The London Eye is a cantilevered observation wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames in London. It is Europe's tallest cantilevered observation wheel, is the most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom with over 3.75 million visitors annually, has made many appearances in popular culture. The structure is 135 metres tall and the wheel has a diameter of 120 metres; when it opened to the public in 2000 it was the world's tallest Ferris wheel. Its height was surpassed by the 525-foot Star of Nanchang in 2006, the 165 metres Singapore Flyer in 2008, the 550-foot tall High Roller in 2014. Supported by an A-frame on one side only, unlike the taller Nanchang and Singapore wheels, the Eye is described by its operators as "the world's tallest cantilevered observation wheel"; the London Eye offered the highest public viewing point in London until it was superseded by the 245-metre high observation deck on the 72nd floor of The Shard, which opened to the public on 1 February 2013. The London Eye adjoins the western end of Jubilee Gardens, on the South Bank of the River Thames between Westminster Bridge and Hungerford Bridge beside County Hall, in the London Borough of Lambeth.
A predecessor to the London Eye, the Great Wheel, was built for the Empire of India Exhibition at Earls Court and opened to the public on 17 July 1895. Modelled on the original Chicago Ferris Wheel, it was 94 metres tall and 82.3 metres in diameter. It stayed in service until 1906; the Great Wheel was demolished in 1907 following its last use at the Imperial Austrian Exhibition. The London Eye was designed by the husband-and-wife team of Julia Barfield and David Marks of Marks Barfield Architects. Mace was responsible for construction management, with Hollandia as the main steelwork contractor and Tilbury Douglas as the civil contractor. Consulting engineers Tony Gee & Partners designed the foundation works while Beckett Rankine designed the marine works. Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners assisted The Tussauds Group in obtaining planning and listed building consent to alter the wall on the South Bank of the Thames, they examined and reported on the implications of a Section 106 agreement attached to the original contract, prepared planning and listed building consent applications for the permanent retention of the attraction, which involved the co-ordination of an Environmental Statement and the production of a planning supporting statement detailing the reasons for its retention.
The rim of the Eye resembles a huge spoked bicycle wheel. The lighting was redone with LED lighting from Color Kinetics in December 2006 to allow digital control of the lights as opposed to the manual replacement of gels over fluorescent tubes; the wheel was constructed in sections which were floated up the Thames on barges and assembled lying flat on piled platforms in the river. Once the wheel was complete it was lifted into an upright position by a strand jack system made by Enerpac, it was first raised at 2 degrees per hour until it reached 65 degrees left in that position for a week while engineers prepared for the second phase of the lift. The project was European with major components coming from six countries: the steel was supplied from the UK and fabricated in The Netherlands by the Dutch company Hollandia, the cables came from Italy, the bearings came from Germany, the spindle and hub were cast in the Czech Republic, the capsules were made by Poma in France, the electrical components from the UK.
The London Eye was formally opened by the Prime Minister Tony Blair on 31 December 1999, but did not open to the paying public until 9 March 2000 because of a capsule clutch problem. The London Eye was intended as a temporary attraction, with a five-year lease. In December 2001, operators submitted an application to Lambeth Council to give the London Eye permanent status, the application was granted in July 2002. On 5 June 2008 it was announced; the wheel's 32 sealed and air-conditioned ovoidal passenger capsules and supplied by Poma, are attached to the external circumference of the wheel and rotated by electric motors. Each of the 10-tonne capsules represents one of the London Boroughs, holds up to 25 people, who are free to walk around inside the capsule, though seating is provided; the wheel rotates at 26 cm per second. It does not stop to take on passengers, it is, stopped to allow disabled or elderly passengers time to embark and disembark safely. In 2009 the first stage of a £12.5 million capsule upgrade began.
Each capsule floated down the river to Tilbury Docks in Essex. On 2 June 2013 a passenger capsule was named the Coronation Capsule to mark the sixtieth anniversary of the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. Marks Barfield, The Tussauds Group, British Airways were the original owners of the London Eye. Tussauds bought out British Airways in 2005 and Marks Barfield in 2006 to become sole owner. In May 2007, the Blackstone Group purchased The Tussauds Group, the owner of the Eye. British Airways continued its brand association, but from the beginning of 2008 the name British Airways was droppe
Paradise is an unincorporated town and census-designated place in Clark County, United States, adjacent to the city of Las Vegas. The population was 223,167 at the 2010 census, making it the most populous unincorporated community in Nevada; as an unincorporated town, it is governed by the Clark County Commission with input from the Paradise Town Advisory Board. Paradise was formed on December 8, 1950. Paradise contains the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Paradise contains most tourist attractions excluding downtown. Despite this, the name Paradise remains unknown because all of the ZIP Codes serving Paradise are assigned the default place name "Las Vegas"; the southern part of the Las Vegas Valley was referred to as Paradise Valley as early as 1910, owing to a high water table that made the land fertile for farming. County commissioners established a Paradise school district in 1914. In 1950, mayor Ernie Cragin of Las Vegas, looking to fund an ambitious building agenda and pay down the city's rising debt, sought to expand the city's tax base by annexing the Las Vegas Strip, unincorporated territory.
A group of casino executives, led by Gus Greenbaum of the Flamingo, lobbied the county commissioners for town status, which would prevent the city from annexing the land without the commission's approval. The commission voted to create the unincorporated town of Paradise on December 8, 1950; the town encompassed a strip one mile wide and four miles long, from the southern city limits of Las Vegas to just south of the Flamingo. The town board consisted of five casino managers, chaired by Greenbaum. A month after its establishment, the town was expanded to include the residential areas of Paradise Valley, giving it a total area of 54 square miles. Paradise was split into two parts, Paradise Town A and Paradise Town B. In 1953, Town A was renamed as Winchester, Town B became known as Paradise. In 1975, Nevada enacted a law. Before it could take effect, the bill was struck down as unconstitutional by the Nevada Supreme Court. According to the United States Census Bureau, the census-designated place of Paradise has a total area of 46.7 square miles, all of it land.
At the census of 2010, there were 223,167 people residing in Paradise. The racial makeup was 59.8% White, 8.9% African American, 0.8% Native American, 9.5% Asian, 1.0% Pacific Islander, 5.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino races made up 31.2% of the population, 46.3% of the population was non-Hispanic White. As of the census of 2000, there were 186,070 people, 77,209 households, 43,314 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 3,947.3 people per square mile. There were 85,398 housing units at an average density of 1,811.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 72.51% White, 6.59% African American, 0.77% Native American, 6.52% Asian, 0.59% Pacific Islander, 8.37% from other races, 4.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.47% of the population. There were 77,209 households out of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 43.9% were non-families.
31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.0 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $39,376, the median income for a family was $46,578. Males had a median income of $31,412 versus $25,898 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $21,258. 11.8% of the population and 8.1% of families were below the poverty line. 15.3% of those under the age of 18 and 7.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. At about 225,000 people, if Paradise were to be an incorporated city it would be the fourth or fifth largest city in the state, after Las Vegas and North Las Vegas.
Akhob by James Turrell The Art of Richard MacDonald Bellagio Gallery of Fine Art Bliss Dance Chihuly Art Gallery Las Vegas Little Theater Las Vegas Philharmonic Orchestra Martin Lawrence Galleries Nevada Ballet Theatre P3 Art Studio National Atomic Testing Museum Liberace Museum Marjorie Barrick Museum of Art T-Mobile Arena MSG Sphere Las Vegas The Clark County School District serves Paradise as well as all of Clark County. The township is home to the University of Las Vegas. Paradise is home to Las Vegas's first major league sports team, the Vegas Golden Knights of the National Hockey League, which began play in the 2017–18 season at T-Mobile Arena; the number of professional sports teams will grow to two in 2020 when the soon-to-be-constructed Las Vegas Stadium will feature the relocated Raiders of the National Football League, along with the UNLV Rebels football program. The Las Vegas Aces of the WNBA started playing at Mandalay Bay Events Center in 2018. Since 2004, the Las Vegas Summer League, organized by the National Basketball Association, is played in the Thomas & Mack Center and in the Cox Pavilion.
Las Vegas Monorail Paradise Town Advisory
Archive.today is an archive site which stores snapshots of web pages. It retrieves one page at a time similar to WebCite, smaller than 50MB each, but with support for modern sites such as Google Maps and Twitter. Archive.is uses headless browsing to record what embedded resources need to be captured to provide a high-quality memento, creates a PNG image to provide a static and non-interactive visualization of the representation. Archive.today can capture individual pages in response to explicit user requests. Since July 2013, archive.is supports the Memento Project application programming interface. Archive.today was founded in 2012. The site branded itself as archive.today, but in May 2015 changed the primary mirror to archive.is. In January 2019, it began to deprecate the archive.is domain in favor of the archive.today mirror. In March 2019 the site was blocked by several Australian internet providers in the aftermath of the Christchurch mosque shootings in an attempt to limit distribution of the footage of the attack.
According to GreatFire.org, archive.is has been blocked in China since March 2016, archive.li since September 2017, archive.fo since July 2018. On July 21, 2015, the operators blocked access to the service from all Finnish IP addresses, stating on Twitter that they did this in order to avoid escalating a dispute they had with the Finnish government. In Russia, only HTTP access is possible. CloudFlare's 18.104.22.168 does not resolve archive.is domains. Archive.is records only text and images, excluding video, xml and other non-static content. It keeps track of the history of snapshots saved, returning to the user a request for confirmation before adding a new snapshot of an saved Internet address; the research toolbar enables advanced keywords operators. A couple of quotation marks address the search to an exact sequence of keywords present in the title or in the body of the webpage, whereas the insite operator restricts it to a specific Internet domain. Once a web page is archived, it cannot be deleted directly by any Internet user.
Nevertherless, archive.is controls or deletes web pages saved some days before, without any policy or right of discussion and appeal. While saving a dynamic list, archive.is searchbox shows only a result that links the previous and the following section of the list. The other web pages saved are filtered, sometimes may be found by one of their occurrences. Digital preservation Internet Archive Link rot Perma.cc Wayback Machine Web archiving WebCite WP:Link rot Official website "Offline blog"
Texas Star is a Ferris wheel at Fair Park in Dallas, where it operates during the annual State Fair of Texas and is the most popular ride. It has an overall height of 216 feet and was the tallest Ferris wheel in North America from 1985 until the opening of the 250-foot Star of Puebla, Mexico, on 22 July 2013, it can carry up to 264 passengers in its 44 gondolas. The view is one of the things. Built by SDC Corp. in Reggio Emilia, Italy, at a cost of $2.2 million, it was shipped to Dallas for its debut at the 1985 State Fair of Texas. It is owned by her brother Mike Sandefur. From 1985 to 2007 it was illuminated at night by 16,000 incandescent red and blue turbolites. In 2008, the incandescent system was replaced with a longer-lasting, more energy-efficient LED system
Las Vegas Strip
The Las Vegas Strip is a stretch of South Las Vegas Boulevard in Clark County, Nevada, known for its concentration of resort hotels and casinos. The Strip is 4.2 miles in length, located south of the Las Vegas city limits in the unincorporated towns of Paradise and Winchester. However, the Strip is referred to as being in Las Vegas. Many of the largest hotel and resort properties in the world are located on the Strip; the boulevard's cityscape is highlighted by its use of contemporary architecture, a wide variety of attractions. Its hotels, restaurants, residential high-rises, entertainment offerings, skyline have established the Strip as one of the most popular and iconic tourist destinations in the world. Most of the Strip has been designated as an All-American Road and is considered a scenic route at night; the casinos that were not in Downtown Las Vegas along Fremont Street were limited to outside the city limits on Las Vegas Boulevard. In 1959, the Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas sign was constructed 4.5 miles outside the city limits.
The sign is today located in the median just south of Russell Road, across from the now-demolished Klondike Hotel & Casino, about 0.4 miles south of the southernmost entrance to Mandalay Bay. In the strictest sense, "the Strip" refers only to the stretch of Las Vegas Boulevard, between Sahara Avenue and Russell Road, a distance of 4.2 miles. However, the term is used to refer not only to the road but to the various casinos and resorts that line the road, to properties that are not on the road but are in proximity to it. Phrases such as Strip Area, Resort Corridor or Resort District are sometimes used to indicate a larger geographical area, including properties 1 mile or more away from Las Vegas Boulevard, such as the Hard Rock, Rio and Hooters casinos. A long-standing definition considers the Strip's northern terminus as the SLS, though travel guides extend it to include the Stratosphere 0.4 miles to the north. Mandalay Bay, located just north of Russell Road, is the southernmost resort considered to be on the Strip.
Because of the number and size of the resorts, the resort corridor can be quite wide. Interstate 15 runs parallel and 0.5 to 0.8 miles to the west of Las Vegas Boulevard for the entire length of the Strip. Paradise Road runs to the east in a similar fashion, ends at St. Louis Avenue; the eastern side of the Strip is bounded by McCarran International Airport south of Tropicana Avenue. North of this point, the resort corridor can be considered to extend as far east as Paradise Road, although some consider Koval Lane as a less inclusive boundary. Interstate 15 is sometimes considered the western edge of the resort corridor from Interstate 215 to Spring Mountain Road. North of this point, Industrial Road serves as the western edge. Newer hotels and resorts such as South Point, Grandview Resort, M Resort are on Las Vegas Boulevard South as distant as 8 miles south of the "Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas" sign. Marketing for these casinos states that they are on southern Las Vegas Boulevard and not "Strip" properties.
The first casino to be built on Highway 91 was the Pair-o-Dice Club in 1931, but the first resort on what is the Strip was the El Rancho Vegas, opening on April 3, 1941, with 63 rooms. That casino/ resort stood for 20 years before being destroyed by a fire in 1960, its success spawned a second hotel on what would become the Strip, the Hotel Last Frontier in 1942. Organized crime figures such as New York's Bugsy Siegel took interest in the growing gaming center leading to other resorts such as the Flamingo, which opened in 1946, the Desert Inn, which opened in 1950; the funding for many projects was provided through the American National Insurance Company, based in the notorious gambling empire of Galveston, Texas. Las Vegas Boulevard South was called Arrowhead Highway, or Los Angeles Highway; the Strip was named by Los Angeles police officer and businessman Guy McAfee, after his hometown's Sunset Strip. Caesars Palace was established in 1966. In 1968, Kirk Kerkorian purchased the Flamingo and hired Sahara Hotels Vice President Alex Shoofey as President.
Alex Shoofey brought along 33 of Sahara's top executives. The Flamingo was used to train future employees of the International Hotel, under construction. Opening in 1969, the International Hotel, with 1,512 rooms, began the era of mega-resorts; the International is known as Westgate Las Vegas today. The first MGM Grand Hotel and Casino a Kerkorian property, opened in 1973 with 2,084 rooms. At the time, this was one of the largest hotels in the world by number of rooms; the Rossiya Hotel built in 1967 in Moscow, for instance, had 3,200 rooms. On November 21, 1980, the MGM Grand suffered the worst resort fire in the history of Las Vegas as a result of electrical problems, killing 87 people, it reopened eight months later. In 1986, Kerkorian sold the MGM Grand to Bally Manufacturing, it was renamed Bally's; the Wet'n Wild water park was located on the south side of the Sahara hotel. It closed at the end of the 2004 season and was demolished; the opening of The Mirage in 1989 set a new level to the Las Vegas experience, as smaller hotels and casinos made way for the larger mega-resorts.
The Rio and the Excalibur opened in 1990. These huge facil
Hong Kong Observation Wheel
The Hong Kong Observation Wheel is a 60-metre tall Ferris wheel located at the Central Harbourfront, Hong Kong. It has 42 gondolas including one VIP Gondola with a clear glass bottom floor. All gondolas are equipped with air conditioners and communication systems; each ride included two to three takes about 15 minutes. Each gondola can seat a maximum of eight people, other than the VIP Gondola, it is operated by The Entertainment Corporation Limited. TECL has partnered with AIA Group, to present the AIA Vitality Park as part of the attraction. In May 2013 the Lands Department of Hong Kong leased 9,620 square metres of land between Central Pier No. 9 and Pier No. 10. for the attraction. It is situated on the Wan Chai Reclamation overlooking Victoria Harbour in Hong Kong. 90% of the site surrounding the wheel is accessible to the public with food and beverages available for purchase. Live entertainments are held at the event plaza throughout the year, suitable for all ages; the wheel is designed to suit Hong Kong's weather.
It is built within the Mechanical Services Department and TUV standards. The wheel has had two owners; the previous owner was Swiss the current owner is The Entertainment Corporation Limited. In 2014, Swiss AEX expected 1 million riders per annum, aimed at an average of 2,740 passengers daily. After the ownership transfer in 2017, TECL announced that they have achieved 1 million riders in less than 7 months since the opening; the Ferris wheel was first presented by Swiss AEX, a company who claims their experience in Ferris wheel operations for more than a decade in their proposal contract. Swiss AEX had partnered with Hong Kong Telecom. In 2017, the government awarded the second term of operating contract to The Entertainment Corporation Limited, set to commence in September 2017. TECL issued a statement saying it will “offer a lower ticket price per ride”; the wheel closed to the public in August, when the dispute over transfer of its ownership resulted in a deadlock between the original and new operators.
The Secretary for Development stated the wheel could be dismantled and closed for 2 years until a replacement is built by TECL. Swiss AEX, the former owner of the wheel, described the company “with no experience of operating observation wheels whatsoever”. On 6 September 2017, a deal was struck between TECL & Swiss AEX which saved the wheel from demolition. In November 2017, TECL announced that the wheel will be re-opened to public on 20 December 2017 as part of the new AIA Vitality Park, with a range of health and wellness-related events and activities organised nearby; the government's decision to build a Ferris wheel here was controversial. Some questioned the necessity of building such a tourist attraction, considering it seemed useless since the view is affected by varying weather conditions; the chairman of the Harbourfront Commission, Nicholas Brooke, showed support of this development project in the interview. However, the Harbourfront Commission has no executive power. Apart from that, although the contract to operate this sightseeing spot was awarded in 2013, the project was delayed several times.
There were many complaints from the public about the lack of information. Security has been controversial after the release of a photo taken by one daredevil climber showing himself sitting on the top of the wheel; this picture was taken down before the opening day of the wheel to the public. It has brought the security concerns of wheel into the limelight. Official website
The Capital Wheel is a Ferris wheel at National Harbor, just outside Washington, D. C. in the United States. It opened on May 23, 2014; the wheel was conceived by National Harbor developer Milton Peterson and inspired by the Roue de Paris. Built by Chance Rides of Wichita, Kansas, it has an overall height of 180 feet and sits on a 770-foot-long pier extending into the adjacent Potomac River visible to passengers on flights to or from National Airport; the 165-foot diameter wheel carries 42 climate-controlled passenger gondolas, each able to seat eight people, including a VIP gondola that can be rented for weddings or celebrations. The wheel has programmable special-effects lighting and seasonal concessions at the base of the ride from the Wolfgang Puck restaurant chain; the entire structure is 175 feet tall. The Capital Wheel arrived at National Harbor by two of Cianbro's barges on February 18, 2014, pushed by a tugboat from Baltimore to National Harbor via the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River.
Smith's Shipyard provided the 1,300 horsepower tug, named The Rising Sun and measuring 60 feet long by 22 feet wide. Flexifloat made the two barges that Cianbro used to transport The Capital Wheel, one for the materials, measuring 50 feet wide by 140 feet long by 7 feet deep, one for the crane that lifted the components from the barge to the pier, measuring 60 feet wide by 120 feet long by 7 feet deep. Cianbro's Manitowoc 4100 Series 2 crane has a maximum lifting capacity of 460,000 pounds; the materials barge carried 280,000 pounds of galvanized steel base and tower legs and other miscellaneous components weighing 120,000 pounds for The Capital Wheel. The Capital Wheel weighs 320 tons, exclusive of the base, which weighs an additional 140 tons; the structure's eight legs support a 95-foot axle. Cianbro attached the Swiss-made passenger gondolas four at a time to the wheel structure, followed by a 90-degree wheel rotation, until wheel was assembled. Four 50-horsepower variable drive units rotate the Wheel at a speed of 1.5 rotations per minute.
Each passenger ride lasts 12-15 minutes. The Capital Wheel has 1.6 million LED lights with a spectrum of 16,387,064 colors. The Capital Wheel has 42 climate-controlled gondolas, including one VIP gondola, can carry 336 passengers at maximum. CWA Construction, a Swiss manufacturer, built the passenger gondolas that Cianbro installed for The Capital Wheel; each glass-enclosed gondola weighs 1,500 pounds, measures 6 feet long by 5 feet wide by 5 feet high and holds eight passengers or up to 1,380 pounds. The gondolas have interior lights and two-way, individual communication with the operator, their doors open facing the harbor, for an unobstructed view of the Washington Monument, U. S. Capitol, City of Alexandria and Prince George's County, Maryland. Official website