The Sinn Féin Funds case was a 1942–48 Irish court case in which the Sinn Féin party claimed ownership of funds deposited with the High Court in 1924 which had belonged to the Sinn Féin party before 1923. The Sinn Féin Funds Act 1947, which attempted to halt the court case and assign the funds to Bord Cistí Sinn Féin, was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in an important judgement on separation of powers and private property rights; the original action was subsequently decided against Sinn Féin, on the basis that the pre-1923 party was separate from the 1940s party. Most of the disputed funds were consumed by legal costs. Sinn Féin was established in 1905 as an Irish nationalist political party. In 1917, it was reconstituted under leader Éamon de Valera with a more radical separatist agenda, incorporating members and ideas from the Irish Volunteers who had organised the 1916 Easter Rising, it set about raising funds for its campaign of civil disobedience, which by 1919 escalated into the Anglo-Irish War when Sinn Féin proclaimed an Irish Republic independent of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Sinn Féin funds were for party-political purposes and were smaller than and separate from the Dáil funds, which the Republic treated as government bonds to fund its administration and its army, the IRA. The party's Central Fund was held in bank accounts controlled by its honorary treasurers, Eamonn Duggan and Jennie Wyse Power; the war ended with a truce in July 1921, followed by the Anglo-Irish Treaty in December, which provided for an Irish Free State. Sinn Féin split over the terms of the treaty, leading to the Irish Civil War of 1922–23, won by the supporters of the Free State over those who sought to maintain the Irish Republic. On either 9 December 1921 or 17 January 1922, the Sinn Féin standing committee resolved to make de Valera the party's sole trustee. At the February 1922 Ard Fheis, the officer board became the standing committee; the party was in abeyance from the general election in June 1922, when it rubber-stamped the nomination of a combined slate of pro- and anti-treaty candidates in a failed attempt to stop the descent into civil war.
In October 1922, after the Civil War had started, de Valera, anti-Treaty, wrote asking Duggan and Wyse Power, who were pro-Treaty, to transfer the funds to him in conformance to the old standing committee's resolution. They refused to comply; the officer board/standing committee met on 26 October 1922. It never met again. After the 1923 ceasefire, supporters of the Free State Executive Council founded the Cumann na nGaedheal party and anti-Treaty activists reconstituted Sinn Féin. In February 1924 Duggan and Wyse Power lodged the balance of the Central Fund in a trust in the High Court under the provisions of the Trustee Act, 1893. 2d. From which administrative costs were deducted; the Sinn Féin party lost support when Fianna Fáil was founded in 1926 by its most prominent members, including de Valera. In 1938 it ceded symbolic control of the notionally still-extant Irish Republic to the IRA Army Council; the party periodically proclaimed its right to the funds deposited in the High Court but took no legel action and was small enough top be ignored by the authorities.
When Eamonn Duggan died in 1936, Jennie Wyse Power became sole trustee of the Sinn Féin funds. Wyse Power died in 1941, her son, Charles Stewart Power, a judge, inherited the position of trustee, it would be impossible to reimburse the funds to the original donors. Power suggested to Éamon de Valera Taoiseach, that the money could be used to support needy veterans of the revolutionary period. While de Valera began planning enabling legislation to effect this, Power approached surviving members of the pre-Treaty standing committee of Sinn Féin for their consent, all but one agreed. Power consulted most of those involved in the 1923 re-establishemt of Sinn Féin, who had joined Fianna Fáil in 1926, whose contention that the 1923 party was not a continuation of the pre-Treaty party Maillot has called "rewriting history" to serve their own ends; the leaders of the contemporary Sinn Féin became aware of the proposals, on 19 January 1942, brought a High Court action by originating plenary summons against Power and the Attorney General seeking a declaration that the funds were the property of the party, the payment of the funds to its honorary treasurers.
By this time the funds amounted to £18,200 19s. 6d. Invested in Irish Free State 4% Conversion Loan, 1950–70, Irish Free State Second National Loan, cash; the proceedings were formally called Margaret Buckley, Séamus Mitchell, Séamus O'Neill, Padraig Power, Mairéad McElroy, Séamus Russell, Diarmuid Ó Laoghaire, Seán Poole, Joseph H. Fowler and Seán Ua Ceallaigh, on behalf of themselves and all other Members of the Sinn Féin Organisation established in the year, 1905, reconstituted in the year, 1917 Plaintiffs v; the Attorney General of Éire and Charles Stewart Power Defendants. There was no further action from the plaintiffs for several years and the respondents applied to have the case dismissed. On 21 November 1945 the High Court gave Sinn Féin a month to proceed and notice of trial was issued on 19 December 1945. In October 1946 the hearing was fixed for 26 November. On 11 November, the plaintiffs sought an order that their original solicitor release to their new solicitor papers which he was holding in lien for unpaid fees.
The LGBT Aging Project is a Boston-based non-profit organization dedicated to ensuring that lesbian, gay and transgender older adults have equal access to life-prolonging benefits, protection and institutions as heterosexual adults. Founded in 2001, the project provides cultural competence and institutional capacity training to elder service providers on how to create and sustain LGBT welcoming environments, develop community-building programs for LGBT older adults and caregivers, works to enact policy and legislative changes to improve access to care and benefits for LGBT elders.. The LGBT Aging Project was featured in the 2010 award-winning documentary Gen Silent; the LGBT Aging Project was founded in 2001 by a group of advocates from the aging service network and individuals from the LGBT community. The Greater Boston LGBT Aging Summit was held in June 2001 in order to create an action plan for the needs of LGBT elders. In the fall of 2001, the action plan created at the summit was released at a Massachusetts state house press conference.
In 2002, the LGBT Aging Project began organizing work groups on aging and health policy and programs delveopment and the creation of new programs within the project. The project hired their first full-time director, Amy Hunt, received a funding grant from the Boston Foundation, it was in 2002 that the project defined their mission as "ensuring that lesbian, gay and transgender older adults and their caregivers have equal access to the life-prolonging benefits, protections and institutions that their heterosexual neighbors take for granted." The year 2003 proved to be a major time of legislative change and policy action and advocacy for the LGBT Aging Project. The LGBT Aging Project was involved with marriage equality advocacy – through testimonies at the Massachusetts State House by both LGBT Aging Project members as well as LGBT older adults. In 2003, the LGBT Aging Project became more visible in the community through numerous presentations & events, such as the first Boston Pride Tea Dance for LGBT elders and their friends.
The first LGBT caregiver support group started in 2003 after the LGBT Aging Project was awarded an initial grant from the Caregiver Alliance of Suffolk County. On May 17, 2004, marriage equality became a reality for the state of Massachusetts due to the role that the LGBT Aging Project played in legislative advocacy for the cause; the LGBT Aging Project lost Amy Hunt as its director during 2004, gained its current executive director, Lisa Krinsky. The LGBT Aging Project made great strides in its development as it created a pilot program for the Open Door Task Force LGBT cultural competency training program, initiated trainings with major Area Agencies on Aging and Aging Service Access Points in Massachusetts, opened Café Emmanuel with Ethos, a Boston area Aging Service Access Point. Café Emmanuel is Massachusetts’ first federally funded meal program for LGBT older adults and their friends. Since 2005, the LGBT Aging Project has hosted numerous community forums for LGBT elders and held many state funded LGBT training and outreach sessions within the state Elder Service Network.
In 2006, Bob Linscott, the current assistant director, was hired as a part-time outreach worker and site coordinator for Café Emmanuel. The year 2007 saw Bob rise to the full-time assistant director, the LGBT Aging Project sponsored a number of events, including the Pride week event, LGBT Veterans Share their Stories and Stu Maddux’s film, “Bob and Jack’s 52 Year Adventure” at the Boston LGBT Film Festival; the LGBT Aging Project launched a second LGBT friendly meal program with Ethos, “Out to Brunch”, for lesbian and transgender women. In 2008, a major stride was made in the Massachusetts state legislation with the passage of the MassHealth Equality Law due to the work done by the LGBT Aging Project; this law ensures that same sex couples who are married in Massachusetts have equal access to eligibility evaluation when applying for the state's Medicaid program. Since 2010, the LGBT Aging Project has secured funding to create LGBT bereavement support groups and healthy aging programs; the LGBT Aging Project co-sponsored the Gen Silent premiere at the Boston LGBT Film Festival in 2010, in which it was featured along with six LGBT seniors in the Boston area.2010 saw the LGBT Aging Project become an inaugural training partner for the National Resource Center on LGBT Aging, the first federally funded resource on LGBT Aging, sponsored by the Administration on Aging.
The LGBT Aging Project receives funding through a variety of sources including state grants and individuals. The LGBT Aging Project offers several direct services – an LGBT caregiver support group, LGBT bereavement support groups, Healthy Aging in the LGBT Community programs, which include topics such as nutrition and memory fitness; the LGBT Aging Project provides Open Door Task Force training and development, in which it assists mainstream elder service providers in evaluating organizational and program policies, offering practice skills training for direct service workers, developing and delivering LGBT-welcoming programs and services. The LGBT Aging Project makes civic leadership a priority by working to sustain change in legislative policies that create equity for LGBT older adults and caregivers, as well as through gaining information and research that demonstrates the needs of LGBT people as they age. In addition to the regular programs offered, the LGBT Aging Project holds numerous special events and conferences to help bring about awareness of issues facing LGBT older adults and caregivers.
Lisa Krinsky and Bob Linscott have been recognized on numerous occasions for th
Minnesota State Highway 98 was a highway in Minnesota, which ran from to U. S. Route 61 in Wyoming to U. S. Route 8 in Chisago City, it was decommissioned in 1996 and became Chisago County Road 22. Highway 98 was known as Wyoming Trail. Highway 98 served to connect U. S. 61 in the city of Wyoming with U. S. 8 in Chisago City. It followed Minnesota Constitutional Route 46 as defined in the Minnesota Statutes § 161.114. As commissioned in 1933, Highway 98 ran south from Chisago City along what is now County Road 24 between Chisago and Green lakes, it moved westward along today's County Road 23 and U. S. 8 to Forest Lake. In the mid-1950s, the route was realigned west of Green Lake, U. S. 8 was moved to this segment, MN 98 was moved to the former route of 8. The original route is defined as Route 98 in the Minnesota Statutes § 161.115. Highway 98 was turned back in 1996 and became Chisago County Road 22; the entire route is in Chisago County
Comarca del Arlanza is a comarca located south-east of the province of Burgos in the autonomous community of Castile and León. It is bounded on the north by the Odra-Pisuerga and the Alfoz de Burgos, south by the Ribera del Duero, on the east by the province of Palencia and west by the Sierra de la Demanda; the comarca capital is Lerma. The waters of the river Arlanza, rising in the pines forest of Quintanar de la Sierra, running from east to west because the land falls from heights such as Peñas de Cervera and the mountain range The Mamblas to the border with Palencia, give name to the comarca; the comarca receives an average of de 647 mm of water. Most of its soil is dedicated to the sow of the cereal, consequence of a long process of rupture of great extensions of Pines, oaks and other species that covered enormous extensions. So it is testified by the comarcal names: Pineda Trasmonte, Nebreda, Torrecítores del Enebral, Madrigal del Monte, Madrigalejo del Monte o Villamayor de los Montes.
Long ago there was a big vegetal charcoal production. Freeways are acceptable: from North to South crosses the national N-I from Madrid to Irun and from west to east the N-622 from Lerma to Palencia; the others comarcal roads are: BU-101 from Villahoz to Villaquirán BU-114 from Quintanilla de la Mata to Villafruela BU-900 from Lerma to Silos BU-901 from Cuevas de San Clemente to Silos BU-904 from Lerma to Covarrubias BU-905 from Covarrubias to Hortigüela BU-910 from Hacinas to CaleruegaThe train from Madrid to burgos, although it is less useful because of his forsaken state The Arlanza zone was repopulated by Astur, Cantabri and Mozarab peoples in the mid-ninth century, after the border of the County of Castile and the Kingdom of Córdoba reached the river Duero. The Villa Rachela of Covarrubias, is an artistic historic group and ancient capital of a religious state. Province of Burgos Arlanza.com - cultural & rural website website of the Province of Burgos delegation
Krushna Chandra Kar was an Indian poet and literary critic who has written both in the Odia and English. He has authored books on Odia literature and inspired other writers like Bidyutprabha Devi and Chakhi Khuntia, he received a feliciation from the Odisha Sahitya Academy for his contribution to Odia literature in the year 1971 to 1972. He spent most of his life in Odisha. Krushna Chandra Kar wrote biographies, fictional works, children's books both before and after Indian independence, he authored an Odia to English dictionary called the "Taruna Sabdakosh" and an English to Odia dictionary called the "New Method English Dictionary", in use at the Stanford University Libraries. His better known Odia books include the "Ramayana" and "Shakuntala", he authored collections of poetry, including "Rutu Samhara" and "Hansa Dutam". He was arguably best known for children's literature and wrote "Pari Raija", "Kuhuka Raija", "Panchatantra", "Adi Jugara Galpa Mala", among other works, he wrote biographies of a number of historical personalities such as "Kapila Deva" One of his famous English books was "The Maharaja: As I Knew Him".
He received the Odisha Sahitya Academy Feliciation, 1971-72 KABYA Srivatsa Rutusanhara Khandadhara Hansaduta Pilanka rutusanharaGATHA GathayaniKABITA Kabita sanchayaniNIBANDHA Gadya sanchayaniNATAKA AND LOKANATYA Karnajuna ABHIDHANA New method English–Oriya dictionary Taruna sabdakosaUCHANGA SAHITYA Bilwamangala Swadhinatara kahani Adijugara galpa Bagni biswanatha Swami bhairabananda Marusambhaba Utkal patana Hagila dinara smruti Mari amaraKISHORA SAHITYA Mahabharata katha Mahabharata katha Upanishada katha Upanishada katha Purana prabha Purana prabha Sadhana and sishi Sadhana and sidhi Sadhana and sidhi Bana pahadara sathi Akasha rahasya Jataka kahaniSISU SAHITYA Laba kusa Parsuram Purana kahani Purana kahani Abhimanyu Janamejayav Rushi katha Rushi katha Sati Sunaraija Pakhiraja Asap katha Utkalara baraputra Utkalara baraputra AMAR CHARITA Bhaktakabi madhusudana Kabibara radhanatha Samanta Chandra sekhara Sudhala deba Purushotam deba Mukunda deba Kulabrudha madhusudhana Utkalamani gopabandhu Karmabira gourishankar Sudramuni sarala Purana prabha Purana prabha Sejugara gapa Sejugara chatra Panchatantra galpa Panchatantra galpa Panchatantra galpa Bharata gouraba Bharata gouraba Nana desara upakatha Nana desara upakathaSISU UPANYASA SERIES OF SUNARAIJA suna padua suna bauda suna chadhei suna panjuri suna baisi suna changudiSERIES OF KUHUKA RAIJA kuhuka ghoda kuhuka kothi kuhuka janha kuhuka deepa kuhuka rani kuhuka malaSERIES OF PARIMAHALA saraga pari golapi pari shagara pari jharana pari sapana pari jochana pariSADHABA GHARA KATHA Sadhaba budha Sadhaba budhi Sadhaba pua Sadhaba jhia Sadhaba bohu Sadhaba nati Rämayana in Ordisi pata painting:- Taruṇa śabdakosha:- Makers of Modern Orissa:- Hajilā dinara smr̥ti:- Svāmī Bhairabānanda:- New Method English to oriya dictionary https://web.archive.org/web/20101218201619/http://www.orissasahityaakademi.org/english/common/sahitya-awards/award3.htm https://web.archive.org/web/20130311215021/http://orissadiary.com/CurrentNews.asp?id=21995 Children's encyclopaedia ISBN 818450151X
Nezhin, was a merchant steam ship of Black Sea Shipping Company from July 1954 to 1965 and of Azov Sea Shipping Company from 1965 to 1978, tweendecker type general cargo ship. It was one of the Kolomna-class cargo ships, project 233; the ship was named in honor of Ukraine. The construction of the ship Nezhin commenced in 1953 in Rostock, GRD; the ship was built and handed over to Black Sea Shipping Company in July, 1954. Only two ships of Kolomna-class cargo ships was built for Black Sea Shipping Company: Nezhin and Smela, and both this ships were built in July 1954. All other Kolomna-class ships worked in other Shipping Companies of the USSR; the Soviet Union first time offered politically and economic assistance to Syria in 1955 in case Syria had been refusing to join the Baghdad Pact. Baghdad Pact was created as per initiative of the US, UK and Turkey military Association, including Iraq and Pakistan, whose main purpose was to fight against "Communist aggression". Soviet Foreign Minister Shepilov Dmitry Trofimovich visited Syria in June 1956.
He offered that in addition to political and economic assistance can be military assistance from the Soviet Union to the young Syrian state. In 1956 the first 60 specialists were sent to Syria, began delivery weapons from Czechoslovakia with a total value of $18 million. At the end of the year, the Soviet Union and Syria signed first direct agreement on deliveries of weapons, jet aircraft and anti-aircraft guns, about the training of Syrian military personnel. At the same time, the countries of the Baghdad Pact organized economic pressure on Syria, including a boycott of Syrian goods. After voyage Soviet Union-Egypt-Soviet Union in May–June 1956, ship Nezhin passed to discharge cargo in Syria in summer 1956. On 26 July 1956, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser gave a speech in Alexandria announcing the nationalization of the Suez Canal Company, owned by the French and the British, as a means to fund the Aswan Dam project in light of the British–American withdrawal; the nationalization of the channel led to the invasion of the British and Israeli troops and the beginning of the Suez campaign.
The channel was destroyed, part of the ships were sunk. Shipping was closed until 10 April 1957; the Nezhin visited Syria and Egypt after 1956 also. Cargo for discharge in these countries was loaded in the Soviet Union. Nezhin loaded cotton bales in Egypt to discharge this cargo in Novorossiysk or in Kherson port for "Kherson cotton-paper factory", founded in 1952 and the first products were released in 1954; the ship loaded bauxite in Itea region, Greece, to discharge in Nikolayev. During this voyages and some voyages to Italy and back, Nezhin had to pass through Corinth Canal. Since the beginning of the liberation war against colonial France from 1954 to 1962 the USSR rendered full support to Algeria, it included speeches in defense of the Algerian people in the United Nations, in various international forums, providing financial and military assistance, the organization of solidarity campaigns on an international scale with Algerians struggle for freedom and independence. The ship brought cargo to Algeria.
The ship was awaiting free berth. Due to the war in Algeria one small military catter kept guard at the ship Nezhin to prohibit the ship from divers or torpedo boat attack. 8 of March, 1958 year, Yemen became a member of the United Arab Republic Confederation. Soviet experts began to build port facilities at Hodeida, "Ahmadi" port, in 1958; the Nezhin brought cargo from the USSR to Hodeidah port. Soviet Society of Red Cross and Red Crescent sent 10.000 tons of wheat to Yemen in 1959 to help in overcoming the effects of drought. But the steamer Nezhin carried military cargo to North Yemen including tanks; the above water part of the ship Nezhin hull was re-painted in light grey color, seems before 1960. Only one voyage of Nezhin was from Black Sea to Ceylon and seems it was between end of 1959 and September 1960; the ship's repair commenced in spring or summer 1960 and completed in the end of 1960 or in the first part of January 1961. Preparations for the filming of movie "Striped Trip" commenced in April and May 1960.
After sailing from Bulgaria the ship Nezhin arrived in Odessa and commenced re-equipment for liquid fuel. Nikolay was signed off for vacation from the steam ship Nezhin on 16 January, 1961, his next ship was steamer Karaganda. So, the steamer Nezhin became the motor ship Nezhin from 1961. Azov Sea region management of Black Sea Shipping Company was created in Zhdanov in 1953. Azov Sea region management was reorganized in Azov Sea Shipping Company in 1967, it is why some ships of Black Sea Shipping Company ships were handed over changed to Azov Sea Shipping Company and home port was changed from Odessa to Zhdanov. So, two sister ships Nezhin and Smela were transferred to Azov Sea Shipping Company in 1969 or in 1967; the last voyage of the ship Nezhin was from Azov Sea, from Zhdanov port, to La Spezia in 1978 and the ship was scrapped in 1978. Ship Nezhin. Cold War Statue of Yuriy Dolgorukiy, Moscow SS Karaganda SS Metallurg Anosov Pirates of the 20th Century