Leighton W. Smith Jr.
Leighton Warren Smith Jr. KBE is a former United States Navy admiral. In 1994, he became the Commander in Chief of U. S. Naval Forces Europe and Allied Forces Southern Europe, holding the commands during the height of the Yugoslav wars, he commanded the NATO enacted no-fly zone over Bosnia and the bombing campaign against Republika Srpska in 1995. The same year he additionally took on command of the NATO-led Implementation Force in Bosnia with the objective of overseeing the peace agreement, he held all three positions until his retirement in 1996. Smith was born in Mobile, Alabama, on August 20, 1939, graduated from the Naval Academy with the Class of 1962 and received his wings in January 1964; as a naval aviator, Smith flew carrier-based, A-7 Corsair II light attack jet aircraft during multiple deployments to the Mediterranean, North Atlantic, Western Pacific and Indian Oceans. These included three cruises in waters off North Vietnam where he flew over 280 combat missions in the A-7 Corsair II.
Smith has held command at sea in the aviation community at squadron and wing levels as well as major commands that included a deep draft vessel, the USS Kalamazoo, before taking command of the aircraft carrier USS America and subsequent command of Carrier Group 6 in 1986 as a flag officer. He has accumulated over 1000 carrier arrested landings, his early flag officer tours were Director for Operations, U. S. European Command, Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Plans and Operations. Appointed to four-star rank in April 1994, he became Commander in Chief, U. S. Naval Forces Europe and concurrent NATO Commander in Chief Allied Forces Southern Europe. In December 1995, he assumed, command of the NATO-led Implementation Force, in Bosnia, a position he held until August 1996, his IFOR command in Bosnia was criticized by Richard Holbrooke for his refusal to use his authority to perform nonmilitary implementation tasks, including arresting indicted war criminals: Based on Shalikashvili's statement at White House meetings, Christopher and I had assumed that the IFOR commander would use his authority to do more than he was obligated to do.
The meeting with Smith shattered. Smith and his British deputy, General Michael Walker, made clear that they intended to take a minimalist approach to all aspects of implementation other than force protection. Smith signaled this in his first extensive public statement to the Bosnian people, during a live call-in program on Pale Television — an odd choice for his first local media appearance. During the program, he answered a question in a manner, he told Newsweek about it with a curious pride One of the questions I was asked was, "Admiral, is it true that IFOR is going to arrest Serbs in the Serb suburbs of Sarajevo?" I said, "Absolutely not, I don't have the authority to arrest anybody." This was an inaccurate way to describe IFOR's mandate. It was true, but IFOR had the authority to arrest indicted war criminals, could detain anyone who posed a threat to its forces. Knowing what the question meant, Smith had sent an unfortunate signal of reassurance to Karadžić – over his own network. Smith retired from the United States Navy on 1 October 1996.
He is serving as a Senior Fellow at the Center for Naval Analyses, is President of Leighton Smith Associates and Vice President of Global Perspectives, Inc. both international consulting firms. He is Chairman of the Naval Aviation Museum Foundation, immediate past Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the U. S. Naval Academy Alumni Association and serves on the Executive Committee of the Association of Naval Aviation, he is on the National Advisory Council to the Navy League and is a member of the Board of Directors of several corporations. Smith was a supporter of Presidential candidate John McCain during the 2008 United States Presidential Election. Smith spoke out in defense of McCain after critical comments from General Wesley Clark regarding McCain's military experience. Prior to his retirement, Smith had served alongside General Clark for several years during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Smith is one of the senior signatories of the March 31, 2009 letter urging the president to maintain the policy excluding homosexuals from the armed forces.
Adapted from this biography. Smith discusses military forces in the Balkans
Barney Google and Snuffy Smith
Barney Google and Snuffy Smith Take Barney Google, F'rinstance, is an American comic strip created by cartoonist Billy DeBeck. Since its debut on June 17, 1919, the strip has gained a large international readership, appearing in 900 newspapers in 21 countries; the initial appeal of the strip led to its adaptation to film, popular song and television. It added several terms and phrases to the English language and inspired the 1923 hit tune "Barney Google" with lyrics by Billy Rose, as well as the 1923 record, "Come On, Spark Plug!" Barney Google himself, once the star of the strip and a popular character in his own right, has been entirely phased out of the feature. An peripheral player in his own strip beginning in the late 1930s, Google was "written out" in 1954, although he would return for cameo appearances; these cameos were years apart—from a period between 1997 and 2012, Barney Google wasn't seen in the strip at all. Google was reintroduced to the strip in 2012, has been seen occasionally since, making several week-long appearances.
Snuffy Smith, introduced as a supporting player in 1934, has now been the comic strip's central character for over 60 years. The feature is still titled Barney Google and Snuffy Smith. Like Mutt and Jeff, Barney Google started out on the sports page. First appearing as a daily strip in the sports sections of the Chicago Herald and Examiner in 1919, it was titled Take Barney Google, F'rinstance; the title character, a little fellow with big "banjo" eyes, was an avid sportsman and ne'er-do-well involved in poker, horse racing and prize fights. The "goggle-eyed, moustached and top-hatted, bulbous-nosed, cigar-chomping shrimp" was relentlessly henpecked by "a wife three times his size"; the formidable Mrs. Lizzie Google, a.k.a. "the sweet woman", sued Barney for divorce and thereafter disappeared from the strip. By October 1919, the strip was distributed by King Features Syndicate and was published in newspapers across the country. Beginning on July 17, 1922, the strip would take a momentous turn in popularity with the innocuous introduction of an endearing race horse named "Spark Plug".
Barney's beloved "brown-eyed baby" was a bow-legged nag who raced, he was seen totally covered by his trademark patched blanket with his name scrawled on the side. Peanuts creator Charles M. Schulz was known to his friends as Sparky, a lifelong nickname given to him by his uncle as a diminutive of Barney Google's Spark Plug. Comics historian Don Markstein noted that, Sparky's first race became one of comics' first national media events, eagerly anticipated by millions of newspaper readers. So great was the public's enthusiasm that DeBeck, planning to retire the plug after that one storyline, made him a permanent part of the cast. Spark Plug was such a star during the 1920s that children who enjoyed the comics were liable to get "Sparky" for a nickname—for example, Charles M. "Sparky" Schulz, who grew up to create Peanuts. In deference to his enormous popularity during this period, the strip was retitled Barney Google and Spark Plug. DeBeck's strip hit its peak of popularity with Spark Plug at about the same time the song "Barney Google" by Billy Rose and Con Conrad was sweeping the country.
It would become one of the best known, most iconic novelty records of the 1920s, has been recorded by such famous artists as Eddie Cantor and The Happiness Boys, The Andrews Sisters, Spike Jones: Other popular characters and concepts introduced in the strip about this time include "Sunshine", Barney's black jockey, a troublesome ostrich named "Rudy", "Sully", a monocled champion wrestler, the mysterious hooded fraternity "The Order of the Brotherhood of Billy Goats", a parody of mystic secret societies. Their password was "O-K-M-N-X" which, stood for a standard breakfast order. Barney was elected "Exalted Angora" in 1928. In 1934, an greater change took place when Barney and his horse visited the North Carolina mountains and met a volatile diminutive moonshiner named Snuffy Smith. Hillbilly humor was popular at the time; the strip focused on the southern Appalachian hamlet of "Hootin' Holler", with Snuffy as the main character. The mountaineer locals are suspicious of any outsiders, referred to as "flatlanders" or worse, "revenooers".
Snuffy was so popular. Barney Google himself left Hootin' Holler in 1954 to return to the city, was written out of the strip except as a occasional visitor. Google has appeared rarely in the feature since the mid-1950s, but returned to Hootin' Holler for a visit in a series of strips beginning on February 19, 2012, with occasional visits since. Prior to 2012, Google had not appeared in a span of over 15 years. Snuffy Smith is an ornery little cuss, shiftless, he lives in a shack, mangles the English language and has a propensity to shoot at those who displease him. He is in constant trouble with the sheriff, he wears a broad-brimmed felt hat as tall as he is, has a scraggly mustache and a pair of tattered, poorly patched overalls. He cheats at pok
Snuffy's Malt Shop
Snuffy's Malt Shop is an American restaurant chain with four locations in the Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota metropolitan area; the restaurants have a'50s hamburger malt shop theme, complete with checkered red and white tablecloths and red and white striped awnings. As of March 2011, Snuffy's operated four restaurants, in St. Paul, Roseville and Minnetonka, Minnesota. Snuffy's menu consists of burgers, shakes/malts in a wide variety of flavors, along with traditional hamburger shop side dishes such as fries and onion rings. In October 2010 the St. Paul Pioneer Press reported that Snuffy's had added cheese curds to the menu at the Roseville, Minnesota location. In 1997, the New York Times mentioned Snuffy's Malt Shop as "among the most popular neighborhood restaurants". In 2001, Snuffy's Malt Shop was referred to as a favorite Secret Spot by the Minneapolis Star Tribune. In 2006, Snuffy's Malt Shop was voted as the 2nd best burger restaurant in the Minneapolis-St. Paul Magazine Reader's Poll. In 2009, The Minnesota Daily placed Snuffy's Malt Shop amongst its favorite Dime-piece Diners.
In 2010, CBS Minnesota place Snuffy's Malt Shop on its list of Best Eats Near Shoreview. List of hamburger restaurants
Maynard Harrison Smith
Maynard Harrison "Snuffy" Smith was a United States Army Air Forces Staff Sergeant and aerial gunner aboard a B-17 Flying Fortress bomber in World War II, received the Medal of Honor for his conduct during a bombing mission over France on May 1, 1943. Maynard H. Smith enlisted in the US Army Air Forces in 1942. After completing basic training he volunteered for aerial gunnery school. At the time all aerial gunners were non-commissioned officers and the move to the school was a quick way for the private to gain rank and pay. After completing the aerial gunnery school, he was shipped overseas to Thurleigh, Bedfordshire, in south-central England, where he joined the 423rd Bombardment Squadron, 306th Bomb Group. Staff Sergeant Smith gained a reputation as a stubborn and obnoxious airman who did not get along well with the other airmen stationed there, hence his nickname "Snuffy Smith" from the popular comic strip of the era, Barney Google and Snuffy Smith, it was six weeks before he was assigned his first combat mission.
It was during his first mission, on May 1, 1943 that Staff Sergeant Smith, assigned to the ball gun turret, helped save the lives of six of his wounded comrades, put out a blazing fire, drove off wave after wave of German fighters. The target of the mission was the U-Boat pens at Saint-Nazaire in Loire-Atlantique, France, on the Bay of Biscay. Saint Nazaire was defended by antiaircraft guns and was nicknamed "flak city" by the airmen. Several of the bombers failed to rendezvous as intended, others had mechanical problems and had to turn back; the middle portion of the bombing mission went well, with no German fighters engaging the mission until after they had released their bomb loads. The bombers managed to drop their payload on target with little resistance from the Germans in occupied France; as the fighters came up, the bombing group managed to elude them by flying into a large cloud bank. Due to a navigational error, after being in the cloud bank, the navigator in the lead plane believed he was approaching the southern coast of Britain.
In fact, the aircraft were approaching the fortified German-occupied city of Brest and the southern coast of the Breton Peninsula. The pilot began to descend to 2,000 feet and was immediately overtaken by several German fighters and intense anti-aircraft fire. Staff Sergeant Smith's bomber was hit, rupturing the fuel tanks and igniting a massive fire in the center of the fuselage; the damage to the aircraft was severe, knocking out communications and compromising the fuselage's integrity. Smith's ball turret lost power and he scrambled out to assist the other crew members. Three crew members bailed out, while Smith tended to two others who were wounded. In between helping his wounded comrades, Smith manned the.50 caliber machine guns and fought the raging fire. The heat from the fire was so intense that it had begun to melt the metal in the fuselage, threatening to break the plane in half. For nearly 90 minutes, Smith alternated between shooting at the attacking fighters, tending to his wounded crew members and fighting the fire.
To starve the fire of fuel, he threw burning debris and exploding ammunition through the large holes that the fire had melted in the fuselage. After the fire extinguishers were exhausted, Smith managed to put the fire out, in part by urinating on it. Staff Sergeant Smith's bomber reached England and landed at the first available airfield, where it broke in half as it touched down. Smith's bomber had been hit with pieces of shrapnel; the three crew members who bailed out were never recovered and presumed lost at sea, but Smith's efforts on that day undoubtedly saved the lives of six others aboard his aircraft. Journalist Andy Rooney, at the time a reporter for Stars and Stripes, was at the base where Smith's plane landed and wrote a front-page story about it. While reflecting on Smith's award years on 60 Minutes, Rooney indicated "I was proud of my part in that."Smith was assigned to KP duty the week that he was awarded the Medal of Honor as punishment for arriving late to a briefing. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson placed the medal around Smith's neck during a formation.
Here is a ribbon bar of SSgt Maynard Harrison Smith: Citation text: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action above and beyond the call of duty. The aircraft of which Sgt. Smith was a gunner was subjected to intense enemy antiaircraft fire and determined fighter aircraft attacks while returning from a mission over enemy-occupied continental Europe on 1 May 1943; the aircraft was hit several times by antiaircraft fire and cannon shells of the fighter aircraft, 2 of the crew were wounded, the aircraft's oxygen system shot out, several vital control cables severed when intense fires were ignited in the radio compartment and waist sections. The situation became so acute. Sgt. Smith on his first combat mission, elected to fight the fire by himself, administered first aid to the wounded tail gunner, manned the waist guns, fought the intense flames alternately; the escaping oxygen fanned the fire to such intense heat that the ammunition in the radio compartment began to explode, the radio, gun mount, camera were melted, the compartment gutted.
Sgt. Smith threw the exploding ammunition overboard, fought the fire until all the firefighting aids were exhausted, manned the workable guns until the enemy fighters were driven away, further administered first aid to his wounded comrade, by wrapping himself in protecting cloth extinguished the fire by hand; this soldier's gallantry in action, undaunted bravery, loyalty to his air
George Henry "Snuffy" Stirnweiss was an American professional baseball second baseman. He played in Major League Baseball between 1943 and 1952, spending most of his MLB career with the New York Yankees, spending his last couple of seasons playing with the St. Louis Browns and the Cleveland Indians. A batting champion in 1945 and a two-time All-Star, he played a role with three different World Series championship squads during his time in New York. Before turning professional, Stirnweiss was a multi-sport star in high school at Fordham Preparatory School in The Bronx. In 1935, his junior year, he led his school to championships in both baseball and basketball, was the star of both teams in the process, while being a leader for the gridiron football team as well; these accolades helped to earn him a spot in the school's Hall of Honor upon his graduation from Fordham Prep in 1936. Furthermore, he was able to parlay his sporting accomplishments into attending the University of North Carolina, where he played significant roles with the football and baseball programs.
As a football player, he was used in a quarterback and halfback hybrid role, while being capable of booming punts further down field than most other punters were capable of doing during this time period. His football prowess earned him many accolades, including the highest honor an athlete can achieve at North Carolina, the Patterson Medal, awarded to the senior athlete in the University, judged by a committee of faculty and students to be most outstanding in athletic ability, morale and general conduct. Stirnweiss played baseball while at North Carolina, though he was not as renowned for his baseball exploits. Stirnweiss was a high draft pick by the Chicago Cardinals of the National Football League in the 1940 NFL draft, but after receiving an offer from the New York Yankees, he opted to pursue a baseball career and signed with the New York organization upon his graduation from North Carolina in 1940. Stirnweiss spent the first three seasons of his professional baseball career in the minor leagues, playing the majority of his first season for the Norfolk Tars of the Piedmont League before being promoted and spending two full seasons in 1941 and 1942 in Double-A with the Newark Bears, a member of the International League.
A second baseman, Stirnweiss posted moderate statistics in the minors, but with Joe Gordon as the incumbent second baseman at the top flight in the organization, Stirnweiss was not due for a promotion to New York. For his part, Gordon was named the Most Valuable Player of the American League in 1942 after posting a.322 batting average and 103 runs batted in. However, the United States joined World War II after the 1941 MLB season, in the next couple of years, many prominent MLB superstars joined the military. For Stirnweiss, the war was the break; when Stirnweiss was 24, the Yankees promoted him to the majors for the 1943 season. He posted meager numbers for a utility player dividing his time between second base. In 83 games, he hit.219 while providing uneven results as a base stealer and only thirteen extra base hits in over 300 plate appearances. He hit his first career home run, his only home run of 1943, in a late-August double header at Briggs Stadium in Detroit in a 5–1 New York win; the 1943 Yankees won the American League pennant with 98 wins.
Stirnweiss only managed to earn one plate appearance, serving as a pinch-hitter for the pitcher Hank Borowy late in Game 3 with the Yankees trailing, but on a subsequent sacrifice bunt, the third baseman committed an error, paving the way for a five-run rally in a game New York won, 6–2. The Yankees, having lost in the previous year's World Series to the St. Louis Cardinals in upset fashion, returned the favor in 1943 and won the championship in five games. In 1944, Gordon temporarily vacated his ironclad second base position; as a regular in 1944, Stirnweiss served as the Yankee lead-off hitter and led the league in plate appearances, runs and stolen bases, socking 59 extra base hits in total while hitting.319. Providing sturdy and error-less defense from second base as well, Stirnweiss was arguably the most vital player on a Yankee team that won 83 games and finished in third place in the American League in 1944, his contributions were so outstanding that he was awarded with a fourth-place finish in the AL MVP voting at the close of the 1944 season.
Stirnweiss posted a triple slash line in 1945, identical to the one he posted the year prior, while socking 64 extra base hits in another league-leading season in plate appearances. Despite a ten-point drop in his batting average from the previous season, his.309 clip in 1945 was enough to edge Tony Cuccinello for the batting crown in the American League for 1945. His base stealing was a bit more uneven in 1945, only posting a 66% success rate, a far cry from his 83% figure the previous year. With another batting average in excess of.300 and on-base percentage in excess of.380, he received another top-4 finish in the American League's MVP balloting, this time finishing in third behind only Detroit ace Hal Newhouser and Detroit second baseman Eddie Mayo, an undeserved second-place finish with respect to Stirnweiss's accomplishments compared to Mayo's. Part of that may well have been due to the Yankees fourth place finish in the AL in 1945 while the Detroit Tigers won the pennant, the World Series against the Chicago Cubs.
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