Sino-Korean vocabulary or Hanja-eo refers to Korean words of Chinese origin. Sino-Korean vocabulary includes words borrowed directly from Chinese, as well as new Korean words created from Chinese characters. About 60 percent of Korean words are of Chinese origin; the use of Chinese and Chinese characters in Korea dates back to at least 194 BCE. While Sino-Korean words were used during the Three Kingdoms period, they became more popular during the Silla period. During this time, male aristocrats changed their given names to Sino-Korean names. Additionally, the government changed all official titles and place names in the country to Sino-Korean. Sino-Korean words remained popular during the Joseon periods. However, Sino-Korean vocabulary has continued to grow in South Korea, where the meanings of Chinese characters are used to produce new words in Korean that do not exist in Chinese. By contrast, North Korean policy has called for many Sino-Korean words to be replaced by native Korean terms. Sino-Korean words constitute about 60 percent of South Korean vocabulary, the remainder being native Korean words and loanwords from other languages English.
Sino-Korean words are used in formal or literary contexts, to express abstract or complex ideas. All Korean surnames and most Korean given names are Sino-Korean. Additionally, Korean numerals can be expressed with Sino-Korean and native Korean words, though each set of numerals has different purposes. Sino-Korean words may be written either in the Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, or in Chinese characters, known as Hanja. Sino-Korean words borrowed directly from Chinese come from Chinese classics and colloquial Chinese; these Chinese words below are created in Korea. They are not used in Japan nor Vietnam. Sino-Korean words borrowed from Sino-Japanese are used only in Japanese, not in Chinese. Korean language Hanja Korean mixed script Sino-Japanese vocabulary Sino-Vietnamese vocabulary
Zam Zam is an Indian Malayalam-language comedy-drama film directed by G. Neelakanta Reddy, produced by Manu Kumaran and bankrolled by Taizoon Khorakiwala; the film is a remake of the 2014 Hindi film Queen by Vikas Bahl and features Manjima Mohan in the lead role. In June 2014, Viacom 18 Motion Pictures, the producers of the Hindi film Queen, made an official announcement that they hold sold the remake rights for the Tamil, Telugu and Kannada versions of their film to Thiagarajan, who would make the films through his production studio, Staar Movies. Viacom put a caveat in the agreement that the principal photography of any of the films must start by 8 June 2017, else the rights would revert to Viacom. Amala Paul signed to play lead role but was replaced by Manjima Mohan; the music of the film is composed by Amit Trivedi and lyrics are by Rafeeq Ahammed. The official teaser of the film was launched on 21 December 2018. Zam Zam on IMDb
Mary Lou Goertzen is an American artist, peace activist and Mennonite. Mary Lou and her late husband Ernie are the subjects of the documentary Kind and Necessary by James Knight; the film documents their life of Christian pacifism and simple living. Ernie was a conscientious objector and, like an artist and Mennonite, they lived in an old schoolhouse in Deadwood, Oregon from 1975. She is a member of the Berkeley Friends Meeting and attends the Florence Worship Group, connected to the Eugene Friends Meeting. Mary Lou still lives in the spacious old schoolhouse and hosts Quaker meetings there every fifth Sunday of the month. Mary Lou painted the mural The Community Educates Its Children at the Henderson Community School in Henderson, Nebraska in 1955; the school, now known as the Heartland Community School, was in the media during 2009 due to the controversy between the school board and the citizens of Henderson to remove the mural. The school board canvassed the students, determined that the midcentury modern work was "outdated."
The school board advised that a new mural would be a way to promote school spirit. After an outpouring of support from the community, the board has not determined the Goertzen mural's fate. Kind and Necessary