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Slana, Alaska

Slana is a census-designated place in the Valdez-Cordova Census Area in the Unorganized Borough of the U. S. state of Alaska. As of the 2010 census, the population of the CDP was 147, up from 124 in 2000. Slana is an Alaska Native village name, derived from the river's name; the Nabesna Mine opened in 1923. Over thirty different minerals were extracted from this site, although gold was the primary source of profit, it operated sporadically through the late 1940s. Slana developed in the 1980s when homesteads were offered for settlement by the federal government. Slana grew around the Slana Roadhouse, listed in the U. S. National Register of Historic Places. Slana is located in R008E, Copper River Meridian in the Chitina Recording District. Slana stretches along the Nabesna Road, which runs south of the Tok Cut-Off at mile 63, it lies at 85 kilometers southwest of Tok. Slana experiences a continental climate, with long, cold winters, warm summers. Temperature extremes range from −52.2 to 32.7 °C. Snowfall averages 1.5 meters, with total precipitation of 33 centimeters per year.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 253.8 square miles, of which, 252.9 square miles of it is land and 0.9 square miles of it is water. Slana has a continental subarctic climate. Slana first appeared on the 1980 U. S. Census as a census-designated place; as of the census of 2000, there were 124 people, 62 households, 31 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 0.5 people per square mile. There were 193 housing units at an average density of 0.8/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 80.7% White, 13.7% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 2.4% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races. Of the 62 households 14.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 3.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 50.0% were non-families. 43.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.00 and the average family size was 2.74.

In the CDP, the age distribution of the population shows 20.2% under the age of 18, 1.6% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 41.9% from 45 to 64, 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 129.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 147.5 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $19,583, the median income for a family was $57,917. Males had a median income of $46,250 versus $31,250 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $20,018. There were 20.0% of families and 23.5% of the population living below the poverty line, including 62.5% of under eighteens and 14.3% of those over 64. Individual wells are the primary source of water in Slana; the schools operate individual wells. Outhouses and septic systems are used for sewage disposal. One third of the homes have complete plumbing. A feasibility study has been funded to examine system alternatives. Funds have been requested for a watering point at the new Community Center/Clinic.

The landfill was closed in 1990. Electricity was added in the summer of 2006 by Alaska Telephone. There is one school in Slana School, a part of the Copper River School District, it is attended by 14 students. Local hospitals or health clinics include Tok Community Clinic in Gulkana Clinic. A clinic is under construction. Slana is classified as an isolated village, it is found in EMS Region 2E in the Copper River Region. Emergency Services have highway and river access. Emergency service is provided by 911 Telephone Service and volunteers Auxiliary health care is provided by Copper River EMS. A roadside lodge provides groceries, liquor, an auto mechanic and RV parking. Other local businesses include a general store, art gallery, canoe rental and breakfast, snowmachine sales and solar panel sales. A Park Ranger Station and state highway maintenance camp are located nearby. Subsistence activities supplement income. Slana has road access to the statewide system by the Richardson Highways. Individual adjacent lots have no owners must hike through other's private property.

The nearest public airstrip is south, at Chistochina. A 900' gravel private airstrip has been constructed at Duffy's Tavern; the Nabesna Road provides access to the interior of the Wrangell–St. Elias National Park and Preserve, a World Heritage site. Nearby to Slana is the Porcupine Creek State Recreation Site, a 240 acres park with camping and fishing in a dense forest area. Alaska Division of Community Advocacy – Community Information Summary

Amos Singletary

Amos Singletary was an American gristmill operator and justice of the peace from Sutton, who served in both houses of the Massachusetts General Court. An Anti-Federalist, he voted against the U. S. Constitution as a delegate to the Massachusetts Ratifying Convention, he was angered by perceived Federalist arrogance surrounding the adoption of the Constitution and thought that it provided too much power to the national government. He supported the American Revolution and wanted to limit wealthy Bostonians' sway over state politics, he was born in Sutton, Worcester County, Massachusetts, in September 1721. He was the first male birth in the town, the youngest son of Mary Grelee and John Singletary, a farmer and tithingman. John had moved to Sutton around 1720 and soon bought a lot on which he built a gristmill for municipal use. Singletary never learned only at home. An earnest Baptist, he signed a petition in 1742 asking for a parcel of land to be set aside in northern Sutton for a new church. In late 1747, several dozen churchgoers, including Singletary, broke off from the First Church of Sutton and formed their own in a part of town, now Millbury.

He was elected as a ruling elder of that church on February 4, 1768. He married Mary Curtis, from Topsfield, on September 6, 1742, they had six girls and three boys. All worked in offices at the church, except his youngest named Amos, who town annals call a "profligate." Singletary ran his father's gristmill along Singletary Stream from 1764 to 1777. He had purchased it from his brother and sold it to Abraham Waters. On January 5, 1775, Singletary was elected to be a delegate of Sutton to the Massachusetts Provincial Congress in Cambridge held on February 1. On May 22, he was elected again, to a second congress in Watertown on May 31, he was nominated to be a justice of the peace on September 18 of that year, entering politics upon assuming the office. He and Willis Hall were elected May 19, 1777, to represent Sutton in the General Court in the coming year. In the next decade, Hall became the chair of Worcester County conventions that hoped to influence the Court. During the Revolutionary War, he was listed on a committee to train men in Worcester County to fight in New York and Canada, as a legislator, he opposed eastern Massachusetts policies that, in his view, tormented western Massachusetts farmers.

He was chosen on September 25, 1786, to be a delegate to a county convention in Leicester to ask for the state capital to be moved out of Boston. Many residents of western Massachusetts resented the influence of Boston elites over the state legislature, which they felt was taxing the Western region too heavily; this resentment motivated Shays' Rebellion, an armed uprising that had emerged that summer. The town of Sutton selected Singletary as part of a committee to try to mediate between active rebels and the state government, which had sent thousands of troops to suppress the uprising; the delegation managed to meet with General Benjamin Lincoln, though the rebellion continued for many months more. Singletary is best known as a zealous, outspoken Anti-Federalist during Massachusetts's hearings on ratification of the United States Constitution in 1788, he and David Harwood became the delegates from Sutton on December 10, 1787, to the Massachusetts Ratifying Convention in Boston which began on January 9 of the next year.

On January 25, 1788, over two weeks into the convention, Singletary spoke against the Constitution in response to Representative Fisher Ames. He argued that the federal government's powers under the Constitution would be similar to those held by Great Britain, from which they had just won independence, he worried that the interests of the common people would not be protected and became furious with Federalists' immodesty on pushing for ratification. He insisted—breaking with some Anti-Federalists—that the national government should ensure that officials pass a religious test. Other demands included opposition to stricter term limits to avoid life tenure; the Massachusetts Centinel reported a section of his speech:We fought Great Britain—some said for a three-penny tax on tea. It was because they claimed a right to bind us in all cases whatever, and does not this same Constitution do the same?... These lawyers and men of learning and money men, that talk so finely and gloss over matters so smoothly, to make us poor illiterate people swallow down the pill....

They expect to be the managers of the Constitution, get all the power and money into their own hands. And they will swallow up all us little folks, just as the whale swallowed up Jonah! Representative Jonathan Smith of Lanesborough responded, he cited Shays' Rebellion as justifying the need for a more centralized government, said that the writers of the Constitution could be trusted. The Centinel quoted:My honorable old daddy there won't think that I expect to be a Congressman, swallow up the liberties of the people. I never had any post, nor do I want one, but I don't think the worse of the Constitution because lawyers, men of learning, moneyed men, are fond of it. I don't suspect that they want to get into abuse their power. Although Singletary was not the only delegate to voice opposition, Massachusetts ratified the Constitution on February 7, 1788, with a 187–168 vote. Sutton annals write that several town members—along with other parts of the state—cel

Logical matrix

A logical matrix, binary matrix, relation matrix, Boolean matrix, or matrix is a matrix with entries from the Boolean domain B =. Such a matrix can be used to represent a binary relation between a pair of finite sets. If R is a binary relation between the finite indexed sets X and Y R can be represented by the logical matrix M whose row and column indices index the elements of X and Y such that the entries of M are defined by: M i, j = { 1 ∈ R 0 ∉ R In order to designate the row and column numbers of the matrix, the sets X and Y are indexed with positive integers: i ranges from 1 to the cardinality of X and j ranges from 1 to the cardinality of Y. See the entry on indexed sets for more detail; the binary relation R on the set is defined so that aRb holds if and only if a divides b evenly, with no remainder. For example, 2R4 holds because 2 divides 4 without leaving a remainder, but 3R4 does not hold because when 3 divides 4 there is a remainder of 1; the following set is the set of pairs for which the relation R holds..

The corresponding representation as a logical matrix is: which includes a diagonal of ones since each number divides itself. A permutation matrix is a -matrix, all of whose columns and rows each have one nonzero element. A Costas array is a special case of a permutation matrix An incidence matrix in combinatorics and finite geometry has ones to indicate incidence between points and lines of a geometry, blocks of a block design, or edges of a graph A design matrix in analysis of variance is a -matrix with constant row sums. A logical matrix may represent an adjacency matrix in graph theory: non-symmetric matrices correspond to directed graphs, symmetric matrices to ordinary graphs, a 1 on the diagonal corresponds to a loop at the corresponding vertex; the biadjacency matrix of a simple, undirected bipartite graph is a -matrix, any -matrix arises in this way. The prime factors of a list of m square-free, n-smooth numbers can be described as a m×π -matrix, where π is the prime-counting function and aij is 1 if and only if the jth prime divides the ith number.

This representation is useful in the quadratic sieve factoring algorithm. A bitmap image containing pixels in only two colors can be represented as a -matrix in which the 0's represent pixels of one color and the 1's represent pixels of the other color. A binary matrix can be used to check the game rules in the game of Go The matrix representation of the equality relation on a finite set is the identity matrix I, that is, the matrix whose entries on the diagonal are all 1, while the others are all 0. More if relation R satisfies I ⊂ R R is a reflexive relation. If the Boolean domain is viewed as a semiring, where addition corresponds to logical OR and multiplication to logical AND, the matrix representation of the composition of two relations is equal to the matrix product of the matrix representations of these relations; this product can be computed in expected time O. Operations on binary matrices are defined in terms of modular arithmetic mod 2—that is, the elements are treated as elements of the Galois field GF = ℤ2.

They have a number of more restricted special forms. They are applied e.g. in XOR-satisfiability. The number of distinct m-by-n binary matrices is equal to 2mn, is thus finite. Let n and m be given and let U denote the set of all logical m × n matrices. U has a partial order given by m ⊂ n when ∀ i, j m i j = 1 ⟹ n i j = 1. In fact, U forms a Boolean algebra with the operations and and or between two matrices applied component-wise; the complement of a logical matrix is obtained by swapping all ones for their opposite. Every logical matrix a = has an transpose aT =. Suppose a is a logical matrix with no rows identically zero; the matrix product, using Boolean arithmetic, aT a contains the m × m identity matrix, the product a aT contains the n × n identity. As a mathematical structure, the Boolean algebra U forms a lattice ordered by inclusion; every logical matrix in U corresponds to a binary relation. These listed operations on U, ordering, correspond to a calculus of relations, where the matrix multiplication represents composition of relations.

If m or n equals one the m × n logical matrix

Geoff Stirling

Geoffrey William Stirling was a Canadian-American businessman and media magnate, best known for his work in his home city of St. John's, Newfoundland. Stirling was born in St. John's to Ethel Stirling, he attended the University of Tampa, began his media career as a stringer for Time and the Chicago Tribune, retained close ties to the United States throughout his lifetime, including a second winter home in Arizona in his years. After his brief time in American media, he spent a brief time in Honduras hunting alligators for skin. Stirling was a co-founder in the Economic Union Party, a late-1940s political movement that sought closer ties to the United States for the Dominion of Newfoundland, still independent from Canada, it was one of two organizations that unsuccessfully opposed the dominion's confederation into Canada, which occurred in 1949. The leader of the confederation forces, Joey Smallwood, was an established rival of Stirling's, having doubted that Stirling's newspaper would succeed because Smallwood himself had failed.

Stirling argued that Smallwood's overtly political polemics had alienated readers and that a newspaper would need to appeal to a broad audience to succeed. Along with other members of his family, Stirling owned several media outlets in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador under the corporate brand Stirling Communications International; the properties are independent television station CJON-DT. Stirling pioneered many television firsts in North America. CJON-TV was the first in Newfoundland to air programs in colour. CJON-TV became the first station to broadcast 24 hours a day in 1972. Stirling was the founder of CKGM, an English-language radio station in Montreal. In 1959, he owned the station until 1985. Stirling is regarded as an eccentric for both how he managed his businesses and for how he used his media outlets to promote a variety of personal interests such as eastern mysticism and intestinal health. For example, he devoted many hours of unscheduled, broadcast time to conversations with gurus such as Ram Dass and Swami Shyam and to a variety of esoteric subjects ranging from pyramids to unidentified flying objects, a practice which continues today as the station is run by his son G. Scott Stirling.

Geoff's grandson, Jesse is the host of the CJON interview program "Meetings with Remarkable People." Many of his past interviews and archives can be seen on CJON on Saturday mornings from 2 to 4 am Newfoundland time, under the name "Captain Atlantis Late Night." When he watched his own television station he would sometimes phone Master Control to order that a favorite tape pre-empt the current broadcast or that the technician apply a particular effect to the screen. Stirling appeared in the 1974 documentary film Waiting for Fidel about a trip he made to Cuba along with former Newfoundland premier Joey Smallwood and director Michael Rubbo; the trio never met the Cuban leader. Many segments of the program involve Smallwood and Stirling discussing what they would like to ask Castro whenever the expected meeting happens; some of the dialogue occurs while Stirling is demonstrating yoga and standing on his head while he is conversing with Smallwood. Stirling supervised the creation of the graphic novel Atlantis featuring the superheroes Captain Atlantis and Captain Canada, drawing on elements of Canadian history as well as ancient alien astronauts mythology and New Age philosophy.

Captain Canada has become a mascot for the NTV station and has appeared in television programs and numerous public events. In 2001 Stirling was inducted into the CAB Broadcast Hall of Fame and in 2009, was awarded the Order of Newfoundland and Labrador. In his years, Stirling split his time between Torbay and Labrador, his ranch in Wickenburg, where he once owned Wickenburg radio station KSWG. Stirling died at the age of 92 on December 21, 2013. Waiting for Fidel on IMDb Biography from the History of Canadian Broadcasting site The Atlantis Universe – with photos of the characters

Triphasia trifolia

Triphasia trifolia is a species of Triphasia in the family Rutaceae, native to tropical southeastern Asia in Malaysia, the Philippines and elsewhere. Triphasias are close relatives of citrus, it is a spiny evergreen shrub growing to 3 m tall. The leaves are trifoliate, glossy dark green, each leaflet 2–4 cm long and 1.5–2 cm broad. The flowers are white, with three petals 10–13 mm long and 4 mm broad; the fruit is a red, edible hesperidium 10 -- similar to a small Citrus fruit. The fruit flesh is pulpy, with a flavor reminiscent of a sweet lime, it is grown for its edible fruit, has been introduced to other subtropical to tropical regions of the world. It has been noted as a potential invasive in several Indian Ocean archipelagos, along the United States Gulf Coast from Florida to Texas as well as in the Caribbean; the limeberry has gained some popularity as a bonsai plant. More tropical than true citrus, it must be kept in greenhouses in many locations where true citrus thrive. In true tropical locations, limeberry may have some promise as a potential commercial fruit crop.

This tree is considered a weed in other introduced locations. Classification of Triphasia

First Church of Christ, Scientist (Little Rock, Arkansas)

The former First Church of Christ, now the Little Rock Community Church, is a historic church building at 2000 South Louisiana Street in Little Rock, Arkansas. It is a single-story Mission style building, designed by noted Arkansas architect John Parks Almand and completed in 1919. Characteristics of the Mission style include the low-pitch tile hip roof, overhanging eaves with exposed rafter ends, smooth plaster walls; the building has modest Classical features, found in pilaster capitals and medallions of plaster and terra cotta. The building is local significant for its architecture, it was built for the local Christian Science congregation, which in 1950 sold it to an Evangelical Methodist congregation. That congregation has since severed its association with the Evangelical Methodist movement, is now known as the Little Rock Community Church; the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984, was included in a 1988 expansion of the Governor's Mansion Historic District.

National Register of Historic Places in Little Rock, Arkansas List of former Christian Science churches and buildings First Church of Christ, Scientist