A sitcom, clipping for situational comedy, is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who carry over from episode to episode. Sitcoms can be contrasted with sketch comedy, where a troupe may use new characters in each sketch, stand-up comedy, where a comedian tells jokes and stories to an audience. Sitcoms originated in radio, but today are found on television as one of its dominant narrative forms. A situational comedy television programme may be recorded in front of a studio audience, depending on the programme's production format; the effect of a live studio audience can be enhanced by the use of a laugh track. During filming productions, the laugh track is pre-recorded. Critics disagree over the utility of the term "sitcom" in classifying shows that have come into existence since the turn of the century. Many contemporary American sitcoms use the single-camera setup and do not feature a laugh track, thus resembling the dramedy shows of the 1980s and 1990s rather than the traditional sitcom.
Other topics of debate have included whether or not cartoons, such as The Simpsons or Family Guy, can be classified as sitcoms. The terms "situational comedy" or "sitcom" were not used until the 1950s. There were prior examples on radio, but the first television sitcom is said to be Pinwright's Progress, ten episodes being broadcast on the BBC in the United Kingdom between 1946 and 1947. In the United States and producer William Asher has been credited with being the "man who invented the sitcom", having directed over two dozen of the leading sitcoms, including I Love Lucy, from the 1950s through the 1970s. There have been few long-running Australian-made sitcoms, but many US and UK sitcoms have been successful there. Sitcoms are a staple of government broadcaster Australian Broadcasting Corporation. By 1986, UK comedies Bless This House and Are You Being Served? had been repeated by ABC Television several times, were acquired and screened by the Seven Network, in prime time. In 1981, Daily at Dawn was the first Australian comedy series.
In 1987, Mother and Son was winner of the Television Drama Award presented by the Australian Human Rights Commission. In 2007, Kath & Kim's first episode of series four attracted an Australian audience of 2.521 million nationally, the highest rating for a first episode in the history of Australian television, until the series premiere of Underbelly: A Tale of Two Cities in 2009 with 2.58 million viewers. In 2013, Please Like Me received an invitation to screen at the Series Mania Television Festival in Paris, was praised by critics and has garnered numerous awards and nominations. In 2013, At Home With Julia was criticised by several social commentators as inappropriately disrespectful to the office of Prime Minister, the show proved popular both with television audiences — becoming the most watched Australian scripted comedy series of 2011 — and with television critics. Nominated to the 2012 Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts Awards for Best Television Comedy Series. Although there have been a number of notable exceptions, Canadian television networks have fared poorly with their sitcom offerings, with few Canadian sitcoms attaining notable success in Canada or internationally.
According to television critic Bill Brioux, there are a number of structural reasons for this: the shorter seasons, typical of Canadian television production, make it harder for audiences to connect with a program before its season has concluded, put successful shows at risk of losing their audience between seasons because of the longer waiting time before a show returns with new episodes. Conversely, Canadian television has had much greater success with sketch comedy and dramedy series; the popular show King of Kensington aired from 1975 to 1980, drawing 1.5 to 1.8 million viewers weekly at its peak. Corner Gas, which ran for six seasons from 2004 to 2009, became an instant hit, averaging a million viewers per episode, it has been the recipient of six Gemini Awards, has been nominated 70 times for various awards. Other noteworthy recent sitcoms have included Call Me Fitz, Schitt's Creek and Kim's Convenience, all of which have been winners of the Canadian Screen Award for Best Comedy Series.
Sitcoms started appearing on Indian television in the 1980s, with serials like Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi and Wagle Ki Duniya on the state-run Doordarshan channel. As private channels were allowed, many more sitcoms followed in the 1990s, such as Dekh Bhai Dekh, Zabaan Sambhalke, Shrimaan Shrimati, Office Office, Ramani Vs Ramani, Khichdi, Sarabhai vs Sarabhai to F. I. R. Taarak Mehta Ka Ooltah Chashmah,Uppum Mulakum, the present most successful "Bhabiji Ghar Par Hain". SAB TV is one of the leading channels of India dedicated to Sitcoms. El Chavo del Ocho, which ran from 1971 to 1980, was the most watched show in the Mexican television and had a Latin American audience of 350 million viewers per episode at its peak of popularity
The 1943 Cotton Bowl Classic was a college football bowl game played on January 1,1943 at the Cotton Bowl in Dallas, TX This was Texas's first bowl game. They were led by Dana X. Bible; this was Georgia Tech's second bowl game of. Max Minor caught a touchdown pass from Roy McKay and Jackie Field returned a punt 60 yards for a touchdown to give Texas a 14-0 lead into the fourth quarter as Bible replaced his starters, but Georgia Tech drove 56 yards capped by a David Eldredge touchdown run to narrow the lead. Georgia Tech forced Texas to punt, they drove all the way to the Texas 5 yard-line, but Texas' defensive line stopped them short as Texas took over at the four. They ran out the clock. Since this game, Texas has been to 22 more Cotton Bowl Classics and have won 11 more times, the most Cotton Bowl victories of any team. Georgia Tech did not return to the Cotton Bowl Classic until 1955
Harald de Vlaming is a sailor from the Netherlands, who represented his native country at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Kingston, Canada. With helmsman Geert Bakker and fellow crew member Pieter Keijzer De Vlaming took the 5th place in the Soling. De Vlaming specialized as crew in the Dragon, racing together with Ab Ekels and helmsman Pieter Keijzer. After a career in the banking industry, De Vlaming nowadays works as commercial consultant. "Harald de Vlaming Bio and Results". Olympic Sports. Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved 2014-01-09. "Nederlandse delegatie". Leeuwarder courant: hoofdblad van Friesland. 1976-07-12. Retrieved 2014-01-29. "Olympische zeilselectie". De Telegraaf. 1976-05-20. Retrieved 2014-01-29. "Montréal 1976 Official Report,Volume I: Organization". Ottawa: COJO. 1978. Retrieved 2014-01-29. "Montréal 1976 Official Report,Volume II: Facilities". Ottawa: COJO. 1978. Retrieved 2014-01-29. "Montréal 1976 Official Report,Volume III: Results". Ottawa: COJO. 1978. Retrieved 2014-01-29. "Uitslagen Nederlandse Draken Club".
Uitslagen. Dragonclass.nl. Retrieved 2014-01-09. "Harald de Vlaming". Www.linkedin.com. Retrieved 2014-01-29