Smack (ship)

A smack was a traditional fishing boat used off the coast of Britain and the Atlantic coast of America for most of the 19th century and, in small numbers, up to the Second World War. Many larger smacks were cutter-rigged sailing boats until about 1865, when smacks had become so large that cutter main booms were unhandy; the smaller smacks retain the gaff cutter rig. The larger smacks were lengthened and re-rigged and new ketch-rigged smacks were built, but boats varied from port to port; some boats had a topsail on the mizzen mast. Large numbers of smacks operated in fleets from ports in the UK such as Brixham and Lowestoft as well as at locations along the Thames Estuary. In England the sails were white cotton until a proofing coat was applied after the sail was a few years old; this gave the sails its distinctive red ochre colour, which made them a picturesque sight in large numbers. Smacks were rebuilt into steam boats in the 1950s. Smacks were used in British coastal waters during World War I as Q ships.

Actions involving smacks include the Action of 15 August 1917, when the armed smacks Nelson and Ethel & Millie engaged a German U-boat in the North Sea. During this action the Nelson was sunk and its skipper, Thomas Crisp, was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. Another Lowestoft smack, HM Armed Smack Inverlyon, commanded by Ernest Jehan, sank the German U-boat UB-4 earlier in the war, the only example of a wooden sailing vessel sinking a modern steel submarine; some old smacks have been re-rigged into ketches and are now used as training boats for young sailors. Other smacks are used as floating museums; the Excelsior is an example of a preserved smack. Built in Lowestoft in 1921, she is a member of the National Historic Fleet and operates as a sail training vessel. Boadicea is an example of a well-preserved smaller smack, she was built in Maldon, Essex, in 1808. Well smack HM Armed Smack Inverlyon

1976–77 Boston Celtics season

The 1976–77 Boston Celtics season was the 31st season of the Boston Celtics in the National Basketball Association. Though the Celtics were the defending NBA champions, they were an aging team in transition. 35-year-old Don Nelson retired as a player, but the key contributors left were aging, namely John Havlicek, Jo Jo White, Paul Silas. The Celtics took steps to get younger in the frontcourt by sending Silas to the Denver Nuggets in a three-way that ended up bringing Detroit Pistons forward Curtis Rowe; the Celtics traded a first-round draft pick to the Portland Trail Blazers for Sidney Wicks. Wicks and Rowe would provide athleticism, the Celtics felt, more allow John Havlicek to return to a sixth-man role and not log as many minutes as in the past; the Celtics selected Norm Cook, a 6 -- 8, 210-lb. Junior-eligible forward from the University of Kansas. Cook, did not contribute much, playing in only 25 games and averaging 2.5 points per game. The Celtics started the season 4-0, but Wicks and Rowe had trouble fitting in with Celtic coach Tom Heinsohn's system, the team played.500 ball for most of the season.

Charlie Scott suffered a broken foot and only played 31 games, which meant Havlicek had to log more minutes at off-guard. Depth was a problem for the Celtics. Havlicek and Cowens carried most of the scoring load for the team all season. Due to identical 44-38 regular season records, good enough for fourth and fifth place in the Eastern Conference, the Celtics and San Antonio Spurs met in the opening round of the 1977 NBA Playoffs; the Celtics dispatched the Spurs winning two games to none for the right to face the Philadelphia 76ers. The 76ers and Celtics played a hard-fought seven-game series, with the Sixers prevailing in the seventh game 83–77

Greenfield Meeting House

The Greenfield Meeting House is a historic meeting house on Forest Road in the center of Greenfield, New Hampshire. The two story wood frame building was built 1795-99; the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. The Greenfield Meeting House is located on a rise overlooking the village center of Greenfield, on the north side of Forest Road between Sawmill and Francestown Roads; when built, it was square, with a gallery instead of full second floor, porches at the gable ends that sheltered stairs to the gallery level. The bell tower was added in 1825, the gallery level was filled out in 1848. In 1867 the building underwent major alterations: it was rotated ninety degrees and raised two feet, a vestibule was built, the belltower placed atop it; these alterations transformed the Federal-style building into one that resembles a more typical Greek Revival structure. A clock manufactured by E. Howard & Co. was installed in the tower in 1895. The meeting house was built in 1795.

The building's evolutionary construction history gives a distinctive window into changes in taste and usage of meeting houses over time. Its initial form was one, quite common in the surrounding hill towns, the 1825 addition of a bell tower was a nod to the growing trend towards towers on religious buildings; the 1848 separation of civic and religious areas was the town's solution to state-mandated separation of church and state, the 1867 reorientation completed the transformation of the building to a more typical 19th-century church appearance. Interior alterations to the religious sanctuary echoed trends, including the removal of the high pulpit in favor of a reading desk, the replacement of box pews with bench pews. National Register of Historic Places listings in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire