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Slovak Socialist Republic

The Slovak Socialist Republic was from 1969 to 1990 a republic within the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, now the independent Slovakia. The name was used from 1 January 1969 until March 1990. After the occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1968 liberalisation reforms were halted and reversed; the only significant exception was the federalization of the country. The former centralist state of Czechoslovakia was divided in two: the Czech Socialist Republic and Slovak Socialist Republic by the Constitutional Law of Federation of 28 October 1968, which came into effect on 1 January 1969. New national parliaments were created and the old parliament of Czechoslovakia was renamed the "Federal Assembly" and was divided in two chambers: the House of the People and the House of Nations. Complicated rules of voting were put in effect. Federalization was notional – all the real power was kept by the Communist Party; the increased number of "parliaments" conveniently provided more positions for party members though their role was just symbolic.

After the fall of socialism in Czechoslovakia, the word "socialist" was dropped in the names of the two republics, i.e. the Slovak Socialist Republic was renamed Slovak Republic. The complicated system of parliamentary voting was kept after the fall of socialism and delaying political decisions during radical changes in the economy. In 1993, the Slovak Republic became an independent state and took the name Slovakia as a short form – see dissolution of Czechoslovakia. Slovaks in Czechoslovakia Constitutional Law of Federation History of Czechoslovakia Czech Socialist Republic Czech and Slovak Federative Republic Slovak Republic Constitutional Law of Federation

2013 NRL Grand Final

The 2013 NRL Grand Final was the conclusive and premiership-deciding game of the 2013 NRL season. Played on Sunday, 6 October at Sydney's ANZ Stadium between the minor premiers Sydney Roosters and the Manly Warringah Sea Eagles; the Roosters won the match 26–18 to claim their 13th premiership title, became the first team since the St George Illawarra Dragons in 2010 to win the both the minor premiership and the premiership in the same season. The NRL premiers for the 2013 season were decided between two Sydney based clubs, the minor premiers Sydney Roosters and the 4th-placed Manly Warringah Sea Eagles, it was the first time in 41 years the two sides played for a premiership title, which Manly last were victorious in claiming the 1972 title in the NSWRL competition. Both the Roosters and the Sea Eagles have now featured prominently in grand finals since the turn of the new century, with the Roosters making the grand finals in 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2010 whilst the Sea Eagles have featured in 2007, 2008 and 2011.

Despite making the most appearances in the past 14 seasons the Roosters had only been successful in one of their five previous appearances, when they defeated grand final debutants New Zealand Warriors 30 points to 8 in 2002. The Sea Eagles' last premiership victory was against the Warriors when they defeated them in the 2011 decider 24 points to 10, it marked the first time since 2005 that either Wayne Bennett, Craig Bellamy or Des Hasler will not coach a side to a grand final, as each have claimed a grand final victory for the past seven seasons. Both Trent Robinson and Geoff Toovey were debutant grand final coaches in their first and second respective years in the NRL. Note: Both Boyd Cordner and Luke O'Donnell were late inclusions to the Roosters squad with Cordner replacing Frank-Paul Nuuausala at lock and both Nuuausala and O'Donnell replacing Isaac Liu and Dylan Napa on the interchange bench. Long standing Roosters fullback Anthony Minichiello played his sixth grand final for his club after having featured in every premiership decider they have reached since 2000, although his only victory came from 2002.

Were the Roosters to lose the game he would have been the first player in the history of Australian rugby league to lose five grand finals. Jamie Lyon, Brett Stewart, Glenn Stewart, Steve Matai, Brent Kite and Anthony Watmough all played their fourth grand final together, after having appeared in their past three appearances for Manly in 2007, 2008 and 2011. Manly began and had control early on. Pressure led to Roosters five-eighth James Maloney kicking out on the full, a tackle from his opposing number Kieran Foran on back-rower Sonny-Bill Williams led to a dropped ball and possession for the Sea Eagles, which led to their first try, scored by winger Jorge Taufua. Captain Jamie Lyon missed the conversion, making it 4-0 to the Sea Eagles, however a penalty a few minutes led to a scoreline of 6-0 by the 17th minute; the Roosters came back to score through winger Daniel Tupou on the back of a cross-field bomb from Maloney, the Five-eighth's sideline conversion brought the scoreline to 6–6. A few minutes a contentious penalty to the Roosters gave them another two points, they took the lead into the halftime break, 8–6.

In only the 43rd minute, Manly were in scoring position, with halfback Daly Cherry-Evans grubber-kicking for Lyon, however he was tackled without the ball by Roosters substitute Mitch Aubusson, leading the video referees to rule a penalty try. Lyon converted it to bring the Sea Eagles back to the lead at 12-8. A forced drop-out conceded by the Roosters put Manly into attacking position and they capitalised, Matai scoring and Lyon again converting to push the score out to 18-8 with only 30 minutes remaining. Roosters back-rower Aiden Guerra next scored however, a conversion brought the Roosters back into the game at 18-14, before a line-break and offload from Williams to Maloney opened the Sea Eagles' defensive line. Maloney sprinted downfield and gave a pass to Minichello; the Roosters captain put centre Shaun Kenny-Dowall in to score which, along with a conversion from Maloney, put the Minor Premiers back in the lead at 20–18 with 18 minutes to go. An error from the Roosters put Manly back into contention, but a knock on from winger David Williams and a lack of capitalisation on a Roosters mistake brought them back to the Manly end of the field following another line-break from the Roosters' Williams.

A grubber kick from Maloney led to a freakish try to centre Michael Jennings, who grounded the ball only centimetres inside the dead ball line. A final conversion to Maloney took the score to 26–18, a short kick-off attempt from Manly couldn't crack the Roosters' defence in the last six minutes of play. Sydney Roosters captain Anthony Minichiello became the first fullback to captain his team to a Grand Final victory since Frank'Skinny' McMillan in 1934. Manly halfback Daly Cherry-Evans was awarded the Clive Churchill Medal for best and fairest in the Grand Final, the first awarded to a player from a losing side since 1993, only the third time this had happened, at the time. Jack Wighton, from the Canberra Raiders, has since achieved this in 2019. Roosters coach Trent Robinson became the first coach to win a premiership in their first year of coaching in the NRL since Ricky Stuart in 2002; the premiership rings awarded to the members of the winning team were worth AU$6,000. The Roosters' premiership victory qualified them for the 2014 World Club Challenge, to be played in the 2014 pre-season against the winners of the 2013 Super League Grand final, Wigan Warriors.

2013 NRL season NRL Premiership winners


Brandhall is a suburb of Oldbury in the south of Sandwell near the borders with Birmingham and Halesowen in the West Midlands. The development of the area commenced during the 1930s with the construction of several hundred private houses along the Hagley Road and Wolverhampton Road, as well as several side roads leading off the main dual carriageways. However, most of Brandhall was developed in the 1950s and 1960s, when several thousand council houses and bungalows were built by Oldbury Council; some of the high-rise flats in Brandhall have been demolished and in their place housing associations have built new low-rise homes. Brandhall is growing to be a more popular place due to the construction of new facilities, such as a local supermarket and a doctor's surgery. Brandhall became part of the County Borough of Warley in 1966, but this arrangement lasted just eight years until Warley merged with West Bromwich to form Sandwell Metropolitan Borough in 1974. Brandhall is home to Perryfields Primary School and Brandhall Primary School.

A secondary school, Perryfields High School serves the estate, is situated in the west of the area near the border with Halesowen. Quinton Warley Hurst Green Bearwood Halesowen

The Oranges Band

The Oranges Band is an American indie rock band from Baltimore, Maryland signed with Green Day's original label, Lookout! Records. Fronted by ex-Spoon bassist Roman Kuebler, The Oranges' first record, The Five Dollars EP, was released on Baltimore-based label Morphius Records. Subsequent touring and critical praise earned the band a deal with Lookout, culminating in the release of an EP, several videos, leading up to, according to many critics, their strongest album to that point, The World & Everything in It. In 2004, Morphius released a retrospective compiling the band's earlier work including The Five Dollars EP, the now out-of-print 900 Miles of Fucking Hell EP, as well as various unreleased tracks entitled Two Thousands. In 2008, with a new lineup that included Pat Martin on bass and guest guitarist Doug Gillard, the band released their third full length The Oranges Band are Invisible. $5 EP Nine Hundred Miles of Fucking Hell On TV All Around Two Thousands The World & Everything in It The Oranges Band Are Invisible Morphius Records Lookout Records The Oranges Band home page The Oranges Band Myspace page set of live videos at Lookout Records official website MTV`s artist page Entertainment Weekly review of All Around Extensive Interview with singer Roman Kuebler for Aural States

Turbinaria peltata

Turbinaria peltata known as disc coral, is a species of colonial stony coral in the family Dendrophylliidae. It is native to the Indo-Pacific region; the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being "vulnerable". Turbinaria peltata may be foliaceous or encrusting, tends to form thick, flat plates in overlapping tiers; the colonies may be several metres in diameter. The corallites are found on a single side of each plate and are about 3 to 5 mm in diameter, being either immersed in the skeleton or raised on tubular mounds. On the upper surfaces of larger colonies, two-sided ridges or cylindrical columns may form; the calyces are 3 to 5 mm in diameter and leaning towards the plate margin. The septa are arranged in three cycles, the third one being reduced or absent; the septa are granulated and the columella is domed and spongy, or alternatively, has a central plate. The polyps of this species are extended to feed during the daytime, they have thick tentacles up to 1 cm long.

This coral is some shade of grey or brown. It is a zooxanthellate coral. Turbinaria peltata is native to the warm waters of the Indo-Pacific region, its range extends from the coast of East Africa to American Samoa. It is common in most shallow water habitats such as rocky foreshores and shallow reef slopes in areas of turbid water. Colonies of Turbinaria peltata grow by extra-tentacular budding; this means that new corallites grow outside the corallite walls. The new corallites tend to make the surface appear more crowded; the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed the conservation status of Turbinaria peltata as being "vulnerable". Although it is a common species with a widespread distribution, it faces a number of threats, it is collected for the aquarium trade, rising sea water temperatures and ocean acidification cause stressful conditions and make it more susceptible to coral bleaching and coral diseases. Localised threats include fisheries, damage to reefs, tourism and sedimentation.

Media related to Turbinaria peltata at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Turbinaria peltata at Wikispecies

Valentina Leontyeva

Valentina Mikhaylovna Leontyeva was a famous anchor on Soviet TV. She was one of the first television presenters in the Soviet Union. Leontyeva survived the Siege of Leningrad. After a brief stint at the Mendeleyev Institute, she attended the Vakhtangov Theatre School in Moscow. In 1948, she joined a theatre in Tambov; as a TV anchor, she became famous for her felt manner of presentation. Among her most popular shows was "Ot Vsei Dushi", praised for its honesty and emotional depth, she toured 54 cities of the Soviet Union with a stage version of the show. She was the host of the Goluboy ogonyok, a New Year's Eve variety show, Spokoinoi Nochi, Malyshi, a daily program for children. In 1975, Leontyeva was awarded the USSR State Prize. In the 1980s, she hosted Visit to Fairy Tales, a children's show, became popularly known as "Aunt Valya", her popularity led to her being awarded the title of People's Artist of the USSR, the highest honor that could be bestowed on a television presenter. On 12 March 2004 the Federation Council of Russia presented to her the medal "For Contributions", revived from the 19th century.

After her retirement from Channel One in 1991, Valentina Leontyeva lived with her sister in the Ulyanovsk Oblast up until her death. There is a statue of her more than 2m in height on the Goncharov street in Ulyanovsk unveiled on 1 August 2008 in the garden of the Ulyanovskiy Regional Muppets Theater, named after Leontyeva. Biography Laureate Medal in 2004