click links in text for more info

Snake Island (Black Sea)

Snake Island known as Serpent Island, is an island located in the Black Sea, near the Danube Delta. The island is populated. A rural settlement of Bile was established in February 2007; the islet was part of border dispute between Romania and Ukraine in 2004–2009, during which Romania contested the technical definition of the island and borders around it. The territorial limits of the continental shelf around Snake Island were delineated by the International Court of Justice in 2009. Snake Island is an igneous rock formation located 35 km from the coast, east of the mouth of the Danube River; the island's coordinates are 45°15′18″N 30°12′15″E. The island is X-shaped, 690 meters from S-W to N-E by 682 meters from N-W to S-E, covering an area of 0.205 km2. The highest area is 41 metres above sea level; the island does not have a prominently featured mountain, but rather a low-slope hill. The nearest coastal location to the island is Kubanskyi Island on the Ukrainian part of the Danube Delta, located 35 km away between the Bystroe Channel and Skhidnyi Channel.

The closest Romanian coastal city, Sulina, is 45 km away. The closest Ukrainian city is 50 km. For the end of 2011 in Zmiinyi Island coastal waters 58 fish species and six crab species were recorded. A presidential decree of 9 December 1998, Number 1341/98, declared the island and coastal waters as a state-protected area; the total protected area covers 232 hectares. The island was one of the last hauling-out sites in the basin for critically endangered Mediterranean monk seals until the 1950s. About 100 inhabitants live on the island frontier guard servicemen with their families and technical personnel. In 2003, an initiative of the Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University established the Ostriv Zmiinyi marine research station every year at which scientists and students from the university conduct research on local fauna, geology, atmospheric chemistry, hydrobiology; the island is demilitarized and under rapid development. In accordance with a 1997 Treaty between Romania and Ukraine, the Ukrainian authorities withdrew an army radio division, demolished a military radar, transferred all other infrastructure to civilians.

The Romania-Ukraine international relationships soured when Romania tried to assert that the island is no more than a rock in the sea. In February 2007, the Verkhovna Rada approved establishing a rural settlement as part of Vylkove city, located some distance away at the mouth of the Danube. However, the island had been continually populated before although not officially. In addition to a helicopter platform, in 2002 a pier was built for ships with up to 8 meter draught, construction of a harbour is underway; the island is supplied including a 150-year-old lighthouse. Electric power is provided by a dual solar/diesel power station; the island has an adequately developed civil infrastructure such as the marine research station, a post office, a bank, the first-aid station, a satellite television provider, a phone network, a cell phone tower, an Internet link. Most of building structures are located either in the middle of the island by a lighthouse or the northeastern peninsula of the island by its pier.

The island lacks a fresh water source. Its border guard contingent is resupplied by air. Since 2009 the development of the island was suspended due to financing which caused a great degree of concern of local authorities asking for more funding from the state; the Snake Island Lighthouse was built in the autumn of 1842 by the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Empire. The lighthouse is an octagonal-shaped building, 12 meters tall, located near the highest elevated area of the island, 40 meters above the sea level; the lighthouse built on site of the destroyed temple of Achilles is adjacent to a housing building. The remnants of the Greek temple were found in 1823; as lighthouse technology progressed, in 1860 new lighthouse lamps were bought from England, one of them was installed in the Lighthouse in 1862. In the early 1890s a new kerosene lamp was installed, with flat lenses, it improved the lighthouse visibility to up to 20 miles. The lighthouse was either destroyed or damaged in the First World War It was subsequently rebuilt The lighthouse was damaged during World War II by Soviet aviation and German retreating forces.

It was restored at the end of 1944 by the Odessa military radio detachment. In 1949 it was further equipped by the Black Sea Fleet; the lighthouse was further upgraded in 1975 and 1984. In 1988 a new radio beacon "KPM-300" was installed with radio signal range of 150 miles. In August 2004, the lighthouse was equipped with a radio beacon "Yantar-2M-200", which provides differential correction signal for global navigation satellite systems GPS and GLONASS; the lighthouse is listed as UKR 050 by ARLHS, EU-182 by IOTA, BS-07 by UIA. The island was named by the Greeks Leuke and was known by Romans as Alba because of the white marble formations that can be found on the isle. According to Dionysius Periegetes, it was called Leuke. According to Arrian, it was called Leuke due to its color, he mention the island was called island of Achilles and racec


Måndalen or Voll is a village in Rauma Municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The village is located along the Romsdalsfjorden about 20 kilometres west of the town of Åndalsnes; the European route E136 highway goes through Voll, connecting it to the village of Vågstranda and the village of Innfjorden. The 0.72-square-kilometre village has a population of 507 and a population density of 704 inhabitants per square kilometre. The central part of the village is referred to as Voll while the larger area in the valley is known as Måndalen. Måndalen was the administrative centre of the former municipality of Voll from 1874 until 1964. Voll Church is located in this village, it serves the people of western Rauma


Moorby is a small village in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. The village is situated 4 miles south-east from 1 mile east from Wood Enderby; the village is in the civil parish of Claxby with Moorby. Moorby has a population of about 50 inhabitants. At the 2011 census the population remained less than 100 and in included in the civil parish of Wood Enderby. According to Mills, Moorby derives from the Old Norse for'mór' plus'bý', a "farmstead or village in the moor". Moorby is listed in the 1086 Domesday Book as "Morebi", in the Horncastle Hundred of Lindsey South Riding; the village contained 18 households, 10 smallholders, 8 freemen, a meadow of 240 acres, woodland of 6 acres, a church. In 1066 Queen Edith held the Lordship, which in 1086 was transferred to William I as Lord of the Manor and Tenant-in-chief. In 1885 Kelly's noted Moorby as a village with a Wesleyan chapel, a school, founded 1856, for children of the parishes of Moorby, Claxby Pluckacre, Wood Enderby; the school was supported by voluntary contributions and held 70 pupils, with an average attendance of 40.

Parish soil was described as heavy loam with a subsoil of white clay, on which were grown wheat, barley and turnips. Parish population in 1881 was 98. Moorby occupations included four farmers, a wheelwright, a beer retailer, a blacksmith, a farm bailiff. A church, dedicated to All Saints, was demolished in the 1980s Kelly's notes the church as a small structure in Early English style, constructed of Ancaster stone with brick bands, comprising a chancel and vestry, a north porch, a small square tower with one bell and a spire; the arcade was of three arches, the reredos of carved stone and encaustic tile, the pulpit of Caen stone. The parish registers dated from 1561, included those of Claxby Pluckacre; the living was 14 acres of glebe land at Wildmoor Fen. The Shell Guide to Lincolnshire describes Moorby church as being "much restored by James Fowler in 1866, but he left a large and early font". In 1964 Pevsner noted a square font that included images of a virgin and moon, kneeling and seated figures, a cadaver, an angel.

The vestry held a 16th-century stone panel with the image of a man playing bagpipes and two dancing figures. A 1712 paten by John Stocker existed. Moorby was'a Great War landing ground' for the RAF; the village contains remains of POW Camp 79. The camp was a standard Second World War working camp for German soldiers, it was used as a poultry farm. Most local gatherings in the village take place in the village hall, a Rural Education Centre on Cooks Farm or on the village green, a small grassy area on the site of an old farmyard owned by the nearby Scrivelsby estate. Church services are held in Wilksby church every third Sunday in the month. Village buildings include 12 houses, including the Old Rectory, the Old School House, the Royal Oak, no longer a licensed premises. A Methodist chapel still is now outhouses for a private residence; the village is home to Oslinc, a farm where ostriches are reared for meat and feathers. On New Year's Eve 2002 a farm at Moorby was taken-over by 70 people for an illegal rave, causing damage and fires.

The farmer complained that Lincolnshire Police took no eviction action after sending two officers to investigate. The police stated that "officers could only intervene to break up rave parties if certain criteria were met". Media related to Moorby at Wikimedia Commons Oslinc Claxby with Moorby parish

SSR Mining Inc.

SSR Mining Inc. Silver Standard Resources, is a Vancouver-based mining company focused on the operation, development and acquisition of precious metal projects, it is listed under the ticker symbol SSRM on the NASDAQ Capital Markets and the Toronto Stock Exchange. SSR Mining is a precious metals producer with three operations, including the Marigold gold mine in Nevada, U. S. the Seabee Gold Operation in Saskatchewan and Puna Operations in Jujuy Province, Argentina. Puna Operations consists of the Chinchillas. SSR Mining has two feasibility stage projects and a portfolio of exploration properties throughout North and South America. Marigold The Marigold mine has been in continuous operation since 1988; the mine is located in Humboldt County, United States on the Battle Mountain-Eureka trend. SSR Mining completed the acquisition of Marigold on April 4, 2014. Marigold is a large run-of-mine heap leach operation with several open pits, waste rock stockpiles, leach pads, a carbon absorption facility, a carbon processing and gold refining facility.

The mine utilizes a fleet of 290-tonne haul trucks and three loading units. The gold doré bars produced at the mine are shipped to a third party refinery. Seabee Gold Operation The Seabee Gold Operation has been in continuous production since 1991; the mine is located near Laonil Lake, Canada 125 kilometers northeast of the town of La Ronge. SSR Mining acquired the Seabee Gold Operation on May 31, 2016 as a result of our acquisition of Claude Resources Inc; the Santoy underground mine has been in continuous commercial production since 2014. Commercial production at the Seabee mine commenced in 1991 and exhausted Mineral Resources in 2018. All Ore is processed at the Seabee mill facility, in operation since 1991; the Seabee mill facility produces doré bars. Puna Operations Puna Operations Inc. comprises the Chinchillas mine and the Pirquitas property, which includes the Pirquitas processing facilities. Puna Operations is located in the Jujuy Argentina. On May 31, 2017, SSR Mining formed the Puna Operations joint venture with Golden Arrow Resources Corporation for the development of the Chinchillas project.

The joint venture, named Puna Operations Inc. consisted of SSR Mining’s Pirquitas property and Golden Arrow’s Chinchillas property and was owned on a 75% / 25% basis by each company, respectively. On September 18, 2019, SSR Mining completed the acquisition of the remaining 25% interest in Puna Operations Inc. With the completion of the transaction, SSR Mining now owns 100% of Puna Operations; the Chinchillas mine is a silver-lead-zinc deposit, which achieved commercial production in December 2018. It is expected to supply ore to the Pirquitas processing facilities over an 8-year active mining period. Open pit mining is conducted using conventional drill, blast and loading operations; the ore is transported 40 kilometers to the Pirquitas processing facilities, which produce a silver-lead concentrate and a zinc concentrate that are shipped to international smelters. The Pirquitas processing facilities have been in commercial production since 2009, processing ore from the San Miguel open pit, which concluded mining activities in January 2017 and hosts the tailings deposit facility.

Pitarrilla The Pitarrilla project is a 100% owned grassroots discovery made by SSR Mining in 2002, located 160 kilometres north-northwest of the city of Durango within the State of Durango, Mexico. A paved roadway extends to within 47 kilometres of the plant site. Pitarrilla is a silver and zinc project, which may consist of a large open-pit recovering oxidized ores in the early years of production and predominantly sulphide ores from the deeper parts of the deposit. San Luis San Luis is a 100 % owned project by SSR Mining, located in the Ancash Peru; the San Luis project is centered on a high-grade, gold-silver vein, the Ayelén Vein, discovered in 2005. The Project is 25 kilometers northwest of Barrick Gold Corporation's Pierina gold mine

Monument to Josif Pančić

Monument to Josif Pančić was erected in Belgrade in the memory of Јоsif Pančić, a Serbian doctor, scientist and the first president of Serbian Royal Academy. The monument has the status of the cultural monument; the monument was erected in 1897, as the work of the sculptor Đorđe Jovanović, one of the first local educated sculptors. Shortly after the death of the distinguished scientist Josif Pančić in 1888, the Ministry of Education hired the academic sculptor Đorđe Jovanović, to make the sculpture; until spring in 1891, Pančić ` s sculpture was cast. However, when the Ministry of Education was supposed to take over the sculpture of Josif Pančić, they started to stall and protest; the Artistic Department of the Serbian Academy of Science and Arts gave negative opinion about the monument, considering that the „sculpture had no artistic values at all“. The Ministry of Education encouraged by the negative assessment of the Academy Department, informed the artist that there was not enough money for the repurchase of the statue, that they are not able to compensate for the expenses he had considering the casting of the statue in bronze.

Regarding these events, a group of our students in Paris, led by Bogdan Popović, wrote a letter to the Professors` Council of the Great School, as the plea and the appeal to find the solution to that situation. The monument was erected within the Academic Park and was solemnly unveiled in May 1897; the important guests were present at the ceremony of unveiling, the King of Serbia with the members of Royal Government and state council, the members of the Serbian Royal Academy of Science, diplomatic representative of the Principality of Bulgaria, as well as Nikola Pašić, the president of the Municipality of Belgrade at that time. The Municipality of Belgrade paid covered the expenses of the erection of the monument. A bronze sculpture represents Pančić standing, with one foot forward, holding a magnifying glass and a twig in his hands, whereas by his feet there are books and a famous Pančić`s pine tree. To the right from the bronze pedestal there is a sculptor`s signature and the year of construction: Đ.

JOVANOVIĆ 1891. Quadrangular pedestal is 223 cm high. There is the inscription on the pedestal: TO JOSIF PANČIĆ 1814–1888 BELGRADE MUNICIPALITY; the sculpture of Josif Pančić holds an important place in the development of our sculpture considering Belgrade public monuments. It is the first sculpture in Serbian sculpture designed and done by the Serbian artist, one of the first public monuments in Belgrade at the beginning of the development of sculpture art in Serbia in the period of academism; the monument was displayed at the autumn salon in Paris in 1891. It is the first public monument done as the work of a local artist; the Monument to Josif Pančić was declared a cultural monument in 1967

Herman Sörgel

Herman Sörgel was a German architect from Bavaria. He was known for pioneering the Atlantropa project, conceived as a solution to the economic and political turmoil gripping Europe in the early 20th century. Atlantropa called for dams built across the Strait of Gibraltar, the Dardanelles, between Sicily and Tunisia; the dams would provide hydroelectric power and would be overseen by a newly formed independent body with the authority to discontinue energy to any country posing a threat to peace. Sörgel promoted his ideas until his death in 1952. Herman Sörgel was born in Regensburg, Germany in 1885 to Bavarian parents. From 1904 to 1908 Sörgel studied architecture at The Technical University in Munich; some of his publications included: Sörgel, Herman. Mittelmeer-Senkung. Sahara-Bewässerung = Lowering the Mediterranean, Irrigating the Sahara, pamphlet. Leipzig: J. M. Gebhardt. Sörgel, Herman. "Europa-Afrika: ein Weltteil": 983–987. Retrieved 27 June 2017. Sörgel, Herman. Atlantropa. Munich: Fretz & Wasmuth, Zurich / Piloty & Löhle.

Sörgel, Herman. Foreword to "Technokratie - die neue Heilslehre" by Wayne W. Parrish. Munich: R. Piper & Co. Sörgel, Herman. Die drei großen "A". Großdeutschland und italienisches Imperium, die Pfeiler Atlantropas.. Munich: Piloty & Loehle. Sörgel, Herman. Atlantropa-ABC: Kraft, Brot. Erläuterungen zum Atlantropa-Projekt. Leipzig: Arnd. Sörgel, Herman. Foreword to "Atlantropa. Wesenszüge eines Projekts" by John Knittel. Stuttgart: Behrendt. Sörgel was the originator of the idea of Atlantropa—a utopian continent created by damming the Strait of Gibraltar, the Dardanelles, the Congo river, his idea called for the damming, thus lowering, of the Mediterranean Sea level and making use of the difference between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic sea levels to generate hydro-electric power. Sorgel's idea to lower sea levels would increase the dry land areas around the Mediterranean and provide overland access to Africa. Damming the Congo river would refill the basin surrounding Lake Chad providing fresh water to irrigate the Sahara and shipping access to the African interior.

Besides creating new bodies of land, the mass amounts of hydro-electric energy that would be generating, could account for 50% of Europe's energy needs at the time. While Sörgel was dreaming up the idea, he never took into consideration how other countries would react or change; the land mass of the Levant, for example, would increase by 50% due to the water levels dropping. Sörgel would have to go through multiple Middle Eastern countries to get to Africa where most of the major changes would take place. Sörgel died at the age of 67 shortly after having been struck by a car while on his bicycle en route to a lecture at a German university in Munich; the accident happened on a road "as straight as a die" and the driver of the car was never found