Ernest Alvia "Smokey" Smith was a Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was the last living Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross. Born in New Westminster, British Columbia, Smith came of age during the Great Depression and along with many others struggled to find steady employment, he was 25 when he joined the Canadian Army on 5 March 1940, becoming part of the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada. In 1943, he first entered into combat. On 10 July 1943, he was part of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division landing in Sicily, remaining active throughout the Sicily and Italian campaign between July 1943 and February 1945. On the night of 21/22 October 1944 at the River Savio, in Northern Italy, Private Smith was in the spearhead of the attack which established a bridgehead over the river. With a PIAT anti-tank launcher he disabled a 44-ton Panther Mark V tank at a range of just 30 feet, while protecting a wounded comrade, he killed four panzergrenadiers and routed six others.
When another tank was sent to take out his position, he used another PIAT to damage it enough to retreat. He carried his wounded comrade, joined a counter-attack to disperse the Germans still attacking his previous position; the squad destroyed three Panther Tanks, two self-propelled artillery pieces, a half-track, a scout car, a few German soldiers. During his career, Smith was promoted to corporal nine times, but subsequently demoted back to private nine times prior to his actions at the River Savio, he achieved the rank of sergeant. In Italy on the night of 21st–22nd October 1944, a Canadian Infantry Brigade was ordered to establish a bridgehead across the Savio River; the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada were selected as the spearhead of the attack, in weather most unfavourable to the operation they crossed the river and captured their objective in spite of strong opposition from the enemy. Torrential rain had caused the Savio River to rise six feet in five hours, as the soft vertical banks made it impossible to bridge the river no tanks or anti-tank guns could be taken across the raging stream to the support of the rifle companies.
As the right forward company was consolidating its objective it was counter-attacked by a troop of three Mark V Panther tanks supported by two self-propelled guns and about thirty infantry and the situation appeared hopeless. Under heavy fire from the approaching enemy tanks, Private Smith, showing great initiative and inspiring leadership, led his P. I. A. T. Group of two men across an open field to a position from which the P. I. A. T. Could best be employed. Leaving one man on the weapon, Private Smith crossed the road with a Private James Pennant and obtained another P. I. A. T. An enemy tank came down the road firing its machine-guns along the line of the ditches. Private Smith's comrade, Private Tennant was wounded. At a range thirty feet and having to expose himself to the full view of the enemy, Private Smith fired the P. I. A. T. and hit the tank. Ten German infantry jumped off the back of the tank and charged him with Schmeissers and grenades. Without hesitation Private Smith moved out on the road and with his Tommy gun at point-blank range, killed four Germans and drove the remainder back.
Another tank opened fire and more enemy infantry closed in on Smith's position. Obtaining some abandoned Tommy gun magazines from a ditch, he steadfastly held his position, protecting Private Tennant and fighting the enemy with his Tommy gun until they gave up and withdrew in disorder. One tank and both self-propelled guns had been destroyed by this time, but yet another tank swept the area with fire from a longer range. Private Smith, still showing utter contempt for enemy fire, helped his wounded friend to cover and obtained medical aid for him behind a nearby building, he returned to his position beside the road to await the possibility of a further enemy attack. No further immediate attack developed, as a result the battalion was able to consolidate the bridgehead position so vital to the success of the whole operation, which led to the capture of San Giorgio Di Cesena and a further advance to the Ronco River. Thus, by the dogged determination, outstanding devotion to duty and superb gallantry of this private soldier, his comrades were so inspired that the bridgehead was held firm against all enemy attacks, pending the arrival of tanks and anti-tank guns some hours later.
King George VI bestowed the VC on Smith at Buckingham Palace. Smith was placed in a jail cell in Rome the night before he was to be commended for his actions at Savio, in order to "keep him out of trouble". After receiving the VC, Smokey Smith was made a "poster boy" for the Canadian War Bonds drive. Smith left the service after World War II, but returned in 1950 when he re-enlisted during the Korean War; because of his iconic status, he was not put into combat. He retired from service again in 1964, having served for some time in Vancouver as a recruiting sergeant; as a result of his extended service, he received the Canadian Forces Decoration for 12 years of service. He was an honorary member of the Royal Military College of Canada, student # S132. In 1947, Smith wed Esther Weston and subsequently sired two children and Norma-Jean. After his retirement from the military, Smith opened a travel agency with his wife, "Smith Travel", in operation from 1969 to 1992. During these years, Smith visited sites related to World War II with clients.
The couple retired in 1992, Smith's wife died four years late
Smokey is the mascot of the University of Tennessee sports teams. These teams, named "The Volunteers" and nicknamed "the Vols", use both a live and a costumed version of Smokey. There is an actual Bluetick Coonhound mascot, Smokey X, who leads the Vols on the field for football games; the Alpha Gamma Rho fraternity cares for the hound on the University of Tennessee campus. There is a costumed mascot that appears at every Vols game and has won several mascot championships. In 1953, the University of Tennessee Pep Club held a contest to select a coonhound, a breed common in Tennessee, to serve as the school's live mascot. Announcements of the contest in local newspapers read, "This can't be an ordinary hound, he must be a'Houn' Dog' in the best sense of the word."The late Rev. W. C. "Bill" Brooks entered his prize-winning bluetick coonhound, "Brooks' Blue Smokey", in the school's contest. At halftime of the Mississippi State game that season, several dogs were lined up on the old cheerleaders' ramp at Shields–Watkins Field for voting.
Each dog was introduced over the loudspeaker, the student body cheered for their favorite. "Blue Smokey" was the last hound introduced. When his name was called, he barked; the students cheered and Smokey threw his head back and howled again. This kept going until the stadium was in an uproar, the University had found its mascot. "Blue Smokey" would compile a 10-10-1 record during his two seasons as Vols mascot. Tennessee's first mascot met a sudden and tragic end in 1955, as he was fatally struck by a car after escaping from his home. Smokey II took over for his father as the Vols' mascot. In 1955, students from the University of Kentucky kidnapped him for eight days, dressing him in a blue and white blanket with a large ‘K’ and parading him around at a Wildcats pep rally. Smokey's captors returned him just before kickoff. A week three Vanderbilt students tried the same heist at the Brooks house, but ended up taking an old hunting dog instead. Smokey II was involved in an incident with the Baylor Bears' live bear mascot Judge at the 1957 Sugar Bowl, with the bear taking a few swats at the hound.
In 1963, Smokey died in Lexington shortly after the Vols' game against Kentucky because someone fed him a chocolate pie. Smokey III assumed the role of Tennessee mascot on June 18, 1964, he compiled a 105-39-5 record, attended ten bowl games, presided over two SEC championships during his tenure. Smokey IV became mascot on September 24, 1973, he compiled a 12-10-1 record with the Vols, but sadly, he died of cancer on December 4, 1979. Smokey IV never produced offspring before his death, thus the bloodline was broken. Smokey V was the nephew of Smokey IV, he assumed the role of mascot on June 1, 1980 when he was just 12-weeks-old, he would outgrow five jackets in one season. Sadly, his reign would come to an end. Smokey VI presided over three SEC championships for Tennessee, his owner, the Rev. Bill Brooks, died during Smokey VI's tenure on September 17, 1986 at the age of 81. Brooks' wife, Mildred took over in caring for Smokey. During the 1991 UCLA game, Smokey suffered heat exhaustion in the 100+ degree temperatures and was listed on the Vols injury report until he returned in the season.
A kennel mate named "Woody" took over for him. Smokey VI died in late 1991 of brain cancer at 10 years old. Smokey VII roamed the sidelines for Tennessee from 1992 to 1994, he was forced into early retirement after he nipped at the same UT band member in consecutive games in 1994. Smokey VIII was the most successful of the live dogs, presiding as mascot as the Vols compiled a record of 91-22, claimed two SEC titles, won a national championship in 1998. Born on November 10, 1994, Smokey VIII began his reign in 1995 and retired after the 2004 Peach Bowl in Atlanta after being diagnosed with a nasal tumor in December 2003, he underwent radiation treatment and chemotherapy. The expected prognosis, with treatment was 13 months. Smokey VIII more than doubled that at four months. "He served with distinction, weathered storms and heat", recalled Earl Hudson, who owned the dog since it was two months old. "He was always rearing to go. He was a great mascot." Smokey VIII died on March 17, 2006 after suffering complications from high blood pressure and kidney disease.
Smokey IX began his post at the 2004 Peach Bowl and was retired in 2012. This dog was known to be somewhat feisty. In 2006 he bit an Alabama player during pregame warm-ups. An ESPN article said a Crimson Tide receiver fell on the dog when the player jumped out of bounds for a pass; the athlete-dog interaction caused a dust-up among the rivals. Alabama said Smokey bit the player but UT say Smokey only nipped, getting a little of the receiver's uniform but not breaking the man's skin, he took a nip at one of UT's own: running on the field after halftime of the Vols' game against Georgia State, he nipped backup long snapper Matt Giampapa on the hip. Giampapa wasn't hurt, it was thought that Smokey may have seen a towel Giampapa had and mistaken for a towel his handlers use as a dog toy. Smokey X, the current Smokey mascot, made his debut in 2013. During the week, he lives with the Hudson family, he is the first Smokey not descended from the original Smokey bloodline, but he is the first from a new Tennessee-born and bred bloodline.
On game days and while attending to official mascot duties, Smokey is handled by members of UT's Alpha Gamma Rho fraternity. For home games, he spends the weekend in the fraternity house on UT's campus; the live hound mascot has been featured in television news segments. A
Smoky Cape is a headland in Australia on the New South Wales Mid-North Coast. It lies just east of the town of South West Rocks, within the Hat Head National Park; the cape was named Smoky Cape by Captain Cook when he passed it on 13 May 1770, writing of "a point or headland, on which were fires that Caused a great Quantity of smook, which occasioned my giving it the name of Smooky Cape". Smook was his usual spelling of smoke, the spelling for the cape now follows the modern spelling; the hills there were an important meeting place for aboriginal people from various surrounding areas, it's possible Cook saw fires from such a gathering. A lighthouse was proposed for the cape in 1886 and completed in 1891. Known as the Smoky Cape Lighthouse it was built from concrete and local granite aggregate in an octagonal shape at the highest point on the cape. Fish Rock is a small bare rock. It's home to various fish species. A 120-metre cave runs right under the rock and there are various gutters nearby where Grey Nurse Sharks live.
The area is one of about a dozen in New South Wales recognised as critical for the shark, for that reason fishing is restricted, but the grey nurse is still affected by fishing. The only restrictions are anchoring within 100m and bottom fishing, however boats are still allowed to drift up as close as they want and drop their lines. Fisheries have been reported to have only been seen at Fish Rock twice in the past 6 years. Green Island is a small island close to the coast just north of the cape, it too is a critical habitat area for the Grey Nurse Shark. Smoky Cape Lighthouse page at the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service For photos of the area see the South West Rocks Photo Gallery
Friday (1995 film)
Friday is a 1995 American stoner comedy film directed by F. Gary Gray in his directorial debut, it stars Ice Cube, who co-wrote the film with DJ Pooh, Chris Tucker. The film details 16 hours in the lives of unemployed Craig Jones and Smokey, who must pay a drug dealer $200 by 10:00 p.m. Craig Jones, a young man living in South Central Los Angeles, has just lost his job after being framed for stealing on his day off. Not having any plans, he hangs out on his front porch with his best friend, Smokey, a snappy, mischievous drug dealer who sells weed for Big Worm, the psychopathic neighborhood supplier. Throughout the day and Smokey observe the goings-on in their neighborhood, they encounter Ezal. Smokey, smoking rather than selling his consignment of marijuana, has a confrontation with Big Worm. In an attempt to explain his money shortage, Smokey incriminates Craig. Big Worm threatens to kill them both if they do not give him $200 by 10:00 p.m. Craig angrily confronts Smokey about his lack of initiative in selling the marijuana before deciding to help Smokey.
Craig unsuccessfully attempts to borrow money from his mother Betty. Craig's father, Willie learns of Craig's plan, as well as the fact that Craig is carrying a gun. Willie talks to him, explaining that Craig should use his fists, instead of guns, to resolve his problems, all the while telling Craig the story of how his uncle, Willie's brother, lost his life due to gun violence. On, while Craig and Smokey discuss their dilemma, they are interrupted by the arrival of Rita, a girl whom Debbie set Smokey up with earlier. Smokey discovers she lied about her looks. Instead of resembling Janet Jackson as she claimed, Rita is obese and bald and, in Smokey's words, "looking more like Freddie Jackson." Smokey heads to Debbie's house to notices Red's bike on the lawn. He finds Deebo asleep with Felisha. Smokey tries to reclaim the money that he and Deebo stole from Stanley earlier, but is interrupted by Ezal. Both escape without the money before Deebo wakes up. Smokey returns to Craig's house to tell him, Craig agrees to go back with Smokey to try again, but at that moment, Deebo rides past them.
The two notice a black car driving and hide, suspecting a possible drive-by shooting. Scared, they run to Craig's room. After Willie confronts them with the situation with Big Worm, with 10:00 approaching, they decide to step out. Once outside, they notice; the two flee as men in the van start shooting at them. The neighbors emerge from their homes upon hearing the gunshots. Debbie confronts Deebo for assaulting Felisha after Deebo falsely accuses Felisha of Smokey's attempted theft. Deebo assaults Debbie, as Craig and Smokey arrive. Angered that Deebo has struck Debbie, Craig stands up to him, threatens him with his gun. Deebo scoffs at the threat and Willie encourages Craig to put down the weapon and fight with his hands. Craig and Deebo fight. After nearly losing, Craig emerges victorious by using various objects as weapons; as Debbie tends to Craig, Smokey steals back the money he was robbed of earlier from an unconscious Deebo and flees the scene. Red punches Deebo again to ensure he doesn't wake up and retrieves his chain and bicycle while Ezel steals Deebo's shoes.
Craig and Debbie agree to meet up the following day and Craig breaks up with Joi over the phone. Smokey settles with Big Worm, ends the feud, he announces that he is giving up drug going to drug rehabilitation. After hanging up, Smokey looks up, lights a joint and ends the film, saying to the audience, "I was just bullshittin'! And you know this, man!" The film contains cameo appearances from F. Gary Gray and LaWanda Page. Prior to Friday's release, movies such as Boyz n the Hood and Colors portrayed life in the hood as violent and menacing. Ice Cube felt that these films did not portray the full picture of living in the hood, missing a more lighthearted element, with Cube saying, "we had fun in the hood. We used to trip off the neighborhood." Therefore, Cube and DJ Pooh decided to create a film. The script was only the third Cube had written. With the film, Ice Cube intended to make a "hood classic", one that could be " over and over and over again". According to Ice Cube, a majority of the film is autobiographical, with much of it being based on events that occurred in his neighborhood growing up.
Smokey was based on DJ Pooh's stint as a drug dealer, while Craig being fired on his day off was based on Ice Cube's cousin, working as a driver for United Parcel Service at the time. Prior to writing, the duo realized their inexperience as filmmakers was unlikely to attract major film studios, floated the idea of self-financing the film themselves. For a time, the idea of making the film in black and white to save money was considered, before the pair decided on approaching New Line Cinema about producing the film, who had achieved success with the House Party series.
Smoky the Cowhorse
Smoky the Cowhorse is a novel by Will James, the winner of the 1927 Newbery Medal. The story details the life of a horse in the western United States from his birth to his eventual decline, it takes place after the 1910s, during which the West dies away and automobiles are introduced. Smoky is captured and trained by a cowboy named Clint. Clint is taken by Smoky's intelligence and spirit, he uses him as his personal steed. Under his guidance, Smoky soon becomes known as the best cowhorse around. However, Smoky is among a number of horses stolen by a horse thief; when Smoky refuses to allow the thief to ride him, being loyal only to Clint, he is beaten in punishment. Developing an intense hatred for humans from this treatment, Smoky attacks and kills the thief; when Smoky is captured by local authorities, his now violent and aggressive demeanor prompts his use as a bucking bronco at a rodeo. Under the moniker of "The Cougar", he becomes the most famous rodeo attraction in the South West, people come from miles away to attempt to ride him.
Years of performing at the rodeo take their toll on his body and spirit, he is left a shell of his former self. As he is no longer of any use as a rodeo horse, he is renamed "Cloudy" and used as a riding horse later sold to an abusive man who starves him. During this time, Clint reunites with Smoky. While in town on business, Clint recognizes the horse. After having Smoky's current owner arrested for his acts of cruelty, Clint reclaims him and takes him home with him. Although Clint despairs at the condition Smoky is in, his careful treatment of the horse begins to show results. In the end, Smoky has recovered his former health and personality; the novel has been adapted to the screen three times as Smoky, in 1933, 1946, 1966. Will James himself appears in the 1933 film as a narrator. Will James expressed surprise at winning the Newbery Medal for Smoky the Cowhorse, since the book was published for adults. An illustrated edition of Smoky the Cowhorse was issued in 1928. James loosely based the book on his first horse, born in the Huff's cabin, near Val Marie, Saskatchewan where James learned wrangling and lived for three years before moving to the United States.
In the 1982 film Tex, lead character Tex McCormick refers to Smoky the Cowhorse as his favorite book. Thomas Schelling said the most influential book he read was Smoky the Cowhorse. “He’d say it was the first time he understood empathy for other human beings"
Smoky Joe Wood
Howard Ellsworth "Smoky Joe" Wood was a professional baseball player for 14 years. He played for the Boston Red Sox from 1908 to 1915, where he was a pitcher, for the Cleveland Indians from 1917 to 1922, where he was an outfielder. Wood is one of only 13 pitchers to win 30 or more games in one season since 1900. "Smoky Joe" played his first amateur baseball for the local miners teams in Colorado. Wood made his playing debut with the mostly-female "Bloomer Girls." There were many such teams across the country, which barnstormed in exhibition games against teams of men. Bloomer Girl rosters featured at least one male player. Red Sox star Ted Williams, as a guest on the Bill Stern's Sports Newsreel radio program in 1950, told the story that Wood was posing as a girl on a girls' team when The Red Sox signed him; the story ended: "The pitcher was the immortal Smoky Joe Wood. A pitcher who can never be forgotten though he did get his start posing as a girl". After joining the Red Sox in 1908 at the age of 18, Wood had his breakthrough season in 1911 in which he won 23 games, compiled an earned run average of 2.02, threw a no-hitter against the St. Louis Browns and struck out 15 batters in a single game.
Wood once struck out 23 batters in an exhibition game. He earned the nickname "Smoky Joe" because of his blazing fastball. Wood recounted in the seminal book The Glory of Their Times, "I threw so hard I thought my arm would fly right off my body." His peers concurred. A story that gained common parlance was that legendary fastballer and pitching contemporary Walter Johnson once said, "Can I throw harder than Joe Wood? Listen, my friend, there's no man alive can throw harder than Smoky Joe Wood!" But in the Johnson Biography by his Grandson "Baseball's Big Train", this statement was traced to-a descendent of Smoky Joe, a fabricated quote. But reminded of Johnson's supposed assessment 60 years Wood said, "Oh, I don't think there was anybody faster than Walter." Johnson, whether being as usual self-effacing or literal, did say Wood could throw as hard as he could for two or three innings, but his delivery put much strain on his arm. Johnson had a speed 6.1 MPH faster than anyone measured with the photo-electric system, but Wood when tested in 1917 had had a career-changing injury.
Wood's best season came in 1912, in which he won 34 games while losing only 5, had an ERA of 1.91 and struck out 258. Since 1900, pitchers have won 30 or more games only 21 times, with Wood's 34 wins being the sixth-highest total, he tied Walter Johnson's record for consecutive victories with 16. On September 6, 1912, Wood faced off against Johnson in a pitching duel at Fenway Park. At the time, Wood had a 13-game winning streak and Johnson had had his own American League record 16-game winning streak snapped; the papers of the time hyped the matchup like a heavyweight prize fight, a standing-room-only crowd of 29,000 packed the park that day. Johnson and Wood dueled to a scoreless tie through five innings, when with two outs in the sixth, Boston's Tris Speaker doubled to left on a 1–2 count and Duffy Lewis knocked him in with a double down the right-field line. Meanwhile, Wood gave up only two hits and no runs and the Red Sox prevailed, 1–0. Compelling in drama, Wood's Red Sox faced John McGraw's New York Giants in the historic 1912 World Series.
After slugging it out in seven close games, the teams met for the deciding game eight at Fenway with future Hall of Famer Christy Mathewson starting for the Giants. After Boston tied the score 1–1 in the bottom of the seventh, Wood came in to pitch, he matched Mathewson in the eighth and ninth, the game went into extra innings. In the top of the tenth, Fred Merkle got to Wood knocking in a run with a single, but in the bottom of the tenth, Clyde Engle, pinch-hitting for Wood, hit an easy fly ball to Fred Snodgrass in center field, Snodgrass dropped the ball. Given new life, the "Snodgrass Muff" cost the Giants as Speaker and Larry Gardner each knocked in a run to overcome the 1-run deficit. Wood and the Red Sox won the game 3–2 and the series 4–3–1. For Wood, the game was his third win in the series against one loss, he struck out 11 batters in one game, becoming the first pitcher to record double-digit strikeouts in a World Series game. The following year, Wood slipped on wet grass while fielding a bunt in a game against the Detroit Tigers.
He fell and broke his thumb, pitched in pain for the following three seasons. Although he maintained a winning record and a low ERA, his appearances were limited, as he could no longer recover from pitching a game. Wood sat out the 1916 season and most of the 1917 season, for all intents and purposes ended his pitching career. Late in the 1917 season, Wood was sold to the Cleveland Indians, where he rejoined former teammate Tris Speaker. Always proficient with the bat, he embarked on a second career, his hitting statistics, were far more pedestrian than those of Ruth. Nonetheless, Wood finished in the top 10 in the American League in runs batted in in two seasons, in 1918 he finished in the top ten in home runs, batting average and total bases. Wood pitched all but one game in relief, winning none and losing one, he appeared in four games in the 1920 World Series. Wood finished his major league career after the 1922 season with a pitching record of 117–57 and an ERA of 2.03. His lifetime batting average was.283.
In his final season with the Indians, he had his highest hit total for a season with 150, set a personal mark for RBI with 92. Wood went on to beco
The Smoky Group is a stratigraphical unit of Late Cretaceous age in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin. It takes the name from the Smoky River, was first described in outcrops along the banks of the Smoky River, Spirit River and Pouce Coupe Rivers by George Mercer Dawson in 1881; the Smoky Group is represented by marine silty shale with bentonite streaks. Sandstone occurs at the base, is transitional to the Dunvegan Formation. Gas is produced from the Cardium Formation in the southern reaches of the Group, in central Alberta and northern Alberta; the Kaskapau Shale reaches 477m in the Pouce Coupe River area and thins towards the east in the Smoky River area. The Bad Heart Formation sandstone is up to 8m thick, while the Puskwaskau Formation ranges from 200m in the Pouce Coupe Prairie to 123m in the Spirit River area; the entire group measures up to 677 m in the Pouce Coupe Prairie, can reach 1,100 m in the Canadian Rockies foothills of northeast British Columbia. The Smoky Group is conformably and transgressively followed by the Wapiti Group and rests conformably on the Dunvegan Formation sandstone.
The Cardium sandstone and Muskiki shale are replacing the upper parts of the Kaskapau Formation in the south-east of the distribution area. The entire group correlates with the Blackstone Formation, Cardium Formation and Wapiabi Formation of the Alberta Group in the southern foothills; the equivalent stratigraphic sequence in central Alberta consists of the Lea Park Formation and the upper Colorado Group, in north-eastern Alberta it correlates with Labiche Formation, with the Kotaneelee Formation in the Liard River area. The Smoky Group has the following sub-divisions from top to bottom: The Kaskapau Formation is equivalent to the sum of Blackstone Formation, Cardium Formation and Muskiki Formation