Snake Valley is a north-south trending valley that straddles the Nevada–Utah border in the central Great Basin. It is bound by the Snake Range and the Deep Creek Mountains to the west and the Confusion Range to the east; the valley is the gateway to Great Basin National Park and Lehman Caves, located in the western part of the valley and on the southern Snake Range. Though it is isolated from civilization today, the human presence in Snake Valley goes back 12,000 years; the oldest accessible evidence of this is the Baker Archeological Site, a Fremont culture habitat maintained by the BLM. Current communities in the valley include Baker in Nevada and Garrison, Eskdale, Partoun, Trout Creek and Border in Utah. Today, the main industries in the valley are farming and ranching sheep ranching. Snake Valley is noted for a water project involving the Las Vegas Valley, that would target the underlying Basin and Range Carbonate Aquifer, an aquifer that supplies local agriculture and is a large source of water for this region.
Though Snake Valley and the surrounding area is arid and part of the Great Basin Desert, the high ranges like the Snake Range, Deep Creek Mountains, the Schell Creek Range allow a large snowpack that recharges the regional aquifer. This'additional' water manifests itself in the many springs and lakes that make Snake Valley lush. Thus, Snake Valley has long been a target of wildlife and farmers, with at least one farm in continual operation since the 1880s; the water development project is proposed by the Southern Nevada Water Authority, the water authority that services the Las Vegas area. In the proposal, a pipeline would be built from Snake Valley to supply pumped groundwater to be used as municipal water for the Clark County, Nevada region, with amounts ranging up to 137,000 acre feet per year. Local ranchers and environmentalists have objected to this removal of water from local aquifers, comparing the situation to Owens Valley and noting local drawdowns and springs drying up but indeterminably, from local agricultural pumping, like at Needle Point Springs.
Enhanced demand on the water from locals and enhanced hydrogeologic monitoring have occurred as a result of this proposal, including the USGS's BARCASS study and the Utah Geological Survey's Snake Valley Groundwater Monitoring Program. Both studies have concluded that precipitation in the high mountains of the area are the source of the far away but anomalously large springs at Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge. Others support the system, noting the importance to the growth and sustainability of the Las Vegas Valley; the largest advocate for the pipeline has been SNWA General Manager Patricia Mulroy. Mulroy has continuously claimed. Others agree, have used New York City as an example of proper water management. New York has relied on water from the Catskills and Hudson Valley region for more than a century, due to proper management these eco systems continue to flourish, despite the allocation of the water in the Catskills and Hudson Valley. Protect Snake Valley Blog An NPR story on water issues in Snake Valley and Las Vegas
Nong Wua So is a district in the western part of Udon Thani Province, northeastern Thailand. Neighboring districts are Kut Chap, Mueang Udon Thani, Nong Saeng of Udon Thani Province, Khao Suan Kwang of Khon Kaen Province and Non Sang and Mueang Nongbua Lamphu of Nong Bua Lamphu Province; the district was established as a minor district on 16 April 1971, when it was split off from Mueang Udon Thani District. It was upgraded to a full district on 1 April 1974; the district is divided into eight sub-districts. There are two townships. Nong Wua So covers parts of Mak Ya. There are a further seven tambon administrative organizations. Amphoe.com
The England cricket team toured South Africa from December 2019 to February 2020 to play four Tests, three One Day Internationals and three Twenty20 International matches. The Test series formed part of the inaugural 2019–21 ICC World Test Championship. Cricket South Africa confirmed the fixtures for the tour in May 2019. In September 2019, Cricket South Africa raised concerns about hosting the New Year's Test match at the Newlands Cricket Ground, with regards to financial issues around Western Province Cricket Association's affairs; the following month, Cricket South Africa confirmed that the venue would host the Test match as planned. Ahead of the Test series, South Africa's Vernon Philander announced that the series would be his last before retiring from international cricket. In the first Test, England's James Anderson became; the third Test of the series was England's 500th to be played overseas. England won the Test series 3–1, the first time that the England cricket team had won three Tests on a tour to South Africa since 1913–14.
South Africa became the first team to be deducted World Test Championship points, after a slow over-rate in the fourth Test. For the One Day International series, Cricket South Africa appointed Quinton de Kock as the new captain of their ODI team, replacing Faf du Plessis. Du Plessis was dropped from the ODI squad. Quinton de Kock was named as South Africa's captain for the T20I series; the ODI series was drawn 1 -- 1. England won the T20I series 2–1; the 1,207 runs scored in the T20Is broke the record for the most runs scored in a three-match T20I series. The day after the final T20I match, Faf du Plessis announced that he had stepped down as the captain of South Africa's Test and T20I sides. Ahead of the first Test match, several members of the England cricket team became ill with flu-like symptoms; as a result, Dominic Bess and Craig Overton were called up to England's squad as cover. During the first Test, South Africa's Aiden Markram fractured his finger ruling him out of the rest of the series.
Keegan Petersen was named as Markram's replacement in South Africa's Test squad. Prior to the second Test, Rory Burns suffered an ankle injury playing football and was ruled out of England's squad for the rest of the series. In January 2020, Pat Brown was ruled out of England's ODI and T20I squads, following a stress fracture to his lower back. England's James Anderson suffered a rib injury on the final day of the second Test, was ruled out of the rest of the series. Craig Overton remained in England's Test squad as cover for Anderson. Before the third Test, England's Jack Leach flew home after suffering from sepsis. South Africa's Kagiso Rabada was banned from the fourth Test, after breaching the ICC code of conduct for his celebration after dismissing Joe Root in the third Test. England's Jofra Archer picked up an elbow injury during the Test series that ruled him out of playing in the T20I matches. Saqib Mahmood was named as Archer's replacement in England's T20I squad. Ahead of the ODI series, Sisanda Magala was declared not to be fit, was ruled out of South Africa's squad.