a play–off spot by just four points. The campaign included a 7–0 home win over Fulham, the club's biggest league win for more than 30 years; the following season saw Chester struggle home in 16th place, amid growing uncertainty over the club's future as it became clear they would be leaving their cherished Sealand Road home. During his early years at the club, McNally had given Football League debuts to several players who went on to have long professional careers. Graham Abel, Barry Butler, Carl Dale and David Pugh were captured from non-league football, while Brian Croft, Chris Lightfoot, Aidan Newhouse, Robbie Painter and Colin Woodthorpe all progressed through the youth ranks. Chester spent the 1990–91 season exiled more than 40 miles away at Moss Rose in Macclesfield, operating on the lowest average attendance in the whole Football League. McNally guided Chester to safety before the end of the season in 19th place, although he attracted publicity for the wrong reasons after being hospitalised along with new signing Keith Bertschin after events got out of hand at the club's Christmas party.

During the first 12 months in exile, McNally broke Chester's transfer record three times when signing Neil Morton, Eddie Bishop and Stuart Rimmer, who made a shock return to the club on the eve of the 1991–92 season and went on to become the club's record goalscorer. The following season saw Chester struggling at the foot of the table and when they were thrashed 5–2 at home by fellow strugglers Darlington on 4 January 1992, there appeared little hope for City to survive, but McNally helped oversee an unlikely great escape, with just four defeats in the final 18 matches of the season seeing Chester finish five points above the relegation zone. At the end of the season, The Sun named McNally as their manager of the year for his achievements on a shoe–string budget. McNally brought the club home to Chester in the newly renamed Division Two with optimism growing for what lay ahead, but age was to catch up on many of his side. A 3–0 win over Burnley in the first Football League match at the Deva Stadium was the only win in the opening 12 games of the 1992–93 season and McNally was sacked after a 2–2 home draw with Bolton Wanderers on 17 October 1992.

His final signing was Shaun Garnett, on loan from Tranmere Rovers. Everyone who knew Harry McNally has a favourite story about him. Players who played under him speak with affection about a number of the bizarre incidents he was involved in, such as jumping in a bath containing no cold water when raging at how Chester had thrown the points away in a 4–4 draw with Bury in 1987. Earlier that year, McNally had astounded spectators during a Freight Rover Trophy tie away at Chester's arch-rivals Wrexham. Frustrated as Chester trailed 1–0 with time ticking away, he hauled an injured Chester player to his feet, saying they should be prepared to die for the cause; the move did the trick as Chester went on to record a derby victory in extra -- time. His belief in players giving their all and being prepared to risk all was reflected when Chester embarked on a pre–season tour of Scotland in 1992. McNally suffered a broken leg when playing in a friendly match, claiming he had to set the right example to his players and could not pull out of the challenge