East Village, Manhattan
The East Village is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It is defined as the neighborhood east of the Bowery and Third Avenue, between 14th Street on the north and Houston Street on the south; the area was once considered to be part of the Lower East Side, with a large Russian and Jewish population, but changed and by the late 1960s, many artists, musicians and hippies began to move into the area, attracted by cheap rents and the base of Beatniks who had lived there since the 1950s. The neighborhood became a center of the counterculture in New York, is known as the birthplace and historical home of many artistic movements, including punk rock and the Nuyorican literary movement, it has been the site of protests and riots. Since at least the 2000s, some have argued that gentrification has changed the character of the neighborhood. East Village is part of Manhattan Community District 3 and its primary ZIP Codes are 10003 and 10009, it is patrolled by the 9th Precinct of the New York City Police Department.
The area, today known as the East Village was a farm owned by Dutch Governor-General Wouter van Twiller. Peter Stuyvesant received the deed to this farm in 1651, his family held on to the land for over seven generations, until a descendant began selling off parcels of the property in the early 19th century. Wealthy townhouses dotted the dirt roads for a few decades until the great Irish and German immigration of the 1840s and 1850s. Speculative land owners began building multi-unit dwellings on lots meant for single family homes, began renting out rooms and apartments to the growing working class, including many immigrants from Germany. From the 1850s to first decade of the 20th century, the neighborhood has the third largest urban population of Germans outside of Vienna and Berlin, known as Klein Deutschland, it was America's first foreign language neighborhood. However, the vitality of the community was sapped by the General Slocum disaster on June 15, 1904, in which over a thousand German-Americans died.
Waves of immigration brought many Poles and Ukrainians to the area, creating a Ukrainian enclave in the city. Since the 1890s there has been a large concentration from 10th Street to 5th Street, between 3rd Avenue and Avenue A; the post-World War II diaspora, consisting of Western Ukrainian intelligentsia settled down in the area. Several churches, including St. George's Catholic Church; the area ended at the East River, to the east of where Avenue D was located, until landfill – including World War II debris and rubble shipped from London – was used to extend the shoreline to provide foundation for the Franklin D. Roosevelt Drive; until the mid-1960s, the area was the northern part of the Lower East Side, with a similar culture of immigrant, working class life. In the 1950s, the migration of Beatniks into the neighborhood attracted hippies and artists well into the 1960s; the area was dubbed the "East Village", to dissociate it from the image of slums evoked by the Lower East Side. According to The New York Times, a 1964 guide called Earl Wilson's New York wrote that "artists and promoters of coffeehouses from Greenwich Village are trying to remelt the neighborhood under the high-sounding name of'East Village.'"Newcomers and real estate brokers popularized the new name, the term was adopted by the popular media by the mid-1960s.
In 1966 a weekly newspaper, The East Village Other and The New York Times declared that the neighborhood "had come to be known" as the East Village in the edition of June 5, 1967. In 1966, Andy Warhol promoted a series of multimedia shows, entitled "The Exploding Plastic Inevitable", featuring the music of the Velvet Underground, in a Polish ballroom on St. Marks Place. On June 27, 1967, the Electric Circus opened in the same space with a benefit for the Children's Recreation Foundation whose chairman was Bobby Kennedy; the Grateful Dead, The Chambers Brothers and the Family Stone, the Allman Brothers Band were among the many rock bands that performed there before it closed in 1971. On March 8, 1968, Bill Graham opened the Fillmore East in what had been a Yiddish Theatre on Second Avenue at East 6th Street in the Yiddish Theater District; the venue became known as "The Church of Rock and Roll", with two-show concerts several nights a week. While booking many of the same bands that had played the Electric Circus, Graham used the venue, as well as its West Coast counterpart, to establish in the US British bands such as The Who, Pink Floyd, The Jimi Hendrix Experience and Led Zeppelin.
The Fillmore East closed in 1971. CBGB, the nightclub considered by some to be the birthplace of punk music, was located in the neighborhood, as was the early punk standby A7. No Wave and New York hardcore emerged in the area's clubs. Among the many important bands and singers who got their start at these clubs and other venues in downtown Manhattan were Patti Smith, Arto Lindsay, the Ramones, Richard Hell and the Voidoids, Talking Heads, the Plasmatics, Glenn Danzig, Sonic Youth, the Beastie Boys and The Strokes. Few icons of the punk scene remain in the neighborhood. Richard Hell lives in the same apartment he has lived in since the 1970s, Handsome Dick Manitoba of The Dictators owns Manitoba's bar on Avenue B. Over the last
Williamsburg is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, bordered by Greenpoint to the north. As of the 2010 United States Census, the neighborhood's population is 32,926. Since the late 1990s, Williamsburg has undergone gentrification characterized by a contemporary art scene, hipster culture, vibrant nightlife that has projected its image internationally as a "Little Berlin". During the early 2000s, the neighborhood became a center for indie electroclash. Numerous ethnic groups still inhabit enclaves within the neighborhood, including Italians, Hispanics, Puerto Ricans, Dominicans. Williamsburg is part of Brooklyn Community District 1 and its primary ZIP Codes are 11211 and 11206, it is patrolled by the 94th Precincts of the New York City Police Department. Politically it is represented by the New York City Council's 33rd District, which represents the western and southern parts of the neighborhood, the 34th District, which represents the eastern part. In 1638, the Dutch West India Company purchased the area's land from the Lenape Native Americans who occupied the area.
In 1661, the company chartered the Town of Boswijck, including land that would become Williamsburg. After the English takeover of New Netherland in 1664, the town's name was anglicized to Bushwick. During colonial times, villagers called the area "Bushwick Shore"; this name lasted for about 140 years. Bushwick Shore was cut off from the other villages in Bushwick by Bushwick Creek to the north and by Cripplebush, a region of thick, boggy shrub land which extended from Wallabout Creek to Newtown Creek, to the south and east. Bushwick residents called Bushwick Shore "the Strand". Farmers and gardeners from the other Bushwick villages sent their goods to Bushwick Shore to be ferried across the East River to New York City for sale via a market at present day Grand Street. Bushwick Shore's favorable location close to New York City led to the creation of several farming developments. In 1802, real estate speculator Richard M. Woodhull acquired 13 acres near what would become Metropolitan Avenue North 2nd Street.
He had Colonel Jonathan Williams, a U. S. Engineer, survey the property, named it Williamsburgh in his honor. A 13-acre development within Bushwick Shore, Williamsburg expanded during the first half of the nineteenth century and seceded from Bushwick and formed its own independent city. Williamsburg was incorporated as the Village of Williamsburgh within the Town of Bushwick in 1827. In two years it had a fire company, a post office and a population of over 1,000; the deep drafts along the East River encouraged industrialists, many from Germany, to build shipyards around Williamsburg. Raw material was shipped in, finished products were sent out of factories straight to the docks. Several sugar barons built processing refineries. Now all are gone except the now-defunct Domino Sugar. Other important industries included brewing. On April 18, 1835, the Village of Williamsburg annexed a portion of the Town of Bushwick; the Village consisted of three districts. The first district was called the "South Side".
The names "North Side" and "South Side" remain in common usage today, but the name for the Third District has changed often. The New Village became populated by Germans and for a time was known by the sobriquet of "Dutchtown". In 1845, the population of Williamsburgh was 11,500. Reflecting its increasing urbanization, Williamsburg separated from Bushwick as the Town of Williamsburg in 1840, it became the City of Williamsburg in 1852, organized into three wards. The old First Ward coincides with the South Side and the Second Ward with the North Side, with the modern boundary at Grand Street; the Third Ward was to the east of these, stretching from Union Avenue east to Bushwick Avenue beyond, Bushwick. In 1855, the City of Williamsburg, along with the adjoining Town of Bushwick, were annexed into the City of Brooklyn as the so-called Eastern District; the First Ward of Williamsburg became Brooklyn's 13th Ward, the Second Ward Brooklyn's 14th Ward, the Third Ward Brooklyn's 15th and 16th Wards. During its period as part of Brooklyn's Eastern District, the area achieved remarkable industrial and economic growth, local businesses thrived.
Wealthy New Yorkers such as Cornelius Vanderbilt and railroad magnate Jubilee Jim Fisk built shore-side mansions. Charles Pratt and his family founded the Pratt Institute, the great school of art & architecture, the Astral Oil Works, which became part of Standard Oil. Corning Glass Works was founded here before moving upstate to New York. German immigrant, chemist Charles Pfizer founded Pfizer Pharmaceutical in Williamsburg, the company maintained an industrial plant in the neighborhood through 2007, although its headquarters were moved to Manhattan in the 1960s. Brooklyn's Broadway, ending in the ferry to Manhattan, became the area's lifeline; the area proved popular for household product manufacturers. Factories for Domino Sugar, Esquire Shoe Polish, Dutch Mustard and many others were established in the late 19th and early 20th century. Many of these factory buildings are now being converted to non-industrial uses residential; the population was at first German, but many Jews from the Lower East side of Manhattan came to the area after the completion of the Williamsburg Bridge in 1903
Hothouse Flowers are an Irish rock group that combines traditional Irish music with influences from soul and rock. Formed in 1985 in Dublin, they started as street performers, their first album, was the most successful debut album in Irish history, reaching No. 1 in Ireland and No. 2 in the UK. After two more albums and extensive touring, the group separated in 1994. Since getting back together in 1998, the band members have been sporadically issuing new songs and touring, but pursuing solo careers; the group first formed in 1985 when Liam Ó Maonlaí and Fiachna Ó Braonáin, who had known each other as children in an Irish-speaking school, Coláiste Eoin in Booterstown, began performing as street musicians known as buskers, on the streets of Dublin as "The Incomparable Benzini Brothers". They had won a street-entertainer award within a year, they began writing songs and performing throughout Ireland. Rolling Stone magazine called them "the best-unsigned band in Europe". In 1986, Bono from the band U2 offered his support.
They released their first single, "Love Don't Work This Way", on U2's Mother Records label, which led to a deal with the PolyGram subsidiary London Records. Their first album, was released in May 1988 and was the most successful debut album in Irish history, it reached the #1 slot in Ireland within a week and reached No. 2 in the UK Albums Chart. The first single off the album "Feet on the Ground" shot to the No. 1 slot in Ireland on 19 March 1988. The international success of the album received a boost when a music video for the first single, "Don't Go", was played in the interval between contestants and the scoring in the 1988 Eurovision Song Contest; this propelled the song to No. 11 in the UK Singles Chart, the highest position the band would achieve in this chart. In September 1988, the band appeared on the bill at the Reading Festival. In June 1989 they played at the Glastonbury Festival, appeared there again the following year; the group's second album, Home was released in June 1990. It was recorded sporadically during extensive touring.
The album did not have the overwhelming success of the first record, but it did reach No. 1 in Australia in 1991. "Give It Up" and "I Can See Clearly Now" from the album reached No. 30 and 23 in the UK Singles Chart. In 1989, the Flowers collaborated with the Indigo Girls on their song "Closer To Fine", which became a US hit, led to some exposure in the United States for the group. In January 1992, the group appeared in an episode of the popular BBC drama series Lovejoy, entitled No Strings. In 1992, Hothouse Flowers joined Def Leppard – the combined group going by the name The Acoustic Hippies From Hell – to record three songs that were included as B-sides on Def Leppard's single "Have You Ever Needed Someone So Bad", from their album Adrenalize. Songs From the Rain was released in March 1993. Though it received good reviews and achieved some chart success in Australia and Ireland, worldwide sales were disappointing. In an attempt to boost record sales, the record label and the band's management kept the group on the road continuously for the entire year.
The band participated in the Another Roadside Attraction tour in Canada that year, collaborated with The Tragically Hip, Crash Vegas, Midnight Oil and Daniel Lanois on the one-off single "Land" to protest forest clearcutting in British Columbia. By early 1994, Ó Maonlaí had decided that the group was suffering from physical and creative exhaustion, he called for a year-long sabbatical; the year-long break turned into several years, as the band members recouped their energy and experienced changes in their personal lives, including divorces, the birth of children and the death of Ó Maonlaí's father. The group split from their long-time manager, Leo Barnes and Jerry Fehily left the group. O'Toole and ó Braonáin spent some of their time off from the Hothouse Flowers recording and touring with Michelle Shocked. Ó Maonlaí worked with Tim Finn and Andy White, while studying traditional Irish music. In May 1998 they released Born. Joined by Wayne Sheehy on drums and Rob Malone on bass guitar, this album contained extensive songwriting contributions from O'Toole, who played guitar and keyboards on the recording.
The music incorporated more elements of electronic loops and studio effects. The following month, they appeared at the 1998 Glastonbury Festival. By 1999 they had reached the end of their contract with London Records, both the label and the band decided not to renew; the label head allowed the group the rights to record songs from their past London releases and produce a live record. Live was self-released by the group that year, taken from an October 1998 show in the National Stadium, with one track from a November show in Tokyo. Sheehy and Malone left the group shortly after the release of the record. Dave Clarke, formerly
A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or café is an establishment that serves coffee, related coffee drinks, – depending on country – other drinks including alcoholic. Some coffeehouses may serve cold drinks such as iced tea. A coffeehouse may serve some type of food, such as light snacks, muffins or other pastries. Coffeehouses range from owner-operated small businesses to large multinational corporations. While café may refer to a coffeehouse, the term "cafe" refers to a diner, British cafe, "greasy spoon", transport cafe, teahouse or tea room, or other casual eating and drinking place. A coffeehouse may share some of the same characteristics of a bar or restaurant, but it is different from a cafeteria. Many coffeehouses in the Middle East and in West Asian immigrant districts in the Western world offer shisha, flavored tobacco smoked through a hookah. Espresso bars are a type of coffeehouse that specializes in serving espresso and espresso-based drinks. From a cultural standpoint, coffeehouses serve as centers of social interaction: the coffeehouse provides patrons with a place to congregate, read, entertain one another, or pass the time, whether individually or in small groups.
Since the development of Wi-Fi, coffeehouses with this capability have become places for patrons to access the Internet on their laptops and tablet computers. A coffeehouse can serve as an informal club for its regular members; as early as the 1950s Beatnik era and the 1960s folk music scene, coffeehouses have hosted singer-songwriter performances in the evening. The most common English spelling, café, is the French and Spanish spelling, was adopted by English-speaking countries in the late-19th century; as English makes little use of diacritics, anglicisation tends to omit them and to place the onus on the readers to remember how it is pronounced without the presence of the accent. Thus the spelling cafe has become common in English-language usage throughout the world for the less formal, i.e. "greasy spoon" variety. The Italian spelling, caffè, is sometimes used in English. In southern England around London in the 1950s, the French pronunciation was facetiously altered to and spelt caff; the English words coffee and café derive from the Italian word for coffee, caffè—first attested as caveé in Venice in 1570—and in turn derived from Arabic qahwa.
The Arabic term qahwa referred to a type of wine, but after the wine ban by Islam, the name was transferred to coffee because of the similar rousing effect it induced. European knowledge of coffee came through European contact with Turkey via Venetian-Ottoman trade relations; the English word café to describe a restaurant that serves coffee and snacks rather than the word coffee that describes the drink, is derived from the French café. The first café is believed to have opened in France in 1660; the translingual word root /kafe/ appears in many European languages with various naturalized spellings, including. Coffeehouses in Mecca became a concern of imams who viewed them as places for political gatherings and drinking, they were banned for Muslims between 1512 and 1524. The Ottoman chronicler İbrahim Peçevi reports in his writings about the opening of the first coffeehouse in Istanbul: Until the year 962, in the High, God-Guarded city of Constantinople, as well as in Ottoman lands coffee and coffee-houses did not exist.
About that year, a fellow called Hakam from Aleppo and a wag called Shams from Damascus came to the city. Various legends involving the introduction of coffee to Istanbul at a "Kiva Han" in the late-15th century circulate in culinary tradition, but with no documentation; the 17th century French traveler and writer Jean Chardin gave a lively description of the Persian coffeehouse scene: People engage in conversation, for it is there that news is communicated and where those interested in politics criticize the government in all freedom and without being fearful, since the government does not heed what the people say. Innocent games... resembling checkers and chess, are played. In addition, mollas and poets take turns telling stories in verse or in prose; the narrations by the mollas and the dervishes are moral lessons, like our sermons, but it is not considered scandalous not to pay attention to them. No one is forced to give up his conversation because of it. A molla will stand up in the middle, or at one end of the qahveh-khaneh, begin to preach in a loud voice, or a dervish enters all of a sudden, chastises the assembled on the vanity of the world and its material goods.
It happens that two or three people talk at the same time, one on one side, the other on the opposite, sometimes one will be a preacher and the other a storyteller. In the 17th century, coffee appeared for the first time in Europe outside the Ottoman Empire, coffeehouses were established, soon becoming popular; the first coffeehouses appeared in Venice in 1629, due to the traffic between La Serenissima and the Ottomans. The first coffeehouse in England was set up in Oxford in 1650 by a Jewish man named Jacob at the Angel in the parish of St Peter in
Jeffrey Scott Buckley, raised as Scott Moorhead, was an American singer and guitarist. After a decade as a session guitarist in Los Angeles, Buckley amassed a following in the early 1990s by playing cover songs at venues in Manhattan's East Village, such as Sin-é focusing more on his own material. After rebuffing much interest from record labels and his father Tim Buckley's manager Herb Cohen, he signed with Columbia, recruited a band, recorded what would be his only studio album, Grace, in 1994. Over the following three years, the band toured extensively to promote the album, including concerts in the U. S. Europe and Australia. In 1996, they stopped touring and made sporadic attempts to record Buckley's second album in New York City with Tom Verlaine as producer. In 1997, Buckley moved to Memphis, Tennessee, to resume work on the album, to be titled My Sweetheart the Drunk, recording many four-track demos while playing weekly solo shows at a local venue. On May 29, 1997, while awaiting the arrival of his band from New York, he drowned during a spontaneous evening swim clothed, in the Mississippi River when he was caught in the wake of a passing boat.
Since his death, there have been many posthumous releases of his material, including a collection of four-track demos and studio recordings for his unfinished second album My Sweetheart the Drunk, expansions of Grace, the Live at Sin-é EP. Chart success came posthumously: with his cover of Leonard Cohen's song "Hallelujah" he attained his first number one on Billboard's Hot Digital Songs in March 2008 and reached number 2 in the UK Singles Chart that December. Buckley and his work remain popular and are featured in "greatest" lists in the music press. In 2004, Rolling Stone listed him at number 39 on their list of greatest singers of all time. Born in Orange, Buckley was the only son of Mary Guibert and Tim Buckley, his mother was a Zonian of mixed Greek and Panamanian descent, while his father was the son of an Irish American father and an Italian American mother. Buckley was raised by his mother and stepfather, Ron Moorhead, in Southern California, had a half-brother, Corey Moorhead. Buckley moved many times in and around Orange County while growing up, an upbringing Buckley called "rootless trailer trash."
As a child, Buckley was known as Scott "Scottie" Moorhead based on his middle name and his stepfather's surname. His biological father, Tim Buckley, was a singer-songwriter who released a series of acclaimed folk and jazz albums in the late 1960s and early 1970s, whom, he said, he only met once, at the age of eight. After his biological father died of a drug overdose in 1975, he chose to go by Buckley and his real first name, which he found on his birth certificate. To members of his family he remained "Scottie."Buckley was brought up around music. His mother was a classically trained cellist, his stepfather introduced him to Led Zeppelin, Jimi Hendrix, the Who, Pink Floyd at an early age. Buckley grew up singing around the house and in harmony with his mother noting that all his family sang, he began playing guitar at the age of five after discovering an acoustic guitar in his grandmother's closet. Led Zeppelin's Physical Graffiti was the first album he owned. At the age of 12, he decided to become a musician, received his first electric guitar — a black Les Paul — at the age of 13.
He attended Loara High School, played in the school's jazz band. During this time, he developed an affinity for progressive rock bands such as Rush and Yes, as well as jazz fusion guitarist Al Di Meola. After graduating from high school, he moved north to Hollywood to attend the Musicians Institute, completing the one-year course at the age of 19. Buckley told Rolling Stone the school was "the biggest waste of time", but noted in an interview with Double Take Magazine that he appreciated studying music theory there, saying, "I was attracted to interesting harmonies, stuff that I would hear in Ravel, Bartók." Buckley spent the next six years working in a hotel and playing guitar in various struggling bands playing in styles from jazz and roots rock to heavy metal. He toured with the dancehall reggae artist Shinehead and played the occasional funk and R&B studio session, collaborating with fledgling producer Michael J. Clouse to form X-Factor Productions. Throughout this period, Buckley limited his singing to backing vocals.
He found few opportunities to work as a musician. He was introduced to Qawwali, the Sufi devotional music of India and Pakistan, to Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, one of its best-known singers. Buckley was an impassioned fan of Khan, during what he called his "cafe days," he covered Khan's songs. In January 1996, he interviewed Khan for Interview and wrote liner notes for Khan's Supreme Collection, Vol. 1 compilation. He became interested in blues musician Robert Johnson and hardcore punk band Bad Brains during this time. Buckley moved back to Los Angeles in September when his father's former manager, Herb Cohen, offered to help him record his first demo of original songs. Buckley completed Babylon Dungeon Sessions, a four-song cassette that included the songs "Eternal Life", "Unforgiven", "Strawberry Street", punk screamer "Radio". Cohen and Buckley hoped to attract attention from the music industry with the demo tape. Buckley flew back to New York early the following year to make his public singing debut at a tribute concert for his father called "Greetings from Tim Buckley".
Marianne Evelyn Gabriel Faithfull is an English singer and actress. She achieved popularity in the 1960s with the release of her hit single "As Tears Go By" and became one of the lead female artists during the British Invasion in the United States. Born in Hampstead, Faithfull began her career in 1964 after attending a Rolling Stones party where she was discovered by Andrew Loog Oldham. After the release of her hit single "As Tears Go By", she became an international star, her debut album Marianne Faithfull was a commercial success followed by a number of albums on Decca Records. From 1966 to 1970, she had a publicised romantic relationship with Mick Jagger, her popularity was further enhanced by her film roles, such as I'll Never Forget What's'isname, The Girl on a Motorcycle, Hamlet. However, her popularity was overshadowed by personal problems in the 1970s. During that time she was homeless and a heroin addict. Noted for her distinctive voice, Faithfull's melodic and higher registered vocals were affected by severe laryngitis, coupled with persistent drug abuse during the 1970s, permanently altering her voice, leaving it raspy and lower in pitch.
This new sound was praised as "whisky soaked" by some critics for helping capture the raw emotions expressed in her music. After a long commercial absence, Faithfull made a comeback with the 1979 release of her critically acclaimed album Broken English; the album marked a resurgence of her musical career. Broken English earned Faithfull a nomination for Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance and is regarded as her "definitive recording." She followed with a series of albums, including Dangerous Acquaintances, A Child's Adventure, Strange Weather. Faithfull wrote three books about her life: Faithfull: An Autobiography, Dreams & Reflections, Marianne Faithfull: A Life on Record. Faithfull is listed on VH1's "100 Greatest Women of Roll" list, she received the World Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2009 Women's World Awards and was made a Commandeur of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the government of France. Faithfull was born in London, her half-brother is artist Simon Faithfull.
Her father, Major Robert Glynn Faithfull, was a British intelligence officer and professor of Italian Literature at Bedford College of London University. Robert Glynn Faithfull's family lived in Ormskirk, while he completed a doctorate at Liverpool University. Faithfull's mother, was the daughter of an Austro-Hungarian nobleman, Artur Wolfgang, Ritter von Sacher-Masoch. Eva chose to style herself as Baroness Erisso. Faithfull's mother had been born in Budapest and moved to Vienna in 1918; the family of Sacher-Masoch had secretly opposed the Nazi regime in Vienna. Faithfull's father's intelligence work for the British Army brought him into contact with the family, he thus met Eva, his future wife. Faithfull's maternal grandfather had aristocratic roots in the Habsburg Dynasty, while Faithfull's maternal grandmother was Jewish. Eva had been a ballerina for the Max Reinhardt Company during her early years, danced in productions of works by the German theatrical duo Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill. Faithfull's maternal great great uncle was Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, whose erotic novel, Venus in Furs, spawned the word "masochism."
In regard to her roots in the Austrian nobility, Faithfull discovered on the British television series Who Do You Think You Are? that the title was Ritter von Sacher-Masoch, the relative corresponding English title being that of Baronet, an inherited knighthood. She spent some of her early life at the commune at Braziers Park, formed by Dr John Norman Glaister, where her father lived and participated, her parents divorced when she was six years old, after which she moved with her mother to Milman Road in Reading. Her primary school was in Brixton. Living in reduced circumstances, Faithfull's girlhood was marred by bouts of tuberculosis, she was a charitably subsidized pupil at St Joseph's Roman Catholic Convent School, where she was, for a time, a weekly boarder. While at St Joseph's, she was a member of the Progress Theatre's student group. Faithfull began her singing career in 1964, landing her first gigs as a folk music performer in coffeehouses, she soon began taking part in London's exploding social scene.
In early 1964 she attended a Rolling Stones launch party with artist John Dunbar and met Andrew Loog Oldham, who discovered her. Her first major release, "As Tears Go By", was written and composed by Jagger, Keith Richards, Oldham, became a chart success, she released a series of successful singles, including "This Little Bird", "Summer Nights", "Come and Stay With Me". Faithfull married John Dunbar on 6 May 1965 in Cambridge with Peter Asher as the best man; the couple lived in a flat at 29 Lennox Gardens in Belgravia just off Knightsbridge, London SW1. On 10 November 1965, she gave birth to their son, Nicholas, she left her husband shortly. In 1966 she took Nicholas to stay with Anita Pallenberg in London. During that time period, Faithfull started smoking marijuana and became best friends with Pallenberg, she began a much publicised relationship with Mick Jagger that same year. The couple became notorious and part of the hip Swinging London scene, she is heard on The Beatles' song Yellow Submarine.
She was found wearing on
Shuhada' Davitt is an Irish singer-songwriter who rose to fame in the late 1980s with her debut album The Lion and the Cobra. As Sinéad O'Connor, she achieved worldwide success in 1990 with a new arrangement of Prince's song "Nothing Compares 2 U". Since while maintaining her singing career, she has encountered controversy due to her statements and gestures—such as her ordination as a priest despite being a woman with a Roman Catholic background—and her expressed views on organised religion, women's rights and child abuse. In addition to her ten solo albums, her work includes many singles, songs for films, collaborations with many other artists, appearances at charity fundraising concerts. In 2017, O'Connor said. On converting to Islam in 2018, she changed it again to Shuhada' Davitt. O'Connor was born in Glenageary in County Dublin and was named after Sinéad de Valera, wife of Irish President Éamon de Valera and mother of the doctor presiding over the delivery, Saint Bernadette of Lourdes, she is the third of five children, sister to novelist Joseph, Eimear and Eoin.
Her parents are Sean O'Connor, a structural engineer turned barrister and chairperson of the Divorce Action Group, Marie O'Connor. In 1979 O'Connor went to live with her father and his new wife. At the age of 15, her shoplifting and truancy led to her being placed for eighteen months in a Magdalene Asylum, the Grianán Training Centre run by the Order of Our Lady of Charity. In some ways, she thrived there in the development of her writing and music, but she chafed under the imposed conformity. Unruly students there were sometimes sent to sleep in the adjoining nursing home, an experience of which she commented, "I have never—and will never—experience such panic and terror and agony over anything."O'Connor in June 1993 wrote a public letter in The Irish Times which asked people to "stop hurting" her: "If only I can fight off the voices of my parents / and gather a sense of self-esteem / Then I'll be able to REALLY sing..." The letter repeated accusations of abuse by her parents as a child which O'Connor had made in interviews.
Her brother Joseph defended their father to the newspaper but agreed regarding their mother's "extreme and violent abuse, both emotional and physical". Sinead said that month, "Our family is messed up. We can't communicate with each other. We are all in agony. I for one am in agony." One of the volunteers at Grianán was the sister of Paul Byrne, drummer for the band In Tua Nua, who heard O'Connor singing "Evergreen" by Barbra Streisand. She recorded a song with them called "Take My Hand" but they felt that at 15, she was too young to join the band. Through an ad she placed in Hot Press in mid-1984, she met Colm Farrelly. Together they formed a band called Ton Ton Macoute; the band moved to Waterford while O'Connor attended Newtown School, but she soon dropped out of school and followed them to Dublin, where their performances received positive reviews. Their sound was inspired by Farrelly's interest in world music, though most observers thought O'Connor's singing and stage presence were the band's strongest features.
O'Connor's time as singer for Ton Ton Macoute brought her to the attention of the music industry, she was signed by Ensign Records. She acquired an experienced manager, Fachtna O'Ceallaigh, former head of U2's Mother Records. Soon after she was signed, she embarked on her first major assignment, providing the vocals for the song "Heroine", which she co-wrote with U2's guitarist The Edge for the soundtrack to the film Captive. O'Ceallaigh, fired by U2 for complaining about them in an interview, was outspoken with his views on music and politics, O'Connor adopted the same habits, she retracted her IRA comments saying they were based on nonsense, that she was "too young to understand the tense situation in Northern Ireland properly". Her first album The Lion and the Cobra was "a sensation" when it was released in 1987 and it reached gold record status and earned a Best Female Rock Vocal Performance Grammy nomination; the single "Mandinka" was a big college radio hit in the United States, "I Want Your" received both college and urban play in a remixed form that featured rapper MC Lyte.
In her first US network television appearance, O'Connor sang "Mandinka" on Late Night with David Letterman in 1988. The single "Troy" was released as a single in the UK, the Netherlands, where it reached number 5 on the Dutch Top 40 chart.. O'Connor named Bob Dylan, David Bowie, Bob Marley and the Banshees and The Pretenders as the artists who influenced her on her debut album. In 1989 O'Connor joined The The frontman Matt Johnson as a guest vocalist on the band's album Mind Bomb, which spawned the duet "Kingdom of Rain", her second album – 1990's I Do Not Want What I Haven't Got – gained considerable attention and positive reviews: it was rated "second best album of the year" by the NME. She was praised for her original songs, she was noted for her appearance: her trademark shaved head angry expression, sometimes shapeless or unusual clothing. The album I Do Not Want What I Haven't Got featured Marco Pirroni and Kevin Mooney, of Adam and the Ants fame, contained her international breakthrough hit "Nothing Compares 2 U", a song written by Prince and recorded and released by a side project of his, The Family.
Hank Shocklee, producer for Public Enemy, remixed the album's next single, "The Emperor's New Clothes", for a