A sobriquet or soubriquet is a nickname, sometimes assumed, but given by another and being descriptive in nature. Distinct from a pseudonym, it is a familiar name used in place of a real name without the need of explanation becoming more familiar than the original name; the term sobriquet may apply to the nickname for group of people, or place. Examples are Emiye Menelik, a name of Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia, popularly and affectionately recognized for his kindness. Well-known places have sobriquets, such as New York City referred to as the Big Apple; the modern French spelling is sobriquet. Two early variants of the term are found: soubriquet and sotbriquet; the first early spelling variant, "soubriquet", remains in use and is considered the origin. The second early spelling variant suggests derivation from the initial form sot and the second part, briquet, is a French adaptation of Italian brichetto, diminutive of bricco, knave connected with briccone, supposed to be a derivative of the German brechen, to break.

The real origin is to be sought in the form soubriquet. Émile Littré gives an early-fourteenth-century soubsbriquet as meaning a chuck under the chin, this would be derived from soubs, mod. sous and briquet or bruchel, the brisket, or lower part of the throat. Sobriquets are found in music, sports and politics. Candidates and political figures are branded with sobriquets, either while living or posthumously. For example, president of the United States Abraham Lincoln came to be known as "Honest Abe". In the A Dictionary of Modern English Usage Henry Watson Fowler warned: "Now the sobriquet habit is not a thing to be acquired, but a thing to be avoided, he included the sobriquet among what he termed the "battered ornaments" of the language, but opinion on their use varies. Sobriquets remain a common feature of speech today; the King Elvis Presley, famous well-known vocalist and musician. Atatürk – Mustafa Kemal, first president of the Republic of Turkey. Name bestowed on him 24 November 1934 by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.

The Big Apple – Manhattan Columbia – The United States or The Americas, poetic name Dixie, Dixieland –. S. in the American Civil War. S. in general or its government The war to end all warsWorld War I The Windy City – Chicago, Illinois Yankee – an American of European ancestry not sympathetic to the Southern cause only from the states that fought against the Confederacy in the Civil War, but now from any non-Southern state. S. to mean any American. S. presidents List of metonyms Honorific nicknames in popular music This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Sobriquet". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press

James Ward (writer)

James Ward is an English writer and the founder of Boring Conference. James Ward first came to prominence in 2009 with a blog that charted his fascination with "small unimportant things"; the London Twirls Project, his attempt to map the availability and storage conditions of Cadbury's Twirls in Central London, led to him giving talks at public events such as Ignite and The Lost Lectures. In 2010, he won a competition run by Virgin Atlantic and was flown to America to write a pen-based comparison of London and New York. Ward's first book, Adventures in Stationery: A Journey Through Your Pencilcase, was published in the UK by Profile Books in 2014. Described as "high class pornography for the stationery enthusiast", it received positive reviews in the British press, it has been translated into Korean and Chinese. Adventures in Stationery was rewritten for the North American market and released in 2015 with the alternative title The Perfection of the Paperclip: Curious Tales of Invention, Accidental Genius and Stationery Obsession.

This was due to words such as "stationery" and "pencil case" not being part of the American English vocabulary. It was published by Schuster. Ward has written for The Guardian, The Wall Street Journal, The Daily Telegraph, New Humanist, amongst others. Inspired by the cancellation of Interesting Conference, Ward founded Boring Conference in 2010; the conference describes itself as "A one-day celebration of the mundane, the ordinary, the obvious and the overlooked". Speakers at the conference give short talks on a wide variety of "boring" topics, which have included sneezing, toast, IBM tills, the Shipping Forecast, barcodes. Past speakers include Josie Long, Rhodri Marsden, Adam Curtis and Greg Stekelman. An unexpected success, the event sells out minutes after tickets go on sale; the most recent Boring Conference – Boring VIII – took place at Conway Hall on 5 May 2018. In 2017, Ward made The Boring Talks Podcast in collaboration with the BBC. Available as a weekly download from January 2018, each podcast consists of a talk on a single subject that would be considered'boring', such as'yellow lines' and'book pricing algorithms'.

Ward gives talks on Boring Conference, the minutiae of everyday life, the nature of boredom and the joys of stationery. He has spoken at IBTM World in Barcelona, Secret Garden Party, Kings Place in London, the Hay Literary Festival and Nerd Nite, he appears in airline Jet Blue's in-flight video "HumanKinda" and as a guest on podcasts Little Atoms and The Allusionist. In 2010, Ward co-founded Stationery Club, a regular gathering where people would meet in a pub to discuss which pen they were using at the moment. In 2015, Ward hosted The Concept Album Talks; each event centres around a different concept album. Speakers give a talk inspired by the title of one track of that album that must last for the same duration as the song. Albums covered so far are The Dark Side of the Pet Sounds. I Like Boring Things – blog Boring Conference

Victor Gaston

Victor Gaston is an American politician. He was the Acting Speaker of the Alabama House of Representatives. Victor Gaston was born on January 15, 1943, he received a B. S. from the University of Southern Mississippi, an M. A. from the University of South Alabama, Ed. D from Auburn University, he worked as a school timber farmer. Gaston was first elected to represent the 100th district in the Alabama House of Representatives in 1982, he was elected by his colleagues to serve as Speaker Pro Tempore in December 2010 for a special session after the Republicans gained a majority during the 2010 mid-term elections. He was re-elected to full four-year terms in 2011 and 2015. Gaston became the Acting Speaker of the Alabama House of House per state law and House rules after incumbent Speaker Mike Hubbard was convicted on 12 felony counts of public corruption. Alabama law requires any public office holder removed from office if they have been convicted of a felony. Gaston will serve as Acting Speaker. With the chamber adjourned sine die for the rest of 2016, Gov. Robert J. Bentley would have to call a special session or the election of a permanent Speaker would have to wait until the House reconvenes in February 2017.

In June 2016, Gaston announced. He sits on the Advisory Council for the Assistance League of Mobile, the American Legislative Exchange Council, the State Building Commission, the Southwest Alabama division of the National Mental Health Association, he is a member of Phi Delta Kappa, a former member of the White House Commission on Presidential Scholars and the United States Energy Council. Additionally, he serves on the Boards of Volunteers of America, the Penelope House, Home of Grace for Women, Mobile Mental Health Center, the Mobile Association of Retarded Citizens, Alabama 4-H Club Foundation, he is married with two sons. He serves as a deacon at the Springhill Baptist Church in Mobile, founded in 1949