Skodsborg

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Skodsborg station

Skodsborg is a small town/suburb approx. 20 km. north of Copenhagen, Denmark. The town has a population of 1,222 (1 January 2015)[1] and lies in Rudersdal Kommune. The town is a coastal town but doesn't have a marina. The town has good beach access from the Strandvej and from the houses along the shore. A wide beach allows easy access along the coast. The western side of Skodsborg borders the Jægersborg Dyrehave with miles of trails for hiking and cycling. The town is connected with the Oresundtrain and with buses to neighboring communities.

History[edit]

Skodsborg was a late developed community on the Oresund coast being hemmed in by the king's hunting forest of Dyrehaven. For many years it was just a stretch of coastal road with a few summer residences of rich Copenhagen dignitaries and the Mølleå industry.

The river to the north of Skodsborg, Mølleåen was the site of the earliest Danish industrial production. The first Danish paper mill was located here in 1599, as one of seven water mills driven factories on the river. In 1785 two enterprising English industrialists Nelthropp and Harris who established the country's largest leather goods manufacturing plant. They were bankrupted in 1803 during the Napoleonic wars, where England was the enemy, and they were condemned as spies.

Skodsborg continued its unique dual evolution as summer residence for the very rich with two hotels and a spa catering to the same clientele - along with its role as an active industrial town producing paper, cloth and hats.

The most prominent dweller in Skodsborg was undoubtedly king Frederik the 7th. In 1852, he bought the Skodsborg summer residence built by Volrad von der Lühe a century earlier and spent the summers there until his death in 1863. He wanted a place away from the court gossip at Amalienborg aimed at his down to earth commoner wife, Louise Rasmussen, enabled with the title of countess Danner. The king who three years earlier has signed the Danish constitution cementing parliamentary rule, wanted peace and quiet to ride, hunt and fish. He was an amateur archaeologist and outdoors man who enjoyed excavating the Bronze Age burial mounds in the surrounding woodland and sleeping in his tent. However, his presence also required the grand railway station still in use today, in order to meet and greet foreign dignitaries.

In 1910 the Danish social democrat leader and later primer minister, Thorvald Stauning invited the Second Socialt International meeting in Copenhagen to visit Skodsborg. The visitors included Vladimir Lenin, Karl Liebknecht, Rosa Luxembourg and Alexandra Kollontay. In Skodsborg they met a thriving working community with their own school and cooperative.

In 1913 Skodsborg saw the creation of Dansk Hattefabrik A/S (the Danish Hat Manufacturer Ltd), established by the visionary industrialist Hans Cohen came from Berlin . At its zenith in 1950 the plant was producing 500.000 hats a year.

Landmarks[edit]

House in Skodsborg in c. 1840, waterccolour by H. G. F. Holm

Rolighed, meaning "tranquility", was originally a large wooden house built in 1794 for the Norwegian civil servant Carsten Anker. In 1855, the house was acquired by Ludvig Grøn, owner of Det Grønske Handelshus, Copenhagen's first department store. The house remained in the hands of his family until 1958. The current ahouse is from 1827. It is now owned by [A.P. Møller-Mærsk]] and used as a conference centre.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 55°49′N 12°34′E / 55.817°N 12.567°E / 55.817; 12.567