In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
Marysville is an unincorporated community in Oregon Township, Clark County, Indiana. The town was laid out with 40 lots along the railroad tracks in 1871, it was named for a local resident. The town suffered severe damage due to an EF-4 tornado on March 2, 2012. Major Chuck Adams of the Clark County Sheriff's Department described the town as "completely gone." The 1891 Marysville Christian Church was blown four feet off its foundation. As reported in the Los Angeles Times, pastor Bob Priest stated: "We recognize that the church is not the building and we can rebuild the building. I hope to build bigger and better." Of the 40 to 50 houses in the town, many but not all were damaged beyond repair. Marysville is located at 38°35′08″N 85°38′37″W
Henryville is a census-designated place in Monroe Township, Clark County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. The population was 1,905 at the 2010 census. Henryville is home to Indiana's oldest state forest, Clark State Forest, birthplace of entrepreneur Colonel Harland Sanders, whose iconic image appears in the Kentucky Fried Chicken logo and award-winning bluegrass fiddle player Michael Cleveland. In 1850, the village of Morristown was established, it was renamed Henryville in 1853 to honor Colonel Henry Ferguson, once a colonel in the Pennsylvania militia. He purchased the land on which Henryville was established, helped persuade Pennsylvania Railroad officials to run the line through Clark County; the Henryville post office was established in 1865. Henryville is the birthplace of "Colonel" Harland Sanders, founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken. At 3:15 p.m. on March 2, 2012, an EF4 tornado caused extensive damage to Henryville, killing one person. It was on the ground for more than 50 miles; the storm destroyed Henryville Jr/Sr High School.
Henryville is located at 38°32′28″N 85°46′0″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.9 square miles, all land. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Henryville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,545 people, 583 households, 434 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 535.6 people per square mile. There were 609 housing units at an average density of 211.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 99.16% White, 0.06% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.26% of the population. There were 583 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.4% were non-families.
21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.07. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $49,405, the median income for a family was $55,000. Males had a median income of $38,938 versus $22,043 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $17,745. About 6.2% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 27.0% of those age 65 or over. Henryville has an elementary, junior/senior high school. Henryville has a branch of the Charlestown-Clark County Public Library. Interstate 65 passes north-south through the west side of Henryville and parallels the older U.
S. Route 31. Indiana State Road 160 intersects the previous two roads in Henryville; the Louisville & Indiana Railroad runs north-south through Henryville and parallels U. S. Route 31. West Clark Community Schools Clark State Forest
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Clark County, Indiana
Clark County is a county located in the U. S. state of Indiana, located directly across the Ohio River from Kentucky. At the 2010 Census, the population was 110,232; the county seat is Jeffersonville. Clark County is part of KY -- IN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Clark County lies on the north bank of the Ohio River. A significant gateway to the state of Indiana, Clark County's settlement began in 1783; the state of Virginia rewarded General George Rogers Clark and his regiment for their victorious capture of Forts Kaskaskia and Vincennes from the British by granting them 150,000 acres of land. A small portion of this land, 1,000 acres, became known as Clarksville, the first authorized American settlement in the Northwest Territory, founded the next year in 1784. Clark County was formed On February 1801 from Knox County. Counties formed all or in part from Clark County were: Crawford, Fayette, Franklin, Jackson, Jennings, Ripley, Scott, Union and Wayne; the first county seat and court was established in Springville, Indiana on April 7, 1801.
The platting of Jeffersonville occurred a year and the county seat was fixed to Jeffersonville on June 9, 1802 by order of Governor William Henry Harrison. By December 14, 1810 the county seat changed for the third time to Charlestown and it would remain there until 1873; the county seat changed for one last time on September 23, 1873 and returned to Jeffersonville with mayor Luther Warder campaigning for the county seat's return. From its beginning Clark County's history and growth have been linked to the development of the river; the use of the steamboat in the early nineteenth century to transport goods and services provided Clark County opportunities for commercial and industrial growth. In 1832, James Howard founded the Howard shipyards making Clark County a leader in ship building and bringing with it economic growth; the railroad brought further economic growth. Two railroad lines, the Monon, which spanned from New Albany to Chicago and the Jeffersonville and Indianapolis Railroad, provided Clark County and southern Indiana with access to the northern trading centers of Indianapolis and Chicago.
Industries locating to Clark County during the nineteenth century included the Louisville Cement Company in Speed and the Ford Plate Glass Company established in Jeffersonville in 1876. During the 1920s, Clark County attracted the Colgate-Palmolive Company to the Clarksville Riverfront. Colgate purchased the former Indiana Reformatory building in 1923; the company rehabilitated and adapted the building for its dedication in 1924. They stayed in business until early 2008. Throughout the years of the Second World War, Clark County prospered; the United States began construction on the Indiana Arsenal near Charlestown in 1940. Producing smokeless powder for the conflict overseas, the arsenal, at times, employed as many as 20,000. During the war, Howard shipyards was Commissioned by the Navy to produce landing craft. Howard shipyards reorganized as Jeffersonville Boat and Machine Company — a current major employer. After World War II ended, Clark County as well as the United States experienced significant residential and commercial growth.
The Interstate Highway System act of 1956 aided this growth. Because of the improved access and efficiency brought by the interstate system Interstate 65, new development in the form of subdivisions and shopping centers located near these roads. Clark County history has been associated with the development of the Ohio River. From its beginnings, Clark County relied on the river for economic opportunities. Clark County has diversified its economic base, lessened its dependency on the river, continues to develop in new directions. However, the county still looks to the river as one link to its significant pioneer heritage. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 376.45 square miles, of which 372.86 square miles is land and 3.60 square miles is water. Scott County - north Jefferson County - northeast Trimble County, Kentucky - east Oldham County, Kentucky - southeast Jefferson County, Kentucky - south Floyd County - west Washington County - northwest Charlestown Jeffersonville Borden Clarksville Sellersburg Utica Henryville Memphis New Washington Andalusia Claysburg Oregon Port Fulton Springville KJVY - Clark Regional Airport In recent years, average temperatures in Jeffersonville have ranged from a low of 25 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −22 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 107 °F was recorded in July 1936.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.79 inches in October to 4.88 inches in May. Two towns in Clark County and Henryville suffered major damage during the tornado outbreak of March 2–3, 2012. For most of its history, Clark County was a Democratic-leaning county, its politics more in line with neighboring Kentucky than Indiana. However, the county voted for the national winner in all but 2 elections from 1924 to 2004. Since the start of the second millennium, the county has trended Republican, moving away from its previous near-bellwether status; the county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code. County Council: The seven member county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Fou
Bethlehem Township, Clark County, Indiana
Bethlehem Township is one of twelve townships in Clark County, Indiana. As of the 2010 census, its population was 309 and it contained 127 housing units. Bethlehem Township was organized in 1816, it was named after the town of Indiana. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 18.59 square miles, of which 18.27 square miles is land and 0.31 square miles is water. Bethlehem Miles Point Otto Owen Township Washington Township Saluda Township, Jefferson County The township contains several cemeteries: Antioch, Camp Creek, Mikesell, New Hope, Palmer, Ross, Tiaris and Waters. "Bethlehem Township, Clark County, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-09-24. United States Census Bureau cartographic boundary files Indiana Township Association United Township Association of Indiana
Charlestown Township, Clark County, Indiana
Charlestown Township is one of twelve townships in Clark County, Indiana. As of the 2010 census, its population was 13,450 and it contained 5,382 housing units. Charlestown Township was organized in 1817. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 65.09 square miles, of which 64.49 square miles is land and 0.6 square miles is water. Charlestown Otisco Rolling Hills Springville Oregon Township Owen Township Utica Township Silver Creek Township Union Township Monroe Township Indiana State Road 3 Indiana State Road 62 Indiana State Road 160 Indiana State Road 403 The township contains several cemeteries: Armstrong Cemetery, Baird Cemetery, Caldwell, Charlestown, County Poor Farm, Douglas, Fifty-four, Goodwin/Nicholson, Hester-Rowland, Long, Mathes, McCormick, McDonald, Montgomery, Otisco Cemetery, Pleasant Grove, Robinson, Salem Methodist Church, Shelby Cemetery, Silver Creek Cemetery, St. Michael's, James Stuart Plantation and Worrell/Worrall. "Charlestown Township, Clark County, Indiana".
Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-09-24. United States Census Bureau cartographic boundary files Indiana Township Association United Township Association of Indiana