Sir Peter Halkett, 2nd Baronet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sir Peter Halkett
Sir Peter Halkett, 2nd Baronet of Pitfirrane by Hans Hysing.jpg
Sir Peter Halkett, Colonel 44th Foot
Born(1695-06-21)21 June 1695
Pitfirrane, Fife
Died9 July 1755(1755-07-09) (aged 60)
Monongahela, Pennsylvania
Allegiance Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch British Army
Years of service1717–1755
RankColonel
UnitColonel, 44th Foot 1751-1755
Battles/warsJacobite rising of 1745
Battle of Prestonpans
French and Indian War
Monongahela 1755
Other workMember of Parliament
Stirling Burghs 1734-1741

Sir Peter Halkett , 2nd Baronet (21 June 1695 – 9 July 1755) was a Scottish baronet who served in the British army and was Member of Parliament for Stirling Burghs from 1734-1741.

His regiment was posted to North America during the 1754-1763 French and Indian War; he and his youngest son James served in the ill-fated Braddock Expedition and were killed at the Battle of Monongahela, on 9 July 1755.

Life[edit]

Pitfirrane House

Peter Halkett was born 21 June 1695, eldest son of Sir Peter Wedderburn, who changed his surname to Halkett in 1705 when he inherited Pitfirrane Castle, near Dunfermline from his wife's brother; the house remained in the family until 1953 and is now the clubhouse for Dunfermline Golf Club.[1]

In 1728, he married Lady Amelia Stuart, daughter of Francis, Earl of Moray; they had 3 sons, Peter, Francis and James (died 1755). Francis served as Brigade-major during the 1758 Forbes Expedition, when he retrieved the bodies of his father and younger brother.[2]

Career[edit]

In 1717, Halkett was commissioned in the Royal Scots and elected Member of Parliament for Stirling Burghs in 1734, he supported the Walpole administration but declined to stand again in 1741.[3] Instead, he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the 44th Foot, a new regiment raised by James Long.

During the 1745 Rising, he was in temporary command when the 44th was overrun at the Battle of Prestonpans, and captured; the Jacobites were unable to house their prisoners and he was released with other officers, after agreeing he would not serve against them for 18 months. Pressed by his commander, Prince William, Duke of Cumberland to break his oath, he resisted and was dismissed from the Army, he succeeded his father as second baronet in 1746.

He was re-instated after appealing to George II and in 1751 made Colonel of the regiment, which in 1754 was transferred to the British colonies in North America;[4] the following year, the 44th was assigned to the Braddock Expedition to capture Fort Duquesne (the ruins of which now lie in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA) from the French. The column ran into a combined force of French, Canadian and native Indian troops in the woods and were severely routed. Halkett was amongst the officers killed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pitfirrane Castle (Dunfermline Golf Club)". Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  2. ^ Cubbison 2010, p. 14.
  3. ^ Sedgwick 1970, p. online.
  4. ^ "General Braddock's Defeat on the Monongahela". British Battles.com. Retrieved 12 July 2016.

Sources[edit]

  • Cubbison, Douglas (2010). The British Defeat of the French in Pennsylvania, 1758: A Military History of the Forbes Campaign Against Fort Duquesne. McFarland & Co. ISBN 978-0786447398.
  • Sedgwick (ed), Romney (1970). HALKETT, Peter (1695-1755), of Pitferrane, Fife in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1715-1754 (Online ed.). HMSO.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Bullock
John Huske
Member of Parliament for Maldon
1772–1774
With: John Bullock
Succeeded by
John Strutt
John Savage Nassau
Military offices
Preceded by
John Lee
Colonel, 44th Foot
1751–1755
Succeeded by
Robert Ellison