Sinchon Museum of American War Atrocities

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The Sinchon Museum of American War Atrocities (Korean: 신천박물관) is a museum dedicated to the Sinchon Massacre, a mass-murder of North Korean civilians allegedly carried out by South Korean and US troops during the Korean War. The museum is located in Sinchon County of North Korea.[1] In July 2015, the museum was rebuilt and moved to a new location in the country.

The main building of the Sinchon Museum of American War Atrocities
The grave of the 400 mothers and children allegedly killed by US troops in the surrounding areas of museum

History[edit]

The Sinchon Museum of American War Atrocities commemorates the deaths of over 35,000 people from 17 October to 7 December in 1950, at the same period of time when the major cities of North Korea, such as Pyongyang (the capital city) and Hamhung, were under a wartime occupation by South Korean, American and United Nations military forces.[1]

The Institute for Korean Historical Studies concluded that both Communists and anti-Communist vigilantes engaged in wholesale slaughter throughout the area, and that the 19th Infantry Regiment took the city and failed to prevent the secret police that came with them from perpetuating the civilian murders; however, the regiment did not participate themselves. Furthermore, when Communists retook the city, the population was again purged.[2][3] Other sources have concluded that the "massacre" was caused by a local rivalry that used the fog of war as a pretense.[4]

Notable visitors[edit]

Kim Il-sung visited the museum in 1953 and 1958, as did his son, Kim Jong-il, who paid a visit there in 1962 and 1998.

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un (the son of Kim Jong-il and the grandson of Kim Il-sung) visited the museum along with his sister in 2014.[5]

North Koreans touring the museum.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "50th Anniversary of Sinchon Museum Observed". Korean News. Japan. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. External link in |work= (help)
  2. ^ Institute for Korean Historical Studies. 《사진과 그림으로보는 북한현대사》 p91~p93
  3. ^ The Truth About the Sinchun Massacre Archived June 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Review: Hwang Sok-yong, The Guest (Seven Stories Press, 2005)
  5. ^ "'They Are Cannibals': Kim Jong-un Visits North Korea's US War Atrocities Museum". VICE News. November 26, 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°21′17″N 125°29′15″E / 38.35472°N 125.48750°E / 38.35472; 125.48750