Paul Albert Anka, is a Canadian singer and actor. Anka became famous with hit songs like "Diana", "Lonely Boy", "Put Your Head on My Shoulder", " Having My Baby", he wrote such well-known music as the theme for The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson and one of Tom Jones's biggest hits, "She's a Lady". He wrote the English lyrics to Claude François and Jacques Revaux's music for Frank Sinatra's signature song, "My Way", covered by many, including Elvis Presley. In 1983, he co-wrote the song "I Never Heard" with Michael Jackson, it was retitled and released in 2009 under the name "This Is It". An additional song that Jackson co-wrote with Anka from the 1983 session, "Love Never Felt So Good", was released in 2014 on Jackson's posthumous album Xscape; the song was released by Johnny Mathis in 1984. Anka became a naturalized US citizen in 1990. Anka was born in Ottawa, Canada, to Camelia and Andrew Emile "Andy" Anka Sr. who owned a restaurant called the Locanda. His parents were both Antiochian Orthodox Christians.
Anka's father was Syrian-American from'Uyūn al-Wādī, from the Na'Nou' family and his mother was Canadian-Lebanese "from the town of Kfar Mechki, Rashaya District, in Lebanon". Anka sang with the St. Elias Antiochian Orthodox Cathedral choir under the direction of Frederick Karam, with whom he studied music theory, he studied piano with Winnifred Rees. He attended Fisher Park High School. Paul Anka recorded his first single, "I Confess", when he was 14. In 1957, with $100 given to him by his uncle, he went to New York City where he auditioned for Don Costa at ABC, singing what was believed to be a lovestruck verse he had written to a former babysitter. In an interview with NPR's Terry Gross in 2005, he stated that it was to a girl at his church whom he hardly knew; the song "Diana" brought Anka stardom as it rocketed to No. 1 on the US music charts. "Diana" is one of the best selling singles by a Canadian recording artist. He followed up with four songs that made it into the Top 20 in 1958, including "It's Time to Cry", which hit No. 4 and " My Heart Sings", which reached No.
15, making him one of the biggest teen idols of the time. He toured Britain Australia with Buddy Holly. Anka wrote "It Doesn't Matter Anymore" – a song written for Holly, which Holly recorded just before he died in 1959. Anka stated shortly afterward: "It Doesn't Matter Anymore" has a tragic irony about it now, but at least it will help look after Buddy Holly's family. I'm giving my composer's royalty to his widow – it's the least I can do. Paul Anka's talent included the theme for The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, he wrote "Teddy" – a Top 20 hit for Connie Francis in 1960. Anka composed Tom Jones's biggest hit record, "She's a Lady", wrote the English lyrics to "My Way", Frank Sinatra's signature song. In the 1960s, Anka began acting in motion pictures as well as writing songs for them, most notably the theme for the hit film The Longest Day, in which he made a cameo appearance as a US Army Ranger. For his film work he wrote and recorded one of his greatest hits, "Lonely Boy", he wrote and recorded "My Home Town", a No. 8 pop hit for him the same year.
He went on to become one of the first pop singers to perform at the Las Vegas casinos. In 1960, he appeared twice as himself in NBC's short-lived crime drama Dan Raven. In 1960, Anka signed with RCA Victor, he bought the rights and ownership of his ABC-Paramount catalog in 1963, but like most North American recording artists saw his career stalled by the British Invasion. By the late 1960s, his career focused on adult contemporary and big-band standards, played in Las Vegas. In the early 1970s, he signed with Buddah Records, putting out two albums, a self-titled and Jubilation; the former, first released in 1971, bore the track "She's a Lady", a song he wrote that would become a signature hit for Welsh singer Tom Jones that same year. Anka failed to make a chart success of his own version. Frustrated after more than ten years without a top 25 hit record, Anka switched labels again, which marked a turning point in his career; this time he signed with United Artists and in 1974 teamed up with Odia Coates to record the No. 1 hit, " Having My Baby", exposing Anka to a new generation of fans and proved his staying power among his original fan base, now maturing.
Anka wrote five songs which were included on an album by Don Goodwin. Anka and Coates would record two more duets that made it into the Top 10, "One Man Woman/One Woman Man" and "I Don't Like to Sleep Alone", the No. 15 duet " There's Nothing Stronger Than Our Love". In 1975 he recorded a jingle for Kodak written by Bill Lane and Roger Nichols called "Times of Your Life", it became so popular Anka recorded it as a full song, which peaked at No. 7 in the US pop chart in 1976. The follow-up was another hit that Anka wrote for Sinatra, "Anytime", peaking at No. 33. Anka's last Top 40 hit in the US was in the summer of 1983: "Hold Me'Til the Mornin' Comes", which included backing vocals from then-Chicago frontman Peter Cetera, his 1998 album A Body of Work was his first new US studio release since Walk a Fine Line in 1983.
"My Way" is a song popularized in 1969 by Frank Sinatra. Its lyrics were written by Paul Anka and set to the music of the French song "Comme d'habitude" co-composed and co-written, performed in 1967 by Claude François. Anka's English lyrics are unrelated to the original French song; the song was a success for a variety of performers including Sinatra, Elvis Presley, Sid Vicious. Sinatra's version of "My Way" spent 75 weeks in a record which still stands. Paul Anka heard the original 1967 French pop song, Comme d'habitude performed by Claude François, while on holiday in the south of France, he flew to Paris to negotiate the rights to the song. In a 2007 interview, he said, "I thought it was a shitty record, but there was something in it." He acquired adaptation and publishing rights for the mere nominal, but formal, consideration of one dollar, subject to the provision that the melody's composers would retain their original share of royalty rights with respect to whatever versions Anka or his designates created or produced.
Some time Anka had a dinner in Florida with Frank Sinatra and "a couple of Mob guys" during which Sinatra said "I'm quitting the business. I'm sick of it. Back in New York, Anka re-wrote the original French song for Sinatra, subtly altering the melodic structure and changing the lyrics: "At one o'clock in the morning, I sat down at an old IBM electric typewriter and said,'If Frank were writing this, what would he say?' And I started, metaphorically,'And now the end is near.' I read a lot of periodicals, I noticed everything was'my this' and'my that'. We were in the ` me Frank became the guy for me to use to say that. I used words I would never use:'I ate it up and spit it out.' But that's the way. I used to be around steam rooms with the Rat Pack guys – they liked to talk like Mob guys though they would have been scared of their own shadows." Anka finished the song at 5 in the morning. "I called Frank up in Nevada – he was at Caesar's Palace – and said,'I've got something special for you.'" Anka claimed, "When my record company caught wind of it, they were pissed that I didn't keep it for myself.
I said,'Hey, I can write it, but I'm not the guy to sing it.' It was for Frank, no one else." Despite this, Anka would record the song in 1969. Anka recorded it four other times as well: in 1996, in 1998 in Spanish as "A Mi Manera", in 2007 and in 2013. A few hours before going to celebrate New Year's Eve at the Casino SANDS, Frank Sinatra recorded his version of the song on December 30, 1968, released in early 1969 on the ‘’My Way’’ LP and as a single, it reached No. 27 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and No. 2 on the Easy Listening chart in the US. In the UK, the single achieved a still unmatched record, becoming the recording with the most weeks inside the Top 40, spending 75 weeks from April 1969 to September 1971, it spent a further 49 weeks in the Top 75 but never bettered the No. 5 slot achieved upon its first chart run. Although this work became Frank Sinatra's signature song, his daughter Tina says the singer came to hate the song. "He didn't like it. That song stuck and he couldn't get it off his shoe.
He always thought that song was self-serving and self-indulgent." In the midst of Sinatra's multiple runs on the UK Singles Chart, Welsh singer Dorothy Squires released a rendition of "My Way" in Summer 1970. Her recording reached number 25 on the UK Singles Chart and re-entered the chart twice more during that year. Elvis Presley began performing the song in concert during the mid-1970s, despite Anka's suggestions that the song did not suit him. On January 12 and 14, 1973, Presley sang the song during his satellite show Aloha from Hawaii Via Satellite, beamed live and on deferred basis, to 43 countries via Intelsat. On October 3, 1977, several weeks after Presley's death, his live recording of "My Way" was released as a single. In the U. S. it reached number 22 on the Billboard Hot 100 pop singles chart in late-1977/early-1978, number 6 on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart, went Gold for its successful sales of over a million copies. The following year the single reached number 2 on the Billboard Country singles chart but went all the way to number 1 on the rival Cash Box Country Singles chart.
In the UK, it reached number 9 on the UK Singles Chart. Sex Pistols' bassist Sid Vicious did a punk rock version of the song, in which a large body of the words were changed and the arrangement was sped up; the orchestral backing was arranged by Simon Jeffes. Interviewed in 2007, Paul Anka said, it was kind of curious, but I felt he was sincere about it."Vicious and his girlfriend, Nancy Spungen, changed many of the words when it was recorded, including use of the swear words "cunt" and "fuck" as well as the word "queer". Vicious' reference to a "prat who wears hats" was an in-joke directed towards Vicious' friend and Sex Pistols bandmate Johnny Rotten, fond of wearing different kinds of hats he would pick up at rummage sales. An edited version of Vicious's cover is played during the closing credits of the films Goodfellas and Juan of the Dead. In her album The End, released in conjunction with the film Nana 2, singer and actress Mika Nakashima performs a cover of Vicious' version of the song with what sounds l
Jimmy Van Heusen
James "Jimmy" Van Heusen was an American composer. He wrote songs for films and theater, won an Emmy and four Academy Awards for Best Original Song. Born in Syracuse, New York, Van Heusen began writing music while at high school, he renamed himself at age 16, after the shirt makers Phillips-Van Heusen, to use as his on-air name during local shows. His close friends called him "Chet". Studying at Cazenovia Seminary and Syracuse University, he became friends with Jerry Arlen, the younger brother of Harold Arlen. With the elder Arlen's help, Van Heusen wrote songs for the Cotton Club revue, including "Harlem Hospitality", he became a staff pianist for some of the Tin Pan Alley publishers, wrote "It's the Dreamer in Me" with lyrics by Jimmy Dorsey. Collaborating with lyricist Eddie DeLange, on songs such as "Heaven Can Wait", "So Help Me", "Darn That Dream", his work became more prolific, writing over 60 songs in 1940 alone, it was in 1940. Burke and Van Heusen moved to Hollywood and wrote for stage musicals and films throughout the 1940s and early 1950s, winning an Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Swinging on a Star".
Their songs were featured in many Bing Crosby films including some of the Road films and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. He was a pilot of some accomplishment. Joe Hornsby sponsored Jimmy into an exclusive pilots club called the Quiet Birdmen which held meetings at Proud Bird restaurant at LAX and these men were lifelong friends until the 1970s. Jimmy worked, using his birth name, as a part-time test pilot for Lockheed Corporation in World War II. Van Heusen teamed up with lyricist Sammy Cahn, their three Academy Awards for Best Song were won for "All the Way" from The Joker Is Wild, "High Hopes" from A Hole in the Head, "Call Me Irresponsible" from Papa's Delicate Condition. Their songs were featured in Ocean's Eleven, which included Dean Martin's version of "Ain't That a Kick in the Head," and in Robin and the 7 Hoods, in which Frank Sinatra sang the Oscar-nominated "My Kind of Town." Cahn and Van Heusen wrote "Love and Marriage", "To Love and Be Loved", "Come Fly with Me", "Only the Lonely", "Come Dance with Me" with many of their compositions being the title songs for Frank Sinatra's albums of the late 1950s.
Van Heusen wrote the music for five Broadway musicals: Swingin' the Dream. While Van Heusen did not achieve nearly the success on Broadway that he did in Hollywood, at least two songs from Van Heusen musicals can legitimately be considered standards: "Darn That Dream" from Swingin' the Dream, he became an inductee of the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1971. Van Heusen composed over 800 songs. Van Heusen songs are featured in over twenty films. Although not considered handsome by conventional standards, Van Heusen was known to be quite a ladies' man. James Kaplan in his book Frank: The Voice wrote, "He played piano beautifully, wrote gorgeously poignant songs about romance...he had a fat wallet, he flew his own plane. Van Heusen was once described by Angie Dickinson, "You would not pick him over Clark Gable any day, but his magnetism was irresistible." In his 20s he began to shave his head. He once said "I would rather write songs than do anything else -- fly." Kaplan reported that he was a "hypochondriac of the first order" who kept a Merck manual at his bedside, injected himself with vitamins and painkillers, had surgical procedures for ailments real and imagined.
It was Van Heusen who rushed Sinatra to the hospital after Sinatra, in despair over the breakup of his marriage to Ava Gardner, slashed one of his wrists in a suicide attempt in November 1953. However, this event was never mentioned by Van Heusen in any print interviews given by him. Van Heusen married for the first time in 1969, at age 56, to Bobbe Brock one of the Brox Sisters and widow of the late producer Bill Perlberg. Van Heusen retired in the late 1970s and he died in Rancho Mirage, California, in 1990 from complications following a stroke, at the age of 77, his wife, survived him. Van Heusen is buried near the Sinatra family in Cathedral City, California, his grave marker reads Swinging on a Star. Van Heusen was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Song 14 times in 12 different years, won four times: in 1944, 1957, 1959, 1963. Wins1944 – "Swinging on a Star" for Going My Way 1957 – "All the Way" for The Joker Is Wild 1959 – "High Hopes" for A Hole in the Head 1963 – "Call Me Irresponsible" for Papa's Delicate ConditionNominations1945 – "Sleigh Ride in July" from the film Belle of the Yukon 1945 – "Aren't You Glad You're You?" from the film Bells of St. Mary's 1955 – " The Tender Trap" introduced by Frank Sinatra in the film The Tender Trap 1958 – "To Love and Be Loved" for the film Some Came Running 1960 – "The Second Time Around" for the film High Time 1961 – "Pocketful of Miracles" for the film
A music video is a short film that integrates a song with imagery, is produced for promotional or artistic purposes. Modern music videos are made and used as a marketing device intended to promote the sale of music recordings. There are cases where songs are used in tie-in marketing campaigns that allow them to become more than just a song. Tie-ins and merchandising can be used for food or other products. Although the origins of the music video date back to musical short films that first appeared in the 1920s, they again came into prominence in the 1980s when the channel MTV based their format around the medium. Prior to the 1980s, these kinds of videos were described by various terms including "illustrated song", "filmed insert", "promotional film", "promotional clip", "promotional video", "song video", "song clip" or "film clip". Music videos use a wide range of styles and contemporary video-making techniques, including animation, live action and non-narrative approaches such as abstract film.
Some music videos combine different styles with the music, such as animation and live action. Combining these styles and techniques has become more popular because of the variety for the audience. Many music videos interpret images and scenes from the song's lyrics, while others take a more thematic approach. Other music videos may not have any concept, being a filmed version of the song's live concert performance. In 1894, sheet music publishers Edward B. Marks Joe Stern hired electrician George Thomas and various performers to promote sales of their song "The Little Lost Child". Using a magic lantern, Thomas projected a series of still images on a screen simultaneous to live performances; this would become a popular form of entertainment known as the illustrated song, the first step toward music video. In 1926, with the arrival of "talkies" many musical short films were produced. Vitaphone shorts featured many bands and dancers. Animation artist Max Fleischer introduced a series of sing-along short cartoons called Screen Songs, which invited audiences to sing along to popular songs by "following the bouncing ball", similar to a modern karaoke machine.
Early 1930s cartoons featured popular musicians performing their hit songs on-camera in live-action segments during the cartoons. The early animated films by Walt Disney, such as the Silly Symphonies shorts and Fantasia, which featured several interpretations of classical pieces, were built around music; the Warner Bros. cartoons today billed as Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies, were fashioned around specific songs from upcoming Warner Bros. musical films. Live action musical shorts, featuring such popular performers as Cab Calloway, were distributed to theaters. Blues singer Bessie Smith appeared in a two-reel short film called St. Louis Blues featuring a dramatized performance of the hit song. Numerous other musicians appeared in short musical subjects during this period. Soundies and released from 1940 to 1947, were musical films that included short dance sequences, similar to music videos. In the mid-1940s, musician Louis Jordan made short films for his songs, some of which were spliced together into a feature film, Lookout Sister.
These films were, according to music historian Donald Clarke, the "ancestors" of music video. Musical films were another important precursor to music video, several well-known music videos have imitated the style of classic Hollywood musicals from the 1930s to the 1950s. One of the best-known examples is Madonna's 1985 video for "Material Girl", modelled on Jack Cole's staging of "Diamonds Are A Girl's Best Friend" from the film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. Several of Michael Jackson's videos show the unmistakable influence of the dance sequences in classic Hollywood musicals, including the landmark "Thriller" and the Martin Scorsese-directed "Bad", influenced by the stylised dance "fights" in the film version of West Side Story. According to the Internet Accuracy Project, disc jockey–singer J. P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson was the first to coin the phrase "music video", in 1959. In his autobiography, Tony Bennett claims to have created "...the first music video" when he was filmed walking along the Serpentine in Hyde Park, London in 1956, with the resulting clip being set to his recording of the song "Stranger in Paradise".
The clip was sent to UK and US television stations and aired on shows including Dick Clark's American Bandstand. The oldest example of a promotional music video with similarities to more abstract, modern videos seems to be the Czech "Dáme si do bytu" created in 1958 and directed by Ladislav Rychman. In the late 1950s the Scopitone, a visual jukebox, was invented in France and short films were produced by many French artists, such as Serge Gainsbourg, Françoise Hardy, Jacques Dutronc, the Belgian Jacques Brel to accompany their songs, its use spread to other countries, similar machines such as the Cinebox in Italy and Color-Sonic in the USA were patented. In 1961, for the Canadian show Singalong Jubilee, Manny Pittson began pre-recording the music audio, went on-location and taped various visuals with the musicians lip-synching edited the audio and video together. Most music numbers were taped in-studio on stage, the location shoot "videos" were to add variety. In 1964, Kenneth Anger's experimental short film, Scorpio Rising used popular songs instead of dialog.
In 1964, The Moody Blues producer, Alex Murray, wanted to promote his version of "Go Now". The short film clip he produced and directed to promote the single has a striking visual style that predates Queen's similar "Bohemian Rhapsody" vid
Claude Antoine Marie François known by the nickname Cloclo, was a French pop singer, songwriter, producer and dancer. François co-wrote the lyrics of "Comme d'habitude", the original version of "My Way" and composed the music of "Parce que je t'aime mon enfant", the original version of "My Boy". Among his most famous songs are "Le Téléphone Pleure", "Le lundi au soleil", "Magnolias for Ever", "Alexandrie Alexandra" and "Cette année là". François sold some 70 million records during his career and was about to embark for the US when he was accidentally electrocuted in March 1978 at age 39. Former French President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing is quoted as saying Claude François was, to him, "the French equivalent of The Beatles, meaning the great talent of a generation"; the son of a French father and a Calabrian mother, Claude Antoine Marie François was born in Egypt, in the city of Ismaïlia, where his father, Aimé François, was working as a senior manager in the Anglo-French Suez canal company on the Suez Canal.
In 1951, the job took the family to the city of Port Tewfik. He had an older sister, who wrote her memoirs in 2008. François' mother, Lucia Mazzeï was musical and had her son take piano and violin lessons. On his own, the boy learned to play the drums; as a result of the 1956 Suez Crisis, the family returned to live in Monaco, where they struggled financially after François' father fell ill and could not work. The family's expulsion from Egypt was traumatic, he found a job as a bank clerk and at night earned extra money playing drums with an orchestra at the luxury hotels along the French Riviera. With a good singing voice, he was offered a chance to sing at a hotel in the fashionable Mediterranean resort town of Juan-les-Pins, his show was well received and he began to perform at the glamorous night-clubs along the Côte d'Azur. His father turned his back on his son when he became a musician in Monte Carlo in 1957. While working in a club in 1959, he met Janet Woollacott. François moved to Paris more opportunities to pursue his career.
At the time, American rock and roll was taking hold in France and he took a job as part of a singing group to make a living. With the goal of making it as a solo act, he paid the cost to record a 45rpm. Trying to capitalise on the American dance craze "The Twist", he recorded a song titled "Nabout Twist" that proved a resounding failure. Undaunted, in 1962 he recorded a cover version in French of an Everly Brothers song, "Made to Love". François' career continued to blossom under a new manager. In 1963 he followed the first success with another French adaptation of an American song, this time recording "If I Had a Hammer" and "Walk Right In" in French as "Si j'avais un marteau" and "Marche Tout Droit". François met Michel Bourdais, working for the well-known French magazine Salut les Copains. On 5 April 1963, he headlined at a sign that he had arrived. At the end of that year, François created original new dance steps, Michel Bourdais drew them. For the first time, they brought up the idea of setting up a show with female dancers.
In 1964, he began a relationship with a 17-year-old Eurovision-winning singer, France Gall, which lasted until 1967. In 1967, he and Jacques Revaux wrote and composed a song in French called "Comme d'habitude", which became a hit in Francophone countries. Canadian singing star Paul Anka reworked it for the English-speaking public into the now legendary hit most famously sung by Frank Sinatra as "My Way", he sang the original version of "Parce que je t'aime, mon enfant" in 1971. Although François continued his successful formula of adapting English and American rock and roll hits for the French market, by the 1970s the market had changed and the disco craze that swept North America took root in France; this was no problem for the versatile François. Looking for new talent, he came across a singing family of their cousins; these ladies became known as "Les Flêchettes". He produced a couple of albums for them before his death, the ladies went on to sing for some of the major stars in European music.
He worked non-stop, touring at major venues in Quebec in Canada. However, in 1971, his workload caught up with him. After a brief period off, he returned to the recording studios, releasing several best-selling hits throughout the early 1970s, he expanded from owning his own record company to acquiring a celebrity magazine and a modelling agency. Although driven to achieve financial success, in 1974 he organised a concert to raise funds for a charity for handicapped children, the following year he participated in a Paris concert to raise funds for medical research. In March 1967 he was divorced from Janet Woollacott, who had left him in 1962; this failed marriage was one of the three big traumas. The relationship with France Gall ended in July 1967. After this François had an affair with singer Annie Phillippe, who refused to marry him. François soon got consolation when he arranged a date with model Isabelle Forêt, whom he had first met a few years before, their relationship lasted from 1967 to
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular
Alessandro Carmelo "Teddy" Randazzo was an American pop songwriter, singer and producer, who composed hit songs such as "Goin' Out of My Head", "It's Gonna Take a Miracle", "Pretty Blue Eyes", "Hurt So Bad" in the 1960s. He was born in New York City. In the early years of rock and roll, Randazzo played accordion with a group called The Three Chuckles and appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show numerous times, their first hit "Runaround", was a top 20 hit in 1954. The following year, he became the group's lead singer, sang on their hits "Times Two, I Love You" and "And the Angels Sing"; the records' success brought him to the attention of disc jockey Alan Freed, who featured him in the movie Rock, Rock. As a solo artist, he had three singles that made the Billboard Hot 100: "Little Serenade" in 1958, "The Way of a Clown" in 1960, "Big Wide World" in 1963, he co-starred in rock revues staged by Freed, appearing with such artists as Chuck Berry and LaVern Baker. He had roles in such rock films as Hey, Let's Twist!, The Girl Can't Help It, Rock and Mister Rock and Roll in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Randazzo wrote a string of major hits for other artists with composing partner, Bobby Weinstein, including "Pretty Blue Eyes", a top ten hit for Steve Lawrence in the US and Craig Douglas in the UK in 1959. He wrote many songs for Little Anthony and the Imperials and arranging several albums for the group in the mid-60s; the hit songs included "Goin' Out of My Head", subsequently recorded by numerous artists including the Zombies and Frank Sinatra. The Lettermen combined "Goin' Out of My Head" with Frankie Valli's hit, "Can't Take My Eyes Off You" in a medley which reached #7 in 1968. Randazzo wrote Little Anthony and the Imperials' "Yesterday Has Gone", recorded by UK band Cupid's Inspiration in 1968 and climbed to #4 in the UK pop chart, he arranged and produced two albums on MGM Records with Baltimore girl group the Royalettes, including the Top 50 hit "It's Gonna Take A Miracle" in 1965. He gave the group a big production sound with a full orchestra, but despite critical acclaim and good reviews for their live shows, the group failed to achieve a major commercial success.
Laura Nyro, teaming up with Philadelphia soul producers Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff, recorded the song for her 1971 album, Gonna Take a Miracle, with background vocals for the album performed by Labelle. This Laura Nyro recording was featured in A Home at the End of the World. "Miracle" was revived in 1982 by Deniece Williams, who took it to the #1 R&B spot and #10 in the Hot 100. "I Want To Meet Him", the Royalettes' follow-up in 1966, reached the Hot 100 and the Top 30 R&B charts. All of the 27 songs that Randazzo produced on the group's two albums, plus another issued on single, appeared on a CD retrospective of the Royalettes' complete MGM output released by UK label, RPM in late 2010. Many of Randazzo's tunes became pop classics, recorded by a gamut of industry giants from Ella Fitzgerald to Frank Sinatra. "I've lost count on how many versions there are", Randazzo once said of "Goin' Out Of My Head". It is now included in the Top 50 most recorded songs with sales of over 100 million by over 400 artists, according to the Songwriters' Hall Of Fame.
He provided several songs for albums by New York soul group, the Manhattans, during their 1970s' hey-day, including the 1977 hit, "It Feels So Good To Be Loved So Bad", "There's No Good In Goodbye", "A Million To One". He wrote and produced for the Stylistics. Albums include Fashionably Yours and Love Spell. At this time, Randazzo co-wrote songs with his girlfriend Victoria Pike and songwriters Roger Joyce and Souren Mozian. During the early and mid 1960s, Randazzo toured extensively with his own band appearing at the Copacabana, New York, Hotel Americana, San Juan and at the Thunderbird Hotel, Las Vegas. Band members included renowned musicians Larry Taylor, Gerry McGee, Tommy Boyce, Bobby Hart, Vince Megna, Billy Lewis, Kenny Rankin, Bobby Vincent, Bobby Weinstein, Billy Barberis. Randazzo was popular in Hawaii where his early recordings had topped the local record charts. Randazzo married R. Shelly Kunewa of Hawaii and divided his time between their home in the islands and their home in Florida for most of the latter half of his life.
He continued producing. Randazzo produced and arranged Keola & Kapono Beamer's Honolulu City Lights album for Tom Moffatt's Paradise Records Label; the title song was a hit, the album become a local classic in Hawaii. In 2004, the editors of Honolulu Magazine asked a panel of local recording industry veterans to rank their choices for the best Hawaii album "of all time." Honolulu City Lights was chosen #1. Randazzo died at age 68 at his home in Florida, he is survived by 7 children including his eldest son Teddy Randazzo Jr. from mother Caroline Randazzo. Randazzo and his writing partner, Bobby Weinstein, were inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2007, fifty years after they first started writing songs together. List of Italian American entertainers Teddy Randazzo obituary Bio of Teddy Randazzo Songwriters Hall of Fame Teddy Randazzo at Find a Grave Teddy Randazzo at Spectropop