Chicago (That Toddlin' Town)
"Chicago" is a popular song written by Fred Fisher and published in 1922. The original sheet music variously spelled the title "Todd'ling" or "Toddling." The song has been recorded by many artists. The song mentions evangelist Billy Sunday as having not been able to "shut down" the city; the song made a minor appearance on the U. S. pop charts, reaching #84 in the fall of 1957. It was the first of two charting songs about Chicago recorded by Sinatra; the other was "My Kind of Town" from 1964, which reached U. S. #110. 1939 - featured in H. C. Potter's 1939 film, The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle, starring Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire. 1942 - the song was featured in the opening and closing credits of the 1942 movie Roxie Hart starring Ginger Rogers and Adolphe Menjou. 1949 - included in the fictionalized biography of Fred Fisher, Oh, You Beautiful Doll 1952 - used in the 1952 film With a Song in My Heart. 1957 - performed by Frank Sinatra in a 1957 movie in which he starred, The Joker Is Wild.
His separately-recorded rendition is the only charting version of the song. 1974 - appears in the film Harry and Tonto. Jamey Aebersold Ann-Margret George Barnes Luis Barreiro Count Basie Laura Benanti - The Playboy Club Tony Bennett Pierre Blanchard Claude Bolling Boston Pops Orchestra James Brown Dave Brubeck John Bunch Benny Carter Chicago - Night and Day: Big-Band Rosemary Clooney Bing Crosby for his 1957 album New Tricks. Graham Dalby & the Grahamophones Sammy Davis Jr. Jimmy Dorsey Tommy Dorsey John Eaton Duke Ellington Bob Florence Pete Fountain Sergio Franchi on his 1964 RCA single Bud Freeman Jackie and Roy Judy Garland on her double LP Judy at Carnegie Hall The Georgians Harry Goldson Nat Gonella & His Georgians Benny Goodman Stéphane Grappelli Coleman Hawkins Earl Hines Mimi Hines Franz Jackson Milt Jackson Jazzbo's Carolina Serenaders Jive Bunny & the Mastermixers Al Jolson Greetje Kauffeld François Laudet Lead Belly Joe Lovano Billy May Dudley Moore Jaye P. Morgan Jack Mudurian Bill O'Connell Anita O'Day Original Piano Trio Oscar Peterson Louis Prima Quintet of the Hot Club of France Lou Rawls Django Reinhardt Buddy Rich Tony Sandler Bob Scobey The Sentimental Strings John Serry, Sr. and his ensemble.
Screeching Weasel Ray Sherman Victor Silvester Frank Sinatra - Come Fly with Me Muggsy Spanier The Starlite Orchestra Wally Stott and his Orchestra Barbara Sutton Curtis George Holmes Tate Gary Tesca Rufus Wainwright - Rufus Does Judy at Carnegie Hall Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra World's Greatest Jazz Band Wurlitzer Band Organ Wurlitzer Model 165 Band Organ Penn Glee Club George Scott Wood's Six Swingers Green Day during a concert at Chicago's United Center on July 13, 2009 Sergio Franchi recorded this song in Italian during his concert in 1965 for RCA Victor, Live at The Coconut Grove CM Punk at the end of the 27 June 2011 edition of Monday Night Raw Sheet music in the Lilly Library collection at Indiana University
Jimmy Van Heusen
James "Jimmy" Van Heusen was an American composer. He wrote songs for films and theater, won an Emmy and four Academy Awards for Best Original Song. Born in Syracuse, New York, Van Heusen began writing music while at high school, he renamed himself at age 16, after the shirt makers Phillips-Van Heusen, to use as his on-air name during local shows. His close friends called him "Chet". Studying at Cazenovia Seminary and Syracuse University, he became friends with Jerry Arlen, the younger brother of Harold Arlen. With the elder Arlen's help, Van Heusen wrote songs for the Cotton Club revue, including "Harlem Hospitality", he became a staff pianist for some of the Tin Pan Alley publishers, wrote "It's the Dreamer in Me" with lyrics by Jimmy Dorsey. Collaborating with lyricist Eddie DeLange, on songs such as "Heaven Can Wait", "So Help Me", "Darn That Dream", his work became more prolific, writing over 60 songs in 1940 alone, it was in 1940. Burke and Van Heusen moved to Hollywood and wrote for stage musicals and films throughout the 1940s and early 1950s, winning an Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Swinging on a Star".
Their songs were featured in many Bing Crosby films including some of the Road films and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. He was a pilot of some accomplishment. Joe Hornsby sponsored Jimmy into an exclusive pilots club called the Quiet Birdmen which held meetings at Proud Bird restaurant at LAX and these men were lifelong friends until the 1970s. Jimmy worked, using his birth name, as a part-time test pilot for Lockheed Corporation in World War II. Van Heusen teamed up with lyricist Sammy Cahn, their three Academy Awards for Best Song were won for "All the Way" from The Joker Is Wild, "High Hopes" from A Hole in the Head, "Call Me Irresponsible" from Papa's Delicate Condition. Their songs were featured in Ocean's Eleven, which included Dean Martin's version of "Ain't That a Kick in the Head," and in Robin and the 7 Hoods, in which Frank Sinatra sang the Oscar-nominated "My Kind of Town." Cahn and Van Heusen wrote "Love and Marriage", "To Love and Be Loved", "Come Fly with Me", "Only the Lonely", "Come Dance with Me" with many of their compositions being the title songs for Frank Sinatra's albums of the late 1950s.
Van Heusen wrote the music for five Broadway musicals: Swingin' the Dream. While Van Heusen did not achieve nearly the success on Broadway that he did in Hollywood, at least two songs from Van Heusen musicals can legitimately be considered standards: "Darn That Dream" from Swingin' the Dream, he became an inductee of the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1971. Van Heusen composed over 800 songs. Van Heusen songs are featured in over twenty films. Although not considered handsome by conventional standards, Van Heusen was known to be quite a ladies' man. James Kaplan in his book Frank: The Voice wrote, "He played piano beautifully, wrote gorgeously poignant songs about romance...he had a fat wallet, he flew his own plane. Van Heusen was once described by Angie Dickinson, "You would not pick him over Clark Gable any day, but his magnetism was irresistible." In his 20s he began to shave his head. He once said "I would rather write songs than do anything else -- fly." Kaplan reported that he was a "hypochondriac of the first order" who kept a Merck manual at his bedside, injected himself with vitamins and painkillers, had surgical procedures for ailments real and imagined.
It was Van Heusen who rushed Sinatra to the hospital after Sinatra, in despair over the breakup of his marriage to Ava Gardner, slashed one of his wrists in a suicide attempt in November 1953. However, this event was never mentioned by Van Heusen in any print interviews given by him. Van Heusen married for the first time in 1969, at age 56, to Bobbe Brock one of the Brox Sisters and widow of the late producer Bill Perlberg. Van Heusen retired in the late 1970s and he died in Rancho Mirage, California, in 1990 from complications following a stroke, at the age of 77, his wife, survived him. Van Heusen is buried near the Sinatra family in Cathedral City, California, his grave marker reads Swinging on a Star. Van Heusen was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Song 14 times in 12 different years, won four times: in 1944, 1957, 1959, 1963. Wins1944 – "Swinging on a Star" for Going My Way 1957 – "All the Way" for The Joker Is Wild 1959 – "High Hopes" for A Hole in the Head 1963 – "Call Me Irresponsible" for Papa's Delicate ConditionNominations1945 – "Sleigh Ride in July" from the film Belle of the Yukon 1945 – "Aren't You Glad You're You?" from the film Bells of St. Mary's 1955 – " The Tender Trap" introduced by Frank Sinatra in the film The Tender Trap 1958 – "To Love and Be Loved" for the film Some Came Running 1960 – "The Second Time Around" for the film High Time 1961 – "Pocketful of Miracles" for the film
Frank Sinatra filmography
Frank Sinatra was an American singer and producer, one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century. Over the course of his acting career he created a body of work that one biographer described as being "as varied and rewarding as that of any other Hollywood star". Sinatra began his career as a singer in his native Hoboken, New Jersey, but increasing success led to a contract to perform on stage and radio across the United States. One of his earliest film roles was in the 1935 short film Major Bowes' Amateur Theatre of the Air, a spin off from the Major Bowes Amateur Hour radio show, he appeared in a full-length film in an uncredited cameo singing performance in Las Vegas Nights, singing "I'll Never Smile Again" with Tommy Dorsey's The Pied Pipers. His work with Dorsey's band led to appearances in the full-length films Las Vegas Nights and Ship Ahoy; as Sinatra's singing career grew, he appeared in larger roles in feature films, several of which were musicals, including three alongside Gene Kelly: Anchors Aweigh, On the Town and Take Me Out to the Ball Game.
As his acting career developed further, Sinatra produced several of the film's in which he appeared, directed one—None but the Brave—which he produced and in which he starred. Sinatra's film and singing careers had declined by 1952, when he was out-of-contract with both his record company and film studio. In 1953 he re-kindled his film career by targeting serious roles: he auditioned for—and won—a role in From Here to Eternity for which he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture. Other serious roles followed, including a portrayal of an ex-convict and drug addict in The Man with the Golden Arm, for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor and the British Academy Film Award for the Best Actor in a Leading Role. Sinatra received numerous awards for his film work, he won the Golden Globe for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for Pal Joey, was nominated in the same category for Come Blow Your Horn.
Three of the films in which Sinatra appears, The House I Live In, The Manchurian Candidate and From Here to Eternity —have been added to the Library of Congress's National Film Registry. The House I Live In—a film that opposes anti-Semitism and racism—was awarded a special Golden Globe and Academy Award. In 1970, at the 43rd Academy Awards, Sinatra was presented with the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. DeMille Award
Sammy Cahn was an American lyricist and musician. He is best known for his romantic lyrics to films and Broadway songs, as well as stand-alone songs premiered by recording companies in the Greater Los Angeles Area, he and his collaborators had a series of hit recordings with Frank Sinatra during the singer's tenure at Capitol Records, but enjoyed hits with Dean Martin, Doris Day and many others. He played the violin, he won an Oscar 4 times for his songs, including the popular song "Three Coins in the Fountain". Among his most enduring songs is "Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow!", cowritten with Jule Styne in 1945. Cahn was born Samuel Cohen in the Lower East Side of New York City, the only son of Abraham and Elka Reiss Cohen, who were Jewish immigrants from Galicia ruled by Austria-Hungary, his sisters, Pearl and Evelyn, all studied the piano. His mother did not approve of Sammy studying it though, feeling that the piano was a woman's instrument, so he took violin lessons. After three lessons and following his bar mitzvah, he joined a small dixieland band called Pals of Harmony, which toured the Catskill Mountains in the summer and played at private parties.
This new dream of Cahn's destroyed. Some of the side jobs he had were playing violin in a theater-pit orchestra, working at a meat-packing plant, serving as a movie-house usher, freight-elevator operator, restaurant cashier, porter at a bindery. At age 16, he was watching vaudeville, of which he had been a fan since the age of 10, he witnessed Jack Osterman singing a ballad Osterman had written. Cahn was inspired and, on his way home from the theater, wrote his first lyric, titled "Like Niagara Falls, I'm Falling for You – Baby." Years he would say "I think a sense of vaudeville is strong in anything I do, anything I write. They call it'a vaudeville finish,' and it comes through in many of my songs. Just sing the end of'All the Way' or'Three Coins in the Fountain'—'Make it mine, make it mine, MAKE IT MINE!' If you let people know they should applaud, they will applaud."Much of Cahn's early work was written in partnership with Saul Chaplin. They first met. Cahn said, "I'd learned a few chords on the piano, maybe two, so I'd tried to write a song.
Something I called'Shake Your Head from Side to Side.'" Billed as "Cahn and Chaplin", they composed witty special material for Warner Brothers' musical short subjects, filmed at Warners' Vitaphone studio in Brooklyn, New York. "There was a legendary outfit on West 46th Street and Pransky... they were the MCA, the William Morris of the Borscht Belt. I got a room in their offices, we started writing special material. For anybody who'd have us—at whatever price." They did not make much money, but they did work with up-and-comers Milton Berle, Danny Kaye, Phil Silvers, Bob Hope. One of his childhood friends was Lou Levy, who had gone from neighborhood bum to blackface dancer with the Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra. Lyric writing has always been a thrilling adventure for me, something I've done with the kind of ease that only comes with joy! From the beginning the fates have conspired to help my career. Lou Levy, the eminent music publisher, lived around the corner and we met the day I was leaving my first music publisher's office.
This led to a partnership. Lou and I wrote "Rhythm is Our Business," material for Jimmie Lunceford's orchestra, which became my first ASCAP copyright. I'd been churning out "special lyrics" for special occasions for years and this helped facilitate my tremendous speed with lyric writing. Many might have written these lyrics better—but none faster! Glen Gray and Tommy Dorsey became regular customers and through Tommy came the enduring and most satisfying relationship of my lyric writing career – Frank Sinatra; the song became the Orchestra's signature song. The duo worked for Glen Gray's Casa Loma Orchestra and their premiere at Paramount Theatre, they worked for Andy Kirk and his Clouds of Joy and they wrote Until the Real Thing Comes Along. Cahn wrote the lyrics to "Love and Marriage,", used as the theme song for the FOX TV show Married... with Children. The song debuted in a 1955 television production of Our Town, won an Emmy Award in 1956; this was only one of many songs that Jimmy Van Heusen wrote for Frank Sinatra.
They were "almost considered to be his personal songwriters."Cahn contributed lyrics for two otherwise unrelated films about the Land of Oz, Journey Back to Oz and The Wizard of Oz. The former were composed with Van Heusen, the latter with Allen Byrns, Joe Hisaishi, Yuichiro Oda. Cahn became a member of the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1972, he took over the presidency of that organization from his friend Johnny Mercer when Mercer became ill. Cahn died on January 1993, at the age of 79 in Los Angeles, California from heart failure, his remains were interred in the Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery. He changed his last name from Cohen to Kahn to avoid confusion with comic and MGM actor Sammy Cohen and again from Kahn to Cahn to avoid confusion with lyricist Gus Kahn, he was married twice: first in 1945 to vocalist and former Goldwyn girl Gloria Delson with whom he had two children. They divorced after 18 years of marriage. In 1965, she re-married Mike Franks. In 1970, he married Virginia Curtis, a former fashion coordinator for the clothes designer Donald Brooks.
He was the father of Laurie Cahn and jazz/fusion guitarist Steve Khan who, early
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular
Songs by Sinatra
Songs by Sinatra, Volume 1 is the second studio album by Frank Sinatra. The tracks were conducted by Axel Stordahl and his orchestra, it is a collection of eight recordings from six different sessions. It was released as a set of four 78 rpm records similar to The Voice of Frank Sinatra and re-issued in 1950 as a 10" record. "I'm Sorry I Made You Cry" "How Deep is the Ocean?" "Over the Rainbow" – 3:16 "She's Funny That Way" "Embraceable You" "All the Things You Are" "That Old Black Magic" "I Concentrate on You" – 3:03 Frank Sinatra – Vocals Axel Stordahl – Arranger, Conductor MUSICIANS – Victor Arno, Robert Barene, Alex Beller, Eddie Bergman, William Bloom, Harry Blostein, Harry Bluestone, Werner Callies, Sam Cytron, Walter Edelstein, Peter Ellis, Sam Freed, David Frisina, David Jefferson, Gerald Joyce, George Kast, Sol Kindler, Morris King, Samuel Levine, Sam Middleman, Fred Olson, Anthony Perrotti, Nick Pisani, Gene Powers, Ted Rosen, Mischa Russell, Felix Slatkin, Marshall Sosson, Oreste Tomasso, Olcott Vail, Allan Harshman,William Hymanson, Paul Lowenkron, Alexander Neiman, Maurice Perlmutter, Paul Robyn, Leonard Selic, William Spear, Dave Sterkin, Gary White, Cy Bernard, Fred Goerner, Arthur Kafton, Nicholas Ochi-Albi, John Sewell, Julius Tannenbaum, May Cambern, Irma Clow, Heinie Beau, Fred Dornbach, Manny Gershman, Leonard Hartman, Herbie Haymer, Jules Kinsler, Harold Lawson, Don Logiudice, Harry Schuchman, Arthur Smith, Willie Smith, Fred Stulce, Don Anderson, Charles Griffard, Max Herman, Ray Linn, Leonard Mach, Billy May, Horace Nelson, Rubin "Zeke" Zarchey, Hoyt Bohannon, Dave Hallett, George Jenkins, Carl Loeffler, Pullman "Tommy" Pederson, Jack Schaeffer, Jimmy Skiles, Elmer Smithers, Paul Weigand, Joe Yukl, Fred Fox, Richard Perissi, James Stagliano, Mark McIntyre, Dave Barbour, Allan Reuss, John Ryan, Artie Shapiro, Phil Stephens, Ray Hagan