Sir John Maclean, 1st Baronet

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Hans Makeléer, 1st Baronet
COA family sv Makeléer.svg
John MacLean

Duart, Scotland
Died7 July 1666(1666-07-07) (aged 62)
Gothenburg, Sweden
Other namesJohn MacLean, 1st Baronet
Iain dubh Macleare
Hans Macklier
Johan Macklier
John Macleir
John the Black Maclean
OccupationScottish Naval Officer
Merchant in Gothenburg, Sweden
TitleLord of Gåsevadholm, Hageby, and Hammarö
Iain Dubh Baronet
SuccessorJohan Makeléer, 2nd Baronet
Spouse(s)Anna Gubbertz or Anna Quickelberry
ChildrenJohan Makeléer, 2nd Baronet
David Makeléer, 1st Friherre
Parent(s)Hector Og Maclean, 15th Clan Chief
RelativesJoakim Cronman, son-in-law

Sir John Maclean, 1st Baronet, (1604 – 7 July 1666) also known as John Makeléer or Hans Makeléer in Sweden, was Lord of Gåsevadholm, and Hageby and Hammarö. He lived in Gothenburg, Sweden,[1][2] he was made a Baronet by Charles II of England and was made Lord of Gåsevadholm, Hageby, and Hammarö by Christina of Sweden in 1649.[1][3][4]


John was born in 1604 at Duart Castle, Mull, Argyll, Scotland,[5] he was the son of Hector Og Maclean, 15th Clan Chief and Isabella Atcheson of Gosford, daughter of Sir Archibald Acheson, 1st Baronet. His full brother was Donald MacLean, 1st Laird of Brolas[6][7][8] Isabella was the daughter of Sir Archibald Acheson, 1st Baronet. John MacLean then became an officer in the Royal Navy.

Emigration and marriage[edit]

He emigrated to Gothenburg, Sweden in 1620, where he had an uncle that worked as a merchant.[3][9] Now known as John Makeléer or Hans Makeléer, he worked as a merchant, and married Anna Gubbertz (c.1595–1653) or Anna Quickelberry in 1629 in Gothenburg.[10] Anna's sister was married to one of John's relatives, Jacob Makeléer (Jacob Macklier),[11][12] he was named a town councilor in 1640 and remained one through 1650.[3] John Hans Makeléer and Anna had fifteen children, with ten surviving to adulthood, they are:[2]


  1. Charles Makeléer who died young.[2]
  2. Jacob Makeléer (1632–1663) was in the service of Charles XI of Sweden in England. He married Catherine Cochrane, the daughter of Colonel John Cochrane (colonel). Jacob may have taken his own life during an illness.[2][13]
  3. Johan Makeléer, 2nd Baronet (c1630–1696), of the Gothenburg Court of Justice. He married Anna Margareta Gordon.[2][6][14]
  4. Peter Makeléer was colonel and commandant in Stralsund, and he married Abolla Sophia Vanplassen.[2]
  5. Gustavus Makeléer was colonel in the Swedish army and commandant in Gothenburg.[2]
  6. Carl Leonard Makeléer (1633–1663)
  7. Maria Makeléer who married General David Duncan (general). He was in the service of the King of Denmark.[2]
  8. Catharina Makeléer (1637–1709) who married, first, Colonel David Sinclair (colonel), and secondly, General Baron Malcolm Hamilton of Hageby.[2][12]
  9. Eliza Makeléer, she was married to Major Cailenkerheilm.[2]
  10. Anna Makeléer (1638–1646).
  11. Lunetta Makeléer (1639–1693) who married Joakim Cronman (c.1640–1703).[15] He was a Colonel in the service of the Swedish Empire and the Commandant at Neumünde;[16][17][18] this is the Ruuth-Näslund-Winblad line.
  12. Maria Sophia Makeléer (1640–1721).[19]
  13. Gustaf Adolf Makeléer (1641–1706) who was a Captain in the Swedish Army who married Sara Carlberg (1647–1701).
  14. Elsa Beata Makeléer (1643–1730) who married Major Marten Christensson.[15]
  15. David Makeléer, 1st Friherre (1645–1708), a General in the army and the first governor of Älvsborg County, Sweden from 1693 to 1708 who married the countess of Arenberg. General David left five sons and two daughters, of whom John Aldolphus MacLean was general in the army and colonel of the Life Guards.[2][20][21]


In 1635 he loaned 1,150 thalers to Queen Christina of Sweden to supply her army at a time when the Royal treasury was depleted.[1] In May 1649 he was awarded a Baronetcy by Charles II of England.[3][14][22]

On 30 December 1655 he married Lilian Hamilton.[10][11] After her death he married Anna Thompson, he died in 1666.[3][10]


  1. ^ a b c d Ernst Ludwig Fischer, Thomas Alfred Fischer, and John Kirkpatrick (1907). The Scots in Sweden. Of the families named above, the Macliers (or Macleans), the Sinclairs, and the Spaldings were the most prominent. We shall not enter into the fabulous genealogy of the Macleans, with their forty-two descents from some Irish chieftain, who was part-owner of an ark at the time of Noah. Suffice it to say that one Hans (John) Maclier, son of Hector Maclean, fifth Baron [sic] of Dowart, came to Göteborg in 1620, settled in business, and succeeded so well that he became a town councillor (1640–1650).CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k John Patterson MacLean (1889). A History of the Clan MacLean from Its First Settlement at Duard Castle, in the Isle of Mull, to the Present Period: Including a Genealogical Account of Some of the Principal Families Together with Their Heraldry, Legends, Superstitions, etc. R. Clarke & Company. The seventh branch of the Duard family is descended from John, youngest son of Hector Mor of Duard, son of Sir Lachlan Mor. John was knighted, and employed by Charles the First on an embassy to Sweden. Before his return the civil war broke out. On his return he was forced to change his name from MacLean to Macleir, and also to leave his country, on account of his loyalty to the Stuart dynasty. ...
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h James Noël MacKenzie MacLean (1971). The Macleans of Sweden; the Ampersand. ISBN 0-900161-00-0.
  4. ^ Horace Marryat (1862). One year in Sweden: including a visit to the Isle of Götland. Forty-third in lineal descent from Inghis tuir le Amhir, younger son of an Irish king, came Gilleon, who lived a hundred years before Christ. From him in unbroken genealogy is traced John Maclean (son of the Laird of Dowat), who came to Sweden in 1639 [sic], and, settling in Goteborg, greatly aided in the building of that town. ...
  5. ^ Fontaine, Laurence (1996). History of Pedlars in Europe. Duke University Press. ISBN 0-8223-1794-X. Hans Macklier, who was born in Scotland and died in Gothenburg in 1666 had an uncle who was a merchant in Stockholm ...
  6. ^ a b Scotland's Historic Heraldry. Boydell Press. 2006. ISBN 1-84383-261-5. A particularly interesting Scoto-Swedish family (Chart 20.4), whose members remained in touch with their Highland cousins, is that of MacLean or Macklier....
  7. ^ Steve Murdoch (2006). Network North. ISBN 90-04-14664-4. Given the established pedigree of John Maclean as a son of Hector Maclean the 5th Baron of Duart and his second wife Isabella Acheson ... Such was the situation between James and John Maclean in Sweden. In 1629 the two men became business partners and John married Anna Gubbert, the sister of James wife.
  8. ^ Steve Murdoch (2000). Britain, Denmark-Norway and the House of Stuart, 1603-1660. Tuckwell Press. ISBN 1-86232-182-5. Scotsman frequently acted in senior positions in the Gothenburg trade council and counted among their number John Maclean, son of Hector MacLean, fifth Baron of Duart.
  9. ^ Thomas Christopher Smout (1986). Scotland and Europe, 1200-1850. ISBN 0-85976-112-6. ... regard to sources is somewhat better when an immigrant Scot happened to be ennobled, as not a few of them were. This was the case with Hans Macklier ...
  10. ^ a b c H. Fröding (1905). Berättelser ur Göteborgs äldsta historia. Hans Maclier var såsom redan nämndt gift med Anna Gubbertz, köpmansdotter från Stockholm, och hade med henne många barn, af hvilka dock flera dogo i unga år. Efter hennes död 1653 gifte han sig med Lilian Hamilton och, sedan han åter 1658 blifvit änkling, med öfverste Gordons änka, Anna Thomson. Själf afled han den 7 juli 1666. Hans båda hustrurs, Anna Gubbertz' och Lilian Hamiltons, konterfej hafva blifvit till eftervärlden bevarade, men mig veterligen ej hans eget.
  11. ^ a b Ailes, Mary Elizabeth (2002). Military Migration and State Formation. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-1060-4. On December 30, 1655, Lilian Hamilton married Johan Macklier, a prominent Scottish merchant who traded out of the port at Gothenburg. ...
  12. ^ a b c Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. 2004. ISBN 0-19-861400-4. In 1651 he married Catherine Makeléer (b. 1637), the daughter of the Scottish merchant John Maclean (d. 1666), who was based at Göteborg and had become a ... He married James's wife's sister, Anna Gubbertz (d. 1653), in 1629 and had fifteen children with her, though only ten survived to adulthood. ...
  13. ^ Steve Murdoch and Alexia Grosjean. "Jacob Maclean". Scotland, Scandinavia and Northern European Biographical Database. University of St Andrews. Jacob Maclean was the first son of John Maclean, 1st Baronet Duart [SSNE 1631] and his first wife Anna Gubbertz, and he was born in 1632. He became a student at Uppsala university on 9 May 1651. After 1660 he became a colonel in Stuart service and a gentleman of the bedchamber to the Stuart Court. ...
  14. ^ a b Bruce Duncan (1998). The Mark of the Scots: Their Astonishing Contributions to History, Science. ISBN 0-8065-2060-4. One of the first to arrive was John Maclean, one of the principle builders of the city, who made himself a large fortune in the process. He was ennobled by Queen Christiana in 1649 under the name Makeleer and was royal banker to the queen, his son, also John, was president of the Göteburg Court of Justice
  15. ^ a b Alexia Grosjean and Steve Murdoch (2005). Scottish communities abroad in the early modern period. ISBN 9789004143067. Lunetta married Colonel Joachim Cronman in 1657, while Elsa Beata married Major Marten Christensson till ...
  16. ^ Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt. Karl XII's officerare: Biografiska anteckningar.
  17. ^ Joakim was the son of Hans Detterman Cronman (1590–after 1645) aka Lord Hans Detterman Nobil Cronman, of Liveland, Latvia; and Ursula Kordes (1600–1675). He had the following siblings: Johan Detterman Cronman (1618–?); Vilhelm Cronman (c1617–1656); Anna Catharine Cronman (1620–1688); Christina Cronman (c1625–1687) who married Joakim George Fredrick Von Rohr (c1625–1687) who died at Narva; Elisabeth Cronman (1630–1687); and Joakim Cronman (1638–?). Joakim married Lunetta Makeléer (1639–1693). Lunetta was the daughter of John Hans Makeléer who was a merchant in Sweden. Together they had the following children: Anna Catharina Cronman I (??-??) who married Frans Von Knorring; Ursula Cronman (1660–1745) who married Christoffer Fredrik Von Grothenhielm (1655–1705); Johan Cronman (1662–1737) who was killed in action; Anna Catharina Cronman II (1662–1685) who married Hans Christoffer Von Rohr I (1626–1700) who was killed in action in the Battle of Narva; and Hedvik Elisabeth Cronman (1663–1699) who married Henrik Aminoff (1653–?).
  18. ^ "Cronman". Retrieved 26 August 2007. Joakim Cronman, died 5 March 1703 at the citadel of Neumünde, married 9 August 1657 Gothenburg Lunetta Makeleer (buried 22 February 1693 at Reval), daughter of Johan or Hans Makeleer and Anna Gubbertz.
  19. ^ Bull, Edvard (1926). Norsk biografisk leksikon. D. var gift med Maria Sophia Makeléer (egentlig Maclean), f. 1640, d. 1721, datter av Sir John M. av ...
  20. ^ "Counties of Sweden". Retrieved 26 August 2007. 20 Dec 1693 – 1708 David Makeléer (b. 16.. – d. 1708)
  21. ^ "Rutger Maclean". Electric Scotland. Retrieved 28 February 2009. His father was one of Charles XII’s officers, and the first of his ancestors in Sweden was probably Johan Macleer, the Gothenburg merchant who actively helped Montrose during the latter’s visit to Gothenburg in 1650. Johan Macleer had been raised to the Swedish nobility in 1649, and in the following year was created an English baronet by Charles I as a reward for his services in helping Montrose, his Swedish wife had a sister who was married to Jakob Makeleer, a silk mercer in Stockholm. The two brothers-in-law were obviously related and possibly brothers, they seem to have been the first of their family to settle in Sweden. ...
  22. ^ Jonas Berg and Bo Lagercrantz (1962). Scots in Sweden. On 15th November 1649 James Graham, 5th Earl of Montrose, arrived in Gothenburg from Copenhagen, and stayed with a Scottish merchant, James Maclean, who had been raised to the nobility in May 1649, under the name Makeléer. Maclean, or Makeléer had been an officer in the British Royal Navy before settling in Gothenburg in 1629, he had always been a warm supporter of the House of Stuart.
  23. ^ John Malcolm Bulloch (1935). Scottish Notes and Queries. About 1620 John Maclean amassed a large fortune in Gothenburg, advanced the progress of this rising town, Sweden's main bulwark against Danish invasion, and was made a Swedish noble, taking the name of Makeleer. ...

See also[edit]