click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Small Arms Survey

The Small Arms Survey is an independent research project located at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland. It provides information on all aspects of small arms and armed violence, as a resource for governments, policy-makers and activists, as well as research on small arms issues; the survey monitors national and international initiatives, acts as a forum and clearinghouse for the sharing of information. It disseminates best practice measures and initiatives dealing with small arms issues. SAS's mandate is to look at all aspects of armed violence, it provides research and analysis by which to support governments to reduce the incidence of armed violence and illicit trafficking through evidence-based analysis. The project's staff includes international experts in security studies, political science, international public policy, development studies, conflict resolution, sociology; the staff works with a worldwide network of researchers and partners.

The Small Arms Survey hosts the Geneva Declaration on Development Secretariat. The Small Arms Survey's Human Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan project supports violence reduction initiatives, including disarmament and reintegration programmes, incentive schemes for civilian arms collections and security sector reform, arms control interventions across Sudan; the Security Assessment in North Africa project supports efforts to build a more secure environment in North Africa and the Sahel-Sahara region. The project produces evidence-based research and analysis on the availability and circulation of small arms, the dynamics of emerging armed groups, related insecurity; the research stresses the effects of the recent uprisings and armed conflicts in the region on community safety. In 2018, Small Arms Survey reported that there are over one billion small arms distributed globally, of which 857 million are in civilian hands. U. S. civilians alone account for 393 million of the worldwide total of civilian held firearms.

This amounts to "120.5 firearms for every 100 residents."According to the report, the world's armed forces control about 133 million of the global total of small arms, of which over 43 percent belonging to two countries: the Russian Federation and China. And, the world's law enforcement agencies control about 23 million of the global total of small arms. American civilians own over 393 million guns. "Americans made up 4 percent of the world's population but owned about 46 percent of the entire global stock of 857 million civilian firearms." That is three times as many guns as the combined stockpile of the world's armed forces. American civilians own more guns "than those held by civilians in the other top 25 countries combined.""American civilians own nearly 100 times as many firearms as the U. S. military and nearly 400 times as many as law enforcement." Americans bought more than 2 million guns in May 2018 alone. That is more than twice as many guns, as possessed by every law enforcement agency in the United States put together.

In April and May 2018, Americans bought 4.7 million guns, more than all the firearms stockpiled by the United States military. In 2017, Americans bought 25.2 million guns, 2.5 million more guns than possessed by every law enforcement agency in the world put together. Between 2012 and 2017, Americans bought 135 million guns, that's 2 million more guns than the combined stockpile of all the world's armed forces; the data offered by the Small Arms Survey has several times been denounced as misleading or incorrect. The best known case is the estimation of the number of firearms in Finland; the number was so high that nearly every Finnish family should have an illegal firearm at home to be true. This number has since kept popping up as the Small Arms Survey has not corrected it, despite the Finnish ministry of interior making a statement that the numbers are wrong. Another recent example is the inclusion of the misguided Portu operation in their report "From Legal to Lethal: Converted Firearms in Europe".

On page 48 they mention it as a seizure involving thousands of convertible deactivated firearms, from a militaria store Cantabrico Militaria. However this whole operation was a dismal failure, as there was never a question of an illegal operation, the owners were a few months released and cleared of the charges, it is alleged it was a "marketing operation" which had no legal basis and no other purpose but to support the changes to the European firearms directive known as the "EU Gun Ban". As such this case should not be mentioned in their research as it had nothing to do with illegal trade of firearms or unlawful conversion; the project's flagship publication is the Small Arms Survey, an annual review of global small arms issues such as production, brokering and illicit arms transfers, the effects of small arms, national and multilateral measures to deal with the problems associated with small arms. Published by Cambridge University Press, it is recognized as the principal international source of impartial and reliable information on all aspects of small arms.

It is used by policy-makers, government officials and non-governmental organizations. The Small Arms Survey 2007, titled Guns in the City; the Small Arms Survey 2009, titled Shadows of War. The Small Arms Survey 2010, titled Gangs and Guns; the Small Arms Survey 2011, titled States of Security. The Small Arms Survey 2012, titled Moving Targets The Small Arms Survey 2013, titled Everyday Dangers The Small Arms Survey 20

Masterplan (band)

Masterplan is a German power metal band, founded by guitarist Roland Grapow and drummer Uli Kusch upon leaving Helloween in 2001. At the end of autumn 2001 during Helloween's "The Dark Ride Tour". Roland Grapow, present in the band since 1989, Uli Kusch from 1994, decided to form a side project. Shortly after this decision, both were fired from their long-time job in Helloween. Born the name "Masterplan" based on the idea that they would be master musicians with the future in their hands, in the words of the Headbanger - Gerardo Trevino Garza, starts the newest power metal band of the new millennium. Roland subsequently invited for keyboards Janne Wirman, which at that time played in the band Children Of Bodom. For vocals, Russell Allen was invited but had to decline the invitation since he was firm in his own band Symphony X. A second invitation was made for Michael Kiske, who rejected the proposal, claiming that he wanted to keep away from the metal scene. After contact with Norwegian band Ark famous album Burn The Sun and subsequently the album Worldchanger, singer Jørn Lande was invited.

Jørn accepted the invitation, completing the band after about six months of the beginning of the project. Their first full-length self-titled album, produced by Andy Sneap; the band consisted of Grapow and Kusch with Jørn Lande. The main part of the keyboard lines on the album were arranged and programmed by Roland and Uli, while keyboard player Janne "Warman" Wirman recorded some sessions for the album, but could not stay on as a full-time member due to his commitments to Children of Bodom. Axel Mackenrott replaced him on tour and since as a permanent member. Studio bassist Jürgen Attig helped with some bass lines on the recordings, but Grapow was the main bassist for the album. For tour and subsequent recordings, Jan-Sören Eckert was hired as a permanent member; the band received the "European Border Breakers Award" from the European Commission in 2004, for the debut album success around Europe. In January 2005 Masterplan released their second album, Aeronautics once again produced by Andy Sneap and the band.

After two successful albums and their respective tours, during the writing of the third album the band parted ways with vocalist Jørn Lande, citing "musical differences" as the reason for the split. The split was amicable enough that Jørn agreed to perform four arranged live appearances before departing although two of these were canceled by the promoters. On October 4, 2006 Uli Kusch announced his departure from the band in an interview with Darkside.ru. Although not discussing the details of what had happened, he mentioned the democratic principles of making decisions in the band as one of the reasons of his leaving - according to him, it made getting a consensus nearly impossible. Three days Masterplan announced their new line-up through their official web site: Grapow, Eckert, with new members Mike DiMeo and Mike Terrana; the band toured with Saxon as an opening act for Saxon's Inner Sanctum tour. The band's third album, suitably titled MK II, was released on February 26, 2007, it was produced this time by the band's actual leader, Roland Grapow himself, at his own studio in Slovakia.

The album was recorded in September and October 2006. On January 11, 2009, Mike DiMeo confirmed on his MySpace page that he had parted ways with Masterplan. On July 25, 2009, the band revealed that Jørn Lande has made his return to Masterplan. On April 16, 2010, a single titled Far From the End of the World was released to precede the band's new fourth album, Time To Be King, once again produced by Roland Grapow. On July 13, 2011, the band has announced in their official website that they were writing songs for a new album; the album is set to be released in March 2013. In July 2012, it was announced. In early November, it was announced that Rick Altzi and Jari Kainulainen would replace Jorn Lande and Jan Eckert on the upcoming album. In November 2012, during an interview with Metal Shock Finland's Chief Editor, Mohsen Fayyazi, when talking about Jorn's departure from the band, Roland stated the following: "Everybody always expects something special from Jorn, but it’s a unstable situation. To keep happy it’s not easy and to be honest I’ve not heard from him for 2 years.

Don’t get me wrong, we’re still friends but we just don’t have much contact."On February 21, 2013 the new album was announced. The title of the album is Novum Initium and it was released on June 14, 2013 through German record label AFM Records. In an interview made in Italy, on September 16, 2016, Roland Grapow confirmed the addition of At Vance member Kevin Kott as the drummer of the band replacing Martin Marthus Škaroupka whose commitments with his other band Cradle of Filth prevented him for playing shows with Masterplan, they announced the release of a new album consisting of re-recordings of Helloween songs written by Roland Grapow from the time he was in the band. The album, PumpKings, was released on July 28, 2017. Grapow stated that the album was not any kind of revenge for being fired from Helloween, or not being invited to their Pumpkins United World Tour in 2017: " all thought it was kind of a revenge or something... now I remember. To me, it's just a relaxing situation. It's just a bit coincidental because I delayed this album for two years and it came out at the same time when the reunion tour came."

Roland Grapow - guitars, keyboards Axel Mackenrott - keyboards Rick Altzi - lead vocals Jari Kainulainen - bass (2012–prese

Tovmas Terzian

Tovmas Terzian was an Armenian poet and professor. Tovmas Terzian was born to an Italian mother. After attending the local Mekhitarist school, he attended the Murad-Raphaelian school in Venice, Italy on the San Lazzaro Island from which he graduated in 1858. Upon returning to Constantinople, he dedicated himself to teaching, he taught at Nersesian, Nubar-Shahnazarian, Getronagan. His students included famous Armenians such as Reteos Berberian, Minas Cheraz, Yeghia Demirdjibashian, Krikor Zohrab and other writers and teachers. Tovmas Terzian was fluent in English, French, Classical Greek, Latin and Greek. Tovmas Terzian is famed for his poetry and plays, his most important play being, Arshak II, loosely based on the life of the 4th century Armenian king Arshak II. The play written in both Italian and Armenian was intended as an opera libretto; the music for this opera was composed by the Armenian composer Dikran Tchouhadjian who used the Italian version of the play Arsace II. Terzian never saw his play on stage either as a straight play.

The Soviet version of the opera Arshak II which first appeared on stage in 1941 at the Yerevan Opera House was a big success. However, beyond the title and names of some of the characters, it had little in common with Terzian's play

3rd Arkansas Cavalry Regiment (Union)

The 3rd Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Cavalry was a cavalry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Although Arkansas joined the Confederate States of America in 1861, not all of its citizens supported secession. Arkansas formed 11 regiments; the 3rd Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Cavalry was organized at Little Rock, Ark. in October 1863. Elements of the regiment had been recruited in the Arkansas River Valley region in late 1863. Company B was organized at Company F in September 1863 in Yell County; the unit was mustered into Federal Service on February 10, 1864. Attached to Post of Little Rock, Ark. 7th Army Corps, Dept. Arkansas, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. Post of Lewisburg, Ark. 7th Army Corps, to August, 1865. The 3rd Regiment Arkansas Volunteer Cavalry was involved in the following Operations: Operations in northwest Arkansas January 16-February 15, 1864.

Expedition from Batesville to near Searcy Landing, January 30-February 3, 1864. Dardanelle, March 15-17, 1864. Steele’s Camden Expedition, March 23-May 3, 1864. Skirmishes on Benton Road, March 23-24, 1864. Skirmishes at Rockport and Dover, March 25, 1864. Skirmish at Quitman, March 26, 1864. Skirmish at Arkadelphia, March 29, 1864. Skirmish near Camden, March 30, 1864. Action at Spoonville and Terre Noir Creek, April 2, 1864. Skirmish at Okolona, April 2-3, 1863. Engagement at Elkin’s Ferry on Little Missouri River, April 3-4, 1864. Battle of Prairie D'Ane, April 9-12, 1864. Camden, April 15-18, 1864. Battle of Mark's Mills, April 25, 1864. Battle of Jenkins' Ferry on Saline River, April 30, 1864. Operations against Shelby north of Arkansas River May 13-31, 1864. Skirmish at Cypress Creek, May 13, 1864. Skirmish at Princeton, May 27, 1864. Stationed at Lewisburg, until September, 1864. Skirmish at Lewisburg, June 10, 1864. Scout from Lewisburg, June 20-23, 1864. Operations against guerrillas in Arkansas, July 1-31, 1864.

Skirmish in Searcy County, July 4, 1864. Skirmish at Petit Jean on Arkansas River, July 10, 1864. Skirmish near Pine Bluff, July 22, 1864. Scout in Yell County, July 25-August 11, 1864. Operations in central Arkansas and skirmishes, August 9-15, 1864. Skirmish near Dardanelle, August 30, 1864. Skirmish near Beattie’s Mill, September 1, 1864. Skirmish near Quitman, September 2, 1864. Operations about Lewisburg, September 6-8, 1864. Skirmish at Norristown, September 6, 1864. Skirmishes at Point Remove, September 7-8, 1864. Skirmish near Glass Village, September 8, 1864. Scout to Norristown and Russellville, September 9-12, 1864. Ordered to Little Rock, September 10, 1864, duty there until February, 1865. Expedition from Little Rock to Fort Smith, September 25-October 13, 1864. Affair at Clarksville, September 28, 1864. Skirmish at White Oak Creek, September 29, 1864. Skirmish at Clarksville, October 9, 1864. Reconnaissance from Little Rock toward Monticello and Mt. Elba, October 4-11, 1864. Expedition to Fort Smith, November 5-23, 1864.

Skirmish near Cypress Creek in Perry County, December 1, 1864. Skirmish in Perry County, December 3, 1864. Operations in Arkansas, January 1-27, 1865. Skirmish at Dardanelle, January 14, 1865. Skirmish at Ivey’s Ford, January 17, 1865. Skirmish at Boggs’ Mills, January 24, 1865. Duty at Lewisburg and operations against guerrillas in that vicinity until August, 1865. Skirmish near Lewisburg, February 12, 1865. Scout from Lewisburg, into Yell and Searcy counties March 12-23, 1865; the regiment was mustered out August 20, 1865. Book:Arkansas Civil War Union units List of Arkansas Civil War Union units List of United States Colored Troops Civil War Units Arkansas in the American Civil War Desmond Walls Allen, ARKANSAS DAMNED YANKEES: An Index to Union Soldiers in Arkansas Regiments, Arkansas Research, Inc. ISBN 0-941765-12-1 Bailey, Anne J. and Daniel E. Sutherland, eds. Civil War Arkansas: Beyond Battles and Leaders. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2000. Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion.

Vol. 3. New York: Yoseloff, 1900. Office of the Inspector General Letters Received, 1863–1876. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington DC. Third Arkansas Cavalry Regimental Letters and Order Books, December 1863. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington DC; the Civil War Archive Encyclopedia of Arkansas History Edward G. Gerdes Civil War Home Page The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies The Arkansas History Commission, State Archives, Civil War in Arkansas This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, National Park Service"

Rico Fata

Rico Fata is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey player. He played for the Calgary Flames, New York Rangers, Pittsburgh Penguins, Atlanta Thrashers and Washington Capitals of the National Hockey League; as a youth, Fata played in the 1994 Quebec International Pee-Wee Hockey Tournament with a minor ice hockey team from Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. Fata's career started as a 15-year-old, when he played for his hometown Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds of the Ontario Hockey League. In the 1996 OHL Entry Draft, Fata was selected first overall by the last place London Knights. In his three seasons in London, the team became a contender, reaching the OHL Finals in 1999, but losing in seven games to the Belleville Bulls. Rico Fata was drafted in the first round, sixth overall by the Calgary Flames in the 1998 NHL Entry Draft. Despite his high draft position, he was not able to maintain a spot in the Flames lineup and played in the American Hockey League, he won the Calder Cup with the Saint John Flames in 2001.

He was claimed by the New York Rangers. He spent one and a half seasons with the Rangers before going to the Pittsburgh Penguins in an eight–player trade. On January 31, 2006, the Atlanta Thrashers claimed him off waivers from the Penguins. On March 9, 2006, the Washington Capitals claimed him off waivers from the Thrashers, he played 10 games at the start of the 2006–07 NHL season with Washington before being waived through the league. On November 8, 2006 Fata signed a contract with the Adler Mannheim of the Deutsche Eishockey Liga. On September 8, 2008 he signed a contract with the EHC Biel. On August 1, 2011 he signed a one-year contract with the Genève-Servette HC of the Swiss National League A, with an option for one more year. On June 17, 2013, after five seasons in the NLA, Fata left to sign a one-year contract with Finnish club, HIFK of the SM-liiga. Fata's brother Drew played professional hockey and played eight games for the New York Islanders. After retiring as a player, Fata opened the Fast By Fata Hockey School.

Fata owns a Tim Hortons restaurant in Sault Ste. Marie. Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Eliteprospects.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or The Internet Hockey Database