Pamela Denise Anderson is a Canadian-American actress and model. Anderson is best known for her appearances in Playboy magazine and for her work on the television series Home Improvement, Baywatch and V. I. P.. She rose to fame after being selected as the February 1990 Playmate of the Month for Playboy magazine. Anderson went on to frequent appearances on the magazine's cover, holding the record of most Playboy covers by any person, she became known to a wider audience in 1991, appearing as a recurring character, Lisa, on the award-winning ABC sitcom Home Improvement for its first two seasons. She received international recognition for her starring role as C. J. Parker in the action-drama television show Baywatch, further cementing her status as a sex symbol. Anderson has appeared in films such as Barb Wire and Blonde and Blonder, she was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame in 2006. Anderson is a prominent activist for the animal rights movement and has conducted campaigns condemning the commercial fur industry and promoting veganism through the animal rights organization People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals.
Anderson was born in Ladysmith, British Columbia, the daughter of Barry, a furnace repairman, Carol Anderson, a waitress. Her great-grandfather, Juho Hyytiäinen, was Finnish and of Romani descent, a native of Saarijärvi, left the Grand Duchy of Finland for Canada in 1908, he changed his name to Anderson. Anderson has Russian ancestry on her mother's side. Anderson got some press coverage right after her birth as a "Centennial Baby", having been born on July 1, 1967, the 100th anniversary of Canada's official founding via the Constitution Act, 1867. Anderson claims she suffered sexual abuse as a child, a fact she revealed publicly in 2014, she said she was molested by a female babysitter from ages 6 to 10, raped by a 25-year-old man when she was age 12, gang-raped by her boyfriend and six of his friends when she was 14. Anderson attended Highland Secondary School in Comox, British Columbia. During high school, she played on the volleyball team, she graduated in 1985. In 1988, Anderson worked as a fitness instructor.
In 1989, Anderson attended a BC Lions Canadian Football League game at the BC Place Stadium in Vancouver, where she was featured on the Jumbotron while wearing a Labatt's Beer T-shirt. The brewing company hired Anderson as a spokesmodel. Inspired by that event, her then-boyfriend Dan Ilicic produced a poster of her image, entitled the Blue Zone Girl. Anderson appeared as the cover girl on Playboy magazine's October 1989 issue, she moved to Los Angeles to further pursue a modeling career. Playboy subsequently chose her as Playmate of the Month in their February 1990 issue, in which she appeared in the centerfold photo. Anderson elected to have breast implant surgery, increasing her bust size to 34D, she increased her bust size again, to 34DD, several years later. Anderson's Playboy career spans 22 years, she has appeared on more Playboy covers than any other model, she has made numerous appearances in the publication's newsstand specials. Anderson wrote the foreword in the Playboy coffee table book Playboy's Greatest Covers.
After Anderson moved to Los Angeles, she won a minor role as Lisa, the original "Tool Time girl", on the ABC comedy series Home Improvement. She left the show after two seasons and won the role of C. J. Parker on Baywatch, which she played for five seasons between 1992 and 1997 making her one of the longest-serving cast members; this has been one of her best-known roles to date and has gained her a lot of popularity from international viewers. She reprised her role in a reunion movie, Baywatch: Hawaiian Wedding, to star in commercials for DirecTV in 2007. Anderson was still appearing on the cover of the magazine each year. In 1993, Anderson appeared in a music video "Can't Have Your Cake" by Vince Neil to promote his first solo album Exposed. In 1994, she was cast in her first starring film role, in Raw Justice known as Good Cop, Bad Cop, costarring with Stacy Keach, David Keith, Robert Hays. Under the alternate title, the film won the Bronze Award at the Worldfest-Charleston in the category for dramatic theatrical films.
In 1996, she appeared in Barb Wire playing Barbara Rose Kopetski, claimed by some sources to be Anderson's real name, although it is not. The movie, a thinly veiled futuristic remake of Casablanca, was not a commercial success. During filming, she had a real barb wire tattoo put on her left upper arm as an alternative to having it painted on by make-up artists every day, but had it removed in 2016. In April 1997, she guest-hosted Saturday Night Live, she appeared on one of two covers for the September issue of Playboy. In September 1998, Anderson starred as Vallery Irons in the Sony Pictures Television syndicated action series V. I. P. created by J. F. Lawton. Blending action and humor in a fast-paced adventure series, with Anderson poking fun at her tabloid image, the show explored the exciting and sometimes treacherous lives of the rich and famous; the series lasted through a successful four-year run. In 1999, she appeared as a man-eating giantess in the music video for "Miserable" by California alternative rock band Lit.
She appeared on The Nanny as Heather Biblow. In 1999, she had her breast implants surgically removed. Sam Newman House, a pop architecture building constructed in 2003 in St Kilda, Australia, features a large image of Anderson's face. Sam Newman commissioned local architect Cassandra Fahey to design the building, used the image with Anderson's permission. Permits were issued retroactively
Terri Treas is an American actress and director who has starred in films and on television. She is best known for her role as Newcomer Cathy Frankel on the Fox Network short-lived science fiction series Alien Nation and the five subsequent movies produced to continue the storyline, her other well-known TV roles include the 1980s TV series Seven Brides for Seven Brothers as Hannah McFadden from 1982–1983, the Fox Network TV series DEA, Santa Barbara. Terri's first movie role was in the 1979 movie All That Jazz. Terri directed her first movie in 1992 called Play Nice, starring Louise Robey of Friday the 13th: The Series. Terri has written some episodes for TV series, she had made guest appearances on many TV shows, such as Knight Rider, Crazy Like a Fox, The A-Team, Murphy Brown, Roseanne. Alien Nation: The Udara Legacy – Cathy Frankel Alien Nation: The Enemy Within – Cathy Frankel Alien Nation: Millennium – Cathy Frankel Ladykiller Scene of the Crime – Captain Lorraine Hanover Alien Nation: Body and Soul – Cathy Frankel Alien Nation: Dark Horizon – Cathy Frankel Yankee Zulu – Rowena Little Miss Millions – Susan Ferris Snapdragon – Co-writer with Gene Church House IV Play Nice – Director Rage and Honor – Rita Carrion Frankenstein Unbound – Voice of Computer The Fabulous Baker Boys – Girl in Bed The Terror Within – Linda The Nest – Dr. Morgan Hubbard Deathstalker III – Camisarde Something in Common – Nancy Webster The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas – The Chicken Ranch Girl So Fine Headin' for Broadway All That Jazz Terri's Broadway musical credits – "Pal Joey" Circle in the Square, "My Fair Lady" Revival 1976, "Pippin", "Working", "King of Hearts", "Back Country", "Dancin'", "One Night Stand" Terri Treas on IMDb
Steven Bauer is a Cuban-American actor. He is known for his role as Manny Ribera in the 1983 film Scarface, as Don Eladio in the AMC drama series Breaking Bad, Avi in Ray Donovan, the bilingual PBS show ¿Qué Pasa, USA? Born Esteban Ernesto Echevarría Samson in Havana, the son of Lillian Samson Agostini, a schoolteacher, Esteban Echevarría, a pilot who worked for Cubana Airlines. Bauer's maternal grandfather was a Jewish refugee from Germany, Bauer's maternal grandmother was a Cuban of partial Italian ancestry, his stage surname comes from his maternal great-grandmother. Bauer's parents fled from Cuba to Miami, Florida, on July 4, 1960, following Fidel Castro's Revolution, he graduated from Miami Coral Park High School in 1974. Intending to become a musician, Bauer turned to acting while attending Miami-Dade Community College, but transferred to the University of Miami, where he studied in its Department of Theater Arts and performed at its Jerry Herman Ring Theatre where he became friends with actor Ray Liotta.
Bauer's first substantial role was in the PBS bilingual sitcom ¿Qué Pasa, USA?, playing the teenage son of a Cuban exile family in Miami, from 1977 to 1979. He appeared in the 1980 TV miniseries From Here to Eternity, he was credited in a few other early projects as Rocky Echevarría. In 1981, Bauer starred in the television movie She's in the Army Now, where he met his first wife, actress Melanie Griffith, they both moved to New York City and stayed at Ray Liotta's apartment, while Liotta moved to Los Angeles and stayed at theirs. Both Bauer and Griffith studied under famed acting teacher Stella Adler, he appeared in several off-Broadway productions. During this time he adopted the stage name "Steven Bauer". Bauer was given the role of Manny Ribera, the part played by George Raft in the original 1932 version, in the 1983 movie Scarface though he was a unknown actor at the time; the producers of Scarface were convinced that he was right for the role based on his strong audition, as well as his authentic Cuban background.
His performance drew a Golden Globe nomination for Best Supporting Actor. In 1986 he had two other important roles; the first was as Det. Frank Sigliano in the Billy Crystal and Gregory Hines cop comedy Running Scared; the second was as an Israeli soldier named Avner in the Canadian CTV television movie Sword of Gideon, which tells the story of Mossad agents hunting down terrorists in the aftermath of the 1972 Munich massacre. The Sword of Gideon script was the basis for Steven Spielberg's film Munich, which follows the same storyline and borrows from the Sword of Gideon story and script. In 1990 Bauer played the role of Drug Enforcement Administration agent Enrique "Kiki" Camarena in the television miniseries Drug Wars: The Camarena Story alongside Benicio Del Toro and Craig T. Nelson; that same year, Bauer took over the series lead of the television show Wiseguy from Ken Wahl for the fourth and final season, playing US Attorney Michael Santana after Wahl's character disappears. Since Bauer has made his career though not in action films and crime dramas on both the big and small screens.
An example of this is the movie “The Lost City” where he served in a minor role alongside the film’s star and director Andy Garcia. Including such motion pictures as Primal Fear and Traffic, he made an appearance in the video game spin-off Scarface: The World Is Yours, playing drug dealer The Sandman. In 2007 he appeared on an episode of Burn Notice. In 2011, Bauer appeared on the show Breaking Bad playing Mexican drug lord Don Eladio, he stars with Julianne Michelle in the feature film Awakened, a supernatural thriller touching on Life After Death, a Supernova Media motion picture. More Bauer appeared as ex-Mossad agent turned private investigator "Avi" in the Showtime series Ray Donovan. Bauer reprised his Breaking Bad role in AMC's prequel Better Call Saul. In addition, he played El Santo in the American version of Queen of the South. Bauer married actress Melanie Griffith; the couple had a son in 1985, before divorcing in 1989. That same year he married Ingrid Anderson, with whom he had another son, born in 1990.
His second marriage ended in divorce in 1991. A year he married his third wife, Christiana Boney. Nominated – Golden Globe Award – Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in a Motion Picture – Scarface Nominated – Golden Globe Award – Best Performance by an Actor in a Mini-series or Motion Picture Made for TV – Drug Wars: The Camarena Story Won – Screen Actors Guild Award – Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture – Traffic Won – Short Film Award – Best Supporting Actor – Crumble Won – Festival Award – Best Actor – The Last Gamble Won – Feature Film Award – Best Actor – The Last Gamble Nominated – Saturn Award – Best Guest Starring Role on Television – Breaking Bad List of Cubans Steven Bauer on IMDb Steven Bauer at AllMovie Steven Bauer's official MySpace profile Steven Bauer profile at NNDB
Playboy is an American men's lifestyle and entertainment magazine. It was founded in Chicago in 1953, by Hugh Hefner and his associates, funded in part by a $1,000 loan from Hefner's mother. Notable for its centerfolds of nude and semi-nude models, Playboy played an important role in the sexual revolution and remains one of the world's best-known brands, having grown into Playboy Enterprises, Inc. with a presence in nearly every medium. In addition to the flagship magazine in the United States, special nation-specific versions of Playboy are published worldwide; the magazine has a long history of publishing short stories by novelists such as Arthur C. Clarke, Ian Fleming, Vladimir Nabokov, Saul Bellow, Chuck Palahniuk, P. G. Wodehouse, Roald Dahl, Haruki Murakami, Margaret Atwood. With a regular display of full-page color cartoons, it became a showcase for notable cartoonists, including Harvey Kurtzman, Jack Cole, Eldon Dedini, Jules Feiffer, Shel Silverstein, Erich Sokol, Roy Raymonde, Gahan Wilson, Rowland B. Wilson.
Playboy features monthly interviews of notable public figures, such as artists, economists, conductors, film directors, novelists, religious figures, politicians and race car drivers. The magazine reflects a liberal editorial stance, although it interviews conservative celebrities. After a year-long removal of most nude photos in Playboy magazine, the March–April 2017 issue brought back nudity. By spring 1953, Hugh Hefner—a 1949 University of Illinois psychology graduate who had worked in Chicago for Esquire magazine writing promotional copy, he formed HMH Publishing Corporation, recruited his friend Eldon Sellers to find investors. Hefner raised just over $8,000, including from his brother and mother. However, the publisher of an unrelated men's adventure magazine, contacted Hefner and informed him it would file suit to protect their trademark if he were to launch his magazine with that name. Hefner, his wife Millie, Sellers met to seek a new name, considering "Top Hat", "Gentleman", "Sir'", "Satyr", "Pan" and "Bachelor" before Sellers suggested "Playboy".
The first issue, in December 1953, was undated. He produced it in his Hyde Park kitchen; the first centerfold was Marilyn Monroe, although the picture used was taken for a calendar rather than for Playboy. Hefner chose what he deemed the "sexiest" image, a unused nude study of Marilyn stretched with an upraised arm on a red velvet background with closed eyes and mouth open; the heavy promotion centered around Marilyn's nudity on the already-famous calendar, together with the teasers in marketing, made the new Playboy magazine a success. The first issue sold out in weeks. Known circulation was 53,991; the cover price was 50¢. Copies of the first issue in mint to near mint condition sold for over $5,000 in 2002; the novel Fahrenheit 451, by Ray Bradbury, was published in 1953 and serialized in the March and May 1954 issues of Playboy. An urban legend started about Hefner and the Playmate of the Month because of markings on the front covers of the magazine. From 1955 to 1979, the "P" in Playboy had stars printed around the letter.
The legend stated that this was either a rating that Hefner gave to the Playmate according to how attractive she was, the number of times that Hefner had slept with her, or how good she was in bed. The stars, between zero and 12 indicated the domestic or international advertising region for that printing. From 1966 to 1976, Robie Macauley was the Fiction Editor at Playboy. During this period the magazine published fiction by Saul Bellow, Seán Ó Faoláin, John Updike, James Dickey, John Cheever, Doris Lessing, Joyce Carol Oates, Vladimir Nabokov, Michael Crichton, John le Carré, Irwin Shaw, Jean Shepherd, Arthur Koestler, Isaac Bashevis Singer, Bernard Malamud, John Irving, Anne Sexton, Nadine Gordimer, Kurt Vonnegut and J. P. Donleavy, as well as poetry by Yevgeny Yevtushenko. In 1968 at the feminist Miss America protest, protestors symbolically threw a number of feminine products into a "Freedom Trash Can." These included copies of Cosmopolitan magazines. One of the key pamphlets produced by the protesters was "No More Miss America!", by Robin Morgan which listed ten characteristics of the Miss America pageant that the authors believed degraded women.
Since reaching its peak in the 1970s, Playboy saw a decline in circulation and cultural relevance due to competition in the field it founded—first from Penthouse Oui and Gallery in the 1970s. In response, Playboy has attempted to re-assert its hold on the 18–35 male demographic through slight changes to content and focusing on issues and personalities more appropriate to its audience—such as hip-hop artists being featured in the "Playboy Interview". Christie Hefner, daughter of the founder Hugh Hefner, joined Playboy in 1975 and became head of the company in 1988, she announced in December 2008 that she would be stepping down from leading the company, effective in January 2009, said that the election of Barack Obama as the next President had inspired her to give more time to charitable work
A Playmate is a female model featured in the centerfold/gatefold of Playboy magazine as Playmate of the Month. The PMOM's pictorial includes nude photographs and a centerfold poster, along with a pictorial biography and the "Playmate Data Sheet", which lists her birthdate, turn-ons, turn-offs. At the end of the year, one of the twelve Playmates of the Month is named Playmate of the Year. Playmates of the Month are paid US$25,000 and Playmates of the Year receive an additional US$100,000 plus a car and a motorcycle. In addition, Anniversary Playmates are chosen to celebrate a milestone year of the magazine. Playboy encourages potential Playmates to send photos with "girl next door" appeal for consideration. In addition, "casting calls" are held in major US cities to offer opportunities for women to test for Playboy; the Playboy photographers and Hugh Hefner select which models become Playmates. The Playmate of the Year is chosen by Hugh Hefner, taking into account an annual readers' poll. According to Playboy, there is no such thing as a former Playmate because "Once a Playmate, always a Playmate".
Marilyn Monroe, featured in the first issue, was the only one to appear as "Sweetheart of the Month." The first model called a Playmate of the Month was Margie Harrison, Miss January 1954, in the second issue of Playboy. A woman may appear only once as a Playmate, but in the early years of the magazine, some models were featured multiple times. Marilyn Waltz and Janet Pilgrim are tied for the most appearances. Margie Harrison and Marguerite Empey are the only other women to appear more than once as Playmates. Under current law in most US jurisdictions, publishing nude pictures of a model younger than 18 would be a felony. However, in the early years of the magazine, laws regarding corruption of a minor were less well established. Several playmates – including Nancy Crawford, Donna Michelle, Linda Moon, Patti Reynolds and Teddi Smith – posed when they were seventeen. Elizabeth Ann Roberts – whose pictorial was called "Schoolmate Playmate" – posed when she was sixteen. Hugh Hefner and Roberts' mother were arrested as a result, but the case was subsequently dismissed because Roberts' mother had signed a statement that her daughter was eighteen before the photo shoot.
In 1979 Ursula Buchfellner posed for the German edition of Playboy when she was sixteen and subsequently posed for the American edition when she was eighteen. Dutch Playmate twins Karin and Mirjam van Breeschooten appeared at age seventeen in their country's edition of Playboy in June 1988, at eighteen, they were Misses September 1989 in the US version; some women have become Playmates in their 30s. Dolores Donlon is the oldest Playmate to date, appearing in her shoot at the age of 36. First Playmate: Margie Harrison in the second issue of Playboy. Marilyn Monroe, featured in the first issue, was the only one to appear as "Sweetheart of the Month". First Playmate to be chosen three times: Marilyn Waltz First and only month in Playboy history not have a Playmate – March 1955 First centerfold: Janet Pilgrim First fold-out centerfold: Marian Stafford First foreign-born Playmate: Marion Scott was born in Germany. Youngest Playmate featured: Elizabeth Ann Roberts appeared at age 16. First issue to feature two Playmates: Pat Sheehan and Mara Corday First Playmate to become Playmate of the Year: Ellen Stratton First Asian-American Playmate: China Lee First African-American Playmate: Jennifer Jackson First twin Playmates Mary Collinson and Madeleine Collinson First Playmate to show visible pubic hair: Liv Lindeland First Playmate to pose for a full frontal nude centerfold: Marilyn Cole First Playmate to pose for a full frontal nude centerfold with visible entire pubic hair: Bonnie Large First Hispanic-American Playmate: Ester Cordet was from Panama.
First cousins to be Playmates: Elaine Morton and Karen Elaine Morton First video Playmate: Lonny Chin was the magazine centerfold in the January 1983 issue. First mother and daughter to be Playmates: Carol Eden and her daughter Simone Eden First triplets to be Playmates: Erica and Jaclyn Dahm First Mexican-American Playmate of the Year: Raquel Pomplun First transgender Playmate: Ines Rau In the early days of Playboy, there was no official prize for the most popular Playmate at the end of each year. Although February 1954 Playmate Marilyn Waltz gained much popularity, receiving more fan mail than any other Playmate that year, she was not crowned PMOY. Neither was December 1956 Playmate Lisa Winters, named Playmate of the Year, although Joyce Nizzari, Miss December 1958, was named the "most popular" Playmate of 1958, the PMOY competition was first won in 1960 by Miss December 1959, Ellen Stratton; the 2009 PMOY
Rance Howard was an American actor who starred in film and on television. He was the father of actor and filmmaker Ron Howard and actor Clint Howard, grandfather of the actresses Bryce Dallas Howard and Paige Howard. Howard appeared in many notable films such as Cool Hand Luke, Splash, Ed Wood, Apollo 13, Independence Day, A Beautiful Mind, Cinderella Man, Frost/Nixon and Max Rose. For co-producing the television film The Time Crystal, he received a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Children's Program. Howard was born Harold Rance Beckenholdt in Duncan, the son of Ethel Cleo and Engel Beckenholdt, a farmer, he changed his name to "Rance Howard". Howard studied at the University of Oklahoma, his professional acting career began in 1948 when he went to New York City and landed a job in a children's touring company. The role that got him noticed nationally for television and film was playing the part of Lindstrom in the touring company of the play Mister Roberts with Henry Fonda in 1950, portraying the character for about a year-and-a-half in major cities across the U.
S. Both Rance and elder son Ron, two at the time, made their feature film debuts together in the 1956 western Frontier Woman. In the 1950s, Rance's roles included his TV debut in the series Kraft Theatre, on which he appeared three times in 1956–57. After son Ron went on to play Opie in The Andy Griffith Show in the early 1960s, Rance had guest parts in five episodes of the show. Howard was known best for his role on television in 25 episodes of the 1960s TV series Gentle Ben starring his younger son, Clint. Howard played a backwoodsman who befriended the family. Another well-known TV role was on Babylon 5, in which he had a recurring role as David Sheridan, the father of Babylon 5 captain John Sheridan, he starred in the short-lived 2000 TV series Driving Me Crazy. His television guest appearances include Gunsmoke, Kung Fu, The Waltons, CBS Schoolbreak Special 1986 episode "The Drug Knot", Angel, 7th Heaven, Cold Case, That's So Raven, two appearances on Seinfeld. On The Waltons, Howard portrayed Dr. McIver in five different episodes.
Howard appeared in over 100 films, including the 1967 movie Cool Hand Luke, The Music Man, many other films. Howard acted in many of his son Ron's films including Splash, Apollo 13, A Beautiful Mind, Cinderella Man and Frost/Nixon, he appeared as Dottie and Kit's father in A League of Their Own. In 2013, he played Woody Grant's brother in Nebraska, he took parts as a priest or minister, county sheriff, or western marshal, made numerous appearances in films by Joe Dante. His final film role, completed in September 2017, is the largest in his career, he plays the role of Carl Robbins in Michael Worth's 2018 road trip drama, playing on film for the first time the father of his real life son Clint Howard. Howard married actress Jean Speegle Howard in Burbank, California, in 1949, they remained married until her death, in September 2000. Their sons are filmmaker Ron Howard and actor Clint Howard, he was the grandfather of actresses Bryce Dallas Howard and Paige Howard. His son Ron was born. In 2001, Howard married a year after his first wife's death.
Judy Howard died in January 2017 ten months before Rance's death. Howard died on the morning of November 25, 2017, in Los Angeles, eight days after his 89th birthday, from heart failure spurred on by a West Nile virus infection. Sources: Rance Howard on IMDb Rance Howard at the TCM Movie Database Rance Howard at Find a Grave Interview May, 2014 in The Oklahoman
Turner Classic Movies
Turner Classic Movies is an American movie-oriented pay-TV network operated by Warner Bros. Entertainment, a subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Launched in 1994, TCM is headquartered at Turner's Techwood broadcasting campus in the Midtown business district of Atlanta, Georgia; the channel's programming consisted of classic theatrically released feature films from the Turner Entertainment film library – which comprises films from Warner Bros. and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. However, TCM licenses films from other studios, shows more recent films; the channel is available in the United States, the United Kingdom, Malta, Latin America, Italy, Cyprus, the Nordic countries, the Middle East and Asia-Pacific. In 1986, eight years before the launch of Turner Classic Movies, Ted Turner acquired the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film studio for $1.5 billion. Concerns over Turner Entertainment's corporate debt load resulted in Turner selling the studio that October back to Kirk Kerkorian, from whom Turner had purchased the studio less than a year before.
As part of the deal, Turner Entertainment retained ownership of MGM's library of films released up to May 9, 1986. Turner Broadcasting System was split into two companies; the film library of Turner Entertainment would serve as the base form of programming for TCM upon the network's launch. Before the creation of Turner Classic Movies, films from Turner's library of movies aired on the Turner Broadcasting System's advertiser-supported cable network TNT – along with colorized versions of black-and-white classics such as The Maltese Falcon. Turner Classic Movies debuted on April 14, 1994, at 6 p.m. Eastern Time, with Ted Turner launching the channel at a ceremony in New York City's Times Square district; the date and time were chosen for their historical significance as "the exact centennial anniversary of the first public movie showing in New York City". The first movie broadcast on TCM was the 1939 film Gone with the Wind, the same film that served as the debut broadcast of its sister channel TNT six years earlier in October 1988.
At the time of its launch, TCM was available to one million cable television subscribers. The network served as a competitor to AMC—which at the time was known as "American Movie Classics" and maintained a identical format to TCM, as both networks focused on films released prior to 1970 and aired them in an uncut and commercial-free format. AMC had broadened its film content to feature colorized and more recent films by 2002. In 1996, Turner Broadcasting System merged with Time Warner which, besides placing Turner Classic Movies and Warner Bros. Entertainment under the same corporate umbrella gave TCM access to Warner Bros.' Library of films released after 1950. In the early 2000s, AMC abandoned its commercial-free format, which led to TCM being the only movie-oriented basic cable channel to devote its programming to classic films without commercial interruption or content editing. On March 4, 2019, Time Warner's new owner AT&T announced a planned reorganization that would dissolve Turner Broadcasting.
TCM, along with Cartoon Network, Adult Swim, over-the-top video company Otter Media, will be moved directly under Warner Bros.. Speaking about the move, then-Warner Bros. CEO Kevin Tsujihara explained that TCM was "a natural fit with Warner Bros." due the company's massive film library. In 2000, TCM started the annual Young Composers Film Competition, inviting aspiring composers to participate in a judged competition that offers the winner of each year's competition the opportunity to score a restored, feature-length silent film as a grand prize, mentored by a well-known composer, with the new work subsequently premiering on the network; as of 2006, films that have been rescored include the 1921 Rudolph Valentino film Camille, two Lon Chaney films: 1921's The Ace of Hearts and 1928's Laugh, Clown and Greta Garbo's 1926 film The Temptress. In April 2010, Turner Classic Movies held the first TCM Classic Film Festival, an event—now held annually—at the Grauman's Chinese Theater and the Grauman's Egyptian Theater in Hollywood.
Hosted by Robert Osborne, the four-day long annual festival celebrates Hollywood and its movies, featured celebrity appearances, special events, screenings of around 50 classic movies including several newly restored by The Film Foundation, an organization devoted to preserving Hollywood's classic film legacy. Turner Classic Movies operates as a commercial-free service, with the only advertisements on the network being shown between features – which advertise TCM products, network promotions for upcoming special programs and the original trailers for films that are scheduled to be broadcast on TCM, featurettes about classic film actors and actresses. In addition to this, extended breaks between features are filled with theatrically released movie trailers and classic short subjects – from series such as The Passing Parade, Crime Does Not Pay, Pete Smith Specialties, Robert Benchley – under the banner name TCM Extras (formerly On