The Sobat River is a river of the Greater Upper Nile region in northeastern South Sudan, Africa. It is the most southerly of the great eastern tributaries of the White Nile, before the confluence with the Blue Nile; the Sobat River is formed by the confluence of the west-flowing Baro River and the north-flowing Pibor River, on the border with Ethiopia. The river enters the White Nile at Doleib Hill, near the city of Malakal in Upper Nile State; when in flood the Sobat River produces an enormous discharge carrying a white sediment, which gives the White Nile its name. The Sobat and its tributaries drain a watershed 225,000 km2 in size; the river's mean annual discharge is 412 m³/s. List of rivers of South Sudan
Gail Sidonie Sobat
Gail Sidonie Sobat is a Canadian writer, educator and performer. She is the founder and coordinator of YouthWrite, a writing camp for children, a non-profit and charitable society, she is the director of the Spoken Word Youth Choir Her poetry and fiction, for adults and young adults, are known for her controversial themes. For 2015, Sobat was one of two writers in residence with the Metro Edmonton Federation of Libraries, she is the founder of the Spoken Word Youth Choir in Edmonton. Sobat's books include the Young Adult/ New Adult novels Jamie's Got a Gun, Not With A Bang, Ingamald, A Winter's Tale, A Glass Darkly, Gravity Journal, Chance to Dance for You and a picture book, In the Graveyard, illustrated by artist, Spyder Yardley-Jones, she has written two books of poetry, "How the Light is Spent" and Aortic Caprice, as well as a novel, The Book of Mary, for adult audiences. Sobat was born in Alberta of first-generation Ukrainian-Canadian and Serb-Canadian parents. A striking Drumheller miner with socialist sympathies, her Ukrainian grandfather had been blacklisted by the RCMP in his youth.
She spent her early years in Drumheller Shouldice, on the Blackfoot Indian Reservation, now Siksika Nation, near the hamlet of Gleichen. She attended kindergarten at the Old Sun Residential School, in St. Paul, near the Saddle Lake Cree Nation, her father worked with Indian Affairs. Sobat completed Education and Arts degrees and a master's degree in English at the University of Alberta in Children's Literature, specializing in fantasy. Sobat taught in middle and post-secondary schools. For the Legacy Project, a high school program addressing the gulf between aboriginal and non-aboriginal students and her co-creators were named finalists for the Governor General Excellence in Teaching History Award. Sobat founded YouthWrite in a multi-disciplinary camp for young writers. Courses offered include traditional poetry and fiction classes, but drumming and words and words, journalism, writing for radio and songwriting; the camp runs each January and July, is overseen by Sobat, a team of supervisors, a slate of professional authors and illustrators.
2015 marked the inaugural year for a writing camp for adults. Sobat was adjunct professor in the University of Alberta Faculty of Education, was the 2007 Canadian Authors Association Writer-in-Residence at the University of Alberta Bookstore, she has been Writer-in-Residence at Queen's University and taught in Istanbul, Turkey at Ata College. She teaches creative writing and communications at MacEwan University in Edmonton, Alberta. Sobat founded the Spoken Word Youth Choir, which first performed in September, 2007, as part of The Roar Spoken Word Festival in Edmonton; that year the group performed at the Edmonton Creative Cities Conference and the Edmonton Cultural Capital Gala. In 2008 they performed at the CANWRITE – Canadian Authors Association National Conference, in 2009, at WordsWorth 2009 at Bragg Creek, at several Edmonton venues. In 2010 the choir performed at the Calgary International Spoken Word Festival. Sobat has performed solo and with SWYC on stage and in public performances and presentations across Canada, in Doha, Qatar.
Global TV Woman of Vision 2016-2017. Whistler Independent Book Awards Finalist for How the Light is Spent, 2016. CAA Fred Kerner Award Finalist for Jamie's Got a Gun, 2016. Moonbeam Award for Jamie’s Got a Gun, 2014. Top Ten Best Graphic Novels of 2014, Foreword Reviews, for Jamie’s Got a Gun, 2014. R. Ross Annett Award for Children's Literature, nomination for Not With a Bang, 2014. Orillia Public Library's Battle of the Books nomination for Gravity Journal, 2014. Edmonton Public Library's 2013 Alberta Readers' Choice long list nomination, Not With a Bang. Ontario Library Association's White Pine 2012 Honour Book: Chance to Dance for You. Moonbeam Award 2011 for Chance to Dance for You. Stellar Award 2011 nomination for Gravity Journal. Moonbeam Gold Award for Gravity Journal, 2009. Canadian Children's Book Centre Best Book for Gravity Journal, 2009. Ontario Library Association's White Pine Honour Book, Gravity Journal, 2009. Canadian Authors Association Exporting Alberta Award nomination, 2009. R. Ross Annett Award for Children's Literature, nomination for A Glass Darkly, 2008.
Canadian Children's Book Centre Choice Award for A Glass Darkly, 2007. Gold IPPY for The Book of Mary, 2007. Ontario Library Association's White Pine Award, nomination for A Winter’s Tale, 2005. Canadian Children's Book Centre Choice Award for A Winter’s Tale, 2005. Canadian Children's Book Centre Choice Award for Ingamald, 2004. Jon Whyte Essay Competition, Honourable Mention, Writers' Guild of Alberta, 2003. Arts Award for Career Development, Alberta Heritage Scholarship, 2002. English Language Arts Council Award, 2000. Governor General's Award for Excellence in Teaching, 1996; the Writer's Block Short Story Competition, First Prize, 1994. Kalamalka New Writers Competition, poetry manuscript finalist, 1994. Hope Writers' Guild Poetry Contest, First Prize, 1993. Canadian Authors Association Short Story Competition, Honorable Mention, 1993; the Book of Mary - Sumach Press 2006 Aortic Caprice - River Books 2003/2004 How the Light is Spent - Wintergreen Studios Press 2013 Ingamald - Spotted Cow Press 2001 A Winter’s Tale - Great Plains Publications 2004 A Glass Darkly - Great Plains Publications
The flappet lark is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae, widespread in Africa. The flappet lark and the Cape clapper lark are regarded as forming a superspecies with the Eastern clapper lark; the alternate name "cinnamon bush lark" is an alternate name for Horsfield's bush lark. Fifteen subspecies are recognized: Buckley's lark or West African cinnamon bush-lark, M. r. buckleyi: Originally described as a separate species in the genus Calandrella. Found from southern Mauritania and Senegal to northern Cameroon M. r. serlei White, CMN, 1960: Found in south-eastern Nigeria Ubangi cinnamon lark, M. r. tigrina Oustalet, 1892: Originally described as a separate species. Found from eastern Cameroon to northern Democratic Republic of Congo Darfur flappet lark, M. r. furensis Lynes, 1923: Found in west-central Sudan Sobat flappet lark, M. r. sobatensis Lynes, 1914: Originally described as a separate species. Found in central Sudan M. r. rufocinnamomea: Found in north-western and central Ethiopia Abyssinian flappet lark, M. r. omoensis Neumann, 1928: Found in south-western Ethiopia M. r. torrida Shelley, 1882: Found from south-eastern Sudan and northern Ethiopia to northern Uganda, central Kenya and central Tanzania Rwenzori flappet lark, M. r. kawirondensis van Someren, 1921: Found in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, western Uganda and western Kenya Nyasaland flappet lark, M. r. fischeri: Originally described as a separate species.
Found in Angola, southern Democratic Republic of Congo, northern Zambia and northern Mozambique north through eastern Tanzania, eastern Kenya to southern Somalia M. r. schoutedeni White, CMN, 1956: Found in Gabon and Central African Republic to western Democratic Republic of Congo and north-western Angola M. r. lwenarum White, CMN, 1945: Found in north-western Zambia M. r. smithersi White, CMN, 1956: Found in northern Zambia, north-eastern Botswana and northern South Africa M. r. pintoi White, CMN, 1956: Found in southern Mozambique and north-eastern South Africa M. r. mababiensis: Found in western Zambia to central Botswana The flappet lark has a large range covering much of the African continent with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 10,000,000 km2. Its natural habitats are dry savannah, moist savannah, subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland. Species factsheet - BirdLife International Species text - The Atlas of Southern African Birds