Oregon State Beavers football
The Oregon State Beavers football team represents Oregon State University in NCAA Division I FBS college football. The team first fielded an organized football team in 1893 and is a member of the Pac-12 Conference's North Division. Jonathan Smith has been the head coach since November 29, 2017, their home games are played at Reser Stadium in Oregon. Football at Oregon State University started in 1893 shortly after athletics were authorized at the college. Athletics were banned prior May 1892, but when the strict school president, Benjamin Arnold, President John Bloss reversed the ban. Bloss's son William started the first team, on which he served as both quarterback; the team's first game was an easy 63 -- 0 defeat over Albany College. The university has been in several athletic conferences. Prior to 1902, in-between the Pacific Coast Conference and Pac-12 Conference, OSU played as an independent school. Independent Northwest Intercollegiate Association/Independent Pacific Coast Conference Independent Pac-12 Conference Oregon State has won five conference titles, done through three different conferences, although two of them have links to the current Pac-12 Conference, as the conference claims the history of the PCC as their own, the Athletic Association of Western Universities was the first name for the conference that became the Pac-12 Conference.
† Co-championship Oregon State University has played in 17 postseason bowl games. The Beavers have played in the Mirage Bowl, but this was a regular season game and a "bowl" in name only, not a post-season invitational bowl game; the 17 bowl game total does not include an invitation to play in the Gotham Bowl in 1960, when no opponent could be found for Oregon State. The Beavers are 11–6 in bowl game appearances; the Beavers play their home games at Reser Stadium in Oregon. It was called Parker Stadium when it was constructed in 1953, had a capacity of 25,000. Parker Stadium was renamed Reser Stadium in June 1999. Major renovations from 2005–2016 increased the stadium's capacity to 43,363, the current capacity. Oregon State University's primary rival is the University of Oregon; the two schools enjoy a long-standing rivalry due to the proximity of the two campuses. The University of Oregon is in Eugene, about 40 miles south of Corvallis; the teams first matched up on the gridiron in 1894 and have been playing each other every year since.
The rivalry game between the two schools is called the "Civil War" and is traditionally the last game of each season. They have played each other 121 times which makes it the seventh-oldest college football rivalry game
Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, United States. A major West Coast port city, Oakland is the largest city in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, the third largest city overall in the San Francisco Bay Area, the eighth most populated city in California, the 45th largest city in the United States. With a population of 425,195 as of 2017, it serves as a trade center for the San Francisco Bay Area. An act to incorporate the city was passed on May 4, 1852, incorporation was approved on March 25, 1854, which made Oakland a city. Oakland is a charter city. Oakland's territory covers what was once a mosaic of California coastal terrace prairie, oak woodland, north coastal scrub, its land served as a rich resource when its hillside oak and redwood timber were logged to build San Francisco. Oakland's fertile flatland soils helped. In the late 1860s, Oakland was selected as the western terminal of the Transcontinental Railroad. Following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, many San Francisco citizens moved to Oakland, enlarging the city's population, increasing its housing stock and improving its infrastructure.
It continued to grow in the 20th century with its busy port, a thriving automobile manufacturing industry. The earliest known inhabitants were the Huchiun Indians; the Huchiun belonged to a linguistic grouping called the Ohlone. In Oakland, they were concentrated around Lake Merritt and Temescal Creek, a stream that enters the San Francisco Bay at Emeryville. In 1772, the area that became Oakland was colonized, with the rest of California, by Spanish settlers for the King of Spain. In the early 19th century, the Spanish crown granted the East Bay area to Luis María Peralta for his Rancho San Antonio; the grant was confirmed by the successor Mexican republic upon its independence from Spain. Upon his death in 1842, Peralta divided his land among his four sons. Most of Oakland fell within the shares given to Antonio Vicente; the portion of the parcel, now Oakland was called Encinal—Spanish for "oak grove"—due to the large oak forest that covered the area, which led to the city's name. During the 1850s—just as gold was discovered in California—Oakland started growing and developing because land was becoming too expensive in San Francisco.
The Chinese were struggling financially, as a result of the First Opium War, the Second Opium War, the Taiping Rebellion, so they began migrating to Oakland in an effort to provide for their families in China. However, the Chinese struggled to settle because they were discriminated against by the white community and their living quarters were burned down on several occasions; the majority of the Chinese migrants lived in unhealthy conditions in China and they had diseases, so plague spread into San Francisco though the Chinese were inspected for diseases upon their arrival to San Francisco. In 1851, three men—Horace Carpentier, Edson Adams, Andrew Moon—began developing what is now downtown Oakland. In 1852, the Town of Oakland became incorporated by the state legislature. During this time, Oakland had 75-100 inhabitants, two hotels, a wharf, two warehouses, only cattle trails. Two years on March 25, 1854, Oakland re-incorporated as the City of Oakland, with Horace Carpentier elected the first mayor, though a scandal ended his mayorship in less than a year.
The city and its environs grew with the railroads, becoming a major rail terminal in the late 1860s and 1870s. In 1868, the Central Pacific constructed the Oakland Long Wharf at Oakland Point, the site of today's Port of Oakland. A number of horsecar and cable car lines were constructed in Oakland during the latter half of the 19th century; the first electric streetcar set out from Oakland to Berkeley in 1891, other lines were converted and added over the course of the 1890s. The various streetcar companies operating in Oakland were acquired by Francis "Borax" Smith and consolidated into what became known as the Key System, the predecessor of today's publicly owned AC Transit. Oakland was one of the worst affected cities in California, impacted by the plague epidemic. Quarantine measures were set in place at the Oakland ports requiring the authorities at the port to inspect the arriving vessels for the presence of infected rats. Quarantine authorities at these ports inspected over a thousand vessels per year for plague and yellow fever.
By 1908, over 5,000 people were detained in quarantine. Hunters were sent to poison the affected areas in Oakland and shoot the squirrels, but the eradication work was limited in its range because the State Board of Health and the United States Public Health Service were only allotted about $60,000 a year to eradicate the disease. During this period Oakland did not have sufficient health facilities, so some of the infected patients were treated at home; the State Board of Health along with Oakland advised physicians to promptly report any cases of infected patients. Yet, in 1919 it still resulted in a small epidemic of Pneumonic plague which killed a dozen people in Oakland; this started when a man killed a squirrel. After eating the squirrel, he fell ill four days and another household member contracted the plague; this in turn was passed on either indirectly to about a dozen others. The officials in Oakland acted by issuing death certificates to monitor the spread of plague. At the time of incorporation in 1852, Oaklan
William Jasper Kerr
William Jasper Kerr was an American academic in the states of Oregon and Utah. A native of Utah, he served as president of Oregon Agricultural College, Brigham Young College, Utah State Agricultural College, he served as the first chancellor of what became the Oregon University System. The administration building at Oregon State University is named in his honor. Kerr was born on November 17, 1863, in Richmond in the Utah Territory, he received a bachelor's degree in Mathematics from the University of Utah in 1885. He planned to study law, turned down appointment to West Point in order to go into law, but never did go into the profession, he married Leonora Hamilton in 1885, had four daughters and two sons. When he was 21 years old he worked as a manager for a mercantile company before entering the teaching profession as a teacher in Smithfield, Utah. Raised in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints during the time when plural marriage was taught and practiced, Kerr married a second wife, Lois Cordelia Morehead, a schoolteacher in Smithfield and they had two children, a son and a daughter.
After the church renounced the practice, Kerr divorced his second wife in 1898. The emotional impact caused his wives to leave the LDS Church. Kerr served as a delegate to the Utah's constitutional conventions in both 1887 and 1895, he studied at Cornell University in New York. Kerr began his academic career in 1887 when he joined the faculty of Brigham Young College as a mathematics professor, he taught at the University of Utah. He served as president of Brigham Young College in Logan, from 1894 to 1900. In 1900, he left Brigham Young to become the president of Utah State Agricultural College, now Utah State University in Logan. Kerr left Utah State in 1907 and became the eighth president at Oregon Agricultural College, now Oregon State University, in Corvallis, Oregon; when he was considered for president of Oregon State College in 1907, the public animosity for Mormonism invited attacks on Kerr's polygamous past, until he reasserted his rejection of the faith. He served as the president of OSU for 25 years, 1907 until 1932.
As president, he oversaw a large expansion of the school, adding 23 buildings and growing the campus from 225 acres to 555 acres. As part of the expansion he hired John C. Olmsted to draft a master plan for OSU's campus. In 1911, he was the president of the Association of Universities. Kerr left OSU in 1932 when he became the first chancellor of the Oregon State System of Higher Education serving in that position until 1935. Following his retirement, Kerr moved to Portland, where he died on April 15, 1947, at the age of 83; the library at Oregon State University had been named in his honor, but after it was renamed as The Valley Library his name was added to the administration building. Reed, Edwin Thomas, William Jasper Kerr, A Biography, Corvallis: Office of Publications, Oregon State College, hdl:1957/11883. Allen and Loni Hackworth, "William Jasper Kerr", Family Histories
Paul B. Valenti was an American college basketball coach, known for his long association with Oregon State University; the son of Italian immigrants from Mill Valley, Valenti played basketball for coach Slats Gill at Oregon State from 1939 to 1942. After a stint in the United States Navy during World War II, Valenti returned to Corvallis in 1946 as an assistant to Gill, served in that position for 18 years. Valenti got his first taste of head coaching during the 1959–60 season as he served as interim head coach of the Beavers when Gill fell ill. Valenti followed his mentor as head coach in 1964, he had his best season in 1965–66, leading the Beavers to the AAWU title and a berth in the 1966 NCAA Tournament, after being picked to finish last in the league. His 1965-66 unit was the only team other than UCLA to win an AAWU/Pac-8/Pac-10 title between 1963–64 and 1978-79. In his six full seasons as head coach, Valenti compiled a 91–82 record. Valenti is a member of the Oregon State Athletic Hall of Fame and the Pac-12 Conference Men's Basketball Hall of Honor.
He died aged 94 on September 13, 2014. Paul Valenti Oral History Interview
Michael Joseph Riley is an American football coach and former player. He is the Head Coach of the San Antonio Commanders of the Alliance of American Football. Riley served as the football coach at Nebraska from 2015 to 2017. Riley has coached in several professional leagues, serving as head coach of the San Diego Chargers of the National Football League from 1999 to 2001 and the Winnipeg Blue Bombers of the Canadian Football League from 1987 to 1990. Riley is the oldest son of Bud Riley, a head coach in the CFL and college football assistant at the University of Idaho and Oregon State. Born in Wallace, Riley is the eldest of three sons of Bud and Mary Riley. Bud was from western Alabama, served in the U. S. Navy during World War II, had played college football at the University of Idaho in Moscow under head coach Dixie Howell, a hall of famer as a player at Alabama. After graduation, Bud worked for a mining company in Wallace and was asked by town leaders to coach at the high school; the family of four, now with middle brother Ed, moved from Wallace down to Lewiston in 1959, where Bud was the head coach at Lewiston High School for three seasons.
They moved up to Moscow in 1962, when Bud became a collegiate assistant coach at his alma mater, the University of Idaho, under new head coach Dee Andros. Youngest brother Pete was born. After three seasons on the Palouse, Andros was hired at Oregon State in 1965 and Bud joined his first staff in Corvallis and stayed for eight seasons, first as the secondary coach and as defensive coordinator. Bud went on to become a head coach in the CFL. Riley had a peripatetic youth and spent his first 11+ years in northern Idaho, but considers Corvallis his hometown, he arrived in the spring of 1965, near the end of sixth grade, stayed through high school. Riley was a hometown hero in Corvallis from his athletic days at Corvallis High School, where he led the Spartans as the starting quarterback to consecutive state title games in 1969 and 1970, both played in Corvallis at OSU's Parker Stadium. Corvallis High School had narrowly won the early season matchup in 1969, but came up well short against Medford in the A-1 state championship, 27–0.
They avenged the loss to the Black Tornado the following year in the regular season 28–14, again in the AAA state final, 21–10, with left-handed option quarterback Riley throwing two touchdown passes in the second quarter to build a 21–3 lead at halftime. He completed five of nine passes for 76 yards, he was a three-sport athlete at CHS lettering in basketball and baseball. Riley graduated from CHS in 1971 and opted not to play his college football in the Pac-8, but for the Alabama Crimson Tide in the SEC under legendary head coach Paul "Bear" Bryant, he had family connections to the state and school: his father was born and raised in Guin and his uncle, Hayden Riley, was Alabama's assistant athletic director, head baseball coach, the former head basketball coach. In his four seasons at Alabama as a reserve defensive back, the Tide won four Southeastern Conference titles and the 1973 UPI national championship, though they lost the 1973 Sugar Bowl to Notre Dame on New Year's Eve; until 1974, the final Coaches Poll was released before the bowl games.
Riley began his coaching career after his playing days ended, first as a graduate assistant at California in 1975, as a graduate assistant at Whitworth in Spokane, where he received his master's in physical education. In 1977, he was hired as the defensive coordinator and secondary coach at Linfield College in McMinnville, Oregon. During his stay at Linfield he assisted head coach Ad Rutschman's Wildcats to a six-year record of 52–7–1, which included five conference titles and an undefeated NAIA Division II championship season in 1982, he became an assistant coach in the Canadian Football League in 1983 with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, was a part of their 1984 Grey Cup championship team. Hired at age 33, Riley became the youngest head coach in CFL history in 1987 at Winnipeg but in fact was three years older than Bud Grant, 29 when he was hired as Winnipeg's head coach in January 1957. Riley won two Grey Cups during his tenure, he coached the San Antonio Riders of the defunct WLAF. He was intended to stay on as the Riders attempted to transition to the CFL for the 1993 CFL season, but the team folded before it could begin playing as a CFL team.
Riley returned to the college ranks in 1993 when USC head coach John Robinson offered him the position of offensive coordinator and quarterbacks coach. The Mesa Tribune named him the league's top assistant coach in 1993 after leading the Trojan offense to record setting numbers. USC quarterback Rob Johnson set numerous Pac-10 and NCAA records under Riley's tutelage and became a fourth-round NFL Draft pick. "He's a player's coach, who gets the most out of you by treating you like normal", Johnson said. Riley remained at USC through the 1996 season, helping the Trojans to post-season victories in the Freedom and Rose Bowls. USC won an outright league title, shared another, finished second once. Riley was hired as the head coach at Oregon State in 1997 to replace Jerry Pettibone, w
Oregon State Beavers
The Oregon State Beavers are the athletic teams that represent Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon. The Beavers compete at the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I level as a member of the Pac-12 Conference. Oregon State's mascot is Benny the Beaver. Both the men's and women's teams share the name, competing in 7 NCAA Division I men's sports and 10 NCAA Division I women's sports respectively; the primary rivals of the Beavers are the Oregon Ducks of the University of Oregon, located 45 miles south of the Oregon State campus in Eugene, Oregon. The football rivalry between the Beavers and Ducks, known as the Civil War, is one of the longest-running in the country, having been contested 121 times as of the end of the 2017 season. Other regional rivals include the Washington Huskies and Washington State Cougars; as of June 2018, the Beavers have won one pre-NCAA team national championship and four NCAA team national championships. The 1926 wrestling team won the Amateur Athletic Association national championship, the 1961 men's Cross-country team won the NCAA title, most the baseball team won the 2006, 2007 College World Series and 2018 College World Series.
Other notable performances include a second-place finish in the 1973 and 1995 NCAA wrestling finals, two Final Four appearances by the men's basketball team, one Final Four appearance by the women's basketball team, the football team defeating Notre Dame by a 32-point margin in the 2001 Fiesta Bowl, seven appearances in the College World Series by the baseball program, several individual NCAA championship titles in gymnastics and track & field. Oregon State has four NCAA championships: three in baseball, one in men's cross country; the school dropped its cross country and track programs in 1988 due to budget cuts, though women's track and cross country were reinstated in 2005. Periodically, some men continue to compete individually in an unattached status; the Oregon State University baseball program was established in 1907. It has since seen dozens of players go on to play in the minor leagues and more than 20 go on to play in the majors. Most notable of these major league players are New York Yankees outfielder Jacoby Ellsbury and Los Angeles Dodgers second baseman Darwin Barney The baseball team has won its conference championship 26 times and has reached the College World Series seven times, first in 1952 and as as 2018.
They won the NCAA championship in 2006, 2007, 2018. The team is led by head coach Pat Casey and they play at Goss Stadium at Coleman Field; the men's basketball team at Oregon State experienced periods of significant success from the early 1920s to the early 1990s—with 12 conference championships, 16 NCAA Tournament appearances, only 14 losing seasons from 1922 to 1991—but fell on hard times, suffering 19 losing seasons and made no NCAA Tournament appearances from 1992 to 2015 before returning in 2016. The program has reached the Final Four of the NCAA Tournament twice, the Elite Eight on six occasions, 17 total tournament appearances. A number of former OSU players have gone on to have successful careers in the NBA, including 9-time NBA All-Star Gary Payton and "Iron Man" A. C. Green. OSU alumni have won a total of 10 NBA championship rings and four Olympic gold medals; the team has defeated rival Oregon more times than any other team has beaten an opponent in a collegiate sport, with 186 victories over the Ducks as of the end of the 2016–17 season.
The basketball program has been eclipsed in recent times by the relative success of the OSU football and baseball programs, the latter of which has won two national championships. Wayne Tinkle was hired as head coach prior to the 2014–15 season, his first team produced the program's second winning record in the last nine seasons and he led the school to their first NCAA Tournament appearance since 1990 in 2016. Jonathan Smith is the current head coach, replacing Gary Andersen, who left the school after six games in 2017; the football program has been a part of Oregon State University since 1893, working as a platform for over a hundred players to enter the NFL, such as Heisman Trophy winner Terry Baker and current Atlanta Falcons running backs Steven Jackson and Jacquizz Rodgers, current Los Angeles Rams punter Johnny Hekker, Cincinnati Bengals wide receivers Chad Ochocinco and T. J. Houshmandzadeh, New Orleans Saints wide receiver Brandin Cooks, Buffalo Bills linebacker Nick Barnett, Carolina Panthers quarterback Derek Anderson, Kansas City Chiefs safety Sabby Piscitelli, Tampa Bay Buccaneers wide receiver Sammie Stroughter, Miami Dolphins quarterback Matt Moore, New England Patriots cornerback Brandon Browner.
They have won their conference championship five times. Oregon State men's soccer team's coach is Steve Simmons the head coach at Northern Illinois University; the golf teams practice and compete at Oregon State's own Trysting Tree Golf Club, a nationally recognized course that has held numerous tournaments. Oregon State has long been a powerhouse for men's rowing, providing 13 different athletes to the highest levels of rowing in the U. S, and over the past five years, a pair of former Beavers have represented America and the Oregon State rowing program well. Most these athletes include Josh Inman, Joey Hansen and Chris Callaghan. Throughout its history, rowing at Oregon State has been led by visionary coaching. Ed Stevens, a former Harvard coach, took over the reins from Mechanical Engineering Professor J. P. Othis. Stevens guided the program from 1931 to 1949 and during this time the program gained recognition and respect as a competitive crew. Karl Drlica
Salem is the capital of the U. S. state of Oregon, the county seat of Marion County. It is located in the center of the Willamette Valley alongside the Willamette River, which runs north through the city; the river forms the boundary between Marion and Polk counties, the city neighborhood of West Salem is in Polk County. Salem was founded in 1842, became the capital of the Oregon Territory in 1851, was incorporated in 1857. Salem had a population of 169,798 in 2017, making it the second-largest city in the state after Portland. Salem is a little under an hour's driving distance away from Portland. Salem is the principal city of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that covers Marion and Polk counties and had a combined population of 390,738 at the 2010 census. A 2013 estimate placed the metropolitan population at the state's second largest; the city is home to Willamette University, Corban University, Chemeketa Community College. The State of Oregon is the largest public employer in the city, Salem Health is the largest private employer.
Transportation includes public transit from Salem-Keizer Transit, Amtrak service, non-commercial air travel at McNary Field. Major roads include Interstate 5, Oregon Route 99E, Oregon Route 22, which connects West Salem across the Willamette River via the Marion Street and Center Street bridges; the Native Americans who inhabited the central Willamette Valley at first European contact, the Kalapuya, called the area Chim-i-ki-ti, which means "meeting or resting place" in the Central Kalapuya language. When the Methodist Mission moved to the area, they called the new establishment Chemeketa; when the Oregon Institute was established, the community became known as the Institute. When the Institute was dissolved, the trustees decided to lay out a town site on the Institute lands; some possible sources for the name "Salem" include William H. Willson, who in 1850 and 1851 filed the plans for the main part of the city, suggested adopting an Anglicized version of the Biblical word "Shalom", meaning "peace".
The Reverend David Leslie, President of the town's Trustees wanted a Biblical name, suggested using the last five letters of "Jerusalem". Or, the town may be named after Salem, where Leslie was educated. There were many names suggested, after the change to Salem, some people, such as Asahel Bush, believed the name should be changed back to Chemeketa; the Vern Miller Civic Center, which houses the city offices and library, has a public space dedicated as the Peace Plaza in recognition of the names by which the city has been known. It is estimated; the Kalapuya peoples would gather on the plateau east and south of the current downtown area in the winter and establish camps. They harvested in the streams and fields of the area. One staple of life was the camas root, periodically the Kalapuya would set fires that would clear and fertilize the meadows where it grew. In the early 1850s, the Kalapuya, along with the other native peoples west of the Cascade Mountains, were removed by the U. S. government through a combination of treaties and force.
Most Kalapuya people were moved to the Grande Ronde Reservation somewhat to the west of Salem, with smaller numbers ending up at Siletz Reservation and other Oregon and Washington reservations. The first people of European descent arrived in the area as early as 1812; the first permanent American settlement in the area was the Jason Lee Methodist mission located in the area north of Salem known as Wheatland. In 1842, the missionaries established the Oregon Institute in the area, to become the site of Salem. In 1844, the mission was dissolved and the town site established. In 1851, Salem became the territorial capital; the capital was moved to Corvallis in 1855, but was moved back to Salem permanently that same year. Salem incorporated as a city in 1857, with the coming of statehood in 1859, it became the state capital. Oregon has had three capitol buildings in Salem. A two-story state house, occupied for only two months, burned to the ground in December 1855. Oregon's second capitol building was completed in 1876 on the site of the original.
The Revival-style building was based in part on the U. S. Capitol building; the building received its distinctive copper dome in 1893. On April 25, 1935, this building was destroyed by fire; the third and current Oregon State Capitol was completed on the same site in 1938. It is recognizable by its distinctive pioneer statue atop the capitol dome, plated with gold-leaf and named the Oregon Pioneer. Agriculture has always been important to Salem, the city has recognized and celebrated it in a number of ways. In 1861, Salem was chosen as the permanent site of the Oregon State Fair by the Oregon State Agricultural Association. Salem is nicknamed the "Cherry City", because of the past importance of the local cherry-growing industry; the first cherry festival in Salem was held in 1903 and was an annual event, with parades and the election of a cherry queen, until sometime after World War I. The event was revived as the Salem Cherryland Festival for several years in the late 1940s. Salem is located in Marion and Polk counties.
The 45th Parallel