Lloyd Vernet Bridges Jr. was an American film, stage and television actor who starred in a number of television series and appeared in more than 150 feature films. He was the father of actors Beau Bridges and Jeff Bridges, Bridges was born in San Leandro, California, to Lloyd Vernet Bridges, Sr. who was involved in the California hotel business and once owned a movie theater, and his wife Harriet Evelyn Bridges. His parents were natives of Kansas, and of English ancestry. Bridges graduated from Petaluma High School in 1930 and he then studied political science at UCLA, where he was a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. Bridges made his Broadway debut in 1939 in a production of Shakespeares Othello, in 1941, he joined the stock company at Columbia Pictures, where he played small roles in features and short subjects. He left Columbia Pictures during World War II to enlist in the United States Coast Guard, following his discharge, he returned to acting. In later years he was a member of U. S. Coast Guard Auxiliary, 11th District, because of his support, he was made an honorary commodore. Bridges sons, actors Beau and Jeff, also served in the Coast Guard and he returned to acting after he was cleared by the FBI, achieving his greatest success in television. Bridges gained attention in 1956 for his performance on live anthology program The Alcoa Hour, in an episode titled Tragedy in a Temporary Town. During the performance, Bridges inadvertently used profanity while ad-libbing, although the slip of the tongue generated hundreds of complaints, the episode won a Robert E. Sherwood Television Award, with Bridges slip being defended even by some members of the clergy. Bridges received an Emmy Award nomination for the role, Bridges gained wide recognition as Mike Nelson, the main character in the television series Sea Hunt, created by Ivan Tors, which ran in syndication from 1958–1961. He also wrote a book with a co-author about skin-diving entitled Mask, following that success, he starred in the eponymous CBS anthology series The Lloyd Bridges Show, which included appearances by his sons Beau and Jeff. Producer Gene Roddenberry, who worked with Bridges on Sea Hunt, in addition, he was a regular cast member in the Rod Serling western series The Loner, and in the two NBC failures San Francisco International Airport and a Police Story spin-off Joe Forrester. Later, he appeared in Paper Dolls and Capital News, both for ABC, and again with Harts of the West, this time for CBS, a comedy/western set on a dude ranch in Nevada. Son Beau Bridges co-starred, along with Harley Jane Kozak as Beaus wife, Alison Hart, Bridges played significant roles in several mini-series, including Roots, How the West Was Won and The Blue and the Gray. For more than years, Bridges was a frequent guest star on television series. He received a second Emmy Award nomination four decades after the first when he was nominated in 1998 for his role as Izzy Mandelbaum on Seinfeld and he portrayed Commander Cain in the original Battlestar Galactica television series, in the two-part episode The Living Legend. His fate was left unanswered, spurring fans to call for his return and this popularity led to a radically re-imagined Cain character in the 2004 series
Lon Chaney Jr.
He also portrayed Lennie Small in Of Mice and Men. Chaney had English, French, and Irish ancestry, and his career in movies and television spanned four decades and his parents troubled marriage ended in divorce in 1913 following his mothers scandalous public suicide attempt in Los Angeles. Young Creighton lived in homes and boarding schools until 1916. From an early age, he worked hard to get out of his famous fathers shadow, in young adulthood, his father discouraged him from show business, and he attended business college and became successful in a Los Angeles appliance corporation. Creighton, who had working for a plumbing company, married Dorothy Hinckley the daughter of his employer Ralph Hinckley. But Creightons life changed forever when his father was diagnosed with throat cancer, many articles and biographies over the years report that Creighton was led to believe his mother had died while he was a boy, and was only made aware she lived after his fathers death. Creighton always maintained he had a tough childhood and it was only after his fathers death that Chaney started acting in films, beginning with an uncredited bit part in the 1932 film Girl Crazy. He appeared in films under his name until 1935, when he began to be billed as Lon Chaney Jr. From 1942 onward, he was billed as Lon Chaney although the Jr. was usually added by others when they referred to him to him from his more famous father. Chaney first achieved stardom and critical acclaim in the 1939 feature film version of Of Mice and Men, Chaney was asked to test for the role of Quasimodo for the 1939 remake of The Hunchback of Notre Dame. The role went to Charles Laughton, with his third-billed character role in One Million B. C. as Victor Matures caveman father, Chaney began to be viewed as a character actor in the mold of his father. Put under contract by Universal Pictures Co. Inc, Chaney was cast in Man-Made Monster, a science-fiction horror thriller originally written with Karloff in mind. He also played the character, Count Alucard—Dracula spelled in reverse—in Son of Dracula. Chaney is thus the only actor to portray all four of Universals major horror characters, the Wolf Man, Frankensteins Monster, the Mummy and he also starred in a series of radio show appearances, including psychological mysteries on the Inner Sanctum radio show. Chaney also appeared in on the stage in productions as Born Yesterday. Kramer told the press at the time whenever a script came in with a role too difficult for most actors in Hollywood. He became quite popular with baby boomers after Universal released its back catalog of films to television in 1957. The series ended after 39 episodes, roger Smith played the young Creighton
Arthur Lake (actor)
Arthur Lake was an American actor known best for bringing Dagwood Bumstead, the bumbling husband of Blondie, to life in film, radio and television. At the time of his birth in 1905, Arthur Silverlake, Jr. s father and his mother, Edith Goodwin, was an actress. His parents later appeared in vaudeville in a skit Family Affair, traveling throughout the South, Arthur first appeared on stage as a baby in Uncle Toms Cabin and he and his sister, Florence, became part of the act in 1910. Their mother brought the children to Hollywood to get films, and Arthur made his screen debut in the silent Jack. Florence became an actress, achieving a degree of fame as one of the screen wives of comedian Edgar Kennedy. Universal Pictures signed him to a contract, where he acted in westerns as an adolescent character actor, shortly after the formation of RKO Pictures in 1928, he signed with that studio, where he made Dance Hall and Cheer Up and Smile. During this early film era, he typically played light romantic roles, usually with a comic Mamas Boy tone to them, in films such as Indiscreet. He was also the voice of Dagwood on the radio series, many of the actors on the radio show have noted of Lakes commitment to the program, stating that on the day of the broadcast, Lake was Dagwood Bumstead. Lake became very friendly with newspaper tycoon William Randolph Hearst and his mistress Marion Davies and he was a frequent guest at the beach house of Davies, where he met Patricia Lake. They were married at San Simeon in 1937, the parentage of Patricia Van Cleeve is unclear, but at the time of her death, she is reported to have claimed to be the daughter of Davies and Hearst. No charges were filed and Lake was one of suspects in a case that remains unsolved. Arthur Lake at the Internet Movie Database Blondie, The Movie Series
Monogram was among the smaller studios--generally referred to as Poverty Row--in the Golden Age of Hollywood. The idea behind the studio was that when the Monogram logo appeared on the screen, everyone knew they were in for action, the company is now a division of Allied Artists International. The original sprawling brick complex that was home to both Monogram and Allied Artists remains in place today at 4376 Sunset Dr. utilized as part of the Church of Scientology Media Center. Monogram was created in the early 1930s from two companies, W. Ray Johnstons Rayart Productions and Trem Carrs Sono Art-World Wide Pictures. Both specialized in low-budget features and, as Monogram Pictures, continued that policy until 1935, another independent producer, Paul Malvern, released his Lone Star Productions westerns through Monogram. The backbone of the studio in early days was a father-and-son combination, writer/director Robert N. Bradbury. Bradbury wrote almost all, and directed many, of the early Monogram, while budgets and production values were lean, Monogram offered a balanced program, including action melodramas, classics and mysteries. In 1935 Johnston and Carr were wooed by Herbert Yates of Consolidated Film Industries, Yates planned to merge Monogram with several smaller independent companies to form Republic Pictures. However, after a time in this new venture, Johnston and Carr discovered that they couldnt get along with Yates. Carr moved to Universal Pictures, while Johnston reactivated Monogram in 1937, producer Walter Mirisch began at Monogram after World War II as assistant to studio head Steve Broidy. He convinced Broidy that the days of low-budget films were ending, at a time when the average Hollywood picture cost about $800,000, Allied Artists first release, It Happened on Fifth Avenue, cost more than $1,200,000. Subsequent Allied Artists releases were more economical but did have enhanced production values, the studios new policy permitted what Mirisch called B-plus pictures, which were released along with Monograms established line of B fare. The Monogram brand name was retired in 1953. The company was now known as Allied Artists Pictures Corporation, for the most part, however, Allied Artists was heading in new, ambitious directions under Mirisch. They pushed the studio into big-budget filmmaking, signing contracts with William Wyler, John Huston, Billy Wilder, Mirisch Productions then had success releasing its films through United Artists. Allied Artists ceased production in 1966 and became a distributor of foreign films, both were critical and commercial successes, but high production and financing costs meant they were not big moneymakers for Allied Artists. King was released in 1975, but received disappointing returns and that same year Allied Artists distributed the French import Story of O, but spent much of its earnings defending itself from obscenity charges. In 1976 Allied Artists attempted diversification when it merged with consumer producers Kalvex and PSP, the new Allied Artists Industries, Inc. manufactured pharmaceuticals, mobile homes and activewear in addition to films