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Single-issue politics

Single-issue politics involves political campaigning or political support based on one essential policy area or idea. One weakness of such an approach is that effective political parties are coalitions of factions or advocacy groups. Bringing together political forces based on a single intellectual or cultural common denominator can be unrealistic. A defining issue may indeed come to dominate one particular electoral campaign, sufficiently to swing the result. Imposing such an issue may well be what single-issue politics concern. Single-issue politics may express itself through the formation of a single-issue party, an approach that tends to be more successful in parliamentary systems based on proportional representation than in rigid two-party systems. Alternatively, it may proceed through political advocacy groups of various kinds, including Lobby groups, pressure groups and other forms of political expression external to normal representative government. Within a broad-based party it may be the concern of a single-issue caucus.

Visible as it was in Western democracies in the second half of the twentieth century, single-issue politics is hardly a new phenomenon. In the 1880s, the third government of William Ewart Gladstone made British politics in practical terms single-issue, around the Home Rule Bill, leading to a split of the Liberal Party. Single-issue politics are a form of litmus test; the National Rifle Association in the United States, which has only one specific interest, is an example of a single-issue group. What differentiates single-issue groups from other interest groups is their intense style of lobbying; the term single-issue voter has been used to describe people who may make voting decisions based on the candidates' stance on a single issue. The existence of single-issue voters can give a distorted impression: a candidate's overall views may not enjoy the same support. For example, a person who votes for a liberal Republican candidate, based on his or her support of abortion, may not share the candidate's other views on social issues, such as gun rights or family values.

A single-issue party is a political party. It is believed that single-issue parties are favoured by voluntary voting systems, as they tend to attract committed supporters who will always vote. Through systems like instant runoff voting and proportional representation they can have substantial influence on the results of elections. First-past-the-post voting systems tend to nullify their influence, but local single-issue parties, such as Independent Kidderminster Hospital and Health Concern, which sought to reopen the Accident and Emergency unit at Kidderminster Hospital, may see more success under this voting system; this party won the Wyre Forest seat, where the hospital is located, at two consecutive general elections in the United Kingdom. In instant-runoff electoral systems which allow unsuccessful parties to designate where their votes are redistributed, single-issue parties may be formed as a way to funnel more votes to another candidate with quite different policies. For instance, in the 1999 New South Wales state election, candidate Malcolm Jones received just 0.2% of the primary vote, but achieved the quota of 4.5% required to win a Legislative Council seat after receiving preferences from a wide range of minor parties.

A similar type of political party have been numerous in the Netherlands, where they are called testimonial parties. Testimonial parties are concentrated around a specific set of principles or policies which they seek to promote without the compromises contingent on ordinary coalition politics. Examples of some successful testimonial parties are the Party for the Animals, the Reformed Political Party, or the former Pacifist Socialist Party. In Australia, a number of single issue parties have been elected to federal and state parliaments such as the Animal Justice Party, Dignity for Disability, Australian Motoring Enthusiast Party and the Australian Sex Party. Cannabis political parties and pirate parties which exist in a number of countries, are explicitly based around the single issues of cannabis legalization and copyright liberalisation respectively; these parties evolve to adopt a full platform, however. Big tent Identity politics Issue voting Protest vote Voting bloc

Ziraat Katılım

Ziraat Katılım is a state-owned participation bank in Turkey. The bank was founded on 12 May 2015, is wholly owned by Treasury of Turkey. Ziraat Katılım is a member of Ziraat Finance Group, which has Turkey's largest bank Ziraat Bankası both per number of branches and total assets, as of 2016, its slogan is "Paylaştıkça daha fazlası". The official opening ceremony was held on 29 May 2015, on the anniversary of Fall of Constantinople with participation of the President of Turkey. First account was opened for the President Erdoğan; the logo of the bank is similar to Ziraat Bankası, both resembling an "ear of wheat" with bank initials, ZB and ZK respectively. Ziraat Bank logo additionally contains the letters "TC" for Republic of Turkey. Ziraat Katılım has 82 branches over Turkey, they are located İstanbul, Bursa, İzmir, Antalya, Gaziantep, Adana, Afyonkarahisar, Aydın, Balıkesir, Batman, Çorum, Diyarbakır, Elazığ, Erzurum, Eskişehir, Isparta, Kahramanmaraş, Kastamonu, Kütahya, Manisa, Ordu, Sakarya, Sivas, Şanlıurfa, Tekirdağ, Trabzon, Uşak, Van.

Hüseyin Aydın – chairman of the boardYusuf Dağcan – Vice chairman of the boardMetin Özdemir – general manager – Member of the BoardFeyzi Çutur – Member of the BoardCemalettin Başlı – Member of the BoardSalim Alkan – Member of the Board Ziraat Katılım website

Unofficial Football World Championships

The Unofficial Football World Championships is an informal way of calculating the world's best international association football team, using a knock-out title system similar to that used in professional boxing. The UFWC was formalized and published by English journalist Paul Brown in 2003; the title is held by the Netherlands, who won it from Germany on 6 September 2019. The idea stemmed from some Scotland fans and sections of the media jokingly asserting that as they beat England in a British Home Championship match on 15 April 1967 – England's first loss after their FIFA World Cup victory – they were the "Unofficial World Champions". In 2003 freelance journalist Paul Brown defined the rules of the UFWC, traced its lineage and wrote an article in football magazine FourFourTwo. In 2011 Brown authored a book on the subject. Brown created the championship's website which tracks its progression; the Unofficial Football World Championships is not sanctioned by FIFA, nor does it have any sort of official backing.

The winner is awarded a virtual trophy – the CW Alcock Cup, named after him as he was a major instigator in the development of international football in his role as FA secretary. The first team to win an international football match were declared first Unofficial Football World Champions; this was England who defeated Scotland 4–2 in 1873 in the second full international match, the first in 1872 having been a 0–0 draw between the same two nations. The next full international involving the title holder is considered a title match, with the winners taking the title. In the event of a title match being a draw, the current holders of the title remain champions. UFWC title matches are decided including extra time and penalties. Title matches are contested under the rules of the governing body. While the tracking of the Unofficial Football World Champions is a recent phenomenon, the rules are such that results are analysed retrospectively to determine the championship's theoretical lineage from the first international matches.

A comprehensive list of results since 1872 is recorded by UFWC. The first international match was a 0–0 draw between England and Scotland, on 30 November 1872 at Hamilton Crescent; the Unofficial World Championship thus remained vacant until the same two teams met again at the Kennington Oval on 8 March 1873. England won 4–2, so are regarded as having become the inaugural Unofficial Football World Champions. Early international football was entirely confined to the British Isles. Wales entered the UFWC'competition' in 1876 — holding it for the first time in 1907, Ireland in 1882 — first recording a UFWC victory in 1927; the UFWC title swapped between the Home Nations teams several times in this period, was first competed by a non-British Isles team in 1909, when England defeated Hungary in Budapest. The fact that none of the Home Nations teams competed in the 1930, 1934 or 1938 World Cups kept the title from travelling too far abroad, the First and Second World Wars hindered football's globalisation process further.

It was 1931 when the title was first passed outside the British Isles, to Austria in their third attempt with a 5–0 victory over Scotland. They held the title until 7 December 1932 when they lost 4–3 to England at Stamford Bridge, for all but the last few months of the decade it was held by those four teams. In the 1940s the title was held by continental teams, notably those representing the Axis powers and countries neutral during World War II, but was recaptured by England in time for the 1950 World Cup. Here, in a shock result, they lost to the United States in one of the biggest upsets ever; this made 1950 both the first World Cup where the title was at stake and not captured by the winners. It remained in the Americas for all but one of the following 16 years; this time included the four-day reign of Netherlands Antilles, who beat Mexico 2–1 in a CONCACAF Championship match to become the smallest country to hold the title. The UFWC returned to Europe in time for the 1966 FIFA World Cup with the Soviet Union.

They lost the championship in the semi-final to West Germany. The following year, the England v Scotland match of 1967, which first gave rise to the idea of an unofficial world championship was a UFWC title match. With West Germany's victory over Netherlands in the 1974 World Cup Final, West Germany became the first team to hold the World Cup, European Championship and the UFWC at the same time; the title stayed in Europe until 1978, when it was taken by Argentina, the winners of the 1978 World Cup. It remained in South America until the 1982 World Cup; the UFWC remained in Europe except for a one-year tenure by Argentina. In 1992, the title returned to the United States and was held for one match by Australia, before it worked its way through several South American nations, back through Europe and to its first Asian holders, South Korea, who defeated Colombia in the 1995 Carlsberg Cup semi-final; the Koreans lost the title to Yugoslavia in their next match, the UFWC remained in Europe until March 1998 when Germany lost it to Brazil in a friendly.

Argentina defeated Brazil in a friendly to carry the UFWC into the 1998 World Cup. France repeated Argentina's 1978 feat by taking the title as they won the World Cup on home turf, beatin

Anatoly Eiramdzhan

Anatoliy Nikolaievich Eiramdzhan was a Russian-Armenian film director and writer. His father was an accomplished teacher of music and the piano. Eiramdzhan was born in 1937 in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR. Anatoliy Eiramdzhan's mother, whose surname was taken by Anatoliy, was Arevik Nikitichna Eiramdzhan - the grand daughter of the famous Armenian writer Ghazaros Aghayan. In 1961 Eiramdzhan graduated from the Azerbaijan Institute of Chemistry. In 1972 he completed a three-year program at the Screenplay branch of the High Course of Scriptwriters and Movie Directors. After graduating he began writing movie scripts. Eiramdzhan was the author of short comic stories, he was honored as a winner of the prestigious"Golden Calf award"from the"Literary Newspaper"for 1972 - 1973. In 1989 Eiramdzhan began producing films from his own scripts; the film studio Noviy Odeon was formed in Moscow in 1992 by Eiramdzhan to focus on creating comedies. He took on the responsibilities of screenwriter, art director and film director.

During his career at Noviy Odeon, Eiramdzhan was responsible for the creation of twenty films. In 1995 the publishing house Author, Inc. of Moscow published Eiramdzhan's first book, titled The Ladies' Man and Other Comedy Films. Eiramdzhan's films receive high ratings and have large theatre and TV audiences. In 2006 the publishing house Golos-Press published his second book, titled From Everyone One Thread. Since 2003 Eiramdzhan worked in Miami, FL with his wife Oksana and his son Koka. Eiramdzhan died in Miami, Florida September 23, 2014 in the age 77; the death came from cardiac arrest. Fellows Villager - scriptwriter What There is Our Life? - The Film-Almanac «Au-Uu!» scriptwriter Let's Meet at the Fountain - scriptwriter If I Would Be the Chief - scriptwriter Where It Will Get To?! - scriptwriter It Is Time of Red Apples - scriptwriter Travel Will Be Pleasant - scriptwriter Vitya Glushakov is The Apachees's Friend - scriptwriter The Most Charming and Attractive - scriptwriter Where is Nofelet? - scriptwriter For Fine Ladies! - director, scriptwriter The Ladies' Man - director, scriptwriter My Sailor Girl - director, scriptwriter Real Man - producer, scriptwriter.

New Odeon Old Records The Groom from Miami The Third is Not Superfluous The Impotent Men Night Visit When We Are Not Strange Prima Donna Mary The Ultimatum The Valentine's Day The Agent in the Miniskirt The Mistress From Moscow Secret Appointment We Have Made It! The Son of the Loser Easy Kiss Arrow of Love The Braked Reflex To Marry at 24 O'clock The Gift of Nature Official web site Anatoly Eiramdzhan http://www.noviyodeon.com/Eiramdzhan.html https://www.facebook.com/eiramdzhan https://www.facebook.com/noviyodeon http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0251893

SG Wannabe discography

South Korean boy band SG Wannabe have been in the music business since debuting in the 2004. They have released nine studio albums, three compilation albums, four live albums, two extended plays, they have participated in OSTs. They are the first group in the world to release their album in a digital disc format. SG Wannabe had pre-sales of 90,000 copies of their first album, which helped them earned their "Best Newcomer" award at the 2004 Golden Disk Awards; when 2005 was over, SG Wannabe were ranked at #1, with over 400,000 copies sold of their 2nd album, 12th, with 147,047 copies sold of their remake album on the year-end chart. With the release of their 4th album and their title song, they went as the #1 in the Bugs Chart as well as the Korea monthly chart; the album was number one on the "Top 20 Album Sales" with 44,618 copies sold in May and 125,450 sold altogether. Selling 200,000 copies, The Sentimental Chord was the best-selling album of 2007 in Korea; as of April 23, 2008, SG Wannabe's fifth album had counting.

Discography at Bugs.co.kr Discography at Music. Naver.com

Tavito Nanao

Tavito Nanao is a Japanese singer-songwriter who debuted in 1998. He has worked with a great number of musicians, including Takkyu Ishino and Yakenohara. Nanao has reached a wider audience since 2007, after his album 911 Fantasia, a 3CD musical about the September 11 attacks, his collaboration single with Yakenohara, "Rollin' Rollin'," and the success of his 5th album, Billion Voices. Nanao was born prematurely on August 20, 1979, grew up in a rural area of Japan; until 13, most of the music Nanao had listened to was jazz, due to the influence of his father. From the beginning of middle school, Nanao began to listen to musicians such as a rock band B'z. In the summer of 1994, he discovered grunge music and would be absent from school. On New Year's Eve of 1994, Nanao decided to write music, by humming tunes and writing down lyrics, throughout the next year began writing songs daily. After copying the styles of several bands he enjoyed, Nanao found songwriting a spontaneous activity. In 1996, after a year of high school, Nanao decided to drop out of high school, in September took a friend's acoustic guitar and multitrack recorder and moved to Tokyo.

In a year's time in 1997, Nanao sent in a demo tape for the Sony Soytzer Music Audition, which led to Nanao being signed to Sony. Nanao's initial recordings were in Los Angeles in March and July 1998, where he bought acoustic and electric guitars. In September, Nanao debuted with the single "Omoide Over Drive." After several other singles, Nanao recorded his debut album throughout early to mid-1999, released it in August, titled Ame ni Utaeba...! Disc 2. In March 2000, Nanao performed his first live at the Shinjuku Liquid Room. Nanao worked on his second studio album, Heavenly Punk: Agadio, throughout 2000 and 2001, releasing two singles in 2000. Most of the work was completed between December 2001 and March 2002, with the final product released in April; the album was the first album to be released through Wonderground Music, an independent record label. In May and June 2002, Nanao performed his first tour alongside Hiroya Komeiji, performing at four cities across Japan. Nanao continued to work with Wonderground, releasing a self-accompanied album in 2003 and a single+DVD set in 2004.

The single was the first of Nanao's works through both Sony and Wonderground to chart on Oricon's albums and single charts. In 2007, Nanao released a three CD musical album called 911 Fantasia, themed around the events of the September 11 attacks. Nanao considers this the peak work of his 20s; the release of this album lead to Nanao's introduction to rapper Yakenohara, the pair collaborated with the single "Rollin' Rollin" in 2009. This, along with Nanao, 2010 album, were both releases that charted in the top 50. Ame ni Utaeba...! Disc 2 Heavenly Punk: Agadio Hikigatari Monogatari Vol. 1: Humming Bird 911 Fantasia Billion Voices Little Melody Official site Official blog Tavito Nanao on Twitter