Glens of Antrim
The Glens of Antrim, known locally as The Glens, is a region of County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It comprises nine glens; the Glens are an area of outstanding natural beauty and are a major tourist attraction in north Antrim. The main towns and villages in the Glens are Ballycastle, Cushendall, Waterfoot and Glenarm; the Glens are mentioned in the song "Ireland's Call". The Lordship of the Glens, from the mid-13th century, first belonged to the Scoto-Irish Norman Bissett family. In the mid-16th century it came into the ownership of the MacDonnells of Antrim; the nine glens from northernmost to southernmost are: Glenravel is sometimes considered a tenth glen. It lies to the southwest of Glenballyeamon and Glenariff, being separated from the latter by the Glenariff forest park; the main settlements of Glenravel are Cargan and Skerry. In the Glens there is evidence of Neolithic communities. At Glencloy, Neolithic people had megalithic tombs in the uplands, while they lived in settlements near the coast at the end of the valley.
The beaches were sources of flint. At Madman's Window Neolithic chipping floors and stone axe rough outs were found along with Neolithic pottery, scrapers and leaf-shaped arrowheads. At Bay Farm in Carnlough, a Neolithic site near marshland, archaeologists found occupation debris, postholes, flint cores and Neolithic pottery. Glens of Antrim Historical Society Glens of Antrim Website Glens of Antrim Historical Society Children's short story set in the Antrim Glens Landscapes Unlocked - Aerial footage from the BBC Sky High series explaining the physical and economic geography of Northern Ireland
The Derryveagh Mountains are the major mountain range in County Donegal, Ireland. It makes up much of the landmass of the county, is the area of Ireland with the lowest population density; the mountains separate the coastal parts of the county, such as Gweedore and Glenties, from the major inland towns such as Ballybofey and Letterkenny. Its highest peak is Errigal. List of mountains in Ireland
Carnmoney is the name of a townland, electoral ward and a civil parish in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Carnmoney is within the urban area called the wider Newtownabbey Borough, it lies 7 miles from Belfast city centre in the historic barony of Belfast Lower. Carnmoney is known throughout Belfast for its large graveyard. Carnmoney Cemetery sits on the slopes of Carnmoney Hill, a major landmark in the area, which contains a woodland nature reserve; the poet Derek Mahon mentions Carnmoney Cemetery in his poem "My Wicked Uncle". Carnmoney, as a settlement, grew up around a holy well, Glas-na-bradan river and Carnmoney Hill; the area became a Norman borough known as Coole or Le Coule, the borough was wrecked several times during subsequent English/Irish/Scots battles and nothing is left. Le Coule was on the site of the present Rathfern/Rathcoole housing estates. Bits of the Old Irish Highway, an old route from Carrick to Antrim passing through the Norman borough, are still visible running alongside the current O'Neill Road.
Carnmoney as a name has come to represent Carnmoney Village. Carnmoney Presbyterian Church is one of the oldest Presbyterian churches in Ireland as it dates from 1657; the plot where it stands was home to a meeting house, from 1622. Mary Butters referred to as the "Carnmoney Witch", was put on trial for murder in March 1818, she was called a "Wise-woman" in the area and had been hired by a local farmer to lift a "curse" he believed had possessed one of his cows. The day after she had lifted the spell, the farmer, his wife and his son were found dead in their home. Butters was accused of murdering them with a "herbal potion", her story was that a man appeared before them with a huge bludgeon and killed the three only stunning her. The affair was the topic of much talk in Belfast and its surrounding villages, however Butters was discharged from the Spring Assizes in Carrickfergus by proclamation. There are seven schools in all at primary level, run by the Education Authority. Ashgrove Primary School Carnmoney Primary School St Bernard's Primary School St Mary's on the Hill St. McNissis Primary School Mossley Primary School HillCroft Special Needs School EarlView Primary School The last UK census in 2001 showed Carnmoney had a population of 2,765.
However the 2008 estimate is much higher due to major sub-urbanisation in Belfast. 18.1% were under 16 and 22.3% was over the age of 60. 47.5% of the population of Carnmoney were male and 52.5% were female. 13% of people were from a Roman Catholic background and 83.3% were from a Protestant or other Christian related community. The average age in Carnmoney was 40 years, higher than the Newtownabbey average of 35 years and higher still than the Northern Ireland average of 35.8 years. The population density of Carnmoney was 33.37 persons per hectare. This is proportionality much higher than in Newtownabbey were there are 5.31 persons per hectare, higher still than 1.19, the Northern Ireland Average. In 2004 there were 26 births registered in 42.3 % of which were to unmarried mothers. Carnmoney Hill is a northern outlier of the Belfast Hills chain and rises 232 m above Newtownabbey, thus it can be seen from northern County Down, Belfast Lough, the M2 and M5 motorways and Belfast City; the eastern side is covered by ancient woodland with semi-natural grasslands and other habitats interspersed, e.g. scrubland and bracken.
The hill top has a volcanic cap yet the slopes are of limestone and flint, joining mudstones at the coastal belt below. The Woodland Trust and Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council own most of the eastern side, a third of the hill, although the crest and western two thirds of the hill are in private ownership, including most of the cultivated and heath land. There are numerous paths through the private land, leading to the top however there are no permanent paths on the hill open to the public. Dunanney Ráth stands majestically overlooking Carnmoney Cemetery on the southern face of Carnmoney Hill; the ráth site, where in ancient times fairs and festivals were held, may date to Celtic times. In 1556 the Earl of Sussex, Lord Deputy to Elizabeth I, camped with his troops at Dunanney where he met with Irish chieftains and tried unsuccessfully to pacify the Irish people; the name Dunanney has been translated both as'The Fort of the Assemblies' and'The Fort of the Watery Place'. A second ráth exists to the east of Dunanney.
Two souterrains have been found on the hill, although more than 20 are known to have existed in the past. Dunanney Ráth is on private land and not open to the public, however the part of Carnmoney Hill owned by the Woodland Trust is just south of Dunanney and is open to the public all year round. Newtownabbey Borough Council had in recent times tried to open Dunanney Ráth with little success. Plans to open a park on the hill are underway. Lilian Bland built and flew her own aircraft, the first biplane built in Ireland, from here in 1910. There are a variety of habitats including floral meadows, wetland patches, shrub land, old hedgerows, mixed ash woods, semi natural woodland; the grazed lands tend not to have many wildlife species however they add to the hills landscape patchwork when seen from afar. The hill offers good views of Belfast city, Cave Hill, Newtownabbey and Bangor. On a clear day t
Tievebulliagh is a 554-metre-high mountain in the Glens of Antrim, Northern Ireland. It forms part of the watershed between Glenaan to Glenballyemon to the south, it is situated about 4.4 km from Cushendall. Tievebulliagh is formed from a volcanic plug, the intense heat generated by molten basalt has given rise to the formation of a durable flint, found at the foot of the eastern scree slope of the mountain. Three small outcrops of porcellanite can be seen on the higher south-east slope. Evidence has been discovered of a Neolithic axe quarry at the foot of Tievebulliagh. Flint axe heads fashioned from porcellanite that originate from this quarry have been found across the British Isles, from the Outer Hebrides to the south coast of England and across the rest of Ireland; the site compares with the Langdale axe industry based in the English Lake District and the quarries at Penmaenmawr in North Wales, where large numbers of stone axes were manufactured. Flakes and part-finished axes have been found round the hill and peak.
It was here. They were exported as far afield as south-west Ireland, south-east England and north-east Scotland. No finished axes have been found at the site itself; the "Malone Hoard", consisting of 19 polished stone axes from porcellanite Tievebulliagh or similar material from Brockley on Rathlin Island, was found at Danesfort house, on the Malone Road, Belfast. Some of the axes were inserted upright in the ground; the axes may be too big and heavy for practical use, so were meant to be used for ceremonial purposes. They are held in the Ulster Museum in Belfast. There is a Bronze Age cairn on the mountain top; the round cairn and Neolithic axe factory on Tievebulliagh are Scheduled Historic Monuments sited in the townland of Cloghs, in Moyle District Council area, at grid ref: area of D193 266. There are numerous neolithic and bronze age monuments in the vicinity in County Antrim, include stone circles, long barrows and stone rows. List of archaeological sites in County Antrim List of hoards in Ireland Glens of Antrim
Binevenagh is a mountain in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It marks the western extent of the Antrim Plateau formed around 60 million years ago by molten lava; the plateau and steep cliffs extend for over 6 miles across the peninsula of Magilligan and dominate the skyline over the villages of Bellarena, Downhill and Benone beach. The area has been classified as both an Area of Special Scientific Interest and as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty; the total area of the AONB is 138 km². The Bishops Road, named after the Bishop of Derry, extends across the plateau. Notable features include the Mussenden Temple and a cliff top viewing area on the Bishops Road giving good views over Lough Foyle and County Donegal. Gliding - the Ulster Gliding Club uses the slopes for gliders. Hang gliding and Paragliding - the slopes are used for soaring by the Ulster Hang gliding and Paragliding Club. Fishing - an artificial lake at the top of the mountain is used for trout fishing. Motorsport - the Coleraine & District Motor Club run the Eagles Rock hillclimbing event during the month of July.
The Belfast-Londonderry railway line trains run by Northern Ireland Railways call at Bellarena railway station between Londonderry railway station and Castlerock railway station. Trains continue from Castlerock to Coleraine railway station and other stations to Belfast Central and Belfast Great Victoria Street. Binevenagh Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Belfast is a city in the United Kingdom, the capital city of Northern Ireland, standing on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland. It is second-largest on the island of Ireland, it had a population of 333,871 as of 2015. By the early 19th century, Belfast became a major port, it played a key role in the Industrial Revolution, becoming the biggest linen-producer in the world, earning it the nickname "Linenopolis". By the time it was granted city status in 1888, it was a major centre of Irish linen production, tobacco-processing and rope-making. Shipbuilding was a key industry. Belfast as of 2019 has a major aerospace and missiles industry. Industrialisation and the inward migration it brought made Belfast Ireland's biggest city and it became the capital of Northern Ireland following the Partition of Ireland in 1922, its status as a global industrial centre ended in the decades after the Second World War of 1939–1945. Belfast suffered in the Troubles: in the 1970s and 1980s it was one of the world's most dangerous cities.
However, a survey conducted by a finance company and published in 2016 rated the city as one of the safest within the United Kingdom. Throughout the 21st century, the city has seen a sustained period of calm, free from the intense political violence of former years, has benefitted from substantial economic and commercial growth. Belfast remains a centre for industry, as well as for the arts, higher education and law, is the economic engine of Northern Ireland. Belfast is still a major port, with commercial and industrial docks, including the Harland and Wolff shipyard, dominating the Belfast Lough shoreline, it is served by two airports: George Best Belfast City Airport and Belfast International Airport 15 miles west of the city. The Globalization and World Cities Research Network listed Belfast as a Gamma global city in 2018; the name Belfast is derived from the Irish Béal Feirsde, spelt Béal Feirste. The word béal means "mouth" or "rivermouth" while feirsde/feirste is the genitive singular of fearsaid and refers to a sandbar or tidal ford across a river's mouth.
The name would thus translate as " mouth of the sandbar" or " mouth of the ford". This sandbar was formed at the confluence of two rivers at what is now Donegall Quay: the Lagan, which flows into Belfast Lough, its tributary the Farset; this area was the hub. The Irish name Béal Feirste is shared by a townland in County Mayo, whose name has been anglicised as Belfarsad. An alternative interpretation of the name is "mouth of of the sandbar", an allusion to the River Farset, which flows into the Lagan where the sandbar was located; this interpretation was favoured by John O'Donovan. It seems clear, that the river itself was named after the tidal crossing. In Ulster-Scots, the name of the city has been variously translated as Bilfawst, Bilfaust or Baelfawst, although "Belfast" is used. Although the county borough of Belfast was created when it was granted city status by Queen Victoria in 1888, the city continues to be viewed as straddling County Antrim and County Down; the site of Belfast has been occupied since the Bronze Age.
The Giant's Ring, a 5,000-year-old henge, is located near the city, the remains of Iron Age hill forts can still be seen in the surrounding hills. Belfast remained a small settlement of little importance during the Middle Ages. John de Courcy built a castle on what is now Castle Street in the city centre in the 12th century, but this was on a lesser scale and not as strategically important as Carrickfergus Castle to the north, built by de Courcy in 1177; the O'Neill clan had a presence in the area. In the 14th century, Cloinne Aodha Buidhe, descendants of Aodh Buidhe O'Neill, built Grey Castle at Castlereagh, now in the east of the city. Conn O'Neill of the Clannaboy O'Neills owned vast lands in the area and was the last inhabitant of Grey Castle, one remaining link being the Conn's Water river flowing through east Belfast. Belfast became a substantial settlement in the 17th century after being established as a town by Sir Arthur Chichester, it was settled by Protestant English and Scottish migrants at the time of the Plantation of Ulster.
In 1791, the Society of United Irishmen was founded in Belfast, after Henry Joy McCracken and other prominent Presbyterians from the city invited Theobald Wolfe Tone and Thomas Russell to a meeting, after having read Tone's "Argument on Behalf of the Catholics of Ireland". Evidence of this period of Belfast's growth can still be seen in the oldest areas of the city, known as the Entries. Belfast blossomed as a commercial and industrial centre in the 18th and 19th centuries and became Ireland's pre-eminent industrial city. Industries thrived, including linen, rope-making, heavy engineering and shipbuilding, at the end of the 19th century, Belfast overtook Dublin as the largest city in Ireland; the Harland and Wolff shipyards became one of the largest shipbuilders in the world, employing up to 35,000 workers. In 1886 the city suffered intense riots over the issue of home rule. In 1920–22, Belfast became the capital of the new entity of Northern Ireland as the island of Ireland was partitioned.
The accompanying conflict cost up to 500 lives in Belfast, the bloodiest sectarian strife in the city until the Troubles of the late 1960s onwards. Belfas
Slemish called Slieve Mish, is a small mountain in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It lies a few miles east of Ballymena, in the townland of Carnstroan. Tradition holds that Saint Patrick, enslaved as a youth, was brought to this area and tended sheep herds on Slemish, that during this time he found God. Slemish is the remains of the plug of an extinct volcano; the plug is made of olivine dolerite and was formed during the Palaeogene period of the Earth's geological history. Its distinctive appearance —its upper reaches are steep and rugged, in contrast to the tidy fields on its lower westward-facing slopes and the flat bogland to the east— causes it to dominate the landscape for miles around. Slemish is within an Environmentally Sensitive Area and, helps to protect and manage the fragile animal and plant communities that inhabit its slopes. An ideal location for bird watchers, large black ravens, buzzards and meadow pipits can be seen regularly. Slemish Mountain is the legendary first known Irish home of Saint Patrick.
According to legend, following his capture and being brought to Ireland as a slave, Patrick worked as a shepherd at Slemish Mountain for about six years, from ages 16 to 22, for a man named Milchu. It was during this time that Patrick turned to frequent prayer as his only consolation in his loneliness. In a vision he was encouraged to return home, he did this became a priest and returned to Ireland to convert his old master. The legend goes that his own real conversion took place while on Slemish out in all weathers, communing with nature and praying continuously; as Patrick was not the first Christian Bishop to visit Ireland, his ministry was confined to the North. Here he established an episcopal system. One such church is thought to have been founded at the nearby site of Skerry Churchyard. In times, Slemish was the site of a United Irish camp during the 1798 rebellion in County Antrim. Slemish Mountain is open year-round, on Saint Patrick's Day large crowds walk to the top of the mountain as a pilgrimage.
The one and a half kilometre round walk to the summit and back takes one hour in good weather. Excellent views can be had of the Scottish coasts to the east. Ballymena town, Lough Neagh and the Sperrin Mountains are all visible to the west whilst the Bann Valley and the higher summits of the Antrim Hills can be seen to the North; the 180 metre climb is rocky. There is a parking facility with interpretation washrooms on site. Slemish features in Dennis Kennedy's book Climbing Slemish; the book chronicles the history of a family over a whole century of Northern Irish life. See Annals of Inisfallen AI777.1 Kl. The battle of Sliab Mis, in which Nia, son of Cú Allaid, fell. Landscapes Unlocked - Aerial footage from the BBC Sky High series explaining the physical and economic geography of Northern Ireland. Slemish Design Studio - Architects - Architects & Planning Consultants based in Broughshane, County Antrim Mid & East Antrim Council - Mid & East Antrim Council Tourism