Microsoft Office shared tools
Microsoft Office shared tools are software components that are included in all Microsoft Office products. Office Delve allows Office 365 users to search and manage their emails, contacts, social networks and documents stored on OneDrive or Sites in Office 365. Delve uses machine learning and artificial intelligence to try to show the most relevant people and content. In April 2015 Microsoft launched a mobile version of Office Delve in the App Store and Google Play for users with an Office 365 subscription. Microsoft Graph is an OLE application deployed by Microsoft Office programs such as Excel and Access to create charts and graphs; the program is available. Microsoft Graph supports many different types of charts. Office 2003 was the last version to use Microsoft Graph for hosting charts inside Office applications as OLE objects. Office 2007 Excel 2007 includes a new integrated charting engine and the charts are native to the applications; the new engine supports advanced formatting, including 3D rendering and shadows.
Chart layouts can be customized to highlight various trends in the data. Microsoft Graph still exists for compatibility reasons; this product can be used within other products, is available in the Object menu in the Insert tab in Office Programs. Sold separately in Mac releases; the first software sold under the name Microsoft Chart was an attempt from Microsoft to compete with the successful Lotus 1-2-3 by adding a companion to Microsoft Multiplan, the company's spreadsheet in the early 1980s. Microsoft Chart shared its box design and two-line menu with Multiplan, could import Multiplan data; the simple graphs were drawn on the screen in graphics mode, could not be printed on some dot matrix devices. The main drawback of Microsoft's solution at the time was the need to exit Multiplan and load Chart to compose and draw a graph, because MS-DOS was not a multitasking operating system. In the early 1990s, Microsoft Chart was renamed Microsoft Graph. WordArt is a text-styling utility, it allows users to create stylized text with various "special effects" such as textures and many other manipulations that are not available through the standard font formatting.
For example, one can create shadows, rotate, "bend", "stretch" the shape of the text. WordArt is available in 30 different preset styles in Microsoft Word, however, it is customizable using the tools available on the WordArt toolbar and Drawing toolbar, or on the WordArt tools tab on Office 2007 and 2010, it is available in Excel, Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Publisher. In Office 2010 and 2016 i.e. Office 365, users can apply formatting effects such as shadow, glow, gradient glow, reflection to their text. In Office 2007, WordArt was given a complete overhaul in Excel and PowerPoint, with new styles, new effects, the ability to apply WordArt to regular text boxes; the new styles were included in Word 2010, but removed in Word 2013. SmartArt, found under the Insert tab in the ribbon in PowerPoint, Word and Outlook, is a new group of editable and formatted diagrams. There are 115 preset SmartArt graphics layout templates in categories such as list, process and hierarchy; when an instance of a SmartArt is inserted, a Text Pane appears next to it to guide the user through entering text in the hierarchical levels.
Each SmartArt graphic, based on its design, maps the text outline, automatically resized for best fit, onto the graphic. There are a number of "quick styles" for each graphic that apply different 3D effects to the graphic, the graphic's shapes and text can be formatted through shape styles and WordArt styles. In addition, SmartArt graphics change their colors and effects to match the document's theme, it was included in Office since 2006 to now. Microsoft Binder was an application included with Microsoft Office 95, 97, 2000 that allowed users to include different types of OLE 2.0 objects in one file. A test host for OLE 2.0, it was not used, was discontinued after Office 2000. The filename extension for Microsoft Binder files was. OBD. OBT. A Microsoft Office Binder Wizard used the extension. OBZ. Binder files could be opened in Office versions until 2003, with the Unbind add-in installable through the Add or Remove Programs menu. Office 97 Unbind is available for download from the Microsoft website.
Microsoft Data Analyzer 2002 was part of Microsoft Office XP. Microsoft purchased the software as part of the intellectual property of Maximal Innovative Intelligence - Maximal's "Max" product was rebranded as Microsoft Data Analyzer. Though it was a stand-alone application and was not available in any Office XP bundle, it was a part of the Office XP suite, it was not updated beyond version 3.5. Microsoft Data Analyzer allows analyzing and visualizing data and data trends, is integrated with SQL Server Analysis Services. Reports and graphs generated could be saved as Microsoft Excel, or Microsoft PowerPoint files. Microsoft Office Document Scanning is a scanning and optical character recognition application introduced first in Office XP; the OCR engine is based upon Nuance's OmniPage. MODS is suited for creating archival copies of documents, it can embed OCR data into both TIFF files. This enables text search on the files, integrated into the Windows Search. Microsoft Office Document Imaging enables editing and annotating documents scanned by Microsoft
OCRFeeder is an optical character recognition suite for GNOME, which supports any command-line OCR engine, such as CuneiForm, GOCR, Ocrad and Tesseract. It converts paper documents to digital document files and can serve to make them accessible to visually impaired users. OCRFeeder is free and open-source software subject to the terms of the GNU General Public License version 3 or later, it is available for Linux and other Unix-like operating systems. OCRFeeder was started as a master's thesis in computer science by Joaquim Rocha, hired by Igalia, S. L. and continued development there. The first version was published in March 2009; the OCRFeeder project was published and hosted on Google Code, temporarily used Gitorious and now uses the GNOME infrastructure. Since 5 April 2010 a software package is included in the official Debian repositories. Version 0.7 from July 30, 2010 brought image pre-processing features, 0.7.1 enabled for scanner access from within OCRFeeder. OCRFeeder has a simple graphical user interface, designed to the GNOME Human Interface Guidelines.
It transfers the layout to capable output formats. It searches for content areas, outlines them and guesses the content type and processes text areas through the OCR back-end, it can use any command-line OCR engine as back-end and features auto-detection and auto-configuration for all popular free engines. OCR back-ends may be either auto-configured, the necessary command line entered in a GUI dialogue or configured directly via a XML file. Scan image post-processing including de-skewing can be done. All recognition results can be edited before saving to the desired output format. Sessions can be loaded; the suite includes a spell checker. OCRFeeder has built-in procedures for the post-processing of the raw OCR results returned by the OCR engine, it can remove remaining segmentation to printed lines of text with removal of hyphenation. Although OCRFeeder is a GUI tool, it can run in command line mode, which may be a useful tool for automatic document batch processing. In this mode OCRFeeder uses the default OCR engine, which the user can set in the application's preferences.
The program uses the GTK + library. It acts as a graphical front-end for other existing tools. For example, it does not make actual character recognition itself, but uses external programs such as an “OCR engine”, installed on the system, it can automatically detect and configure CuneiForm, GOCR, Ocrad and Tesseract as backend OCR engines. Scanners are accessed via SANE. For post-processing of scanned images there is integration of the command-line tool “Unpaper”, among other things. PDF files are processed using Ghostscript in the backend. OCRFeeder can import data from graphic files. From 0.7.1a version it supports grabbing images directly from the scanner device. The results can be saved in OpenDocument, plain text or PDF file formats. HOCR file output is planned. Initial formatting can be done directly in the program. Official website
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed and sold by Microsoft. Each family caters to a certain sector of the computing industry. Active Windows families include Windows Embedded. Defunct Windows families include Windows Mobile and Windows Phone. Microsoft introduced an operating environment named Windows on November 20, 1985, as a graphical operating system shell for MS-DOS in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces. Microsoft Windows came to dominate the world's personal computer market with over 90% market share, overtaking Mac OS, introduced in 1984. Apple came to see Windows as an unfair encroachment on their innovation in GUI development as implemented on products such as the Lisa and Macintosh. On PCs, Windows is still the most popular operating system. However, in 2014, Microsoft admitted losing the majority of the overall operating system market to Android, because of the massive growth in sales of Android smartphones.
In 2014, the number of Windows devices sold was less than 25 %. This comparison however may not be relevant, as the two operating systems traditionally target different platforms. Still, numbers for server use of Windows show one third market share, similar to that for end user use; as of October 2018, the most recent version of Windows for PCs, tablets and embedded devices is Windows 10. The most recent versions for server computers is Windows Server 2019. A specialized version of Windows runs on the Xbox One video game console. Microsoft, the developer of Windows, has registered several trademarks, each of which denote a family of Windows operating systems that target a specific sector of the computing industry; as of 2014, the following Windows families are being developed: Windows NT: Started as a family of operating systems with Windows NT 3.1, an operating system for server computers and workstations. It now consists of three operating system subfamilies that are released at the same time and share the same kernel: Windows: The operating system for mainstream personal computers and smartphones.
The latest version is Windows 10. The main competitor of this family is macOS by Apple for personal computers and Android for mobile devices. Windows Server: The operating system for server computers; the latest version is Windows Server 2019. Unlike its client sibling, it has adopted a strong naming scheme; the main competitor of this family is Linux. Windows PE: A lightweight version of its Windows sibling, meant to operate as a live operating system, used for installing Windows on bare-metal computers, recovery or troubleshooting purposes; the latest version is Windows PE 10. Windows IoT: Initially, Microsoft developed Windows CE as a general-purpose operating system for every device, too resource-limited to be called a full-fledged computer. However, Windows CE was renamed Windows Embedded Compact and was folded under Windows Compact trademark which consists of Windows Embedded Industry, Windows Embedded Professional, Windows Embedded Standard, Windows Embedded Handheld and Windows Embedded Automotive.
The following Windows families are no longer being developed: Windows 9x: An operating system that targeted consumers market. Discontinued because of suboptimal performance. Microsoft now caters to the consumer market with Windows NT. Windows Mobile: The predecessor to Windows Phone, it was a mobile phone operating system; the first version was called Pocket PC 2000. The last version is Windows Mobile 6.5. Windows Phone: An operating system sold only to manufacturers of smartphones; the first version was Windows Phone 7, followed by Windows Phone 8, the last version Windows Phone 8.1. It was succeeded by Windows 10 Mobile; the term Windows collectively describes any or all of several generations of Microsoft operating system products. These products are categorized as follows: The history of Windows dates back to 1981, when Microsoft started work on a program called "Interface Manager", it was announced in November 1983 under the name "Windows", but Windows 1.0 was not released until November 1985.
Windows 1.0 was to achieved little popularity. Windows 1.0 is not a complete operating system. The shell of Windows 1.0 is a program known as the MS-DOS Executive. Components included Calculator, Cardfile, Clipboard viewer, Control Panel, Paint, Reversi and Write. Windows 1.0 does not allow overlapping windows. Instead all windows are tiled. Only modal dialog boxes may appear over other windows. Microsoft sold as included Windows Development libraries with the C development environment, which included numerous windows samples. Windows 2.0 was released in December 1987, was more popular than its predecessor. It features several improvements to the user memory management. Windows 2.03 changed the OS from tiled windows to overlapping windows. The result of this change led to Apple Computer filing a suit against Microsoft alleging infringement on Apple's copyrights. Windows 2.0
Impro-Visor is an educational tool for creating and playing a lead sheet, with a particular orientation toward representing jazz solos. The philosophy of Impro-Visor is to provide a tool to help musicians construct jazz solos over chord progressions, it includes a database capability for creating and recalling licks, as well as a lick generation capability based on a user-modifiable grammar. More recent versions of Impro-Visor include auto-generated playback accompaniment in various styles, a style extraction capability. Most musical knowledge, including lick generation, lead sheets and other information, is represented as text files, permitting the tool to be customized. Impro-Visor saves lead sheets in a textual notation, lead sheets may be created from that notation as well as by point-and-click; the notation was designed to be friendly to the jazz musician, by resembling directly what appears on the lead sheet staff. For example, the lead sheet fragment to the right, similar to that in article lead sheet, can be created by the following text: C C7 | F | c+2 bb2 bb8 a8 f2.
The reading of this text is: Chords C and C7 spaced in the first bar, F in the second bar. A melody of c, bb2, meaning a B-flat half-note, bb8, meaning a B-flat eighth-note, f2. Meaning an F dotted half-note. Other meta-data is not required. Impro-Visor categorizes tones; this serves two purposes: as visual feedback to the user, where each category is rendered as a different color, as a basis for lick generation. The categories are: Chord tones: tones that are in the chord, which are thus the most consonant with it Color tones: tones that are not in the chord, but which are consonant with it Approach tones: tones that are neither of the above, but which approach one of the above chromatically Other tones: none of the above The idea is that, aided by visual clues, the musician can learn to appreciate the degree to which a melody will be sonorous over a chord progression prior to hearing it. Categories of notes discussed above are one of the key ingredients in automating the generation of melodies, which can be used by the musician in constructing solos.
The other key ingredient is a context-free grammar having terminal symbols for each of the four categories, along with a few other terminal symbols for convenience. The grammar defines ways in which the melody space can be filled probabilistically by tones of various durations. By associating a probability with each grammar rule, the distribution of generated melodies can be controlled, for example to create melodies that are simple or complex consonant or dissonant, etc; the user indicates the chord progression, the grammar drives the melody generation over that progression. The figure at the right demonstrates; this particular grammar is constructed so as not to produce any discordant notes, thus no red notes appear in the figure. Version 4 added a feature for learning a grammar from a corpus of transcribed solos; the learned grammar loosely approximates the playing style of the soloist by creating abstract melodies from the solos, which can be re-instantiated into similar melodies through the grammar.
Connections between learned abstract melodic fragments are represented as a Markov chain, encoded into the stochastic context-free grammar. Impro-Visor automatically creates accompaniment, such as piano and drums, from the chord sequence on a leadsheet; the style of accompaniment is derived from a set of pattern specifications using a textual notation similar to that for melodies. For example, a ride cymbal pattern common to swing jazz would be notated as x4 x8 x8 x4 x8 x8 with x4 signifying a quarter-note hit and x8 an eighth-note hit; the swung note aspect, wherein eighth-notes on the beat get twice the value of the beat, is rendered automatically by a numeric swing parameter, such as.67, which indicates that the beat is divided as.67 +.33 = 1. A similar pattern notation is used for chord bassline patterns. In the latter type of pattern, a note category coding scheme similar to that for the grammatical notation is used to provide probabilistic creation of basslines. Impro-Visor analyzes jazz lead sheets to produce a roadmap of the tune.
A roadmap is a sequence of bricks. The nomenclature for this approach is derived from that of John Elliott. Chord chart Chord progression Grammar induction Lead sheet Lick Musical improvisation, discussion of improvisation in music Scorewriter contains the list of most Notation programs Stochastic context-free grammar, a type of grammar used by Impro-Visor to generate phrases List of music software Official website
VueScan is a computer program for image scanning of photographs, including negatives. It supports optical character recognition of text documents.. The software can be downloaded for free, but a watermark is placed on all scans until the user purchases a license. Vuescan is intended to work with a large number of image scanners, excluding specialised professional scanners such as drum scanners, on many computer operating systems if drivers for the scanner are not available for the OS; these scanners are supplied with device drivers and software to operate them, included in their price. A 2014 review considered that the reasons to purchase VueScan are to allow older scanners not supported by drivers for newer operating systems to be used in more up-to-date systems, for better scanning and processing of photographs than is afforded by manufacturers' software; the review did not report any advantages to Vuescan's processing of documents compared to other software. When compared to SilverFast, a similar program, the reviewer considered the two programs to be comparable, with support for some specific scanners better in one or the other.
Vuescan supports more scanners, with a single purchase giving access to the full range of both film and flatbed scanners, carries a lower price. The Vuescan program can be used with its own drivers, or with drivers supplied by the scanner manufacturer, if supported by the operating system. Vuescan drivers can be used without the Vuescan program by applications software that supports scanning directly, such as Photoshop, again enabling the use of scanners without current manufacturers' drivers. VueScan enables the user to fine-tune the scanning parameters; the program uses its own independent method to interface with scanner hardware, can support many older scanners under computer operating systems for which drivers are not available, allowing old scanners to be used with newer platforms which do not otherwise support them. VueScan supports more than 2,400 different supported scanners and digital cameras on Windows, 2,100 on Mac OS X and 1,900 on Linux. VueScan is supplied as one downloadable file for each operating system, which supports the full range of scanners.
Without the purchase of a license the program runs in functional demo mode, identical to Professional mode except that watermarks are superimposed on saved and printed images. Purchase of a Professional licence removes the watermark; as distributed VueScan supports optical character recognition of English documents. In September 2011, Ed Hamrick said. Image Capture – alternative scanner software bundled free with Mac OS X Scanner Access Now Easy – open source scanner API for Unix, Windows, OS/2 The VueScan Bible: Everything You Need to Know for Perfect Scanning. Official website
MIDI is a technical standard that describes a communications protocol, digital interface, electrical connectors that connect a wide variety of electronic musical instruments and related audio devices for playing and recording music. A single MIDI link through a MIDI cable can carry up to sixteen channels of information, each of which can be routed to a separate device or instrument; this could be sixteen different digital instruments, for example. MIDI carries event messages, data that specify the instructions for music, including a note's notation, velocity, panning to the right or left of stereo, clock signals; when a musician plays a MIDI instrument, all of the key presses, button presses, knob turns and slider changes are converted into MIDI data. One common MIDI application is to play a MIDI keyboard or other controller and use it to trigger a digital sound module to generate sounds, which the audience hears produced by a keyboard amplifier. MIDI data can be recorded to a sequencer to be edited or played back.
A file format that stores and exchanges the data is defined. Advantages of MIDI include small file size, ease of modification and manipulation and a wide choice of electronic instruments and synthesizer or digitally-sampled sounds. A MIDI recording of a performance on a keyboard could sound like a piano or other keyboard instrument. A MIDI recording is not an audio signal, as with a sound recording made with a microphone. Prior to the development of MIDI, electronic musical instruments from different manufacturers could not communicate with each other; this meant that a musician could not, for example, plug a Roland keyboard into a Yamaha synthesizer module. With MIDI, any MIDI-compatible keyboard can be connected to any other MIDI-compatible sequencer, sound module, drum machine, synthesizer, or computer if they are made by different manufacturers. MIDI technology was standardized in 1983 by a panel of music industry representatives, is maintained by the MIDI Manufacturers Association. All official MIDI standards are jointly developed and published by the MMA in Los Angeles, the MIDI Committee of the Association of Musical Electronics Industry in Tokyo.
In 2016, the MMA established the MIDI Association to support a global community of people who work, play, or create with MIDI. In the early 1980s, there was no standardized means of synchronizing electronic musical instruments manufactured by different companies. Manufacturers had their own proprietary standards to synchronize instruments, such as CV/gate and Digital Control Bus. Roland founder Ikutaro Kakehashi felt the lack of standardization was limiting the growth of the electronic music industry. In June 1981, he proposed developing a standard to Oberheim Electronics founder Tom Oberheim, who had developed his own proprietary interface, the Oberheim System. Kakehashi felt the system was too cumbersome, spoke to Sequential Circuits president Dave Smith about creating a simpler, cheaper alternative. While Smith discussed the concept with American companies, Kakehashi discussed it with Japanese companies Yamaha and Kawai. Representatives from all companies met to discuss the idea in October.
Using Roland's DCB as a basis and Sequential Circuits engineer Chet Wood devised a universal synthesizer interface to allow communication between equipment from different manufacturers. Smith proposed this standard at the Audio Engineering Society show in November 1981; the standard was discussed and modified by representatives of Roland, Korg and Sequential Circuits. Kakehashi favored the name Universal Musical Interface, pronounced you-me, but Smith felt this was "a little corny". However, he liked the use of "instrument" instead of "synthesizer", proposed the name Musical Instrument Digital Interface. Moog Music founder Robert Moog announced MIDI in the October 1982 issue of Keyboard. At the 1983 Winter NAMM Show, Smith demonstrated a MIDI connection between Prophet 600 and Roland JP-6 synthesizers; the MIDI specification was published in August 1983. The MIDI standard was unveiled by Kakehashi and Smith, who received Technical Grammy Awards in 2013 for their work; the first MIDI synthesizers were the Roland Jupiter-6 and the Prophet 600, both released in 1982.
1983 saw the release of the first MIDI drum machine, the Roland TR-909, the first MIDI sequencer, the Roland MSQ-700. The first computers to support MIDI were the NEC PC-88 and PC-98 in 1982, the MSX released in 1983. MIDI's appeal was limited to professional musicians and record producers who wanted to use electronic instruments in the production of popular music; the standard allowed different instruments to communicate with each other and with computers, this spurred a rapid expansion of the sales and production of electronic instruments and music software. This interoperability allowed one device to be controlled from another, which reduced the amount of hardware musicians needed. MIDI's introduction coincided with the dawn of the personal computer era and the introduction of samplers and digital synthesizers; the creative possibilities brought about by MIDI technology are credited for helping revive the music industry in the 1980s. MIDI introduced capabilities. MIDI sequencing makes it possible for
Ojai is a city in Ventura County in the U. S. state of California. Located in the Ojai Valley, it is east of Santa Barbara; the valley is about 10 miles long by 3 miles wide, surrounded by mountains. The population was 7,461 at the 2010 census, down from 7,862 at the 2000 census. Ojai is a tourism destination known for its boutique hotels, recreation opportunities, spiritual retreats and farmers' market of local organic agriculture, it has small businesses specializing in local and ecologically friendly art and home improvement—such as galleries and a solar power company. Chain stores are prohibited by Ojai city law to encourage local small business development and keep the town unique; the origin of the name Ojai has been known as derived from an Indigenous word meaning nest, though the specific Indigenous nation is not identified. The city's self-styled nickname is "Shangri-La" referencing the natural environment of this health and spirituality-focused region as well as the mystical sanctuary of 1937 film adaption of James Hilton's novel Lost Horizon.
Chumash Indians were the early inhabitants of the valley. They called it Ojai, which derives from the Ventureño Chumash word ʼawhaý meaning "moon"; the area became part of the Rancho Ojai Mexican land grant made to Fernando Tico in 1837, he established a cattle ranch. Tico sold it in 1853 without much success to prospectors searching for oil. By 1864, the area was settled; the town was laid out in 1874 by real estate developer R. G. Surdam and named Nordhoff, California, in honor of the writer Charles Nordhoff. Leading up to and during World War I, American sentiment became anti-German. Across the United States and German-sounding place names were changed; as part of this trend, Nordhoff was renamed Ojai in 1917. The public high school in Ojai is still named Nordhoff High School; the public junior high school, named "Matilija" served as Nordhoff Union High School and still features large tiles with the initials "NUHS" on the steps of the athletic field. The Ventura and Ojai Valley Railroad connected Ojai to the national rail network near Ventura station in 1898.
A nine-day Pineapple Express with rainfall intensity reaching 6.2 inches per per day caused floods destroying the rail line in January 1969. The former rail line was converted to the Ojai Valley Trail in 1989; the main turning point in the development of the city was the coming of Edward Libbey, early owner of the Libbey Glass Company. He saw the valley and fell in love, thinking up many plans for expansion and beautification of the existing rustic town. A fire destroyed much of the original western-style downtown Nordhoff/Ojai in 1917. Afterwards Libbey helped design and build a new downtown more in line with the contemporary taste for Spanish Colonial Revival style architecture; the projects included a Spanish-style arcade along the main street, a bell-tower reminiscent of the famous campanile of the Basilica Menor de San Francisco de Asis in Havana, a pergola opposite the arcade. To thank Libbey for his gifts to the town, the citizens proposed a celebration to take place on March 2 of each year.
Libbey declined their offer to call it "Libbey Day", instead suggested "Ojai Day". The celebration still takes place each year in October; the arcade and bell tower still stand, have come to serve as symbols of the city and the surrounding valley. Libbey's pergola was destroyed after being damaged in an explosion, it was rebuilt in the early 2000s to complete the architectural continuity of the downtown area. The Taormina neighborhood was established as the first historic district in the city in 2016; the housing development was built in the style of French architecture of Normandy in the 1960s and 1970s by members of the Theosophy movement adjacent to the Krotona Institute of Theosophy. Taormina's founder, theosophist Ruth Wilson, envisioned the development as a retirement community for fellow theosophists but in the early 1980s a court ruling required the community to be open to residents of all faiths and backgrounds. Ojai is situated in north of Ventura and east of Santa Barbara; the city is 745 feet above sea level and is bordering the Los Padres National Forest to the north.
It is 15 miles inland from the Pacific Ocean coast. The Ventura River flows into the Pacific Ocean at the city of Ventura; the Ventura River was once known for its steelhead fishing before Matilija Dam and Lake Casitas were constructed, eliminating habitat for this trout species. Nordhoff Ridge, the western extension of the Topatopa Mountains, towers over the north side of the valley at more than 5,000 feet. Sulphur Mountain creates the southern ranges bounding the Ojai Valley, a little under 3,000 feet in elevation; the Sulphur and Topatopa Mountains are part of the Transverse Ranges system. The Ojai Valley and the surrounding mountains are wooded with oak trees; the climate of Ojai is Mediterranean, characterized by hot, dry summers exceeding 100 °F or 37.8 °C on ten afternoons, mild winters, with lows at night below freezing on 23 mornings. During dry spells with continental air, morning temperatures can due to Ojai's valley location drop well below most of Southern California, with the record being 13 °F on January 6 and 7 of 1913.
In contrast, Ojai is far enough from the sea to minimise marine cooling, hot days can occur during summer, with the record being 119 °F on June 16, 1917 – when it fell as low as 65 °F in the morning due to clear skies and dry air. As is typical for much of coastal southern California