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Soap Opera Digest Awards

The Soap Opera Digest Awards is an awards show held by the daytime television magazine Soap Opera Digest. The awards were founded in 1984 to replace the less-lavish Soapy Award; the Soap Opera Digest Awards are meant to promote excellence in the soap opera genre and are decided by the fans who read the magazine. The statue itself is made of crystal, is in the shape of a heart; the first Soap Opera Digest Award show aired in 1984, was featured on national syndicated television and hosted by husband and wife Catherine Hickland and David Hasselhoff. One of the reasons for the move up was the new-found audience of both Daytime and Prime time soap operas; that year for the first time awards were given to prime time soap operas as well as daytime soaps. This practice was phased out in the 1990s as primetime soap operas began to lose the large appeal they once had. For the first two years fans themselves voted on the nominees list as well as the winners. Ballot stuffing and a voting bloc for the 1985 awards led to the side effect where Days of Our Lives swept every category.

The third awards were changed so that the editors of the magazine chose the nominees and each reader was allowed only one ballot to vote for their favorites. This allowed other shows such as Another World to take home trophies. A change in award season from the end of the year to the beginning meant that there was no show in 1987. In 1992 the awards were broadcast live for the first time. NBC had aired the event since it made its way to network television, but the show would no longer be seen on the network after the airing of the 2000 awards; the year 2001 marked the first time that there was no awards ceremony and voting was done online. In 2003 the cable channel SOAPnet broadcast the awards which were hosted by Daytime Emmy nominated hosts Lisa Rinna and Ty Treadway. No awards were given out in 2002 or 2004; the 2005 awards were done through the magazine. Fans could find a ballot in a November issue of Soap Opera Digest and mail it to the editors. Only one ballot per person was counted; the awards were announced in the magazine in February 2005.

List of Soap Opera Digest Awards Soap Opera Digest Award for Hottest Female Star Soap Opera Digest Award for Hottest Male Star Soap Opera Digest Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Daytime Drama Soap Opera Digest Award for Outstanding Villainess in a Drama Series – Daytime List of American television awards Soap Opera Digest Awards official site IMDb Soap Opera Digest Awards page

Night of the Amazons

The Night of the Amazons was the name of a Nazi propaganda event, held annually in Munich in the park at Nymphenburg Palace in the 1930s. The events were held on 27 July 1936, 31 July 1937, 30 July 1938 and 29 July 1939, were the evening highlight of the International Horse Racing Week Munich-Riem. Members of the SS-Cavalry, variety show girls, international stars performed at the open-air revue with up to 2,500 participants. In addition to highlighting Munich as a travel destination, the event was intended to present Germany's Nazi regime as cosmopolitan and friendly to foreigners, promote Nazi ideology; the International Racing Week at Munich-Riem was invented in 1934 to present world-class equestrian sports in Munich and attract visitors to show off the new Nazi society. The event was organized by Christian Weber, who's personal friendship with Adolf Hitler goes back to the early 1920s. All international horse clubs were invited. In 1936, the prize money for the Brown Ribbon of Germany was doubled.

Being 100.000 Reichsmark, it was thus the continent's highest prize. That year was a special anniversary, "500 Years of Horse Racing in Munich", which featured numerous major events. According to Weber, the evening highlight of the horse races for the Brown Ribbon should make a noise at home and in the world. Together with Paul Wolfrum, the head of tourism of Munich and Southern Bavaria, they created the "Night of the Amazons", an evening event with 10,000 spectators. Weber used the former summer residence of the Bavarian kings as scenery for his ambitious self-portrayal and that of the Nazi ruling system. Despite weeks of personnel-intensive rehearsals and preparations, no alternative date was set; the enormously expensive financing was taken over by the Nazi regime organization The Brown Ribbon of Germany. For the first event in 1936, the two access avenues and the entire palace complex were provided with electric light for the first time. Concerns of the Bavarian Administration of State-Owned Palaces and Lakes had to be addressed, e.g. fire hazards due to large fireworks shows, damage caused by horse hooves, crowds of people and underground installations.

Security personnel were provided by the SS. The event always consisted of two different parts. Obvious Nazi propaganda was avoided. Besides international stars, hundreds of horses were put on stage; the first part of the event had a historical theme, located in the courtly 18th century environment, thereby branded as decadent. In the second part of the event, the "New Age" and "Master Race", glorified by the Nazi ideology, were presented. Under the pretext of ancient mythology more nudity was staged from year to year. A bronze sculpture created by Franz Stuck in 1913/14 was considered the Amazon par excellence. A replica was erected in front of the Villa Stuck in Munich in 1936. In 1936 Hans Gruß, the manager of the Deutsches Theater, directed the event. In 1937 he was replaced by Paul Wolz, who directed it until 1939; the dance performances incorporated choreographic inspiration from the latest UFA GmbH and Hollywood films. Wilhelm Hindelang was responsible for the lighting production. During a stay in New York City in 1936, the electrical engineer had studied the various lighting systems on Broadway theaters and the night illumination of Niagara Falls.

The illumination of the "Night of the Amazons" enabled him to express his expertise. He worked out the lighting plans and created lighting effects with Ultraviolet light chains, colored underwater spotlights and a dance floor illuminated from below. A large part of the lighting and the telephone system for the direction and lighting instructions were provided by the armed forces. In 1938, the passionate amateur filmmaker with his innovative use of light was able to shoot the event on Kodachrome, it was the first color film shot at night in the German Reich. Equestrian skills - including the High School of Classical dressage - were used by the ambitious SS riders to create a public impact. Many of the riders were members of the SS-Totenkopfverbände who guarded the Dachau concentration camp during the day. Hermann Fegelein, award-winning jump jockey and ambitious protégé of Christian Weber and head of the SS Main Riding School Riem since 1937, trained them as well as the "Amazons"; the Munich State Opera ballet took part in the first Night of the Amazons in 1936.

However, since classical ballet was said to have not enough Germanness and national pride and to be affected from foreign influence, a wide variety of dance schools with expressive dance were used from 1937 onwards. Following the Nazi ideology, the dancers symbolized the "voluntary and vibrant integration into the large community structure with the so-called New Dance". Young girls of the NS girls‘ organisation Faith and Beauty Society were used for mass scenes, too; every year, internationally renowned stars participated in the event, such as Margaret Severn from New York and Eugene Iskoldoff with dancers from the Covent Garden Ballet Russe in 1936. In the following years, the Scala-Girls from Berlin and the Hiller-Girls performed as well as singers like Hans-Hermann Nissen and Erna Sack. Christian Weber made use of the insight he had gained during his 1937 visit to the Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne - and the relevant establishments in Paris - that "our naked German girls are better looking than the French women."

His conclusion for the Night of the Amazons was: "All we have to do is take off the clothes of the girls right here at home, put them into the spotlight, men with money to spend will forsake Paris for Munich." From 1938 onward the number of girls dressed only in skin-colored panties in

Madeleine Kamman

Madeleine Kamman was a French chef and restaurateur, cookery teacher and author of seven cookbooks, who spent most of her working life in America bringing the rigors of French technique to American ingredients and audiences. Kamman was recognized by food luminaries such as James Beard for her discerning palate and knowledge of the history and science of food, as well as her passion for celebrating the food cooked by women in the home as much as the masters of haute cuisine, she has been celebrated as a leader of what she called "cuisine personelle" — part of the nouvelle cuisine movement that reinvented the classics of French classical cuisine — and as one of the world's most authoritative and exacting teachers of cooking — a "teacher's teacher" — who has Influenced the development of American chefs and the American cookery scene. Kamman first learned to cook as a young girl at her aunt's Michelin-starred restaurant in Touraine, France.' She returned to Paris at the end of the World War 2 with the hope of attending university, but finances required her to work.

She attended Le Cordon Bleu in Paris, met, in 1959, the American Alan Kamman. They married and moved to Philadelphia, but, by her own admission, she did not adjust to life in the United States, in part because she found American cooking and ingredients in the early 1960s inferior to those of her native France, she suffered from depression, but used cooking as an antidote, started giving cooking classes in 1966. In 1968, Kamman moved to the Boston area and thereafter opened a cooking school, The Modern Gourmet, with a restaurant, Chez La Mère Madeleine, staffed by students from the cooking school. Kamman's time in Boston triggered the notorious feud between Kamman and Julia Child, in which Kamman challenged Child's claims of being a "French chef." Kamman undiplomatically pointed out that Child was neither French nor a'chef,' but was an American cooking teacher instead. According to Kamman, "hen you try to teach a cuisine, not your own, there is always one dimension missing." Many have attributed Kamman's critique to professional jealousy based on Child's immense popularity with American audiences and the success of her "French chef" brand.

Child returned the animosity, refusing to speak Kamman's name publicly and instead called her "that woman." Child refused to dine at Chez La Mère Madeleine, although the restaurant received five stars from The Boston Globe, four stars from the Mobil Guide, accolades from French chef Paul Bocuse. Kamman closed Chez La Mère Madeleine and the Modern Gourmet cooking school in 1980 to return to France, where she launched a cooking school in Annecy, her time in France was brief: France's high taxes and what she saw as rampant sexism in France's professional kitchens led her to return to the United States, where she first opened Auberge Madeleine, a restaurant and cooking school in Glen, a village of Bartlett, New Hampshire. A diagnosis of heart disease caused her to close the restaurant, she moved to the Napa Valley in the late 1980s, where she opened the School for American Chefs at Beringer Vineyards, a competitive two week training session for professional chefs. In addition to cooking classes, chef-students were given lessons in kitchen chemistry and science, culinary history and geography to increase their appreciation of menu planning and terroir.

Kamman retired to Vermont in 2000 to pursue a graduate degree in German literature. In addition to her teaching and writing, Kamman created Madeleine Cooks, a PBS cooking show that ran from 1984-1991, she received an honorary doctorate from Johnson and Wales University, A Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Association of Culinary Professionals, a knighthood in the Ordres des Arts et des Lettres from the French Ministry of Culture, among other awards. Madeleine Kamman’s career was informed by her passion for the cooking done by French women in the home, the desire to see this authentic cuisine de terroir, cuisine des femmes, cuisine du coeur, recognised within a culture and cooking establishment that privileged the artistry of professional, male, chefs. Indeed she accused chefs like Paul Bocuse of appropriating the cooking of their mothers and grandmothers and presenting it as their own, her own learning was inspired in childhood by her mother and great-aunts, whose cooking represented many regions of France.

She dedicated her third book, When French Women Cook, to writing down their recipes, most recorded for the first time, in an attempt to preserve a record of a France long since gone, determined to "bring back to life" the "women with worn hands stained by vegetables peeled, parched by work in the house, garden or fields, wrinkled by age and experience", so her readers will know "that there was once a civilisation, human, tender and loveable." Her dedication reads "This book, in its own way a feminist manifesto, is dedicated to the millions of women who have spent millennia in kitchens creating unrecognised masterpieces". At a time when early feminist politics were challenging entrenched gender roles, including women’s identification with the labour of the kitchen, Madeleine Kamman was celebrating women’s cooking in an attempt to preserve the standards of a rich and varied culinary tradition, to elevate the status of such work as performed by women in the home; as a professional chef and restaurateur, she argued for the status of women in the professional kitchen: "I took a stand", she says, "on women in the professional kitchen before Women’s Lib came into the picture...

I had transcended the limits imposed on women by generations of professional chefs and found myself succeeding in a so-called male profession." She believed by the 1990s that the next generation wou

HD 74156

HD 74156 is a yellow dwarf star in the constellation of Hydra, 210 light years from the Solar System. It is known to be orbited by two giant planets; this star is 64 % larger than our Sun. The total luminosity is 2.96 times that of our Sun and its temperature 5960 K. The age of the star is estimated at 3.7 billion years, with metallicity 1.35 times that of the Sun based on its abundance of iron. In April 2001, two giant planets were announced orbiting the star; the first planet HD 74156 b orbits the star at a distance closer than Mercury is to our Sun, in an eccentric orbit. The second planet HD 74156 c is a long-period, massive planet, which orbits the star in an elliptical orbit with a semimajor axis of 3.90 astronomical units. Given the two-planet configuration of the system under the assumption that the orbits are coplanar and have masses equal to their minimum masses, an additional Saturn-mass planet would be stable in a region between 0.9 and 1.4 AU between the orbits of the two known planets.

Under the "packed planetary systems" hypothesis, which predicts that planetary systems form in such a way that the system could not support additional planets between the orbits of the existing ones, the gap would be expected to host a planet. In September 2007, a third planet with a mass at least 0.396 Jupiter masses was announced to be orbiting between planets b and c with an eccentric orbit. The planet, orbiting in a region of the planetary system known to be stable for additional planets, was seen as a confirmation of the "packed planetary systems" hypothesis. However, Roman V. Baluev has cast doubt on this discovery, suggesting that the observed variations may be due to annual errors in the data. A subsequent search using the Hobby-Eberly Telescope failed to confirm the planet, further data obtained using HIRES instrument contradicts its existence. List of extrasolar planets HD 37124 Upsilon Andromedae "Notes for star HD 74156"; the Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia. Extrasolar Planet Interactions by Rory Barnes & Richard Greenberg and Planetary Lab, University of Arizona

31st Canadian Parliament

The 31st Canadian Parliament was a lived parliament in session from October 9 until December 14, 1979. The membership was set by the 1979 federal election on May 22, 1979, it was dissolved after the minority government of Joe Clark failed to pass a Motion of Confidence on December 13, 1979; the dissolution of parliament led to the 1980 federal election. Lasting only 66 days from first sitting to dissolution, only nine months from election to election, the 31st was the shortest parliament in Canadian history; the 31st Parliament was controlled by a Progressive Conservative Party minority led by Prime Minister Joe Clark and the 21st Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Liberal Party, led by former prime minister Pierre Trudeau; the Speaker was James Jerome. See List of Canadian electoral districts 1976-1987 for a list of the ridings in this parliament. There was only one session of the 31st Parliament: The party standings as of the election and as of dissolution were as follows: Members of the House of Commons in the 31st parliament arranged by province.

* Donald Jamieson resigned from parliament and was replaced by Roger Simmons in a September 19, 1979, by-election *John Diefenbaker died on August 16, 1979. "21st Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved 2006-11-09. Government of Canada. "31st Parliament". Members of the House of Commons: 1867 to Date: By Parliament. Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-12-20. Retrieved 2006-11-30. Government of Canada. "Duration of Sessions". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. Government of Canada. "General Elections". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-05-04. Retrieved 2006-05-12. Government of Canada. "Key Dates for each Parliament". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2005-09-14. Retrieved 2006-05-12. Government of Canada. "Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2007-03-11. Retrieved 2006-05-12. Government of Canada. "Party Standings: At the Senate".

Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2007-04-24. Government of Canada. "Prime Ministers of Canada". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-12. Government of Canada. "Speakers". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2006-09-17. Retrieved 2006-05-12

Zoltan Hajos

Zoltan George Hajos is a Hungarian-born and trained American organic chemist. An academic in his native Budapest an industrial chemist in the pharmaceutical industry, he is known for the Hajos–Parrish–Eder–Sauer–Wiechert reaction. Hajos studied chemistry at the Technical University of Budapest, in Hungary, completing an M. Sc. in 1947, his doctoral work under Zoltan Csuros of the Institute of Organic Chemical Technology in 1950. Hajos remained there until accepting a position as assistant professor in organic chemistry at the TU Budapest in 1948, where he stayed until 1952 as Lecturer at the University of Veszprem, returning as a Research Associate at the Institute of Organic Chemistry at TU Budapest in 1953. With backlash following the 1956 Revolution in October, 1956, Hajos left TU Budapest and communist Hungary for the United States, where he took a position as a research associate in organic chemistry, a senior postdoctoral-level position, in the Department of Chemistry at Princeton University, beginning in 1957.

Hajos accepted a chemistry position with the Pharmaceutical Research Institute of Hoffmann-La Roche, a pharmaceutical company, in Nutley, New Jersey, in 1960. He remained in that position until beginning a second phase of an academic career in 1970, first in the Chemistry Department of the University of Vermont, thereafter on the Faculty of Pharmacy of the University of Toronto. Hajos returned to the pharmaceutical industry in 1975, proceeding through a series of positions at the Research Institute of Johnson & Johnson, until retiring in 1990. Hajos is noted for the Hajos–Parrish–Eder–Sauer–Wiechert reaction, of the related -proline-catalyzed synthesis route to the Hajos-Wiechert ketone, is considered a pioneer in the research area of organocatalysis. In a recent review of the Hajos–Parrish–Eder–Sauer–Wiechert reaction as a name reaction, Daniel Zerong Wang describes it, its synonyms, thus:"This reaction was independently reported by two groups in 1971: the group of Hajos and Parrish and the group of Eder and Wiechert.

It is an enantioselective ldol eaction catalyzed by -proline… one of the earliest enantioselectively catalyzed reactions of practical use in synthetic organic chemistry. Owing to its wide application in organic synthesis, it has been extensively explored and extended to asymmetric ldol... α-alkylation… Mannich... Michael ddition... and α-amination… of carbonyl compounds. In the literature, this reaction has been referred to by different names:... Hajos-Eder-Sauer-Wiechert... Hajos-Wiechert... and Hajos-Parrish-Wiechert reactions." Benjamin List, a leader in the modern field of organocatalysis, describes the importance of the discovery of the Hajos–Parrish–Eder–Sauer–Wiechert reaction thus:"Discovered in the early 1970s, the Hajos–Parrish–Eder–Sauer–Wiechert reaction, a proline-catalyzed intramolecular aldol reaction, represents not only the first asymmetric aldol reaction invented by chemists but the first enantioselective organocatalytic transformation. Hajos received a Certificate of Merit, an Iron Award, from TU Budapest in May 2013, in recognition of 65 years of professional service.

The research activity of Hajos resulted in 45 scientific publications in technical journals, as well as in more than 30 patents. Some selected publications are: R. Malathi, D. Rajagopal, Z. G. Hajos, S. Swaminathan: "Proline-catalysed asymmetric ketol cyclizations: The template mechanism revisited," Journal of Chemical Sciences, 116 pp. 159−162, doi:10.1007/BF02708219. Z. G. Hajos, D. R. Parrish: "Asymmetric synthesis of bicyclic intermediates of natural product chemistry," Journal of Organic Chemistry 39, pp. 1615−1621, doi:10.1021/jo00925a003. Z. G. Hajos, D. R. Parrish: "Synthesis and conversion of 2-methyl-2--1,3-cyclopentanedione to the isomeric racemic ketols of the bicyclooctane and of the perhydroindane series," Journal of Organic Chemistry 39, pp. 1612−1615, doi:10.1021/jo00925a002. Z. G. Hajos, D. R. Parrish: --7a-METHYL-2,3,7,7a-TETRAHYDRO-1 H-INDENE-1,5-. Organic Syntheses, Coll. Vol. 7, 363, doi:10.15227/orgsyn.063.0026. Edward C. Kendall, Zoltan G. Hajos: TETRAHYDRO-3,4-FURANDIONE.

I. PREPARATION AND PROPERTIES, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 82, 3219-3220, doi:10.1021/ja01497a059. Z. G. Hajos, N. Cohen, D. R. Parrish, L. A. Portland, W. Sciamanna, M. A. Scott, P. A. Wehrli, 1975, "Total syntheses of optically active 19-norsteroids: -estr-4-ene-3,17-dione and -13β-ethylgon-4-ene-3,17-dione," Journal of Organic Chemistry 40, pp. 675−681, PMID 1133631. J. B. Press, R. Falotico, Z. G. Hajos, R. A. Sawyers, R. M. Kanojia, L. Williams, B. Haertlein, J. A. Kauffman, C. Lakas-Weiss, J. J. Salata: Synthesis and structure-activity relationship of 6-substituted purine derivatives as novel selective positive inotropes, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 35 4509-4515, doi:10.1021/jm00102a001