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Snowshoe running

Snowshoe running, or snowshoeing, is a winter sport practiced with snowshoes, governed by World Snowshoe Federation founded in 2010, which until 2015 had its name International Snowshoe Federation. The snowshoes running is part of the Special Olympics and Arctic Winter Games programs; the World Snowshoe Federation is the global governing body of snowshoe running recognized by the International Olympic Committee. WSSF organized the World Snowshoe Championships in 2016 in Vezza d'Oglio, Italy and in 2017 in Saranac Lake, NY from 24 February to 25 February 2017, until the previous edition, the ISSF 2015 World Snowshoe Championships, held in Quebec City, the championships were organized by the same International federation, but with old name of ISSF, they are used in winter triathlon Cross country running Mountain running Trail running Skyrunning World Snowshoe Federation official web site Snowshoe Magazine web site

William Williams (Radical politician)

William Williams, was a Welsh Radical politician. Born in Llanpumsaint and having had only a basic education, Williams began working in a cotton warehouse in London and soon built up his own business. In 1833 he became a member of the Common Council of the City of London, in 1835 was elected MP for Coventry. After losing the seat in 1847, he became MP for Lambeth in 1850; as a result of a speech made by Williams on 10 March 1846, a government inquiry into the state of education in Wales was launched, culminating in the "Treachery of the Blue Books". In 1863 he chaired the meeting. William Williams was a generous benefactor to the village of his birth, paying for the construction and furnishing of the village school in 1862. William Williams died on 26 April 1865, after falling from his horse in London, he is buried in Kensal Green Cemetery, London, in a grave north-east of the main chapel, alongside his parliamentary friend Joseph Hume. A plaque is dedicated to him in the village school he founded in Llanpumsaint.

Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by William Williams

1966 Xingtai earthquake

The Xingtai earthquake was a sequence of major earthquakes that took place between March 8 and March 29, 1966, in the area administered by the prefecture-level city of Xingtai in southern Hebei province, People's Republic of China. The first earthquake with magnitude 6.0 on the Moment magnitude scale and epicenter in Longyao County occurred in the early morning of March 8, 1966. It was followed by a sequence of five earthquakes above magnitude 6 that lasted until March 29, 1966; the strongest of these quakes had a magnitude of 6.8 and took place in the southeastern part of Ningjin County on March 22. The earthquake damage included 38,000 injured and more than 5 million destroyed houses. List of earthquakes in 1966 List of earthquakes in China

Calvin Duncan (basketball)

Calvin Anthony Duncan is an American Pastor and retired basketball player. Duncan is Family Church in Richmond, Virginia, he played basketball with Oak Hill Academy and the Virginia Commonwealth University Rams. He was drafted in the 1985 NBA Draft in the 2nd round with the 30th overall pick by the Chicago Bulls but instead of signing, he joined Athletes in Action, an evangelical Christian traveling team. During the 1980-81 season, Duncan set the all-time record for points in a game for Oak Hill Academy with 61. Brandon Jennings broke this record, tallying 63 points in a single game, he is a member of the VCU Rams Hall of Fame. With VCU, Duncan was named co-Sun Belt Conference Men's Basketball Player of the Year as a sophomore in 1983. Charlie Bradley of the USF Bulls earned the award. After the close of his college career, Duncan was drafted by the Cleveland Cavaliers in the second round of the 1985 NBA Draft, he did not play in the NBA, but did play in the Continental Basketball Association for the Cedar Rapids Silver Bullets and Tri-City Chinook.

Duncan's mother died in childbirth and, with no knowledge of his father, was raised by his aunt in Linden, New Jersey. At Virginia Commonwealth, Duncan earned a degree in criminal justice, he lives in Richmond, Virginia with his wife Barbara and his three children, Richard and Azell

Gazole (community development block)

Gazole is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Malda Sadar subdivision of Malda district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Gauda was once the “capital of the ancient bhukti or political division of Bengal known as Pundravardhana which lay on the eastern extremity of the Gupta Empire.” During the rule of the Sena Dynasty, in the 11th-12th century, Gauda was rebuilt and extended as Lakshmanawati, it became the hub of the Sena empire. Gauda was conquered by Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji in 1205. During the Turko-Afghan period, “the city of Lakhnauti or Gauda continued to function as their capital but was abandoned in 1342 by the Ilyas Shahi sultans in favour of Pandua because of major disturbances along the river course of the Ganga.” “Pandua lay on the banks of the Mahananda, the major waterway of the sultanate at the time. However, when the Mahananda too began to veer away from the site of Pandua in the mid-15th century, Gauda was rebuilt and restored to the status of capital city by the Hussain Shahi sultans”… With the ascent of Akbar to the Mughal throne at Delhi… the Mughals annexed the ancient region of Gauda in 1576 and created the Diwani of Bengal.

The centre of regional power shifted across the Ganga to Rajmahal, Following the demise of the independent sultanate, the regional importance of the Gauda or Malda region declined irreversibly and the city of Gauda was abandoned. With the advent of the British, their trading and commercial interests focused on the new cities of Malda and English Bazar. Malda district was formed in 1813 with “some portion of outlying areas of Purnia and Rajshahi districts”. A separate treasury was established in 1832 and a full-fledged Magistrate and Collector was posted in 1859. Malda district was part of Rajshahi Division till 1876, when it was transferred to Bhagalpur Division, again transferred in 1905 to Rajshahi Division. With the partition of Bengal in 1947, the Radcliffe Line placed Malda district in India, except the Nawabganj subdivision, placed in East Pakistan. Gazole is located at 25.2204800°N 88.1892700°E / 25.2204800. The ruins of the historic city Pandua are located in Gazole block and naturally growing a forest which called Adina Forest.

Gazole CD Block is a part of the Barind Tract, one of the three physiographic subregions of the district that goes beyond the boundaries of the district. “This region is made up of the ancient alluvial humps that are remnants of old riverine flood plains that remained unaffected subsequently by inundation and renewed silting.” It forms an upland higher than the surrounding areas. Old Malda and Gazole CD Blocks form the Mahananda-Tangon interfluves area. Barind soils permit little percolation and most of the monsoon runoff accumulates in the large natural bils in the ravines formed by the courses of the Tangon and Punarbhaba rivers, covering the lowlands. Gazole CD Block is bounded by Itahar CD Block of Uttar Dinajpur district and Bansihari CD Blocks of Dakshin Dinajpur district on the north, Bamangola CD Block on the east and Old Malda CD Blocks on the south and Ratua II CD Block on the west. Gazole CD Block has an area of 513.73 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 15 gram panchayats, 220 gram sansads, 293 mouzas and 286 inhabited villages.

Gazole police station serves this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Gazole. Gazole is an intermediate panchayat in Malda district; the village panchayats under it are: Alal, Bairagachi I & II, Deotala, Gazole I & II, Majhra, Raniganj I & II, Sahajadpur and Salaidanga. As per 2011 Census of India, Gazole CD Block had a total population of 343,830, of which 332,191 were rural and 11,639 were urban. There were 169,294 females. Population below 6 years was 44,134. Scheduled Castes numbered 128,464 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 68,548. There are two census towns in Gazole CD Block was: Rangabhita. Large villages in Gazole CD Block were: Rajaram Chak, Arazi Deharul, Alinagar, Kutub Sahar, Adina, Saidpur, Garail, Bade Mayna, Duba Khoksan and Arazi Jalsa. Other villages in Gazole CD Block included: Alal, Babupur, Chak Nagar, Salaidanga and Pandua. Decadal Population Growth Rate Note: The CD Block data for 1971-1981, 1981-1991 and 1991-2001 is for Gazole PS The decadal growth of population in Gazole CD Block in 2001-2011 was 16.67%.

The decadal growth of population in Gazole PS covering Gazole CD Block in 1991-2001 was 26.41%. The decadal growth of population in Gazole PS in 1981-91 was 29.30% and in 1971-81 was 25.72%. The decadal growth rate of population in Malda district was as follows: 30.33% in 1951-61, 31.98% in 1961-71, 26.00% in 1971-81, 29.78% in 1981-91, 24.78% in 1991-2001 and 21.22% in 2001-11. The decadal growth rate for West Bengal in 2001-11 was 13.93%. The decadal growth rate for West Bengal was 13.93 in 2001-2011, 17.77% in 1991-2001.24.73% in 1981-1991 and 23.17% in 1971-1981. Malda district has the second highest decadal population growth rate, for the decade 2001-2011, in West Bengal with a figure of 21.2%, much higher than the state average. Uttar Dinajpur district has the highest decadal growth rate in the state with 23.2%. Decadal growth rate of population is higher t


The Djiboutians are the people inhabiting or originating from Djibouti. The country is composed of two ethnic groups, namely the Somali and the Afar, it has many languages though Somali and Afar are the most spoken ones and French serve as the official languages. There is a small diaspora in North America, Australia. Djibouti has a population of about 884,017 inhabitants, it is a multiethnic country. The local population grew during the latter half of the 20th century, increasing from about 69,589 in 1955 to around 869,099 by 2015; the two largest ethnic groups are the Afar. The Somali clan component is composed of the Issas sub-clan of the larger Dir, with smaller Gadabuursi Dir and Isaaq; the remaining 5% of Djibouti's population consists of Yemeni Arabs and Europeans. 76% of local residents are urban dwellers. After the civil war in 1991, many of Djiboutians emigrated abroad. Most reside in North America and the Middle East. Djiboutians culture is rooted in Somali and Afar traditions, they speak different languages Cushitic languages, which are part of the larger Afro-Asiatic language family, have a way of life same: authentic legendary warriors, they are nomadic pastoralists.

However, the population tends to settle because today more than half of its citizens live in the capital and the towns and villages of the interior. Poetry traditionally recited in the villages by special readers called gabaye was a way of recording the community's history and customs, as well as current events. Djiboutian cuisine is a mixture of Somali, Afar and French cuisine, with some additional South Asian culinary influences. Local dishes are prepared using a lot of Middle Eastern spices, ranging from saffron to cinnamon. Spicy dishes come in many variations, from the traditional Fah-fah or "Soupe Djiboutienne", to the yetakelt wet. Xalwo or halva is a popular confection eaten during festive occasions, such as Eid celebrations or wedding receptions. Halva is made from corn starch, cardamom powder, nutmeg powder and ghee. Peanuts are sometimes added to enhance flavor. After meals, homes are traditionally perfumed using incense or frankincense, prepared inside an incense burner referred to as a dabqaad.

Djiboutian music has Somali and Afar roots, Most Somali songs are pentatonic. That is, they only use five pitches per octave in contrast to a heptatonic scale such as the major scale. At first listen, Somali music might be mistaken for the sounds of nearby regions such as Ethiopia, Sudan or the Arabian Peninsula, but it is recognizable by its own unique tunes and styles. Traditional Afar music resembles the folk music of other parts of the Horn of Africa such as Ethiopia; the history of Djibouti is recorded in the poetry and songs of its nomadic people, goes back thousands of years to a time when the peoples of Djibouti traded hides and skins for the perfumes and spices of ancient Egypt and China. Afar oral literature is quite musical. Popular Djiboutian musicians include Nima Djama, Abdo Xamar Qoodh, Mohamed Ali Fourchette, Abdallah Lee, Said Xamar Qoodh and Xabiiba Cabdilaahi. Storytelling is an ancient custom in Djiboutian culture. Love of cinema is but a modern, visual incarnation and continuation of this well-established tradition.

The earliest forms of public film display in Djibouti were in French. In the 1920s, the first local movie theaters opened, during a time when Djibouti City was growing in size. Film theaters became a place. With the development of the local film industry, additional theaters were launched. Among these establishments was the Eden in 1934, Olympia in 1939, Le Paris in 1965, Al Hilal in 1975. During the 1970s, the capital city had five movie theaters, with one in each district. A few local attempts at film making were concurrently carried out with the participation of local actors. One of these was Burta Djinka, a film in Somali directed by G. Borg in 1972. Following independence in 1977, a growing number of government-owned production and distribution companies as well as actual projection theaters sprang up. In the 1990s two of the biggest cinemas and Olympia, closed their doors; the languages of Djibouti include Arabic and French, Somali and Afar, which are the mother tongues of the Somali and Afar ethnic groups, respectively.

Both languages belong to the larger Afro-Asiatic family. Islam entered the region early on, as a group of persecuted Muslims had sought refuge across the Red Sea in the Horn of Africa at the urging of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. In 1900, during the early part of the colonial era, there were no Christians in the territories, with only about 100–300 followers coming from the schools and orphanages of the few Catholic missions in the French Somaliland. Islam is the driving force behind the unity of varying ethnic groups from different parts of the country, has shaped the values and traditions of Djiboutian. Hassan Gouled Aptidon, first President of Djibouti from 1977 to 1999 Mahmoud Harbi, Vice-President of the Government Council of French Somaliland Ahmed Dini Ahmed, Prime Minister of Djibouti from 1977 to 1978 Dileita Mohamed Dileita, Prime Minister of Djibouti from 2001 to 2013 Hussein Ahmed Salah, Djiboutian marathon runner Jamal Abdi Dirieh, Athlete Ayanleh Souleiman, Professional athlete Mouna-Hodan Ahmed, Novelist Lula Ali Ismaïl, Djiboutian-Canadia