Electoral district of Wagga Wagga
Wagga Wagga is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. The district has been held by independent MP Joe McGirr since the September 2018 by-election. Wagga Wagga is a regional electorate, it covers two local government areas: the City of Wagga Wagga and Lockhart Shire. It covers part of the Snowy Valleys Council, established following the merger of Tumut Shire and Tumbarumba Shire. Wagga Wagga was created in 1894. In 1920, Wagga Wagga and Corowa was absorbed into Murray and elected three members under proportional representation; when proportional representation was replaced by single-member electorates in 1927, Wagga Wagga was recreated, with Matthew Kilpatrick, the Country Party candidate, winning the October election. According to the Wagga Daily Advertiser, it was a decisive vote against the continuance of the Labor government led by Jack Lang. "Wagga Wagga". New South Wales Electoral Commission. Retrieved 2011-09-24
Wondalga, New South Wales
Wondalga is a rural community in the central east part of the Riverina and situated about 14 kilometres north of Batlow and 16 kilometres south of Adelong. Middle Adelong Post Office opened on 1 August 1875, was renamed Wondalga in 1908 and closed in 1971. Media related to Wondalga, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons
City of Wagga Wagga
City of Wagga Wagga is a local government area in the Riverina region of south-western New South Wales, Australia. The Mayor of the City of Wagga Wagga is Cr. Greg Conkey, an independent politician; the City of Wagga Wagga includes the suburbs of Wagga Wagga was first incorporated as the Borough of Wagga Wagga on 15 March 1870. It received city status and became the City of Wagga Wagga on 17 April 1946; the municipality enlarged on 1 January 1981 when the adjoining Shire of Kyeamba and Shire of Mitchell were amalgamated into the City. The City of Wagga Wagga has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Bomen, Main Southern railway: Bomen railway station Tarcutta, Tarcutta Street: Hambledon Homestead Wagga Wagga, Botanic Gardens Site, Baden Powell Drive: Mobile Cook's Galley, Museum of the Riverina Wagga Wagga, Main Southern railway: Wagga Wagga railway station At the 2016 census, there were 62,385 people in the City of Wagga Wagga local government area, of these 48.9 per cent were male and 51.1 per cent were female.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 5.6 per cent of the population, twice the national and average of 2.9 per cent. The median age of people in the City of Wagga Wagga was 35 years, lower than the national median of 38 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 20.3 per cent of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 15.2 per cent of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 46.6 per cent were married and 11.4 per cent were either divorced or separated. Population growth in the Tamworth Regional Council between the 2011 census and the 2016 census was 4.92 per cent. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same period, being 8.8 per cent, population growth in the City of Wagga Wagga local government area was around half of the national average. The median weekly income of $1,354 within the City of Wagga Wagga local government area was lower than the national average of $1,438. At the 2016 census, the proportion of residents in the Tamworth Regional local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Saxon exceeded 80 per cent of all residents.
Two-thirds of all residents in the City of Wagga Wagga nominated a religious affiliation with Christianity at the 2016 census, higher than the national average of 60 per cent. Meanwhile, as at the census date, compared to the national average, households in the City of Wagga Wagga local government area had a lower than average proportion where two or more languages are spoken. Wagga Wagga City Council is composed of nine Councillors elected proportionally as a single ward. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office; the Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, the makeup of the Council is as follows: The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election, is: A referendum was held on 8 September 2012 and an absolute majority of voters resolved in favour to reduce the number of Councillors from eleven to nine; the change came into effect at the September 2016 elections. In December 2009, Wagga Wagga City Council announced that it had appointed Phil Pinyon as the General Manager of the Wagga Wagga City Council replacing Lyn Russell, who announced her resignation in October 2009, after completing 18 months of her five-year contract.
The floral emblem for the city is the Silver Banksia. Riverina Water County Council Media related to City of Wagga Wagga at Wikimedia Commons Wagga Wagga City Council website
Great Dividing Range
The Great Dividing Range, or the Eastern Highlands, is Australia's most substantial mountain range and the third longest land-based range in the world. It stretches more than 3,500 kilometres from Dauan Island off the northeastern tip of Queensland, running the entire length of the eastern coastline through New South Wales into Victoria and turning west, before fading into the central plain at the Grampians in western Victoria; the width of the range varies from about 160 km to over 300 km. The Greater Blue Mountains Area, Gondwana Rainforests, Wet Tropics of Queensland World Heritage Areas are located in the range; the sharp rise between the coastal lowlands and the eastern uplands has affected Australia's climate due to orographic precipitation, these areas of highest relief have revealed an impressive gorge country. The Dividing Range does not consist of a single mountain range, it consists of a complex of mountain ranges, upland areas and escarpments with an ancient and complex geological history.
The physiographic division name for the landmass is called the East Australian Cordillera. In some places the terrain is flat, consisting of low hills; the highlands range from 300 to 1,600 metres in height. The mountains and plateaus, which consist of limestones, quartzite and dolomite, have been created by faulting and folding processes; the crest of the range is defined by the watershed or boundary between the drainage basins of rivers which drain directly eastward into the Pacific Ocean, or southward into Bass Strait, those rivers which drain into the Murray–Darling river system towards the west and south. In central Queensland, the rivers on the west side drain into Lake Eyre basin. In north Queensland, the rivers on the west side of the range drain towards the Gulf of Carpentaria; the higher and more rugged parts of the "range" do not form part of the crest of the range, but may be branches and offshoots from it. The term "Great Dividing Range" may refer to the watershed crest of the range, or to the entire upland complex including all of the hills and mountains between the east coast of Australia and the central plains and lowlands.
At some places it can be up to 400 km wide. Notable ranges and other features which form part of the range complex have their own distinctive names; the Great Dividing Range was formed during the Carboniferous period—over 300 million years ago—when Australia collided with what are now parts of South America and New Zealand. The range has experienced significant erosion since. For tens of thousands of years prior to British colonisation the ranges were home to various Aboriginal Australian nations and clans. Evidence remains in some places of their traditional way of life including decorated caves and trails used to travel between the coastal and inland regions. Many descendants of these nations still exist today and remain the traditional owners and custodians of their lands. After British colonisation in 1788, the ranges were an obstacle to exploration and settlement by the British settlers. Although not high, parts of the highlands were rugged. Crossing the Blue Mountains was challenging due to the mistaken idea that the creeks should be followed rather than the ridges, impenetrable, sandstone mountains.
Knowing that local Aboriginal people had established routes crossing the range and by making use of Aboriginal walking trails, a usable ridge-top route was discovered by Europeans directly westward from Sydney across the Blue Mountains to Bathurst by an expedition jointly led by Gregory Blaxland, William Lawson and William Charles Wentworth. Towns in the Blue Mountains were named after each of these men; this was the start of the development of the agricultural districts of inland New South Wales. A road was built to Blaxland by convicts within six months. Easier routes to inland New South Wales were discovered towards Goulburn to the southwest, westwards from Newcastle. Subsequent explorations were made across and around the ranges by Allan Cunningham, John Oxley, Hamilton Hume, Paul Edmund Strzelecki, Ludwig Leichhardt and Thomas Mitchell; these explorers were concerned with finding and appropriating good agricultural land. By the late 1830s the most fertile rangelands adjacent to the mountain ranges had been explored, appropriated from the traditional inhabitants and some settled.
These included the Gippsland and Riverina regions in the south, up to the Liverpool Plains and the Darling Downs in the north. Various road and railway routes were subsequently established through many parts of the ranges, although many areas remain remote to this day. For example, in eastern Victoria there is only one major road crossing the highlands from north to south, the Great Alpine Road. Parts of the highlands consisting of flat and, by Australian standards, well-watered land were developed for agricultural and pastoral uses; such areas include the Atherton Tableland and Darling Downs in Queensland, the Northern Tablelands, Southern Highlands and Southern Tablelands in New South Wales. Other parts of the highlands have been used for forestry. Many parts of the highlands which were not developed are now included in National Parks. All of mainland Australia's alpine areas, including its highest mountain, Mount Kosciuszko, are part of this range, called the Main Range; the highest areas in southern New South Wales and eastern Victoria are known as the Australian Alps.
The central core of the Great Dividing Range is dotted with hundreds of peaks and is surrounded by many smaller mountain ranges or spurs, vall
Tumbarumba Shire was a local government area in the eastern Riverina region, located in the foothills of the Snowy Mountains, on the upper reaches of the Murray River in New South Wales, Australia. The Shire included the town of Tumbarumba and the small towns of Rosewood, Tooma and Jingellic. A 2015 review of local government boundaries recommended that the Tumbarumba Shire merge with the Tumut Shire to form a new council; this recommendation was not supported by any of the preceding IPART and Tcorp assessments, which recommended a merger between Tumut and Gundagai shires instead. When the NSW Government released their proposal in December 2015, the Government's website stated that the proposal was'broadly consistent with Tumut Council's stated preference'. Tumut Council submitted its preferences during a consultation period following the IPART's'Fit for the Future' report, in October 2015 after it was found'Not Fit'. Tumbarumba Shire Council did not elect any merger partners as part of this process, with the finding it was'Fit' as a'Rural Council'.
As a result, many residents of Tumbarumba Shire viewed Tumut Shire Council's choice to nominate a merger of the Gundagai and Tumut shires as the catalyst behind the NSW Government proposal to merge the Tumbarumba Shire with Tumut Shire. The resulting opposition by the residents of Tumbarumba Shire was unanimous, with a publicly convened'Save Tumbarumba Shire' committee executing an active grass roots, public campaign; the NSW Government proposal would see a combined Shire with an area of 8,960 square kilometres and support a population of 14,953. On 12 May 2016, the NSW Government dissolved Tumbarumba Shire and along with Tumut Shire and merged the councils to form the Snowy Valleys Council; the last mayor of Tumbarumba Shire was Cr. Ian Chaffey, an independent politician. At the time of dissolution, Tumbarumba Shire Council was composed of eight councillors elected proportionally as a single ward. All councillors were elected for a fixed four-year term of office; the mayor was elected by the councillors at the first meeting of the Council.
The last election was held on 8 September 2012 and the makeup of the Council was as follows: The final Council, elected in 2012, in order of election, was
Electorates of the Australian states and territories
A State Electoral District is an electorate within the Lower House or Legislative Assembly of Australian states and territories. Most state electoral districts send a single member to a state or territory's parliament using the preferential method of voting; the area of a state electoral district is dependent upon the Electoral Acts in the various states and vary in area between them. At present, there are 409 state electoral districts in Australia. State electoral districts do not apply to the Upper House, or Legislative Council, in those states that have one. In New South Wales and South Australia, MLCs represent the entire state, in Tasmania they represent single-member districts, in Victoria and Western Australia they represent a region formed by grouping electoral districts together. There are five electorates for the Legislative Assembly, each with five members each, making up 25 members in total. There are 93 electoral districts in New South Wales. There are 25 single-member electoral divisions in the Northern Territory, 17 former divisions.
There are 93 electoral districts in Queensland, for the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. Information about the QLD electoral districts for the 2006 elections can be obtained from the Electoral Commission of Queensland website. There are 47 single-member electoral districts in South Australia, for the South Australian House of Assembly. There are 15 electoral divisions in Tasmania for the upper house Legislative Council. In the lower house the five federal divisions are used, but electing 5 members each There are 88 electoral districts in Victoria, for the Victorian Legislative Assembly. There are 59 single-member electoral districts in Western Australia for the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. 42 are in the Perth metropolitan area and 17 are in the rest of the state. Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives Local government in Australia Parliaments of the Australian states and territories
Brungle, New South Wales
Brungle is a village community in the central east part of the Riverina region, New South Wales, Australia. It is situated by road, about 16 kilometres south-east of Gundagai and 20 kilometres north-east of Tumut, it has a population of 112. Brungle Post Office opened on 1 January 1868 and closed in 1975. Brungle is home to a large community of Waradajhi people; the Brungle Public School is testament to this with its sign at the front of the school, written in the local Aboriginal language that states Gadhang Burri Yalbillinga which means Happy Children Learn. The school was established back in 1868 and has an enrolment of 26 pupils in two classes of whom at any one time about 56% are Waradajhi. Media related to Brungle, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons