Smith! is a 1969 American western film made by Walt Disney Productions, directed by Michael O'Herlihy and starring Glenn Ford. Native American Jimmyboy flees to the ranch owned by Smith, a white man raised by a Native American. Jimmyboy fears he will not receive a fair trial. Smith helps Jimmyboy deal with a cruel sheriff and persuades him to surrender to the local authorities, promising him he will act as a defense witness during court proceedings. Glenn Ford as Smith Nancy Olson as Norah Smith Dean Jagger as Judge Brown Warren Oates as Walter Charlie Chief Dan George as Ol' Antoine Frank Ramírez as Gabriel Jimmyboy John Randolph as Mr. Edwards Keenan Wynn as Vince Heber Christopher Shea as Alpie Roger Ewing as Donald Maxwell Jay Silverheels as McDonald Lasheway James Westerfield as Sheriff Fred Aldrich as Restaurant Patron William Bryant as Corporal/Court Bailiff Eric Clavering as Native on Motorcycle Ricky Cordell as Peterpaul Melanie Griffith as Extra Gregg Palmer as Sergeant, Court Bailiff List of American films of 1969 Official website The American Film Institute catalog of motion pictures.
1941-1950 by American Film Institute Smith! on IMDb Smith! at Rotten Tomatoes
Locksmithing is the science and art of making and defeating locks. Locksmithing is a traditional trade; the level of formal education required varies from country to country, from a simple training certificate awarded by an employer, to a full diploma from an engineering college in addition to time spent working as an apprentice. A lock is a mechanism that secures buildings, cabinets, objects, or other storage facilities. A "smith" of any type is one who shapes metal pieces using a forge or mould, into useful objects or to be part of a more complex structure. Locksmithing, as its name implies, is the designing of locks and their respective keys. Locks have been constructed for over 2500 years out of wood and out of metal. Locksmiths would make the entire lock, working for hours hand cutting screws and doing much file-work. Lock designs became more complicated in the 18th century, locksmiths specialized in repairing or designing locks. After the rise of cheap mass production, the vast majority of locks are repaired by swapping of parts or like-for-like replacement, or upgraded to modern mass-production items.
Until more safes and strongboxes were the exception to this, to this day large vaults are custom designed and built at great cost, as the cost of this is lower than the limited scope for mass production would allow, the risk of a copy being obtained and defeated as practice is removed. Although fitting of keys to replace lost keys to automobiles and homes and the changing of keys for homes and businesses to maintain security are still an important part of locksmithing, locksmiths today are involved in the installation of higher quality lock-sets and the design and management of keying and key control systems. Most locksmiths do electronic lock servicing, such as making keys for transponder-equipped vehicles and the implementation and application of access control systems protecting individuals and assets for many large institutions. In terms of physical security, a locksmith's work involves making a determination of the level of risk to an individual or institution and recommending and implementing appropriate combinations of equipment and policies to create "security layers" which exceed the reasonable gain to an intruder or attacker.
The more different security layers are implemented, the more the requirement for additional skills and knowledge and tools to defeat them all. But because each layer comes at an expense to the customer, the application of appropriate levels without exceeding reasonable costs to the customer is very important and requires a skilled and knowledgeable locksmith to determine. Locksmiths may be commercial, institutional or investigational or may specialize in one aspect of the skill, such as an automotive lock specialist, a master key system specialist or a safe technician. Many are security consultants, but not every security consultant has the skills and knowledge of a locksmith. Locksmiths are certified in specific skill areas or to a level of skill within the trade; this is separate from certificates of completion of training courses. In determining skill levels, certifications from manufacturers or locksmith associations are more valid criteria than certificates of completion; some locksmiths decide to call themselves "Master Locksmiths" whether they are trained or not, some training certificates appear quite authoritative.
The majority of locksmiths work on any existing door hardware, not just locking mechanisms. This includes door hinges, electric strikes, frame repairs and other door hardware; the issue of full disclosure was first raised in the context of locksmithing, in a 19th-century controversy regarding whether weaknesses in lock systems should be kept secret in the locksmithing community, or revealed to the public. According to A. C. Hobbs: A commercial, in some respects a social doubt has been started within the last year or two, whether or not it is right to discuss so the security or insecurity of locks. Many well-meaning persons suppose that the discussion respecting the means for baffling the supposed safety of locks offers a premium for dishonesty, by showing others how to be dishonest; this is a fallacy. Rogues are keen in their profession, know much more than we can teach them respecting their several kinds of roguery. Rogues knew a good deal about lock-picking long before locksmiths discussed it among themselves, as they have done.
If a lock, let it have been made in whatever country, or by whatever maker, is not so inviolable as it has hitherto been deemed to be it is to the interest of honest persons to know this fact, because the dishonest are tolerably certain to apply the knowledge practically. It cannot be too earnestly urged that an acquaintance with real facts will, in the end, be better for all parties; some time ago, when the reading public was alarmed at being told how London milk is adulterated, timid persons deprecated the exposure, on the plea that it would give instructions in the art of adulterating milk. -- From A. C. Hobbs and Safes: The Construction of Locks. Published by Virtue & Co. London, 1853 (revised 186
A silversmith is a metalworker who crafts objects from silver. The terms silversmith and goldsmith are not synonyms as the techniques, training and guilds are or were the same but the end product may vary as may the scale of objects created. In the ancient Near East the value of silver to gold being less, allowed a silversmith to produce objects and store these as stock. Ogden states that according to an edict written by Diocletian in 301 A. D. a silversmith was able to charge 75, 100, 150, 200, 250, or 300 denarii for material produce. At that time, guilds of silversmiths formed to arbitrate disputes, protect its members' welfare and educate the public of the trade. Silversmiths in medieval Europe and England formed guilds and transmitted their tools and techniques to new generations via the apprentice tradition. Silver working guilds maintained consistency and upheld standards at the expense of innovation. Beginning in the 17th century, artisans experienced fewer restrictions; as a result, silver working was one of the trades that helped to inaugurate the Technological and industrial history of the United States Silver-working shift to industrialization in America.
Exquisite and distinctly designed silverware, that goes by the name of Swami Silver, emerged from the stable of watchmaker turned silversmith P Orr and Sons in the South Indian city of Madras during the British rule in 1875. The Falasha Clan, or Beta Israel, of Ethiopia were known for their silversmithing skills. Silversmiths saw or cut specific shapes from sterling and fine silver sheet metal and bar stock, use hammers to form the metal over anvils and stakes. Silver is hammered cold; as the metal is hammered and worked, it'work-hardens'. Annealing is the heat-treatment used to make the metal soft again. If metal is work-hardened, not annealed the metal will crack and weaken the work. Silversmiths can use casting techniques to create knobs and feet for the hollowware they are making. After forming and casting, the various pieces may be assembled by riveting. During most of their history, silversmiths used charcoal or coke fired forges, lung-powered blow-pipes for soldering and annealing. Modern silversmiths use gas burning torches as heat sources.
A newer method is laser beam welding. Silversmiths may work with copper and brass when making practice pieces, due to those materials having similar working properties and being more affordable than silver. Although jewelers work in silver and gold, many of the techniques for working precious metals overlap, the trades of jeweler and Silversmith have distinct histories. Chain-making and gem-setting are common practices of jewelers that are not considered aspects of silversmiths; the tradition of making armor was interrupted sometime after the 17th century. Silversmithing and goldsmithing, by contrast, have an unbroken tradition going back many millennia; the techniques used to make armor today are an amalgam of silversmith forming techniques and blacksmith iron-handling techniques. In the western Canadian silversmith tradition, guilds do not exist. In the native Canadian western tradition, silversmithing is done through hand tooling and bright cut engraving of silver. There are silversmiths who only make jewelry and there are silversmiths who only make utensils.
* still living.** Garrad & Co. was founded by George Wickes in London in 1722, is still operating. Yemenite silversmithing Society of American Silversmiths Jeff Herman's comprehensive guide for professional silver care methods and products Staatliche Zeichenakademie Hanau Stamped silver button, made 1787 image from Victoria & Albert Museum jewellery collection. Gee,G; the silversmith's handbook: containing full instructions for the alloying and working of silver, including the different modes of refining and melting the metal. Wilson,H. Silverwork and jewelry: a text-book for students and workers in metal Sampson Mordan
Smith Park (Middletown, Connecticut)
Smith Park is a park in Middletown, United States, acquired by the town in 1974. It is located on the north side of Country Club Road in Middletown. Comprising 50 acres of land, it includes ball fields, a playground, hiking trails, horseshoe pits, a pavilion. Permission can be obtained from the Middletown Park and Recreation Commission to host a family outing or company picnic at the pavilion, though handicapped access is limited; the park is closed at sunset and the gates are locked. There is a wetland meadow that has shrubs like silky dogwood, winterberry and Northern highbush blueberry. In the center of the woodland there is a small pond. Middletown Conservation Commission. Middletown Trail Guide. December 2004
A coppersmith known as a brazier, is a person who makes artifacts from copper and brass. Brass is an alloy of zinc; the term redsmith is used for a tinsmith that uses tinsmithing tools and techniques to make copper items. Anthropologists believe copper to be the first metal used by humans due to its softness and ease to manipulate. In antiquity, copper's durability and resistance to rust or corrosion proved valuable. Copper's relationship with man is thought to date back over six thousand years. Copper was worked in England, with ores smelted in Wales as early as the 1500s. Copper was found in great quantities in North America Montana, as well as archaic copper mines near Lake Superior, recording by a Jesuit missionary in 1659. Coppersmithing as a trade benefited from the invention of sheet metal rollers. Copper sheet was available in a much more versatile and easy form for creating copper wares. By the 1700s, coppersmiths lived in the American colonies, but did not have access to much sheet copper due to the Crown's regulation of copper and other goods to the Americas.
Sheet metal production was prohibited in the colonies as well before the American Revolution. Most coppersmiths can create, from copper wares from a sheet of tin, they can repair, clean and re-tin copper cookware interiors. Some cooper smiths make barrels; some coppersmiths will specialize in specific forms or items, such as a particular type of biscuit oven or mug or kettle. In the 1700 and 1800's, coppersmiths had a few apprentices in various stages of learning the trade working together. Apprentices would start learning the trade around 8 or 9 years old. Typical duties of a youth in the copper shop would include tasks such as breaking coke or sal ammoniac blocks, scouring copper pieces to prepare them for tinning, polishing hammers and tools. In regions where copper is mined like Iberia and India there are a number of centres where the coppersmith trade has flourished; these include:- jewellery, weather vanes, fenders, decorative panels, challenge shields. Butter churn, ship sheathing, copper mugs, funnels, coal scuttle, glue pots.
Notable copper styles in the UK include Newlyn in Keswick in Cumbria. Coppersmith work started waning in the late 1970s and early 1980s and those in the sheetmetal trade began doing the coppersmith's work, the practices used being similar to those in the plumbing trade. Coppermiths in recent years have turned to pipe work, not only in copper but stainless steel and aluminium in the aircraft industry, they are one of the few trades. Copper is considered to be a soft metal, meaning it can be worked without heating. Over a period of working the metal in this way it can "work-harden"; this means that the molecules within the copper irregular in their arrangement. This causes stress in the metal and cracking the metal along these stress points. In order for the copper to be worked to any extensive degree it must be annealed; this process involves heating the metal and rapidly cooling it in water. The cooling stage is known as quenching. By heating the copper, the molecules in the metal are relaxed, thus able to align themselves in a more uniform fashion.
This allows for easier shaping of the metal. In order to keep this uniformity within the metal, it is cooled instantly; this prevents the molecules from causing tension in the structure of the metal. Unlike ferrous metals—which must be cooled to anneal—copper can be cooled in air or by quenching in water. Fuller, John; the Art of Coppersmithing: A Practical Treatise on Working Sheet Copper into all Forms. Mendham, NJ: Astragal Press, 1993.. ISBN 1-879335-37-9
Smith Square is a square in the Westminster district of London, just south of the Palace of Westminster. The centre of the square is occupied by St John's, Smith Square, a Baroque church now used as a concert hall. Most of the square is now taken up by offices and the location means that they are occupied by organisations associated with the government, or that need to be near it for lobbying purposes. In the mid 20th century the square hosted the headquarters of both the main parties of British politics, it is now home to the Department for Environment and Rural Affairs, the Local Government Association and the London base of the European Parliament and European Commission; the square was named after the Smith family, on whose land it was developed in the early eighteenth century. The original development of the square was carried out by Sir James Smith around 1726. Numbers one to nine on the north side are part of this original development. Sir John Smith, Conservative M. P. for Cities of London and Westminster from 1965 to 1970, lived at no. 1.
The campaigning journalist William Thomas Stead lived at No. 5 from 1904 until his death on board the Titanic in 1912. Another famous resident was the Conservative Deputy Prime Minister. No. 17 is Nobel House, built in 1928 for the newly formed Imperial Chemical Industries. ICI leased it to the government in 1987, it is headquarters for the Department for Environment and Rural Affairs. Next door is Transport House which from 1928 to 1980 was the headquarters of the Labour Party – and the offices of the TGWU until the 1990s, it is now the headquarters of the Local Government Association and is known as Local Government House. No. 32-34 served as Conservative Central Office, the Conservative Party's headquarters between 1958 and 2003. It stood empty until 2007 when it was sold for £30.5m to Harcourt Developments who planned to redevelop it as flats before the 2008 credit crunch hit. It is now the London base of the European Parliament and the European Commission. List of eponymous roads in London Imperial Chemical House Lord North Street – heads north to Great Peter Street Victoria Tower Gardens – to the east Media related to Smith Square at Wikimedia Commons
A metalsmith or smith is a craftsman fashioning useful items out of various metals. Smithing is one of the oldest metalworking occupations. Shaping metal with a hammer is the archetypical component of smithing; the hammering is done while the metal is hot, having been heated in a forge. Smithing can involve the other aspects of metalworking, such as refining metals from their ores, casting it into shapes, filing to shape and size; the prevalence of metalworking in the culture of recent centuries has led Smith and its equivalents in various languages to be a common occupational surname. As a suffix, -smith connotes a meaning of a specialized craftsman—for example and tunesmith are nouns synonymous with writer or songwriter, respectively. In pre-industrialized times, smiths held high or special social standing since they supplied the metal tools needed for farming and warfare. A metalsmith is one who works with or has the knowledge and the capacity of working with "all" metals. Types of smiths include: A blacksmith works with iron and steel A bladesmith forges knives and other blades A brownsmith works with brass and copper A coinsmith works with coins and currency A coppersmith works with copper A goldsmith works with gold A glasssmith works with glass A gunsmith builds and repairs firearms A locksmith works with locks A silversmith, or brightsmith, works with silver A swordsmith is a bladesmith who forges only swords A tinsmith, tinner, or tinker works with light metal and can refer to someone who deals in tinware A weapon-smith forges weapons like axes, spears and other weapons A whitesmith works with white metal and can refer to someone who polishes or finishes the metal rather than forging it The ancient traditional tool of the smith is a forge or smithy, a furnace designed to allow compressed air to superheat the inside, allowing for efficient melting and annealing of metals.
Today, this tool is still used by blacksmiths as it was traditionally. The term, metalsmith refers to artisans and craftpersons who practice their craft in many different metals, including gold and silver. Jewelers refer to their craft as metalsmithing, many universities offer degree programs in metalsmithing, jewelry and blacksmithing under the auspices of their fine arts programs. Machinists are metalsmiths who produce high-precision tools; the most advanced of these tools, CNC machines, are computer controlled and automated