Pet Shop Boys
Pet Shop Boys are an English synth-pop duo, formed in London in 1981 and consisting of Neil Tennant and Chris Lowe. Pet Shop Boys have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, are listed as the most successful duo in UK music history by The Guinness Book of Records. Three-time Brit Award winners and six-time Grammy nominees, since 1985 they have achieved 42 Top 30 singles, 22 of them Top 10 hits in the UK Singles Chart, including four UK number ones: "West End Girls", "It's a Sin", an acclaimed cover of "Always on My Mind", "Heart". Other hit songs include a cover of "Go West", "Opportunities" and "What Have I Done to Deserve This?" in a duet with Dusty Springfield. At the 2009 Brit Awards in London, Pet Shop Boys received an award for Outstanding Contribution to Music. In 2016, Billboard magazine named Pet Shop Boys the number one dance duo/group over the 40 years since the chart's inception in 1976. In 2017 the duo received NME's Godlike Genius Award. Neil Tennant and Chris Lowe met in a hi-fi shop on King's Road in Chelsea, London, in 1981.
Tennant had purchased a Korg MS-10 synthesizer which sparked a conversation with Lowe, working in the shop at time. Discovering that they had a mutual interest in dance and electronic music, they began to work together on material, first in Tennant's flat in Chelsea from 1982, in a small studio in Camden Town, they claim their band name was taken from friends who worked in a pet shop in Ealing, were known as the "pet shop boys". In August 1983, Tennant, an assistant editor at Smash Hits, went to New York to interview Sting. While there he arranged to meet Hi-NRG producer Bobby Orlando, gave him a demo tape containing "It's a Sin" and "Opportunities". From 1983–84, Orlando recorded 11 tracks with Tennant and Lowe including "West End Girls", "Opportunities", "It's A Sin", "I Want A Lover", "I Get Excited", "Two Divided By Zero", "Rent", "Later Tonight", "Pet Shop Boys", "A Man Could Get Arrested" and "One More Chance". In April 1984, the Orlando-produced "West End Girls" was released, becoming a club hit in Los Angeles and San Francisco.
On 2 November, it was voted "Screamer of the Week" by listeners of Long Island, New York, radio station WLIR. It was a minor dance hit in Belgium and France, but was only available in the United Kingdom as a 12" import. In March 1985, after long negotiations, Pet Shop Boys cut their contractual ties with Bobby O, with a settlement giving Bobby O significant royalties for future sales. Hiring manager Tom Watkins, they signed with the London-based Parlophone label. In April, Tennant left Smash Hits magazine - where he had progressed to the position of deputy editor - and in July, a new single, "Opportunities", was released, reaching number 116 in the UK; the B-side to this single, "In the Night" resurfaced, in a longer remixed version, as the opening track to the duo's first remix album, Disco, in 1986. This version was used as the theme for the UK television series The Clothes Show. Unperturbed by the low chart position, the band returned to the studio in August to re-record "West End Girls" with producer Stephen Hague.
Released in October 1985, this new version entered the charts at a low position, but began a slow rise so that, by January 1986, it achieved the top spot. It was subsequently number one in the United States, Finland, Hong Kong, Israel, New Zealand and Norway and sold an estimated 1.5 million copies worldwide. It remains the most-heard Pet Shop Boys song to date. After the success of "West End Girls", Pet Shop Boys released a follow-up single, "Love Comes Quickly", on 24 February 1986; the single reached number 19 in the UK Singles Chart and was followed by their debut album, Please, on 24 March. In June 1986, the band announced a European tour. Please started Pet Shop Boys' penchant for choosing one-word album titles, which Neil Tennant has since stated is now a Pet Shop Boys "signature thing", akin to e.e. cummings' use of lower case letters. New versions of their second single, "Opportunities", the album track "Suburbia" were released in 1986, followed by a remix album, Disco. In September 1986, Pet Shop Boys performed "Love Comes Quickly" and "West End Girls" at the 1986 MTV Video Music Awards in Los Angeles.
1987 started with Pet Shop Boys receiving both a BRIT Award and Ivor Novello Award for "West End Girls". On 15 June, they released what became their second number one single, "It's a Sin"; the single caused some controversy: Tennant's school, St. Cuthbert's Grammar School, in Newcastle upon Tyne, chastised him in the press, while Jonathan King accused them of plagiarising the Cat Stevens song "Wild World". Pet Shop Boys sued King and won damages, which were donated to charity; the video to "It's a Sin" saw their first collaboration with director Derek Jarman. The continued success of "It's a Sin" was followed by the release of "What Have I Done to Deserve This?" on 10 August. Co-written with Allee Willis and featuring Dusty Springfield on vocals, the single reached number two on the UK Singles Chart and the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 chart. Although the duo had wanted to release this track on their debut album, they had been unable to track down Springfield and were reluctant to record it with any other female singer, despite their record company's suggestions.
Springfield's manager contacted them in 1986, following the release of Please, towards the end of that year, she travelled to London to record "What Have I Done to Deserve This?" with them. It was the fi
Top of the Pops (magazine)
Top of the Pops magazine is a British monthly publication published by Immediate Media Company. It features chart information, star gossip and beauty advice, song lyrics and posters, it was a supplementary magazine for the BBC television programme Top of the Pops, which stopped producing weekly shows in 2006. The magazine and TV show have since diverged and now have distinctive identities; the magazine was launched in February 1995 and is famous for giving girl group The Spice Girls their nicknames. Alongside a revamp of the TV show, it was marketed as the missing link between Smash Hits and NME, but its format was changed, with less music content and a demographic shift to young girls; the title has had several editors over the years, including Peter Loraine, Corinna Shaffer and Rosalie Snaith, contributing editors including Adam Tanswell. Its current editor is Peter Hart. Oops, Shameful Celeb Slip Ups—The magazine picks the funniest celebrity pictures and associates them with a witty quote Your Oops—Readers send in the most shameful stories Gossip 2 Go—The month's hottest celebrity gossip The Wonderful World Of The Wanted-A page written by The Wanted Don't Miss—The magazine picks some of the hottest films, TV programmes and games, plus the latest single reviews by a random celebrity.
Top Of The Shops—The magazine picks out some of the hottest bargains, where you can buy them, their price Real Life—The magazine draws our attention to situations that happen in the real world The Surgery—Originally called Star Therapy, this was hosted by a random celebrity who tries to sort out readers' problems. Along with the name change, the section is now hosted by BBC Slink's Dr Mel. Your Letters—Hosted by Dick and Dom who take a look at some of our readers' gossip about stars, clothes or just real life situations. One Direction page with your questions and their answers, 1D fan of the month Official website
Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta, known professionally as Lady Gaga, is an American singer and actress. She is known for her unconventionality, provocative work, visual experimentation, she began singing at open mic nights and acting in school plays. She studied at Collaborative Arts Project 21, through New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, before dropping out to pursue a music career; when Def Jam Recordings canceled her contract, she worked as a songwriter for Sony/ATV Music Publishing, where Akon helped her sign a joint deal with Interscope Records and his own label KonLive Distribution in 2007. She rose to prominence the following year with her debut album, the electropop record The Fame, its chart-topping singles "Just Dance" and "Poker Face". A follow-up EP, The Fame Monster, featuring the singles "Bad Romance", "Telephone" and "Alejandro", was successful. Gaga's second full-length album, Born This Way, explored electronic techno-pop, it peaked atop the US Billboard 200 and sold more than one million copies in the country in its first week.
Its title track became the fastest selling song on the iTunes Store with over a million downloads in less than a week. Gaga experimented with EDM on her third studio album, which reached number one in the US and included the single "Applause", her collaborative jazz album with Tony Bennett, Cheek to Cheek, her soft rock-influenced fifth studio album, Joanne topped the US charts. During this period, Gaga ventured into acting, playing leading roles in the miniseries American Horror Story: Hotel, for which she received a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress, the critically acclaimed musical drama A Star Is Born, for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress, she contributed to the latter's soundtrack, which received a BAFTA Award for Best Film Music and made her the only woman to achieve five US number one albums in the 2010s. Its lead single, "Shallow", topped the US charts and earned Gaga the Academy Award for Best Original Song. Having sold 27 million albums and 146 million singles as of January 2016, Gaga is one of the best-selling music artists in history.
Her achievements include several Guinness world records, nine Grammy Awards, an Academy Award, a BAFTA Award, two Golden Globe Awards, an award from the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Council of Fashion Designers of America. She has been declared Billboard's Artist of the Year and included among Forbes's power and earnings rankings, she was ranked number four on VH1's Greatest Women in Music in 2012 and second on Time's 2011 readers' poll of the most influential people of the past ten years, was named Billboard's Woman of the Year in 2015. She is known for her philanthropy and social activism, including her work related to LGBT rights, for her nonprofit organization, the Born This Way Foundation, which focuses on empowering youth and preventing bullying. Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta was born on March 28, 1986 at Lenox Hill Hospital in Manhattan, New York City, to a Catholic family, her parents both have Italian ancestry. Her parents are Cynthia Louise and Internet entrepreneur Joseph Germanotta, she has a younger sister, Natali.
Brought up in the Upper West Side of Manhattan, Gaga says that her parents came from lower-class families and worked hard for everything. From age 11, she attended the Convent of the Sacred Heart, a private all-girls Roman Catholic school. Gaga described her high school self as "very dedicated studious disciplined" but "a bit insecure", she considered herself a misfit and was mocked for "being either too provocative or too eccentric". Gaga began playing the piano at age four when her mother insisted she become "a cultured young woman", she practiced through her childhood. The lessons taught her to create music by ear, her parents encouraged her to pursue music, enrolled her in Creative Arts Camp. As a teenager, she played at open mic nights. Gaga played the lead roles of Adelaide in Guys and Dolls and Philia in A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum at a nearby boys' high school, she studied method acting at the Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute for ten years. Gaga unsuccessfully auditioned for New York shows, though she did appear in a small role as a high school student in a 2001 episode of The Sopranos titled "The Telltale Moozadell".
She said of her inclination towards music: I don't know where my affinity for music comes from, but it is the thing that comes easiest to me. When I was like three years old, I may have been younger, my mom always tells this embarrassing story of me propping myself up and playing the keys like this because I was too young and short to get all the way up there. Just go like this on the low end of the piano... I was really good at piano, so my first instincts were to work so hard at practicing piano, I might not have been a natural dancer, but I am a natural musician; that is the thing. In 2003, at age 17, Gaga gained early admission to Collaborative Arts Project 21, a music school at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, lived in an NYU dorm, she studied music there, improved her songwriting skills by writing essays on art, social issues and politics, including a thesis on pop artists Spencer Tunick and Damien Hirst. She withdrew from school during the second semester of her sophomore year, in 2005, to focus on her music career.
That year she played an unsuspecting diner customer for MTV's Boiling Points, a prank reality television show. In
Now Smash Hits
Now That's What I Call Music, Smash Hits was a compilation album released in 1987. The album is part of the Now! series, is a collaboration with Smash Hits magazine, a successful pop music based magazine at the time. It was conceived and designed by the Smash Hits staff, the liner notes are written in the magazine's offbeat style; the album features popular UK Singles Chart hits from 1980 to 1987, in rough backwards chronological order, starting with more recent songs and ending with older ones. Many of the older songs had not featured on any Now albums before as the series did not start until 1983. A companion issue of the magazine was released at the same time, featuring pictures and lyrics to all of the songs on the album; the front cover of the vinyl and audio cassette releases feature the words 32 Swingorilliant Hits of the 80's. For the Compact Disc release the number was changed to 31, as Michael Jackson's One Day in Your Life is missing from the CD version. A VHS tape was released featuring 26 music videos of songs from the compilation.
Neil Tennant, who features on side 1 of the album as part of Pet Shop Boys, worked as Assistant Editor of Smash Hits magazine in the early 1980s. Smash Hits went on to release their own various artists compilation albums; this is the first album in the Now! Series to be themed 1980s. Another 3-disc compilation called Now That's What I Call The 80s was released in 2007. Curiosity Killed the Cat – Down to Earth Terence Trent D'Arby – If You Let Me Stay Mel and Kim – Respectable Hue and Cry – Labour of Love Five Star – Rain or Shine Pet Shop Boys – West End Girls The Housemartins – Happy Hour Simply Red – Holding Back the Years a-ha – Take on Me Dead or Alive – You Spin Me Round Eurythmics – There Must Be an Angel Tears for Fears – Everybody Wants to Rule the World Wham! – Wake Me Up Before You Go Go Bronski Beat – Smalltown Boy Depeche Mode – Master and Servant George Michael – Careless Whisper Spandau Ballet – True UB40 – Red Red Wine Thompson Twins – Hold Me Now The Cure – The Lovecats Dexys Midnight Runners & The Emerald Express – Come On Eileen ABC – The Look of Love Culture Club – Do You Really Want to Hurt Me Duran Duran – Save a Prayer Queen & David Bowie – Under Pressure Michael Jackson – One Day in Your Life Haircut One Hundred – Favourite Shirts The Specials – Ghost Town The Jam – Going Underground Madness – Baggy Trousers Adam and the Ants – Antmusic Blondie – Atomic Now That's What I Call Music, Smash Hits Track List and album cover
Neil Francis Tennant is an English musician, songwriter, music journalist and co-founder of the synthpop duo Pet Shop Boys, which he formed with Chris Lowe in 1981. He was a journalist for Smash Hits, was assistant editor for the magazine for a period in the mid-1980s. Neil Francis Tennant was born in North Shields, a fishing port near Newcastle upon Tyne to William W. Tennant, a sales representative, Sheila M. Tennant, he has an older sister and two younger brothers and Philip. The family moved to a semi-detached house in Greenfield Road, Brunton Park, a affluent suburb in Newcastle, shortly after Neil was born; as a child, Tennant attended St. Cuthbert's Grammar School, an all-boys' Catholic school in Newcastle upon Tyne. Tennant's songs "This Must Be the Place I Waited Years to Leave" and "It's a Sin" refer to his early life in Catholic school and the strict upbringing there. While at school, Tennant played cello. At age 16, he played in a folk music group called Dust, whose most popular song was called "Can You Hear the Dawn Break?"
They were influenced by The Incredible String Band. During his teenage years, he was a member of the youth theatre at the People's Theatre, Newcastle upon Tyne. In 1975, having completed a degree in history at North London Polytechnic, Tennant worked for two years as London editor for Marvel UK, the UK branch of Marvel Comics, he was responsible for anglicising the dialogue of Marvel's catalogue to suit British readers, for indicating where women needed to be redrawn for the British editions. He wrote occasional features for the comics, including interviews with pop stars Marc Bolan and Alex Harvey. In 1977, he moved to Macdonald Educational Publishing where he edited The Dairy Book Of Home Management and various illustrated books about cookery, playing the guitar, other home interests, he moved to ITV Books where he edited TV tie-in books. After having commissioned Steve Bush the designer of Smash Hits and The Face, to design a book about the group Madness, he was offered a job at Smash Hits as news editor of the British teen pop magazine in 1982.
The following year he became Assistant Editor. He edited the 1982, 1983, 1984 and 1985 editions of The Smash Hits Yearbook. At Smash Hits, an opportunity arose. While there, Tennant arranged to meet a producer whom both he and Lowe admired. Tennant mentioned that he was writing songs in his spare time and Orlando agreed to record some tracks with him and Lowe at a date. Orlando subsequently produced the Pet Shop Boys' first single, "West End Girls". Alongside his work with Chris Lowe as Pet Shop Boys, Tennant has worked on several side projects including: In 2017, Tennant duetted with Chrissie Hynde on a song called "Let's Get Lost", which appeared on the 2016 album Alone by The Pretenders. In 2014, Tennant provided vocal on "Were You There" by Diamond Version. In 2008, Tennant's vocals featured in The Killers' Christmas song "Joseph, Better You Than Me" alongside Brandon Flowers and Elton John. In 2007, Tennant co-produced Rufus Wainwright's album Release the Stars. In June 2006, Tennant provided backing vocals on "Throw" by DJ Fresh.
In 2005, Tennant sang on the track "Tranquilizer" by DJ Tom Stephan. Under numerous guises and aliases, Stephan had remixed Pet Shop Boys tracks such as "Paninaro'95", "Minimal", "New York City boy" and "Sexy Northerner". In 1998, along with Neil Hannon of The Divine Comedy, Tennant sang backing vocals on the Robbie Williams' single "No Regrets". In April 1996, Tennant's vocals were featured on two live recordings by the British group Suede that were released as b-sides to their single "Filmstar". One track was a cover of the Pet Shop Boys track "Rent", while the second was a duet with Suede singer Brett Anderson on the Suede song "Saturday Night", he worked with Electronic. Tennant sang backing vocals on their first single "Getting Away With It" in 1989, while taking lead vocals on the 1992 single "Disappointed". Along with Lowe, he wrote and appeared on the Electronic album track "The Patience of a Saint", on which he shared lead vocals with Bernard Sumner. Tennant is gay, revealing his sexuality in a 1994 interview in Attitude magazine.
He is a patron of the Elton John AIDS Foundation. He maintains a house in County Durham in the North East countryside. In 1998, Tennant was named in a list of the biggest private financial donors to the Labour Party. However, in the 2005 general election he voted for the Liberal Democrats, citing disillusionment with Labour's ID card scheme; the Pet Shop Boys agreed to personal appeals by major Conservative figures Boris Johnson and David Cameron for the group to play at the "winners' parade" taking shortly after the 2012 Summer Olympics closing ceremony. Enjoying the event's atmosphere and how their stage presence turned into a well-received performance, Tennant subsequently texted Cameron's staff pushing Cameron to use gay scientist Alan Turing's centenary year as impetus for the British government to formally pardon Turing; the formal pardon did, in fact, go through on 24 December 2013, with the related official paperwork signed by Queen Elizabeth II. Tennant has praised the group The Specials and singer-songwriter Elvis Costello, highlighting the former's track "Ghost Town" and the latter's track "Shipbuilding" as protest songs putting politics into pop music.
He has complained about ageism in the music industry, stating in 2013 that several individuals have told him that they wanted to play Pet Shop Boys songs yet could not because informal polic
The British Broadcasting Corporation is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House in Westminster, it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees, it employs over 20,950 staff in total. The total number of staff is 35,402 when part-time and fixed-contract staff are included; the BBC is established under a Royal Charter and operates under its Agreement with the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture and Sport. Its work is funded principally by an annual television licence fee, charged to all British households and organisations using any type of equipment to receive or record live television broadcasts and iPlayer catch-up; the fee is set by the British Government, agreed by Parliament, used to fund the BBC's radio, TV, online services covering the nations and regions of the UK. Since 1 April 2014, it has funded the BBC World Service, which broadcasts in 28 languages and provides comprehensive TV, online services in Arabic and Persian.
Around a quarter of BBC revenues come from its commercial arm BBC Studios Ltd, which sells BBC programmes and services internationally and distributes the BBC's international 24-hour English-language news services BBC World News, from BBC.com, provided by BBC Global News Ltd. From its inception, through the Second World War, to the 21st century, the BBC has played a prominent role in British culture, it is known colloquially as "The Beeb", "Auntie", or a combination of both. Britain's first live public broadcast from the Marconi factory in Chelmsford took place in June 1920, it was sponsored by the Daily Mail's Lord Northcliffe and featured the famous Australian soprano Dame Nellie Melba. The Melba broadcast caught the people's imagination and marked a turning point in the British public's attitude to radio. However, this public enthusiasm was not shared in official circles where such broadcasts were held to interfere with important military and civil communications. By late 1920, pressure from these quarters and uneasiness among the staff of the licensing authority, the General Post Office, was sufficient to lead to a ban on further Chelmsford broadcasts.
But by 1922, the GPO had received nearly 100 broadcast licence requests and moved to rescind its ban in the wake of a petition by 63 wireless societies with over 3,000 members. Anxious to avoid the same chaotic expansion experienced in the United States, the GPO proposed that it would issue a single broadcasting licence to a company jointly owned by a consortium of leading wireless receiver manufactures, to be known as the British Broadcasting Company Ltd. John Reith, a Scottish Calvinist, was appointed its General Manager in December 1922 a few weeks after the company made its first official broadcast; the company was to be financed by a royalty on the sale of BBC wireless receiving sets from approved domestic manufacturers. To this day, the BBC aims to follow the Reithian directive to "inform and entertain"; the financial arrangements soon proved inadequate. Set sales were disappointing as amateurs made their own receivers and listeners bought rival unlicensed sets. By mid-1923, discussions between the GPO and the BBC had become deadlocked and the Postmaster-General commissioned a review of broadcasting by the Sykes Committee.
The Committee recommended a short term reorganisation of licence fees with improved enforcement in order to address the BBC's immediate financial distress, an increased share of the licence revenue split between it and the GPO. This was to be followed by a simple 10 shillings licence fee with no royalty once the wireless manufactures protection expired; the BBC's broadcasting monopoly was made explicit for the duration of its current broadcast licence, as was the prohibition on advertising. The BBC was banned from presenting news bulletins before 19.00 and was required to source all news from external wire services. Mid-1925 found the future of broadcasting under further consideration, this time by the Crawford committee. By now, the BBC, under Reith's leadership, had forged a consensus favouring a continuation of the unified broadcasting service, but more money was still required to finance rapid expansion. Wireless manufacturers were anxious to exit the loss making consortium with Reith keen that the BBC be seen as a public service rather than a commercial enterprise.
The recommendations of the Crawford Committee were published in March the following year and were still under consideration by the GPO when the 1926 general strike broke out in May. The strike temporarily interrupted newspaper production, with restrictions on news bulletins waived, the BBC became the primary source of news for the duration of the crisis; the crisis placed the BBC in a delicate position. On one hand Reith was acutely aware that the Government might exercise its right to commandeer the BBC at any time as a mouthpiece of the Government if the BBC were to step out of line, but on the other he was anxious to maintain public trust by appearing to be acting independently; the Government was divided on how to handle the BBC but ended up trusting Reith, whose opposition to the strike mirrored the PM's own. Thus the BBC was granted sufficient leeway to pursue the Government's objectives in a manner of its own choosing; the resulting coverage of both striker and government viewpoints impressed millions of listeners who were unaware that the PM had broadcast to the nation from Reith's home, using one of Reith's sound bites inserted at the last moment