Halifax, Nova Scotia
Halifax, formally known as the Halifax Regional Municipality, is the capital of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. It had a population of 403,131 with 316,701 in the urban area centred on Halifax Harbour; the regional municipality consists of four former municipalities that were amalgamated in 1996: Halifax, Dartmouth and Halifax County. Halifax is a major economic centre in Atlantic Canada with a large concentration of government services and private sector companies. Major employers and economic generators include the Department of National Defence, Dalhousie University, Saint Mary's University, the Halifax Shipyard, various levels of government, the Port of Halifax. Agriculture, mining and natural gas extraction are major resource industries found in the rural areas of the municipality. Halifax is located within the traditional ancestral lands of the Mi'kmaq indigenous peoples, known as Mi'kma'ki; the Mi'kmaq have resided in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island since prior to European landings in North America in the 1400s and 1500s to set up fisheries.
The Mi'kmaq name for Halifax is K'jipuktuk, pronounced "che-book-took". The first permanent European settlement in the region was on the Halifax Peninsula; the establishment of the Town of Halifax, named after the 2nd Earl of Halifax, in 1749 led to the colonial capital being transferred from Annapolis Royal. The establishment of Halifax marked the beginning of Father Le Loutre's War; the war began when Edward Cornwallis arrived to establish Halifax with 13 transports and a sloop of war on June 21, 1749. By unilaterally establishing Halifax, the British were violating earlier treaties with the Mi'kmaq, which were signed after Father Rale's War. Cornwallis brought along their families. To guard against Mi'kmaq and French attacks on the new Protestant settlements, British fortifications were erected in Halifax, Bedford and Lawrencetown, all areas within the modern-day Regional Municipality. St. Margaret's Bay was first settled by French-speaking Foreign Protestants at French Village, Nova Scotia who migrated from Lunenburg, Nova Scotia during the American Revolution.
December 1917 saw one of the greatest disasters in Canadian history, when the SS Mont-Blanc, a French cargo ship carrying munitions, collided with the Belgian Relief vessel SS Imo in "The Narrows" between upper Halifax Harbour and Bedford Basin. The resulting explosion, the Halifax Explosion, devastated the Richmond District of Halifax, killing 2,000 people and injuring nearly 9,000 others; the blast was the largest artificial explosion before the development of nuclear weapons. Significant aid came from Boston; the four municipalities in the Halifax urban area had been coordinating service delivery through the Metropolitan Authority since the late 1970s, but remained independent towns and cities until April 1, 1996, when the provincial government amalgamated all municipal governments within Halifax County to create the Halifax Regional Municipality. The municipal boundary thus now includes all of Halifax County except for several First Nation reserves. Since amalgamation, the region has been known as the Halifax Regional Municipality, although "Halifax" has remained in common usage for brevity.
On April 15, 2014, the regional council approved the implementation of a new branding campaign for the region developed by the local firm Revolve Marketing. The campaign would see the region referred to in promotional materials as "Halifax", although "Halifax Regional Municipality" would remain the region's official name; the proposed rebranding was met with mixed reaction from residents, some of whom felt that the change would alienate other communities in the municipality through a perception that the marketing scheme would focus on Metropolitan Halifax only, while others expressed relief that the longer formal name would no longer be primary. Mayor Mike Savage defended the decision, stating: "I'm a Westphal guy, I'm a Dartmouth man, but Halifax is my city, we’re all part of Halifax. Why does that matter? Because when I go and travel on behalf of this municipality, there isn’t a person out there who cares what HRM means." Unlike most municipalities with a sizeable metropolitan area, the Halifax Regional Municipality's suburbs have been incorporated into the "central" municipality by referendum.
For example, the community of Spryfield, in the Mainland South area, voted to amalgamate with Halifax in 1968. The most recent amalgamation, which brought the entirety of Halifax County into the Municipality, has created a situation where a large "rural commutershed" area encompasses half the municipality's landmass; the Halifax Regional Municipality occupies an area of 5,577 km2, 10% of the total land area of Nova Scotia. The land area of HRM is comparable in size to the total land area of the province of Prince Edward Island, measures 165 km in length between its eastern and western-most extremities, excluding Sable Island; the nearest point of land to Sable Island is not in HRM, but rather in adjacent Guysborough County. However, Sable Island is considered part of District 7 of the Halifax Regional Council; the coastline is indented, accounting for its length of 400 km, with the northern boundary of the municipality being between 50–60 km inland. The coast is rock with small isolated sand beaches in sheltered bays.
The largest coastal features include St. Margarets Bay, Halifax Harbour/Bedford Basin, Cole Harbour, Musquodoboit Harbour, Jeddore Harbour, Ship Harbour, Sheet Harbou
Morna Anne Murray, known professionally as Anne Murray, is a Canadian singer in pop and adult contemporary music whose albums have sold over 55 million copies worldwide during her 40 year career. Murray was the first Canadian female solo singer to reach No. 1 on the U. S. charts, the first to earn a Gold record for one of her signature songs, "Snowbird". She is cited as one of the female Canadian artists who paved the way for other international Canadian success stories such as k.d. lang, Céline Dion, Shania Twain. She is the first woman and the first Canadian to win "Album of the Year" at the 1984 Country Music Association Awards for her Gold-plus 1983 album A Little Good News. Murray has received four Grammys, a record 24 Junos, three American Music Awards, three Country Music Association Awards, three Canadian Country Music Association Awards, she has been inducted into the Canadian Country Music Hall of Fame, the Juno Hall of Fame, The Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame, Canadian Broadcast Hall of Fame.
She is a member of the Country Music Hall of Fame Walkway of Stars in Nashville, has her own star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in Los Angeles and on Canada's Walk of Fame in Toronto. In 2011, Billboard ranked her 10th on their list of the 50 Biggest Adult Contemporary Artists Ever. Morna Anne Murray was born in the coal-mining town of Nova Scotia, her father, James Carson Murray, was the town doctor. Her mother, Marion Margaret Murray, was a registered nurse who focused her life on raising her family and community charity work. Murray has five brothers. Murray's father died in 1980 at the age of 72 from complications from leukemia, her mother died April 10, 2006, at the age of 92 after suffering a series of strokes during heart surgery. After expressing an early interest in music, she studied piano for six years. By 15 she was taking voice lessons; every Saturday morning, she took a bus ride from Springhill to Tatamagouche, Nova Scotia, for singing lessons. One of her earliest performances was of the song "Ave Maria" at her high school graduation in 1962.
Following high school, Murray attended Mount Saint Vincent University in Halifax for one year. She studied Physical Education at University of New Brunswick in Fredericton. After receiving her degree in 1966 she taught physical education at a high school in Summerside, Prince Edward Island, for one year. In 1965, Murray appeared on the University of New Brunswick student project record "The Groove", she sang two songs on the record – "Unchained Melody" and "Little Bit of Soap". On the label her name was misspelled "Anne Murry". While there, she was encouraged to audition for the 1960s CBC musical variety television show Singalong Jubilee, but was not offered a singing position. After a summer of singing in local venues across the Maritimes, Murray began teaching physical education at the high school in Summerside, Prince Edward Island. After one year of teaching, she was cast to Singalong Jubilee; as a regular member of the "Singalong Jubilee" cast, Murray appeared on the Singalong Jubilee Vol. III soundtrack and Our Family Album – The Singalong Jubilee Cast records released by Arc Records.
The show's musical director, Brian Ahern, advised Murray that she should move to Toronto and record a solo album. Her first album, What About Me, was produced by Ahern in Toronto and released in 1968 on the Arc label; the lead single on her debut album, the title cut, was written by Scott McKenzie and was a sizable Canadian radio hit. The project covered songs by Joni Mitchell, Ken Tobias, John Denver. After a year-long stint on Arc, Murray switched to Capitol Records in 1969 to record her second album, This Way Is My Way, released in the fall of 1969, it featured the single which became a No. 1 hit in Canada. "Snowbird" became a surprise hit on the U. S. charts as well, reaching No. 8 on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1970. It was the first of her eight No. 1 Adult Contemporary hits. "Snowbird" was the first Gold record given to a Canadian artist in the United States. As one of the most successful female artists at that time, she became in demand for several television appearances in Canada and the United States becoming a regular on the hit U.
S. television series The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour. After the success of "Snowbird", she had a number of subsequent singles that charted both pop and country simultaneously. During the 1970s and 1980s, her hits included Kenny Loggins's "Danny's Song", "A Love Song", "He Thinks I Still Care", The Beatles' "You Won't See Me", she performed "O Canada" at the first American League baseball game played in Canada on April 7, 1977, when the Toronto Blue Jays played the Chicago White Sox at Exhibition Stadium. She reprised the Canadian national anthem prior to Game 3 of the 1992 World Series at the SkyDome. Following the last game at Maple Leaf Gardens, she concluded the arena's closing ceremony by singing "The Maple Leaf Forever" at center ice wearing a Toronto Maple Leafs jersey. Murray was a celebrity corporate spokeswoman for The Bay, she did commercials and sa
Kenneth Wayne Paul Tobias is a Canadian singer-songwriter. He is noted for penning the 1971 chart-topping hit for The Bells, "Stay Awhile", for several top-selling recordings of his own. Born and raised in Saint John, New Brunswick, Tobias worked as a draftsman in the early 1960s while appearing as a musician at local venues in Saint John, he joined a folk group named the Ramblers in 1961, playing guitar, he played drums in a rock band called the Badd Cedes. He moved to Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1965 and became a cast member for a local CBC Television show called Music Hop, he was a regular performer from 1966 to 1968 on the national variety program called Singalong Jubilee, produced in Halifax. His duets with fellow cast-member and recording star Anne Murray were well regarded. Appearing on the show were such recognized performers as Gene MacLellan and John Allan Cameron. After three seasons in Halifax and Montreal, in 1968, Tobias met Bill Medley of the Righteous Brothers who invited him to Los Angeles to record and write as a salaried songwriter.
Under the management of Medley's company, Tobias recorded his first single "You’re Not Even Going to the Fair" on Bell Records. The song won him his first Canadian BMI award for airplay; this was the first of many Procan and SOCAN awards. In 1970, he penned "Stay Awhile". Though conceived as a country-tinged solo piece, the song would emerge as a sensual duet by The Bells and became a soft rock classic of the early 1970s, peaking in 1971 at #1 in Canada and #7 on the US Billboard charts. "Stay Awhile" sold more than two million copies worldwide. After travelling back and forth between Los Angeles and Montreal, in 1972, Tobias settled in Toronto where he played as a backing musician with various bands. With his brother Tony Tobias, he established Glooscap Music and released several solo recordings that enjoyed extensive airplay in Canada, including "Fly Me High", "Lady Luck". Ken Tobias is one of the few Canadians to receive the Socan Classics Award for 100,000 airplays of a given song, of which he has five awards, for "Stay Awhile", "I Just Want to Make Music", "Every Bit of Love", "Give a Little Love" and "Dream #2".
To date, Ken Tobias has released one radio sampler on various record labels. He has released about twenty singles. In 1978, he toured Europe, while there he collaborated on the soundtrack of the Italian spaghetti western Sella d'Argento, directed by Lucio Fulci. Tobias lived in Toronto through the 1990s before returning to his native Saint John, where he now lives and continuing to write and perform music, encouraging younger talents through the Songwriters Association of Canada. In 2002, he produced the debut album for Canadian artist Kim Jarrett, he has collaborated with local Saint John artist Jessica Rhaye. In 2008, Tobias released From his first new album in 24 years. "You're Not Even Going to the Fair" "Now I'm in Love" "I'd Like to Know" "Dream #2" "I Just Want to Make Music" "Fly Me High" "On the Other Side" "Lover Come Quickly" "Lady Luck" "Run Away with Me" "Every Bit of Love" "Give a Little Love" "Oh Lynda" "Lovin' Fever" "Dancer" "Lovelight" "I Don't Want to Be Alone" "New York City" "Here You Are Today" Dave Bidini, On a Cold Road: Tales of Adventure in Canadian Rock Toronto: McClelland & Stewart Answers.com CanConRox bio CHUM Chart positions Original version of "Stay Awhile" Canadian Encyclopedia Kim Jarrett Official website
CBC Television is a Canadian English language broadcast television network, owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the national public broadcaster. The network began operations on September 6, 1952, its French-language counterpart is Ici Radio-Canada Télé. Headquartered at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto, CBC Television is available throughout Canada on over-the-air television stations in urban centres and as a must-carry station on cable and satellite television. All of the CBC's programming is produced in Canada. Although CBC Television is supported by public funding, commercial advertising revenue supplements the network, in contrast to CBC Radio and public broadcasters from several other countries, which are commercial-free. CBC Television provides a complete 24-hour network schedule of news, sports and children's programming. On October 9, 2006 at 6:00 a.m. the network switched to a 24-hour schedule, becoming one of the last major English-language broadcasters to transition to such a schedule.
Most CBC-owned stations signed off the air during the early morning hours. Instead of the infomercials aired by most private stations, or a simulcast of CBC News Network in the style of BBC One's nightly simulcast of BBC News Channel, the CBC uses the time to air repeats, including local news, primetime series and other programming from the CBC library, its French counterpart, Ici Radio-Canada Télé, still signs off every night. While there has been room for regional differences in the schedule, as there is today, for CBC-owned stations, funding has decreased to the point that most of these stations only broadcast 30 to 90 minutes a day of locally produced newscasts, no other local programming; until 1998, the network carried a variety of American programs in addition to its core Canadian programming, directly competing with private Canadian broadcasters such as CTV and Global. Since it has restricted itself to Canadian programs, a handful of British programs, a few American movies and off-network repeats.
Since this change, the CBC has sometimes struggled to maintain ratings comparable to those it achieved before 1995, although it has seen somewhat of a ratings resurgence in recent years. In the 2007-08 season, popular series such as Little Mosque on the Prairie and The Border helped the network achieve its strongest ratings performance in over half a decade. In 2002, CBC Television and CBC News Network became the first broadcasters in Canada that are required to provide closed captioning for all of their programming. On those networks, only outside commercials need not be captioned, though a bare majority of them are aired with captions. All shows, billboards and other internal programming must be captioned; the requirement stems from a human rights complaint filed by deaf lawyer Henry Vlug, settled in 2002. Under the CBC's current arrangement with Rogers Communications for National Hockey League broadcast rights, Hockey Night in Canada broadcasts on CBC-owned stations and affiliates are not technically aired over the CBC Television network, but over a separate CRTC-licensed part-time network operated by Rogers.
This was required by the CRTC as Rogers exercises editorial control and sells all advertising time during the HNIC broadcasts though the CBC bug and promos for other CBC Television programs appear throughout HNIC. The CBC's flagship newscast, The National, airs Sunday through Fridays at 10:00 p.m. local time and Saturdays at 6:00 p.m. EST; until October 2006, CBC owned-and-operated stations aired a second broadcast of the program at 11:00 p.m.. This second airing was replaced with other programming, as of the 2012-13 television season, was replaced on CBC's major market stations by a half-hour late newscast. There is a short news update, at most, on late Saturday evenings. During hockey season, this update is found during the first intermission of the second game of the doubleheader on Hockey Night in Canada; the show is simultaneously broadcasts rolling coverage from CBC News Network from noon to 1 p.m. local time in most time zones. In addition to the mentioned late local newscasts, CBC stations in most markets fill early evenings with local news programs from 5:00 p.m. to 6:30 p.m. while most stations air a single local newscast on weekend evenings.
Weekly newsmagazine the fifth estate is a CBC mainstay, as are documentary series such as Doc Zone. One of the most popular shows on CBC Television is the weekly Saturday night broadcast of NHL hockey games, Hockey Night in Canada, it has been televised by the network since 1952. During the NHL lockout and subsequent cancellation of the 2004-2005 hockey season, CBC instead aired various recent and classic movies, branded as Movie Night in Canada, on Saturday nights. Many cultural groups suggested the CBC air games from minor hockey leagues. Other than hockey, CBC Sports properties include Toronto Raptors basketball, Toronto FC Soccer, various other amateur and professional