The SSRN known as Social Science Research Network, is a repository and international journal devoted to the rapid dissemination of scholarly research in the social sciences and humanities and more. Elsevier bought SSRN from Social Science Electronic Publishing Inc. in May 2016. SSRN was founded in 1994 by Wayne Marr, both financial economists. In January 2013, SSRN was ranked the biggest open-access repository in the world by Ranking Web of Repositories, measured by number of PDF files and Google Scholar results. In May 2016, SSRN was bought from Social Science Electronic Publishing Inc. by Elsevier. In July 2016 there were reports of papers being removed from SSRN without notice. SSRN CEO Gregg Gordon characterized the issue as a mistake affecting about 20 papers. Starting in 2017, SSRN has been adding new disciplines in areas such as biology, engineering, computer science and more. Academic papers in PDF format can be uploaded directly to the SSRN site by authors and are available around the world via download.
Users can subscribe to abstracting emails covering a broad range of research areas and topic specialties. These distributing emails contain abstracts of papers submitted to SSRN in the respective field. SSRN, like other preprint services, circulates publications throughout the scholarly community at an early stage, permitting the author to incorporate comments into the final version of the paper before its publication in a journal. Moreover if access to the published paper is restricted, access to the original working paper remains open through SSRN, so long as the author decides to keep the paper up. Authors take papers down at the request of publishers if they are published by commercial or university presses that depend on payment for paper copies or online access. Academic papers in PDF format can be uploaded directly to the SSRN site by authors and may be available for downloading; as of 2019, download by users is subject to registration or completion of a ReCAPTCHA challenge. Publishers and institutions can charge a fee for readers to download them.
Users can subscribe to abstracting email journals covering a broad range of subject matters. These e-journals periodically distribute emails containing abstracts of papers submitted to SSRN in the respective field. On SSRN, authors and papers are ranked by their number of downloads, which has become an informal indicator of popularity on prepress and open access sites. Academic databases and search engines ArXiv SocArXivResearch Papers in Economics Official website
The National Organization of Crete was a resistance organization established in the island of Crete with the cooperation and encouragement of British Intelligence during the Axis occupation of Greece in World War II. EOK was established in June 1943 with the aid of Tom Dunbabin SOE Field Commander on Crete. Predominantly Venizelist in sympathy and with members ranging from centre-left to right-wing, EOK was meant to act as a counterweight to the pro-communist EAM resistance organization. EOK evolved from the secret organization AEAK, established in Chania on June 15, 1941. AEAK was founded a mere two weeks after the end of the Battle of Crete by patriots Andreas Papadakis, Ioannis Paizis, Andreas Polentas, Titos Georgiadis and Ioannis Ioannidis, it was the first armed resistance group in Greece, intending to organize an intelligence network and perform sabotage against German occupation forces. During the first months following its establishment, AEAK was based at Colonel Papadakis' house in Vourvoures, near Kallikratis.
EOK was headed by Nikolaos Skoulas, Charidimos Polychronidis, Iosif Voloudakis, Emmanouil Basias and Markos Spanoudakis. Skoulas had joined AEAK shortly after its formation and had collaborated with the SOE, supplying it with fake documents while acting as the German appointed mayor of Chania. Despite their ideological differences, EAM and EOK agreed to sign non-aggression pacts during the meetings of Theriso and Tromarissa; these agreements were respected and allowed Crete to remain unaffected by the civil war between leftists and rightists that broke out in mainland Greece after the withdrawal of German occupation forces. Koukounas, Demosthenes. Η Ιστορία της Κατοχής. II. Athens: Livani. ISBN 978-960-14-2687-7
Tushar Arun Gandhi is the son of journalist Arun Manilal Gandhi, grandson of Manilal Gandhi and great-grandson of Mahatma Gandhi. In March 2005, he led the 75th anniversary re-enactment of the Dandi March. From 2007 to 2012, he was the Goodwill Ambassador of the CISRI-ISP Intergovernmental Institution for the use of Micro-algae Spirulina Against Malnutrition. Born on a train between Mumbai and Kolkata, he was raised in the Mumbai suburb of Santacruz, he studied at a local Gujarati-medium school. He holds a diploma in printing from the Government Institute of Mumbai. Gandhi lives in Mumbai with his wife, Sonal Desai and two children, a son Vivan Gandhi and daughter Kasturi Gandhi. Kasturi was so named after Kasturba Gandhi. Tushar Gandhi is best known for having established in 1998 in Vadodara, Gujarat the Mahatma Gandhi Foundation, it is now located in Mumbai. Since 1996 he has served as President of the Lok Seva Trust, an NGO which a nephew of Mahatma Gandhi had establish in central Bombay in the mid-1950s for the welfare to textile-mill labourers.
In 2000, Tushar Gandhi portrayed himself in a fictional Bollywood movie directed by Kamal Hassan, "Hey Ram," and in 2009 he did in a semi-fictional movie, "Road to Sangam," based on an episode in his own life. A nonfiction book by him, Let's Kill Gandhi, was published in 2007 and became for a few weeks a best seller in India. In 2008 he was appointed Chairman of the Australian Indian Rural Development Foundation. In 2018 he played a significant role in petitioning the Supreme Court of India to direct the states and Union Territories to comply with its orders to curb cow-vigilante lynch mobs. In 2019 he became a Director of the Gandhi Research Foundation in Maharashtra. In 1998, he contested unsuccessfully for election to the Lok Sabha. In 2001 he switched to the Congress. In 2009, he quit party politics. In 2001, Tushar Gandhi negotiated with American marketing firm CMG Worldwide the use of the Mahatma’s image in an advertisement for a credit card company; this perceived betrayal of Gandhian ideals was followed by a public outcry causing him to cancel the deal.
It was alleged that Tushar in his book Let’s Kill Gandhi, he became the killer of Gandhi in the year of 1904. He blamed Brahmins in general for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi. Critics claimed. Tushar has said that his claims relate only to "a certain group of Brahmins from Pune were continuously attempting on the life of my great grandfather", rather than to Brahmins in general