National Register of Historic Places listings in Passaic County, New Jersey
List of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Passaic County, New Jersey This is intended to be a complete list of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Passaic County, New Jersey. The locations of National Register properties and districts may be seen in an online map by clicking on "Map of all coordinates"; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 5, 2019. National Register of Historic Places listings in New Jersey List of National Historic Landmarks in New Jersey
Washington Crossing State Park
Not to be confused with Washington Crossing Historic Park, a Pennsylvania state park across the Delaware River near Yardley, PennsylvaniaWashington Crossing State Park is a 3,575-acre state park in the U. S. state of New Jersey, part of Washington's Crossing, a U. S. National Historic Landmark area, it is located in the Washington Crossing and Titusville sections of Hopewell Township in Mercer County, north of Trenton along the Delaware River. The park is maintained by the New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, it is supported by the Washington Crossing Park Association, a friends group that works to preserve and advocate for the park. The park includes the site of Washington's crossing of the Delaware at Johnsons Ferry; this is where General George Washington and a 2,400-man detachment of Continental Army troops crossed the river overnight on December 25, 1776, into the morning of December 26, 1776, to make a surprise attack on Trenton, a move that would prove to be a turning point in the American Revolutionary War.
This park area, together with Washington Crossing Historic Park on the Pennsylvania side, comprise the Washington's Crossing National Historic Landmark. Inside the park is the Washington Crossing Open Air Theatre, an outdoor theater with seating consisting of wooden benches. Goat Hill Overlook, located nearby in West Amwell Township in Hunterdon County, is administered by the New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry as part of Washington Crossing State Park; the Washington Crossing Visitor Center Museum focuses on the American Revolution and the military campaign known as the "Ten Crucial Days" from December 25, 1776, through January 3, 1777. During this time, the Continental Army crossed the Delaware River, the Battle of Trenton, the Second Battle of Trenton, the Battle of Princeton occurred; the museum houses over 700 period objects. The Johnson Ferry House, an 18th-century farmhouse and tavern near the Delaware River, was owned by Garret Johnson, who operated a 490-acre plantation and a ferry service across the Delaware.
It was used by General Washington and other officers at the time of the Christmas night crossing of the Delaware. Several rooms are furnished with period pieces, an 18th-century kitchen garden has been planted. On weekends, living-history demonstrations are held; the Washington Crossing State Park Nature Center offers nature education programs are for schools, youth groups, community organizations, visitors to the park. The center is open Wednesday through year round. Nearby is the John W. H. Simpson Observatory, operated by the Amateur Astronomers Association of Princeton; the observatory houses two telescopes: a 6.25-inch Hastings-Byrne refractor and a 14-inch SCT. The observatory is open for public observing led by association volunteers on Friday nights April through October from 8 to 11 pm, weather permitting. Goat Hill Overlook is a 213-acre scenic preserve administered as part of nearby Washington Crossing State Park; the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection's Green Acres program purchased the Goat Hill Overlook property in 2009 for $4.5 million from Constructural Dynamics Inc. of Fairless Hills, Pennsylvania.
The company acquired Goat Hill Overlook from the Boy Scouts in 1983 and intended to use the land for mining operations. That plan was changed in favor of constructing a residential development complex at the site. In addition to views of the Delaware River, the property features a prominent rock, known as Washington Rock. According to local legend, General Washington used the views from Goat Hill Overlook to assess battle conditions during the Revolutionary War; the site offers miles of hiking trails and contains a variety of wildlife and plant species. Washington's Crossing List of New Jersey state parks National Register of Historic Places listings in Mercer County, New Jersey Washington Crossing Open Air Theatre NY-NJTC: Washington Crossing State Park Trail Details and Info
High Point (New Jersey)
High Point is a mountain peak within High Point State Park on the border of Wantage Township and Montague Township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. Located in the portion of the state known as the Skylands, it is the highest elevation in the state, with a peak elevation of 1,803 feet; the closest city is New York, which lies to the northwest. Besides being the highest peak in New Jersey, High Point is the highest peak of the Kittatinny Mountains. Three states – New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania – can be seen from the top. At the peak is the High Point Monument, a 220-foot obelisk, built in 1930 as a war memorial; the mountain is in the 14,193 acre High Point State Park. Route 23 skirts the park and carries visitors from the New Jersey suburbs and from points in New York State; the park is administered by the New Jersey Division of Forestry. Entrance fees are charged from Memorial Day weekend to Labor Day; the land for High Point State Park, donated by Colonel Anthony R. and Susie Dryden Kuser of Bernardsville, New Jersey, was dedicated as a park in 1923.
The pleasant landscaping was designed by the Olmsted Brothers of Boston, a prominent landscape architectural firm run by the sons of Central Park designer Frederick Law Olmsted. To the south the Appalachian Trail follows a rocky ridge which offers many scenic views of the valleys and mountains surrounding the area. To the north, the trail drops off the ridge through hemlock gorges into former agricultural fields with a view of the surrounding countryside and the High Point Monument in the distance. During the winter, portions of the parks trails are used for cross-country skiing; the Monument on High Point was built by Kuser to honor war veterans. Master mason Michael Maddaluna began construction of the 220 foot tower – which has a base, 34 feet square – in 1928 and completed it in 1930; the outside is made of New Hampshire granite and Shawangunk quartz. There are four small windows through which observers have a view of the ridges of the Pocono Mountains toward the west, the Catskill Mountains to the north and the Wallkill River Valley in the southeast.
The Monument is an obelisk monument similar to other war monuments, such as the one on Bunker Hill in Massachusetts. The Monument has 291 steps from the base to the highest viewing platform. Plans were made to close the park as of July 1, 2008 under Gov. Jon Corzine's budget plan for 2009. Veterans groups, who have held an annual memorial at the site, expressed their opposition to the proposal, removed from the final budget. New Jersey portal National Register of Historic Places listings in Sussex County, New Jersey Outline of New Jersey Index of New Jersey-related articles List of U. S. states by elevation Media related to High Point at Wikimedia Commons New Jersey Parks: High Point New Jersey Northwest Skylands guide to High Point State Park Outdoor Places visitor's guide NY-NJTC: High Point State Park Trail Details and Info
Beech is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae, native to temperate Europe and North America. Recent classification systems of the genus recognize 10 to 13 species in two distinct subgenera and Fagus; the Engleriana subgenus is found only in East Asia, is notably distinct from the Fagus subgenus in that these beeches are low-branching trees made up of several major trunks with yellowish bark. Further differentiating characteristics include the whitish bloom on the underside of the leaves, the visible tertiary leaf veins, a long, smooth cupule-peduncle. Fagus japonica, Fagus engleriana, the species F. okamotoi, proposed by the botanist Chung-Fu Shen in 1992, comprise this subgenus. The better known Fagus subgenus beeches are high-branching with tall, stout trunks and smooth silver-grey bark; this group includes Fagus sylvatica, Fagus grandifolia, Fagus crenata, Fagus lucida, Fagus longipetiolata, Fagus hayatae. The classification of the European beech, Fagus sylvatica is complex, with a variety of different names proposed for different species and subspecies within this region.
Research suggests that beeches in Eurasia differentiated late in evolutionary history, during the Miocene. The populations in this area represent a range of overlapping morphotypes, though genetic analysis does not support separate species. Within its family, the Fagaceae, recent research has suggested that Fagus is the evolutionarily most basal group; the southern beeches thought related to beeches, are now treated as members of a separate family, the Nothofagaceae. They are found in Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, New Caledonia and Chile; the European beech is the most cultivated, although few important differences are seen between species aside from detail elements such as leaf shape. The leaves of beech trees are entire or sparsely toothed, from 5 -- 4 -- 10 cm broad. Beeches are monoecious; the small flowers are unisexual, the female flowers borne in pairs, the male flowers wind-pollinating catkins. They are produced in spring; the bark is light grey. The fruit is a small three–angled nut 10–15 mm long, borne singly or in pairs in soft-spined husks 1.5–2.5 cm long, known as cupules.
The husk can have a variety of spine- to scale-like appendages, the character of which is, in addition to leaf shape, one of the primary ways beeches are differentiated. The nuts are edible, though bitter with a high tannin content, are called beechnuts or beechmast; the name of the tree is of Indo-European origin, played an important role in early debates on the geographical origins of the Indo-European people. Greek φηγός is from the same root, but the word was transferred to the oak tree as a result of the absence of beech trees in Greece. Beech grows on a wide range of soil types, provided they are not waterlogged; the tree canopy casts dense shade, carpets the ground thickly with leaf litter. In North America, they form beech-maple climax forests by partnering with the sugar maple; the beech blight aphid is a common pest of American beech trees. Beeches are used as food plants by some species of Lepidoptera. Beech bark is thin and scars easily. Since the beech tree has such delicate bark, such as lovers' initials and other forms of graffiti, remain because the tree is unable to heal itself.
Beech bark disease is a fungal infection that attacks the American beech through damage caused by scale insects. Infection can lead to the death of the tree. Fagus sylvatica was a late entrant to Great Britain after the last glaciation, may have been restricted to basic soils in the south of England; some suggest. The beech is classified as a native in the south of England and as a non-native in the north where it is removed from'native' woods. Large areas of the Chilterns are covered with beech woods, which are habitat to the common bluebell and other flora; the Cwm Clydach National Nature Reserve in southeast Wales was designated for its beech woodlands, which are believed to be on the western edge of their natural range in this steep limestone gorge. Beech is not native to Ireland; the Friends of the Irish Environment say that the best policy is to remove young regenerating beech, while retaining veteran specimens with biodiversity value. A campaign by Friends of the Rusland Beeches and South Lakeland Friends of the Earth launched in 2007 to reclassify the beech as native in Cumbria.
The campaign is backed by Tim Farron, MP, who tabled a motion on 3 December 2007 regarding the status of beech in Cumbria. Today, beech is planted for hedging and in deciduous woodlands, mature, regenerating stands occur throughout mainland Britain below about 650 m; the tallest and longest hedge in the world is the Meikleour Beech Hedge in Meikleour and Kinross, Scotland. The common European beech grows in Denmark and southern Norway and Sweden up to about the 57–59°N; the most northern known growing beech trees are found in a few small forests around the city of Bergen on th
Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal
The Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal known as Communipaw Terminal and Jersey City Terminal, was the Central Railroad of New Jersey's waterfront passenger terminal in Jersey City, New Jersey. It was serviced by CNJ-operated Reading Railroad trains, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the Lehigh Valley Railroad during various periods in its 78 years of operation; the current terminal building was constructed in 1889 but was abandoned in 1967. The headhouse was renovated, it was added to the New Jersey Register of Historic Places and incorporated into Liberty State Park. The terminal was one of five passenger railroad terminals that lined the Hudson Waterfront during the 19th and 20th centuries, the others being Weehawken, Hoboken and Exchange Place, with Hoboken being the only station, still in use; the terminal was built in 1889, replacing an earlier one, in use since 1864. It operated until April 30, 1967; the station has been listed on the New Jersey Register of Historic Places and National Register of Historic Places since September 12, 1975.
Additionally it is a New Jersey State Historic Site. The terminal is part of Liberty State Park, along with nearby Ellis Island and Statue of Liberty recalls the era of massive immigration through the Port of New York and New Jersey, it is estimated. The area has long been known as Communipaw, which in the Lenape language means big landing place at the side of a river; the first stop west of the station was indeed called Communipaw, was not far from the village, established there in 1634 as part of the New Netherland settlement of Pavonia. The land on which the extensive yards were built was filled; the terminal itself is next to the Morris Canal Big Basin, which to some degree was made obsolete by the railroads which replaced it. The long cobbled road which ends at the terminal is named Audrey Zapp Drive, after the environmentalist active in the creation of the park; the main building is designed in a Richardsonian Romanesque style. The intermodal facility contains more than a dozen platforms and several ferry slips.
Arriving passengers would walk to the railhead concourse and could either pass through its main waiting room, by-pass it on either side, take stairs to the upper level. The ferry slips have been restored though the structure which housed them has been removed, as have the tracks; the Bush-type trainsheds, the largest to be constructed and designed by A. Lincoln Bush, were not part of the original construction, but were built in 1914 and have not been restored; the abandoned shed covered 20 tracks. The terminal, along with its docks and yards, was one of several massive terminal complexes that dominated the western waterfront of the New York Harbor from the mid 19th to the mid 20th century. Of the two still standing, the Hoboken Terminal is the only one still in use. Lines from the station headed to the southwest. Arriving at the waterfront from the points required overcoming significant natural obstacles including crossing the Hackensack River and Meadows and Hudson Palisades, in the case of New Jersey Central, traversing the Newark Bay.
For its mainline, the railroad constructed the Newark Bay Bridge to Elizabeth. Its Newark and New York Branch crossed two bridges at Kearny Point. Both rights-of-way in Hudson County are now used by the Hudson Bergen Light Rail, one terminating at West Side Avenue and the other at 8th Street Station in Bayonne; the Communipaw ferry constituted the main ferry route from the terminal and was operated by four ferries that crossed the North River to Liberty Street Ferry Terminal in lower Manhattan. Additional service to 23rd Street was operated until the CRNJ went bankrupt in 1945 and scrapped its ferry boats used on the 23rd street route in 1947. In the early 1900s the B&O Railroad requested the CRNJ operate ferries for its luxury Royal Blue service passengers to Whitehall Terminal and this was accomplished for several years until the City of New York purchased the Staten Island Ferry from the B&O's subsidiary, the Staten Island Railway, ended the service in 1905; until the opening of the Verrazano Narrows Bridge there was service to Brooklyn and Staten Island Other boats, among them the SS Asbury Park and SS Sandy Hook, which travelled to the Raritan Bayshore.
In 1941, the CRRNJ ferryboat fleet made 374 one-way crossings of the North River each day. Jersey Central's Blue Comet offered elaborate service to Atlantic City; the railroad's suburban trains served passengers including the Jersey Shore. CNJ's long-distance service into Pennsylvania ran to Harrisburg and Mauch Chunk; the Reading Company used the terminal for its Wall Street trains. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, whose Royal Blue was a premier passenger train to Washington, DC had trains to Chicago and St. Louis. In April 1967 the opening of the Aldene Connection led to the end of passenger service to the station and the diverting of all remaining passenger trains to Penn Station in Newark; the timetable for show of 27 September 1936s 132 weekday departures, including 25 to CNJ's Broad St. Newark station, 25 that ran south from Elizabethport and 19 Reading and B&O trains that turned southwest at Bound Brook Junction. Three trains ran to two to Harrisburg via Allentown.
Indian King Tavern
The Indian King Tavern was a colonial American tavern in Haddonfield, Camden County, New Jersey, United States, the site of a 1777 meeting of the New Jersey General Assembly that ratified the Declaration of Independence and adopted its Great Seal. It was the first State Historic Site, adopted as such in 1903, its original structure remains intact. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1745, Mathias Aspden, a Quaker merchant and ship owner purchased property in the center of the village of Haddonfield, cleared the poorly constructed brewery buildings and began constructing the largest tavern on the village's main road, Kings Highway; the structure was completed in 1750. Taverns such as Aspden's were centers of commercial and social life, in the increasing tensions between the British Empire, represented by Loyalists, the Patriots, forums for heated debate that put the lives of both those arguing and the owners of such places in jeopardy; as tensions piqued because of the Battles of Lexington and Concord in 1775, the tavern's owner, Mathias Aspden, Jr. had gone to England for his education and returned a staunch Loyalist.
He sold his tavern to Thomas Redman. Aspden, Jr. sailed for England for good as the Second Continental Congress was convening in Philadelphia in 1776. He was convicted of treason in absentia. In 1776, New Jersey saw such towns as Princeton and Trenton devastated by marching armies from both sides during the American Revolution. Haddonfield residents gathered at the tavern; because of this, in January 1777 Redman was arrested and charged with sedition by an officer of the Continental Army, jailed in Woodbury, the county seat at that time. Redman was fined on March 18 of that same year, he returned to his tavern in Haddonfield to find that the state had used his tavern that same day to create a Council of Safety, whose mission it was to try and incarcerate deserters and other enemies of the Revolution. The cellar of the tavern is thought to have been used by this Council to hold the overflow from the guard house across the street Less than two months Redman sold his tavern to Hugh Creighton, who owned a tavern a few blocks away near Potter Street.
Creighton's old tavern was named the "Indian King" Tavern by its original owner, Sarah Norris, in deference to Lenape Native Americans who had cared for the newly immigrated and poorly equipped European settlers. Hugh Creighton transferred the name of the tavern to his newly acquired tavern on Kings Highway; the tavern was alternately occupied by British and Continental troops as the revolution ravaged parts of the state. Patriot generals "Mad" Anthony Wayne, the Marquis de Lafayette and the Polish Count Casimir Pulaski all marched along Kings Highway, the Indian King Tavern, being the largest and most prominent at the time, would have been used by these men for meetings and recreation. Today, the remains of British and Hessian soldiers who died in Haddonfield remain buried in unmarked graves at the north corner of the cemetery at the Society of Friends' meeting house nearby. Several local legends about the Indian King Tavern have now been dispelled; when tours were given in the 1960s and 1970s it was said that Dolley Madison frequented the Indian King Tavern attending dances there.
Another legend is that the tunnels from the Indian King Tavern under King's Highway were once part of the Underground Railroad. On July 2, 1776, the New Jersey government declared itself free and independent via the New Jersey Constitution of 1776. In 1777, the New Jersey Assembly met on the spacious second floor meeting room of the Indian King Tavern because the state's capital, was overrun by fighting troops; the Council and General Assembly of the colony formally read into the meeting minutes the Declaration of Independence created across the Delaware River in Philadelphia in the previous year and enacted the law that formally accepted its terms. They remained there for some time. In 1903, the state acquired the Indian King Tavern structure, due to its history with the state legislature, removed recent additions, restored the original layout of two-and-a-half stories; the Indian King Tavern Museum was the first New Jersey Historic Site, is now administered by the Division of Parks and Forestry of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
Tours are provided free for the first and second floors, but not the cellar, which remains a topic of mystery as to its unusual layout and passageways. While the essential parts of the original structure remain, its interior accessories were created by reproduction craftsmen because of budgetary requirements. National Register of Historic Places listings in Camden County, New Jersey Friends of the Indian King Tavern Museum - official site Haddonfield's Indian King Tavern - created by Hoag Levins and executive producer of AdAge.com text of the July 2, 1776 State Constitution National Register of Historic Places - NEW JERSEY - Camden County listing #70000382 New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office - New Je
National Park Service
The National Park Service is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. It was created on August 25, 1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior; the NPS is charged with a dual role of preserving the ecological and historical integrity of the places entrusted to its management, while making them available and accessible for public use and enjoyment. As of 2018, the NPS employs 27,000 employees who oversee 419 units, of which 61 are designated national parks. National parks and national monuments in the United States were individually managed under the auspices of the Department of the Interior; the movement for an independent agency to oversee these federal lands was spearheaded by business magnate and conservationist Stephen Mather, as well as J. Horace McFarland. With the help of journalist Robert Sterling Yard, Mather ran a publicity campaign for the Department of the Interior.
They wrote numerous articles that praised the scenic and historic qualities of the parks and their possibilities for educational and recreational benefits. This campaign resulted in the creation of a National Park Service. On August 25, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson signed a bill that mandated the agency "to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and wildlife therein, to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations." Mather became the first director of the newly formed NPS. On March 3, 1933, President Herbert Hoover signed the Reorganization Act of 1933; the act would allow the President to reorganize the executive branch of the United States government. It wasn't until that summer when the new President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, made use of this power. Deputy Director Horace M. Albright had suggested to President Roosevelt that the historic sites from the American Civil War should be managed by the National Park Service, rather than the War Department.
President Roosevelt issued two Executive orders to make it happen. These two executive orders not only transferred to the National Park Service all the War Department historic sites, but the national monuments managed by the Department of Agriculture and the parks in and around the capital, run by an independent office. In 1951, Conrad Wirth became director of the National Park Service and went to work on bringing park facilities up to the standards that the public expected; the demand for parks after the end of the World War II had left the parks overburdened with demands that could not be met. In 1952, with the support of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, he began Mission 66, a ten-year effort to upgrade and expand park facilities for the 50th anniversary of the Park Service. New parks were added to preserve unique resources and existing park facilities were upgraded and expanded. In 1966, as the Park Service turned 50 years old, emphasis began to turn from just saving great and wonderful scenery and unique natural features to making parks accessible to the public.
Director George Hartzog began the process with the creation of the National Lakeshores and National Recreation Areas. Since its inception in 1916, the National Park Service has managed each of the United States' national parks, which have grown in number over the years to 60. Yellowstone National Park was the first national park in the United States. In 1872, there was no state government to manage it, so the federal government assumed direct control. Yosemite National Park began as a state park. Yosemite was returned to federal ownership. At first, each national park was managed independently, with varying degrees of success. In Yellowstone, the civilian staff was replaced by the U. S. Army in 1886. Due to the irregularities in managing these national treasures, Stephen Mather petitioned the federal government to improve the situation. In response, Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane challenged him to lobby for creating a new agency, the National Park Service, to manage all national parks and some national monuments.
Mather was successful with the ratification of the National Park Service Organic Act in 1916. The agency was given authority over other protected areas, many with varying designations as Congress created them; the National Park System includes. The title or designation of a unit need not include the term park; the System as a whole is considered to be a national treasure of the United States, some of the more famous national parks and monuments are sometimes referred to metaphorically as "crown jewels". The system encompasses 84.4 million acres, of which more than 4.3 million acres remain in private ownership. The largest unit is Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska. At 13,200,000 acres, it is over 16 percent of the entire system; the smallest unit in the system is Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial, Pennsylvania, at 0.02 acre. In addition to administering its units and other properties, the National Park Service provides technical and financial assistance to several "affiliated areas" authorized by Congress.
The largest affiliated area is New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve at 1,164,025 acres. The smallest is Benjamin Franklin National Memorial at less than 0.01 acres. Although all units of the Nat