High Point (New Jersey)
High Point is a mountain peak within High Point State Park on the border of Wantage Township and Montague Township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. Located in the portion of the state known as the Skylands, it is the highest elevation in the state, with a peak elevation of 1,803 feet; the closest city is New York, which lies to the northwest. Besides being the highest peak in New Jersey, High Point is the highest peak of the Kittatinny Mountains. Three states – New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania – can be seen from the top. At the peak is the High Point Monument, a 220-foot obelisk, built in 1930 as a war memorial; the mountain is in the 14,193 acre High Point State Park. Route 23 skirts the park and carries visitors from the New Jersey suburbs and from points in New York State; the park is administered by the New Jersey Division of Forestry. Entrance fees are charged from Memorial Day weekend to Labor Day; the land for High Point State Park, donated by Colonel Anthony R. and Susie Dryden Kuser of Bernardsville, New Jersey, was dedicated as a park in 1923.
The pleasant landscaping was designed by the Olmsted Brothers of Boston, a prominent landscape architectural firm run by the sons of Central Park designer Frederick Law Olmsted. To the south the Appalachian Trail follows a rocky ridge which offers many scenic views of the valleys and mountains surrounding the area. To the north, the trail drops off the ridge through hemlock gorges into former agricultural fields with a view of the surrounding countryside and the High Point Monument in the distance. During the winter, portions of the parks trails are used for cross-country skiing; the Monument on High Point was built by Kuser to honor war veterans. Master mason Michael Maddaluna began construction of the 220 foot tower – which has a base, 34 feet square – in 1928 and completed it in 1930; the outside is made of New Hampshire granite and Shawangunk quartz. There are four small windows through which observers have a view of the ridges of the Pocono Mountains toward the west, the Catskill Mountains to the north and the Wallkill River Valley in the southeast.
The Monument is an obelisk monument similar to other war monuments, such as the one on Bunker Hill in Massachusetts. The Monument has 291 steps from the base to the highest viewing platform. Plans were made to close the park as of July 1, 2008 under Gov. Jon Corzine's budget plan for 2009. Veterans groups, who have held an annual memorial at the site, expressed their opposition to the proposal, removed from the final budget. New Jersey portal National Register of Historic Places listings in Sussex County, New Jersey Outline of New Jersey Index of New Jersey-related articles List of U. S. states by elevation Media related to High Point at Wikimedia Commons New Jersey Parks: High Point New Jersey Northwest Skylands guide to High Point State Park Outdoor Places visitor's guide NY-NJTC: High Point State Park Trail Details and Info
New York City
The City of New York called either New York City or New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, exerts a significant impact upon commerce, research, education, tourism, art and sports; the city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of, a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898; the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, it has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U. S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is an international symbol of the U. S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability, as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013 and receiving a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
The names of many of the city's landmarks and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York.
James's older brother, King Charles II, had appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, which England had seized from the Dutch. During the Wisconsinan glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth; the erosive forward movement of the ice contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island. That action left bedrock at a shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape, whose homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island; the first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown. He named it Nouvelle Angoulême. A Spanish expedition led by captain Estêvão Gomes, a Portuguese sailing for Emperor Charles V, arrived in New York Harbor in January 1525 and charted the mouth of the Hudson River, which he named Río de San Antonio.
The Padrón Rea
Washington Crossing State Park
Not to be confused with Washington Crossing Historic Park, a Pennsylvania state park across the Delaware River near Yardley, PennsylvaniaWashington Crossing State Park is a 3,575-acre state park in the U. S. state of New Jersey, part of Washington's Crossing, a U. S. National Historic Landmark area, it is located in the Washington Crossing and Titusville sections of Hopewell Township in Mercer County, north of Trenton along the Delaware River. The park is maintained by the New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, it is supported by the Washington Crossing Park Association, a friends group that works to preserve and advocate for the park. The park includes the site of Washington's crossing of the Delaware at Johnsons Ferry; this is where General George Washington and a 2,400-man detachment of Continental Army troops crossed the river overnight on December 25, 1776, into the morning of December 26, 1776, to make a surprise attack on Trenton, a move that would prove to be a turning point in the American Revolutionary War.
This park area, together with Washington Crossing Historic Park on the Pennsylvania side, comprise the Washington's Crossing National Historic Landmark. Inside the park is the Washington Crossing Open Air Theatre, an outdoor theater with seating consisting of wooden benches. Goat Hill Overlook, located nearby in West Amwell Township in Hunterdon County, is administered by the New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry as part of Washington Crossing State Park; the Washington Crossing Visitor Center Museum focuses on the American Revolution and the military campaign known as the "Ten Crucial Days" from December 25, 1776, through January 3, 1777. During this time, the Continental Army crossed the Delaware River, the Battle of Trenton, the Second Battle of Trenton, the Battle of Princeton occurred; the museum houses over 700 period objects. The Johnson Ferry House, an 18th-century farmhouse and tavern near the Delaware River, was owned by Garret Johnson, who operated a 490-acre plantation and a ferry service across the Delaware.
It was used by General Washington and other officers at the time of the Christmas night crossing of the Delaware. Several rooms are furnished with period pieces, an 18th-century kitchen garden has been planted. On weekends, living-history demonstrations are held; the Washington Crossing State Park Nature Center offers nature education programs are for schools, youth groups, community organizations, visitors to the park. The center is open Wednesday through year round. Nearby is the John W. H. Simpson Observatory, operated by the Amateur Astronomers Association of Princeton; the observatory houses two telescopes: a 6.25-inch Hastings-Byrne refractor and a 14-inch SCT. The observatory is open for public observing led by association volunteers on Friday nights April through October from 8 to 11 pm, weather permitting. Goat Hill Overlook is a 213-acre scenic preserve administered as part of nearby Washington Crossing State Park; the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection's Green Acres program purchased the Goat Hill Overlook property in 2009 for $4.5 million from Constructural Dynamics Inc. of Fairless Hills, Pennsylvania.
The company acquired Goat Hill Overlook from the Boy Scouts in 1983 and intended to use the land for mining operations. That plan was changed in favor of constructing a residential development complex at the site. In addition to views of the Delaware River, the property features a prominent rock, known as Washington Rock. According to local legend, General Washington used the views from Goat Hill Overlook to assess battle conditions during the Revolutionary War; the site offers miles of hiking trails and contains a variety of wildlife and plant species. Washington's Crossing List of New Jersey state parks National Register of Historic Places listings in Mercer County, New Jersey Washington Crossing Open Air Theatre NY-NJTC: Washington Crossing State Park Trail Details and Info
The Hermitage (Ho-Ho-Kus, New Jersey)
The Hermitage, located in Ho-Ho-Kus, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States, is a fourteen-room Gothic Revival house museum built in 1847–48 from designs by William H. Ranlett for Elijah Rosencrantz, Jr. Members of the Rosencrantz family owned The Hermitage estate from 1807 to 1970; the site was designated a National Historic Landmark for the excellence of its architecture and added to National Register of Historic Places in 1970. In 1971 it was added to the New Jersey Register of Historic Places. In 1767, the original colonial estate was purchased by Ann Bartow DeVisme who moved to Ho-Ho-Kus from Manhattan with five children. One of Ann's daughters, Theodosia Bartow Prevost, her husband James Marcus Prevost, occupied another house on the property, downhill from the present structure, nearer to the mill ponds. During the American Revolutionary War, while Major Prevost was fighting for the British in Georgia and South Carolina, the women and children were left alone in Ho-Ho-Kus. In July 1778, word reached Theodosia that George Washington and his troops would be passing through Ho-Ho-Kus on their way from the recent battle at Monmouth Courthouse to White Plains in Westchester County, New York.
When the General and his entourage stopped at a local house, Theodosia sent an invitation to Washington for him and his men to come and stay at The Hermitage. While widowed, both British and American soldiers were welcomed into this resting station, one being Aaron Burr. A romance soon developed and once the hostilities ceased, they were married at the Hermitage and lived on the property. Visitors to the house during the Revolution included James Monroe, William Paterson, the Marquis de Lafayette, Alexander Hamilton, Lord Stirling and Aaron Burr. In 1782, after her husband was killed during the War, Theodosia Prevost married Aaron Burr at The Hermitage. For a period of time they lived in a small house adjacent to The Hermitage. In 1847, the house was remodeled in the Gothic Revival style by architect William H. Ranlett; the stone house was built in a Dutch-American tradition. The large house consisted of wood-shingled roofs and pointed gables, allowing the classical music that played to be enjoyed along with the beautiful architecture.
One can find a large cedar barn as well. The Hermitage is owned by the State of New Jersey and is a museum, open to the public year-round and operated by The Friends of the Hermitage, Inc. a non-profit organization. The home and land were willed by Mary Elizabeth to the State of New Jersey. Today, The Hermitage represents Bergen County's first National Historical Landmark. National Register of Historic Places listings in Bergen County, New Jersey List of museums in New Jersey The Hermitage website
Passaic County, New Jersey
Passaic County is a county in the U. S. state of New Jersey, part of the New York metropolitan area. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 501,226, an increase of 12,177 from the 489,049 counted in the 2000 Census, As of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 512,607, making it the state's ninth-most populous county, marking an increase of 2.3% from 2010. Its county seat is Paterson; the most populous place was Paterson, with 146,199 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, more than 29% of the county's population, while West Milford covered 80.32 square miles, the largest total area of any municipality and more than 40% of the county's area. Passaic County was created on February 1837, from portions of Bergen County and Essex County; the landscape of Passaic County, near the north edge of New Jersey, spans some hilly areas and has dozens of lakes. The county covers a region about 30 × 20 miles wide; the region is split including portions of Interstate 287 and I-80, near Paterson.
The Garden State Parkway cuts near Clifton. The Passaic River winds northeast past Totowa into Paterson, where the river turns south to Passaic town, on the way to Newark, further south; the highest point is any one of six areas on Bearfort Ridge in West Milford at 1,480 feet above sea level. The lowest elevation is 20 feet along the Passaic River in Clifton; the southeastern, more populous half of the county is either mildly hilly. The northwestern section is mountainous. According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 197.10 square miles, including 184.59 square miles of land and 12.51 square miles of water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Paterson have ranged from a low of 19 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −11 °F was recorded in January 1961 and a record high of 105 °F was recorded in September 1953. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.86 inches in February to 4.78 inches in September. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 501,226 people, 166,785 households, 120,919.125 families residing in the county.
The population density was 2,715.3 per square mile. There were 175,966 housing units at an average density of 953.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 62.65% White, 12.83% Black or African American, 0.67% Native American, 5.01% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 15.11% from other races, 3.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 37.04% of the population. There were 166,785 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.5% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.45. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, 12% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.1 years.
For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 91.1 males. Same-sex couples headed one in 149 households in 2010; as of the 2000 United States Census there were 489,049 people, 163,856 households, 119,614 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,639 people per square mile. There were 170,048 housing units at an average density of 918 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 62.32% White, 13.22% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 3.69% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 16.24% from other races, 4.05% from two or more races. 29.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among those who reported their ancestry, 16.6% were of Italian, 9.5% Irish, 8.1% German and 6.2% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 163,856 households out of which 35.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.50% were married couples living together, 16.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.00% were non-families.
22.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.42. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $49,210, the median income for a family was $56,054. Males had a median income of $38,740 versus $29,954 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,370. About 9.40% of families and 12.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.30% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over. The Passaic County Court House and Administrative Building complex is located at the county seat in Paterson. In Passaic County's commission form of government, the Board of Chosen Freeholders discharge both executive and legislative responsibilities.
Seven Freeholders are elected at-large for three-year terms on a staggered basis. A Freeholder Director and Freeholder Deputy Director are elected from among the seven Freeholders a