Scarlet Spider is an alias used by several fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. In Marvel's main universe, this includes Ben Reilly, Peter Parker, Joe Wade, a trio of clones known as Red Team, Kaine Parker; the first Scarlet Spider, Ben Reilly, is a clone of Spider-Man created by the Jackal. Peter Parker used the Scarlet Spider alias. Joe Wade is the only character to operate as a villain under the Scarlet Spider alias. An undercover FBI agent assigned to investigate the second Doctor Octopus, he is discovered and turned into a hard-light holographic duplicate of Ben Reilly to ruin the latter's name. In his Scarlet Spider guise, Joe is trapped in a virtual reality chamber, his thoughts power the hologram. Despite this, Joe is unable to stop himself from committing acts of violence; when the real Scarlet Spider attacks Doctor Octopus's lair, he damages the machine while Joe is still inside. The damage to the virtual reality chamber causes the grafts to malfunction, Joe becomes a real mechanized Scarlet Spider with amazing powers.
As the new Scarlet Spider, Joe is superhumanly strong and fast, has claws on his fingertips. It takes both Ben Reilly and the New Warriors to stop the cybernetic Scarlet Spider, the FBI put him in custody and have him undergo medical treatments to remove the technology; the Scarlet Spiders, secretly all clones of a man named Michael Van Patrick, work with the Initiative and wear advanced versions of the Iron Spider armor. Kaine Parker, a clone of Spider-Man and created by the Jackal, adopts the Scarlet Spider alias. After Ben Reilly's resurrection, he now shares the name with him. In the alternate future MC2, Felicity Hardy, daughter of Felicia Hardy and Flash Thompson, adopts the Scarlet Spider identity to irritate her mother, she attempts to convince Spider-Girl to take her on as a sidekick. Undeterred, she continues to fight crime until several near death experiences cause her to give up the identity. Although she has no actual powers, she is skilled in martial arts and gymnastics and utilizes an array of spider-themed weaponry.
The Spider-Gwen universe's Mary Jane Watson dresses as the Scarlet Spider for Halloween. The Ben Reilly version of Scarlet Spider appeared in the 1990s Spider-Man TV series, voiced by Christopher Daniel Barnes; the Scarlet Spider alias appears in the Ultimate Spider-Man animated series. The alias is used as Flash Thompson's wannabe superhero identity in the third season Ultimate Spider-Man: Web-Warriors. A hybrid of Ben Reilly and Kaine Parker appears in the fourth season Ultimate Spider-Man Vs The Sinister Six; the Ben Reilly version of Scarlet Spider is an alternate costume design for Spider-Man in the 2000 Spider-Man video game and Spider-Man 2: Enter Electro, Marvel: Ultimate Alliance, Spider-Man: Shattered Dimensions, Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3 and Spider-Man: Edge of Time; the Ben Reilly version of Scarlet Spider is a playable character in Marvel Super Hero Squad Online, voiced by Chris Cox. The Kaine Parker version of Scarlet Spider is alternate design for Spider-Man in The Amazing Spider-Man, The Amazing Spider-Man 2.
The Ben Reilly and Kaine Parker versions of Scarlet Spider appear as playable characters in Spider-Man Unlimited. The Ben Reilly version of Scarlet Spider is a playable character in Lego Marvel Super Heroes 2; the Ben Reilly and Kaine Parker versions of Scarlet Spider are alternate costume designs for Spider-Man in the 2018 Spider-Man video game. The Amazing Scarlet Spider Scarlet Spider The Spectacular Scarlet Spider Web of Scarlet Spider
Spider-Woman (Mattie Franklin)
Spider-Woman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. She is the third character to be called Spider-Woman; the character first appeared in Spectacular Spider-Man #262, in November 1998. Her first full appearance was in The Amazing Spider-Man #441, her first appearance as Spider-Woman was in The Amazing Spider-Man vol. 2 #5, the beginning of a three-part crossover which lead directly into the launch of her own Spider-Woman series. Like Spider-Woman volume 1, Spider-Woman volume 3 pitted the protagonist against macabre and grotesque villains, featured a closing story arc in which she looks into a mirror and sees her own face shriveled down to skin and bones; as a running joke, Spider-Woman changes costumes throughout the series, including a four-issue run in which she adopts a new costume every issue. However, sales were mediocre and the series was cancelled with issue #18. After an two years' absence, Mattie Franklin returned for a six-issue story arc in Alias #16–21, but the character spends the entire story in a semi-conscious state.
The 2007–2008 limited series Loners thus represented Mattie Franklin's first active adventure in more than six years. Martha "Mattie" Franklin is a troubled youth. After overhearing a phone call between her father and Norman Osborn about The Gathering of Five, she takes her father's place during the Gathering and is endowed with the powers that Norman Osborn desired for himself. During one of Spider-Man's temporary retirements, she wears a near-identical costume and fills in for him. Mattie has long been an obsessive fan of Spider-Man; this obsession is coupled with repressed romantic feelings for him, which she revealed during a state of delirium after suffering a head injury in battle. She is defeated by Shadrac, forcing Spider-Man to save her. After Spider-Man's return, she assumes the identity of Spider-Woman. Charlotte Witter, a villain going by the name of Spider-Woman, attacks her and steals her powers. Mattie manages not only to reabsorb her own powers, but to absorb the powers of all three previous Spider-Women.
Assisted by Madame Web and Jessica Drew, she hunts down supervillains. Lonely from having only her working father to live with, Franklin moves in with J. Jonah Jameson, a close friend of her father, his wife Marla who happens to be her aunt, they have Franklin enrolled in a private school, where a classmate, spots her using her powers and becomes her friend and biggest fan. During this time, the powers Mattie absorbed from previous Spider-Women begin returning to their original owners, she is featured in the series Contest of Champions II. Having escaped from brutal gladitorial fights that other Earth superheroes are unwittingly brainwashed into, she flees into a mysterious jungle and is slain by foe and naive friend alike, she teams up with all original heroes and veterans Iron Man and Psylocke. While on a first date, Mattie is slipped a date rape drug. Since by this time she has lost the toxin resistance power she absorbed from Jessica Drew, she is rendered senseless. A small-time drug dealer exploits her to produce a drug called Mutant Growth Hormone, as well as using her for prostitution.
In order to keep her prisoner, he doses her with psychoactive drugs. Private investigator Jessica Jones, with the help of Jessica Drew, rescues Mattie and returns her to Jonah and Marla. Mattie goes through counseling in order to get over her dependence on the drugs with which she was sedated. After the events of Alias, Mattie had retired from being a superhero and became a private investigator. However, she dons the costume once more to track down the dealers who were selling the MGH, follows them to Los Angeles, where she attends Excelsior meetings and pretends to quit using her powers. In reality, she is using the meetings to recruit a partner to help her, she is joined by Ricochet, who keep their activities secret from the rest of the group. The trio's involvement in the MGH ring bust is revealed when Ricochet's break-in at a Fujikawa lab results in Lightspeed being grievously wounded by Hollow; the group is confronted by a woman leading armored Delilah. The matter is settled peacefully by Mickey Musashi.
However, Mickey reminds her that she is undoing the damage for which she and Ricochet are responsible. It is revealed that another reason for her joining the support group was that she was secretly researching the Slingers. While over at Johnny's house she begins searching around, looking for evidence when she is caught by Johnny whom she sleeps with in order for him not to get suspicious. Afterwords, she contacts the father of Dusk, in which she confirmed that the former Slinger named Ricochet has no knowledge of Cassie's whereabouts. Mattie and Johnny arrive at Mickey's apartment, in which they learn about both Phil and Chris fighting each other in Darkhawk armor. After defeating Phil, she learns about Phil making a deal with Fumiko Fujikawa and decides to leave the support group, no longer trusting them, pointing out that they had forgotten about how to be heroes in trying to overcome their heroic pasts. Mattie admits that she regrets sleeping with Ricochet. While about to help Spider-Man against Lady Stilt-Man she is attacked by Ana Tatiana Kravinoff and captured.
She awakens long enough to tell fellow prisoner Mada
Ricochet is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. It was an alternate identity used by the fictional superhero Spider-Man and adopted by college student Jonathan "Johnny" Gallo; when Spider-Man was accused of murder during the Identity Crisis storyline, Peter Parker donned four different costumes to disguise his identity so that he could continue saving lives. One of the personas that he adopted was Ricochet. Starting with a leather jacket with an R on it, his wife created weapons. Ricochet was similar to Spider-Man, but more jocular, he relied on his agility, posed as a criminal for hire. Using this identity, Peter collaborated for a time with his old foe Delilah in searching for information about the new villain Black Tarantula, they battled Roughouse and Bloodscream together. In the final fight, Parker used all four of his new identities, to confuse his foes, to contradict speculation that the new heroes were all, in fact, the same person. Once Parker had cleared his name, he abandoned all of his new personas, returned to his Spider-Man identity.
Although the hero Black Marvel gave Johnny Gallo a duplicate Ricochet costume, Peter remained in possession of the original. In addition to his regular abilities the Ricochet costume had flying discs on the sleeves of its jacket which he used as weapons. Johnny Gallo first appeared as Ricochet in Slingers #0; the character was created by Adam Pollina. Ricochet appeared as a supporting character in Avengers Academy, first in issue #21, thereafter in the series. Johnny was a college student, he concealed from both his father and his girlfriend Kathy the fact that he was a mutant, endowed with superior agility and the ability to sense danger. The Black Marvel presented Johnny with the Ricochet costume and the chance to be part of his team, the Slingers. Johnny accepted, he could use his powers to help people without revealing his mutant nature. Much like Spider-Man, Ricochet enjoyed joking during the heat of battle though this annoyed his teammates team leader Prodigy. Another of the Slingers, the Hornet, became Ricochet's closest friend, gave him special throwing discs to use in battle.
Dusk a teammate, was attracted to Ricochet, but he did not have the same feelings for her. Using his leaping abilities and reflexes, Ricochet fought crime lords, mutated vermin, Spider-Man himself. Ricochet learned that Black Marvel had made a deal with Mephisto, the demon king, to recruit the youths who would become the Slingers, that Mephisto held Black Marvel captive. Ricochet was the first to suggest abandoning their "mentor" when offered the chance to save him, but Hornet convinced him to free Black Marvel. Shortly after, the Slingers disbanded. Ricochet became disillusioned because his efforts had not earned him any fame or recognition, he blamed himself for the Hornet's death at the hands of a brainwashed Wolverine, he joined another team of teen heroes, whose goal was to dissuade other superpowered young people from becoming heroes. During the aftermath of M-Day, when a majority of mutants lost their powers, Ricochet was one of the few who kept his abilities. Johnny is being considered as a'potential recruit' for the Initiative program, according to Civil War: Battle Damage Report.
He is in Los Angeles alongside other'retired' superheroes. He has been seen as one of the newer, part-time students at the Avengers Academy. Following Hydra's takeover of America, after a figure that appears to be the Hornet attacks a food delivery to a casino owned by Cassandra Mercury, Ricochet appears to save the Scarlet Spider from an attack by the Hornet, telling the other hero that he is there to find out how his'dead' friend can be alive. Ricochet claims that he arrived in Las Vegas by chance to act as a new hero for the city, but although the Scarlet Spider allows Ricochet to accompany him to the casino that hired Hornet, he webs Ricochet to the roof of the casino because he was unsatisfied with the other's explanation. Ricochet escapes the webbing by removing his boots, but when they confront the Hornet, he uses an amulet to summon an other-dimensional monster. Ricochet has the mutant power of superhuman agility, enabling him to leap great distances, he has incredible reflexes and coordination which, combined with his leaping powers, allow him to bounce off walls.
Ricochet's mutant powers give him a "Danger Sense" that functions much like Spider-Man's "Spider-Sense". Thanks to Hornet, Ricochet has special throwing discs, his original discs could bounce off targets with incredible force. Hornet gave Ricochet discs that could explode on impact. Ricochet's super reflexes and coordination enable him to throw his discs with amazing speed and accuracy; the Ricochet persona is used by Fancy Dan of the Enforcers in The Spectacular Spider-Man. A Ricochet costume for the Spider-Man character in Spider-Man: Edge of Time is available as downloadable content. Ricochet appears as an additional costume for Spider-Man in The Amazing Spider-Man 2 video game. In-game information states that "The Amazing Ricochet" is a comic book series that Peter was a fan of as a child, with Parker being inspired to create a duplicate of Ricochet's costume after finding an appropriately-styled l
Prodigy (David Alleyne)
Prodigy is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics in association with the X-Men. Prodigy is a student at the Xavier Institute, member of the New X-Men squad, a former mutant who lost his superhuman abilities. Created by writers Nunzio DeFilippis and Christina Weir and artist Keron Grant, David Alleyne first appeared in New Mutants, vol. 2 #4. He was a mutant with the ability to absorb the knowledge and skills of anyone within a limited distance, he could not control this ability and would forget his acquired knowledge once they became out of range. He becomes co-leader of the New Mutants training squad. After the events of House of M and the ensuing "Decimation" of mutants, David loses his powers, but he remains at the Institute, becoming a member of the New X-Men team and utilizing his natural intellect to assist his teammates, he regains all the knowledge and skills he had absorbed before becoming depowered, including many of the X-Men's considerable expertise in science and physical combat, making him a stronger addition to the X-Men.
Despite being human, he remains with the X-Men as a substitute instructor and trainee for stories over a number of years. David Alleyne is a intelligent boy, who finds upon becoming a teenager that the answers to his exams and assignments begin appearing in his head whenever he is in the same room as his teachers, he realizes. Wanting to retain this knowledge, David becomes driven to study harder, he takes college-level courses while finishing high school and drops subtle hints to his family about his powers, but they fail to realize he is a mutant until the campus anti-mutant group outs him. Realizing he can no longer be a mutant in secrecy, David accepts an invitation from Danielle Moonstar to attend the Xavier Institute for Higher Learning, his parents and sister are supportive of his decision. At the school he befriends Wind Dancer and Wither, they are attacked by the Reavers, afterwards Dani makes David roommates with one of these Reavers, Josh Foley. The tactic works, David soon comes to regard Josh as a little brother.
Along with his other friends at the school, they bring to Xavier Institute the homeless mutant Surge, who David acquires an immediate interest in. David, Surge, Wind Dancer and Wither are placed on Dani's squad of students, called "the New Mutants," and David is given the codename Prodigy. Not liking the idea that he is being groomed to be an X-Man, David declines to be the team leader, leaving the position to Wind Dancer. However, she loses faith in her ability to lead, they compromise by becoming team co-leaders. Prodigy learns that his mental blocks can be removed, allowing him to permanently retain the knowledge he absorbs, but he first experiences a telepathic illusion created by Dani and Emma Frost of a possible future based from that decision. In it, David excels by gaining the knowledge of the most important and intellectual individuals in the world, bringing a near-utopia to the globe, through genocide and the killing of his friends and the X-Men; the illusion ends with Surge, his wife, overloading her powers, killing them both in order to stop him.
On seeing the illusion, he begins to avoid Surge. However, she confronts him, stating that what he saw was only an illusion of his worst fears, David begins a relationship with her. In the "Decimation" storyline following the events of House of M, David is one of the many mutants who loses his powers because of the Scarlet Witch. Planning to leave the school, David reveals that he built a "Danger Cave" to replace the destroyed Danger Room before he lost his powers; the facility allows his teammates to train by reliving former X-Men missions. David's parents and Cyclops decide that it would be safer for David to remain at the mansion since William Stryker is targeting depowered mutants as well; when Stryker attacks the mansion, David saves the Stepford Cuckoos and is wounded by one of the Purifiers. He joins the New X-Men when they leave to fight the mutant-hunting future Sentinel, Nimrod. David proves useful to the team. After returning to the mansion, he is invited to join his girlfriend Surge in running the New X-Men squad, giving them free rein to add more members at their will.
In the "Quest for Magik" storyline, the demon Belasco senses Magik's returned presence due to her temporary revival during House of M, but cannot locate her and fails to magically revive her. Sensing her presence on the students at the Institute due to their involvement with her in the "House of M" reality, he incapacitated the X-Men and sucks the students into Limbo, including David, whose eyesight was healed to normal vision by Josh using his newly acquired medical expertise. Belasco interrogates David about her whereabouts, but since none of the students remember the House of M reality, he is confused and tells her that she is still dead. Enraged, Belasco kills David by ripping out his heart; some of the students break free and attack Belasco, while Josh manages to regrow David's heart with his powers, bringing him back to life. While the students battle against Belasco, David realizes that his weakness is telepathy, having put special helmets to block the telepathic powers of Stepford Cuckoos and Martha Johansson.
David directs X-23 to free the Cuckoos. Though successful, the Cuckoos are forced out of Belasco's mind, but he is ultimately
The goth subculture is a subculture that began in England during the early 1980s, where it developed from the audience of gothic rock, an offshoot of the post-punk genre. The name, goth subculture, derived directly from the music genre. Notable post-punk groups that presaged that genre and helped develop and shape the subculture, include Siouxsie and the Banshees, Joy Division and The Cure; the goth subculture has survived much longer than others of the same era, has continued to diversify and spread throughout the world. Its imagery and cultural proclivities indicate influences from 19th-century Gothic literature and gothic horror films; the scene is centered on music festivals and organized meetings in Western Europe. The goth subculture has associated tastes in music and fashion; the music preferred by the goth subculture includes a number of different styles, e.g. gothic rock, death rock, post-punk, cold wave, dark wave, ethereal wave. Styles of dress within the subculture draw on punk, new wave and new romantic fashion as well as fashion of earlier periods such as the Victorian and Edwardian eras, or combinations of the above.
The style includes dark attire, pale face makeup and black hair. The subculture continues to draw interest from a large audience decades after its emergence; the term "gothic rock" was coined in 1967, by music critic John Stickney to describe a meeting he had with Jim Morrison in a dimly lit wine-cellar which he called "the perfect room to honor the Gothic rock of the Doors". That same year, Velvet Underground with a track like "All Tomorrow's Parties", created a kind of "mesmerizing gothic-rock masterpiece" according to music historian Kurt Loder. In the late 1970s, the "gothic" adjective was used to describe the atmosphere of post-punk bands like Siouxsie and the Banshees and Joy Division. In a live review about a Siouxsie and the Banshees' concert in July 1978, critic Nick Kent wrote that concerning their music, "parallels and comparisons can now be drawn with gothic rock architects like the Doors and early Velvet Underground". In March 1979, in his review of Magazine's second album Secondhand Daylight, Kent noted that there was "a new austere sense of authority" in the music, with a "dank neo-Gothic sound".
That year, the term was used by Joy Division's manager, Tony Wilson on 15 September in an interview for the BBC TV programme's Something Else. Wilson described Joy Division as "gothic" compared to the pop mainstream, right before a live performance of the band; the term was applied to "newer bands such as Bauhaus who had arrived in the wake of Joy Division and Siouxsie and the Banshees". Bauhaus's first single issued in 1979, "Bela Lugosi's Dead", is credited as the starting point of the gothic rock genre. In 1979, Sounds described Joy Division as "Gothic" and "theatrical". In February 1980, Melody Maker qualified the same band as "masters of this Gothic gloom". Critic Jon Savage would say that their singer Ian Curtis wrote "the definitive Northern Gothic statement". However, it was not until the early-1980s that gothic rock became a coherent music subgenre within post-punk, that followers of these bands started to come together as a distinctly recognizable movement, they may have taken the "goth" mantle from a 1981 article published in UK rock weekly Sounds: "The face of Punk Gothique", written by Steve Keaton.
In a text about the audience of UK Decay, Keaton asked: "Could this be the coming of Punk Gothique? With Bauhaus flying in on similar wings could it be the next big thing?" In July 1982, the opening of the Batcave in London's Soho provided a prominent meeting point for the emerging scene, which would be labelled "positive punk" by the NME in a special issue with a front cover in early 1983. The term "Batcaver" was used to describe old-school goths. Independent from the British scene, in the late 1970s and early 1980s in California, deathrock developed as a distinct branch of American punk rock, with acts such as Christian Death and 45 Grave; the bands that defined and embraced the gothic rock genre included Bauhaus, early Adam and the Ants, the Cure, the Birthday Party, Southern Death Cult, Sex Gang Children, UK Decay, Virgin Prunes, Killing Joke, the Damned. Near the peak of this first generation of the gothic scene in 1983, The Face's Paul Rambali recalled that there were "several strong Gothic characteristics" in the music of Joy Division.
In 1984, Joy Division's bassist Peter Hook named Play Dead as one of their heirs: "If you listen to a band like Play Dead, who I like, Joy Division played the same stuff that Play Dead are playing. They're similar." By the mid-1980s, bands began proliferating and became popular, including the Sisters of Mercy, the Mission, Alien Sex Fiend, the March Violets, Xmal Deutschland, the Membranes, Fields of Nephilim. Record labels like Factory, 4AD and Beggars Banquet released much of this music in Europe, through a vibrant import music market in the US, the subculture grew in New York and Los Angeles, where many nightclubs featured "gothic/industrial" nights; the popularity of 4AD bands resulted in the creation of a similar US label, which produces what was colloquially termed ethereal wave, a subgenre of dark wave music. The 1990s saw further growth for some 1980s bands and the emergence of many new acts, as well as new goth-centric U. S. record labels such as Cleopatra Records, among others. According to Dave Simpson of The Guardian, "in the 90s, goths all but disappeared as dance music became the dominant youth cult".
As a result, the goth "movement went underground and mistaken for cyber goth, Shock rock, Industrial metal, Gothic metal, Medieval folk metal and the latest sub
Civil War (comics)
"Civil War" is a 2006–07 Marvel Comics crossover storyline consisting of a seven-issue limited series of the same name written by Mark Millar and penciled by Steve McNiven, various other tie-in books published by Marvel at the time. The storyline builds upon the events that developed in previous Marvel storylines "Avengers Disassembled", "House of M", "Decimation"; the tagline for the series is, "Whose Side Are You On?"The plot of the series follows a framework story line in which the U. S. government passes a Superhero Registration Act, ostensibly designed to have super powered individuals act under official regulation, somewhat akin to law enforcement. However, superheroes opposed to the act, led by Captain America, find themselves in conflict with those supporting the act, led by Iron Man, with Spider-Man caught in the middle; the superheroes in support of the law, such as Iron Man, Mister Fantastic and Ms. Marvel, become authoritarian. In the aftermath of the war, Captain America is imprisoned.
The conflict between freedom and security is an underlying theme in the story line, with real-life events and discussions, such as the U. S. government's increased surveillance of its citizens, serving as a backdrop for the events in Civil War. A sequel, Civil War II, debuted in June 2016; the series polarized critics but it was a commercial success. The film Captain America: Civil War in the Marvel Cinematic Universe was made as a loose adaptation of the same storyline; the premise of "Civil War" involves the introduction of a Superhuman Registration Act in the United States. Mark Millar, writer for the story, has said: The act requires any person in the United States with superhuman abilities to register with the federal government as a "human weapon of mass destruction," reveal their true identity to the authorities and undergo proper training; those who sign have the option of working for S. H. I. E. L. D. Earning a salary and benefits such as those earned by other American civil servants. Characters within the superhero community in the Marvel Universe split into two groups: one advocating the registration as a responsible obligation, the other opposing the law on the grounds that it violates civil liberties and the protection that secret identities provide.
While arguing directly with Iron Man about the law, Luke Cage, an African American, compared the mandatory registration to slavery. A number of villains have chosen to take sides, some choosing to side with the registration, others against it. Marvel announced in August 2006 that some issues of the main Civil War series would be pushed back several months to accommodate artist Steve McNiven; the schedule had issue #4 being released one month late, in September, while issue #5 was released two months in November. Furthermore, various tie-in books including the Civil War: Front Line miniseries and tie-in issues of other comics were delayed several months so as not to reveal any plot developments. In late November 2006, Marvel announced another delay. Civil War #6 scheduled for release on December 20, was pushed back two weeks and released on January 4. Unlike the previous instance, only The Punisher War Journal #2 was delayed. In a final act of rescheduling, Civil War #7 was pushed back two weeks, pushed back again until February 21.
After the publication of Civil War #7, Mark Millar was interviewed by Newsarama and described the event as "a story where a guy wrapped in the American flag is in chains as the people swap freedom for security", agreeing that a "certain amount of political allegory" was present but that the real focus of the book was on superheroes fighting each other. Contrasting it with The Ultimates, Millar stated that Civil War was "accidentally political because I just cannot help myself." The New Warriors battle a group of villains in Stamford, Connecticut while filming a reality television show. Nitro explodes; the rest of the superheroes appear in Stamford to search for survivors. Public opinion turns against superhumans; the inactive members of the New Warriors are branded as "baby killers". Hindsight releases their secret identities online, several are attacked. She-Hulk forces Hindsight to shut down the site, Hindsight is arrested by John Jameson. Angry civilians attack the Human Torch outside a club.
Guided by Iron Man, Congress passes the Superhuman Registration Act, 6 U. S. C. § 558, requiring the registration of all persons with superhuman abilities with the U. S. government, the enlistment and training of those wishing to operate as superheroes. The law applies to those with naturally-occurring superhuman abilities, those humans using exotic technology, or anyone who wants to challenge the superhumans. Enactment of the federal law led to revisions of state criminal codes. Captain America refuses to join a S. H. I. E. L. D. Strike force hunting superhumans in violation of the act, is attacked by S. H. I. E. L. D.'s "Cape-Killers" though the Act has not been passed yet. Afterwards, he becomes a fugitive and forms an underground resistance movement calling itself the "Secret Avengers"; this team includes Hercules, Danny Rand, Luke Cage, the Young Avengers. Iron Man, Reed Richards, Henry Pym, She-Hulk come down in favor of the Act. Spider-Man unm
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were