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Snow-White (1933 film)

Snow-White known as Betty Boop in Snow-White, is a film in the Betty Boop series from Max Fleischer's Fleischer Studios directed in 1933. Dave Fleischer was credited as director, although all the animation was done by Roland Crandall. Crandall received the opportunity to make Snow-White on his own as a reward for his several years of devotion to the Fleischer studio, the resulting film is considered both his masterwork and an important milestone of The Golden Age of American animation. Snow-White took Crandall six months to complete. A magic mirror, with a face resembling Cab Calloway, proclaims Betty Boop to be "the fairest in the land", much to the anger of the Queen; the Queen orders her guards Koko to behead Betty. With tears in their eyes, they prepare to execute her. Betty escapes into a frozen river; this block slips downhill to the home of the seven dwarfs, who carry the frozen Betty into an enchanted cave. Meanwhile and Bimbo fall down a hole and arrive at the same cave, where the evil Queen turns them into grotesque creatures as Koko sings the St. James Infirmary Blues.

With her rivals disposed of, the Queen again asks the magic mirror who the fairest in the land is, but the mirror explodes in a puff of magic smoke that returns Betty and Koko to their normal states and changes the Queen into a hideous monster. The queen monster chases the protagonists until Bimbo grabs its tongue and yanks it, leaving the monster to flee away. Betty and Bimbo dance around in a circle of victory as the film ends; the plot, such as it is, is more a framework to display a series of gags, musical selections, animation. Critics have cited the film as having some of the most imaginative animation and background drawings from the Fleischer Studios artists. Mae Questel performs the voices of Betty Boop and the Olive Oyl-ish Queen, Cab Calloway is the voice of Koko the Clown, singing "St. James Infirmary Blues". Koko's dancing during the "St. James" number is rotoscoped from footage of Cab Calloway; the film was deemed "culturally significant" by the United States Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry in 1994.

That same year, it was voted #19 of the 50 Greatest Cartoons of all time by members of the animation field. The film is now in the public domain; the rapper Ghostemane has used this animation in his music videos. Other two important songs in this film are instrumental versions of Please and Here lies love Snow White Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs List of films in the public domain in the United States Media related to Snow White at Wikimedia Commons Snow White on IMDb The short film Snow White is available for free download at the Internet Archive

Bridled tern

The bridled tern is a seabird of the family Laridae. It is a bird of the tropical oceans; the scientific name is from Ancient Greek. The genus comes from onux meaning "claw" or "nail", prion, meaning "saw"; the specific anaethetus means "senseless, stupid". This is a medium-sized tern, at 30–32 cm in length and with a 77–81 cm wingspan similar to the common tern in size, but more built; the wings and forked tail are long, it has dark grey upperparts and white underparts. The forehead and eyebrows are white, it has bill. Juvenile bridled terns pale below; this species is unlikely to be confused with any tern apart from the dark-backed sooty tern and the spectacled tern from the Tropical Pacific. It is paler-backed than that sooty, has a narrower white forehead and a pale neck collar; this bird is migratory and dispersive, wintering more through the tropical oceans. It has markedly marine habits compared to most terns; the Atlantic subspecies melanopterus breeds in the Caribbean and west Africa. It is a rare vagrant to western Europe.

These are the four subspecies listed by the IOC: O. a. melanopterus –: Caribbean and West Africa. O. a. antarcticus –: Red Sea, Persian Gulf and western Indian Ocean. O. a. anaethetus –: eastern Indian, Pacific Oceans. O. a. nelsoni –: west coast of Mexico and Central America. This species breeds in colonies on rocky islands, it lays one egg. It feeds by plunge-diving for fish in marine environments, but will pick from the surface like the black tern and the gull-billed tern, it dives directly, not from the "stepped-hover" favoured by the Arctic tern. The offering of fish by the male to the female is part of the courtship display. Avibase

Buddhist flag

The Buddhist flag is a flag designed in the late 19th century to symbolize and universally represent Buddhism. It is used by Buddhists throughout the world; the flag was designed in 1885 by the Colombo Committee, in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The committee consisted of Ven. Hikkaduwe Sri Sumangala Thera, Ven. Migettuwatte Gunananda Thera, Don Carolis Hewavitharana, Andiris Perera Dharmagunawardhana, Charles A. de Silva, Peter De Abrew, William De Abrew, H. William Fernando, N. S. Fernando and Carolis Pujitha Gunawardena, it was first hoisted in public on Vesak day, 28 May 1885 at Kotahena, by Ven. Migettuwatte Gunananda Thera; this was the first Vesak public holiday under British rule. Colonel Henry Steel Olcott, an American journalist and first president of the Theosophical Society, felt that its long streaming shape made it inconvenient for general use, he therefore suggested modifying it so that it was the shape of national flags. In 1889 the modified flag was introduced to Japan by Anagarika Dharmapala and Olcott—who presented it to Emperor Meiji—and subsequently to Burma.

At the 1952 World Fellowship of Buddhists, the flag of Buddhists was adopted as the International Buddhist Flag. The six vertical bands of the flag represent the six colors of the aura which Buddhists believe emanated from the body of the Buddha when he attained Enlightenment:Blue: The Spirit of Universal Compassion Yellow: The Middle Way Red: The Blessings of Practice – achievement, virtue and dignity White: The Purity of Dhamma – leading to liberation, timeless Orange: The Wisdom of the Buddha's teachings The sixth vertical band, on the fly, is made up of a combination of rectangular bands of the five other colours, represents a compound of the other five colours in the aura's spectrum; this compound colour is referred to as the Truth of the Buddha's teaching Pabbhassara. The nonsectarian Buddhist flag is flown over the temples of many different schools. However, some choose to change the colors of the flag to emphasize their own teachings. In Japan, there is a traditional Buddhist flag which has different colors but is sometimes merged with the design of the international flag to represent international cooperation.

The Japanese Jōdo Shinshū replaces the orange stripe with pink. In Tibet, the colours of the stripes represent the different colours of Buddhist robes united in one banner. Tibetan monastic robes are maroon, so the orange stripes in the original design are replaced with maroon. Tibetan Buddhists in Nepal replace the orange stripes with plum stripes. Theravāda Buddhists in Myanmar replace orange with pink, the color of the robe of the country's bhikkhunīs. Theravāda Buddhists in Thailand opt the usage of a yellow flag with a red dhammacakka. Soka Gakkai uses a tricolor of blue and red, it is mistaken to the flag of Romania. In 1963, the Catholic President of South Vietnam Ngo Dinh Diem invoked a law prohibiting flags other than that of the nation, to ban the Buddhist flag from being flown on Vesak, when Vatican flags had habitually flown at government events; this led to protests, which were ended by lethal firing of weapons. Buddhist flag at Flags of the World General Buddhist symbols