Socialist Party of Majorca

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Socialist Party of Majorca
Partit Socialista de Mallorca
Secretary-General Bel Busquets
Founded 1977
Preceded by Socialist Party of the Islands
Headquarters C/ Isidoro Antillón, 9, baixos
07006 Palma, Majorca
Ideology Democratic socialism
Green politics
Catalan nationalism
Regional affiliation Més per Mallorca
PSM–Nationalist Agreement
European affiliation European Free Alliance
Parliament of the Balearic Islands (Mallorcan seats)
4 / 33
Island Council of Mallorca
4 / 33
Website
www.psm-entesa.cat

The Socialist Party of Majorca (Catalan: Partit Socialista de Mallorca, PSM; IPA: [pəɾˈtit susi.əˈlistə ðə məˈʎɔɾkə]), officially PSM–Entesa after the incorporation of Entesa per Mallorca (ExM) in February 2013,[1] is a political party in Majorca, Spain. The PSM defines itself as socialist, environmentalist, and Catalan nationalist, from a Majorcan point of view.

Ideology[edit]

It advocates the self-determination and the freedom of the Balearic Islands, with social justice, to increase the identity and the self-government of the archipelago. It also calls for a closer relationship with the other Catalan Countries, now forbidden to be achieved in a confederation of three Spanish autonomous communities by the Spanish constitution(art.145). Therefore, its political ascription is a Majorcan political party, regionalist or progressive-stateless nationalist, environmental, socialist and democratic.

History[edit]

The PSM emerged from the Socialist Party of the Islands (PSI) in December 1977. Unlike most of the other Spanish socialist parties, the PSI refused to join the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).

In 1989, it strengthened an alliance with Socialist Party of Menorca (PSMe) and Nationalist and Ecologist Agreement of Ibiza (ENE), gathering together other local progressive and nationalist parties. The name of the alliance was Nationalist Left of the Balearic Islands Federation (EN), renamed in 1998 as PSM–Nationalist Agreement (PSM–EN). Its representation in the Parliament of the Balearic Islands was between 7% and 15% of the votes.[2]

Usually as an opposition party, PSM was part of the Government of the Island Council of Majorca from 1995 until 2003 and from 2007 until 2011, and of the Government of the Balearic Islands from 1999 until 2003 and from 2007 until 2011.[2]

In the 2004 general election, PSM took part in a coalition in the Balearic Islands with United Left (EUIB), The Greens (EV), and Republican Left (ERC), as Progressives for the Balearic Islands. This coalition obtained 40,289 votes (12%). However, no representation in the Cortes Generales was obtained.

In 2007, this coalition was enlarged, forming the new coalition Bloc for Majorca (Bloc). The coalition got 4 MPs (14%) in the Balearic Parliament (2 of them from the PSM). After negotiations, PSM and the other Bloc's parties decided to enter the autonomous government, with Socialist Party of the Balearic Islands (PSIB) and Majorcan Union (UM), leaving the People's Party (PP) in the opposition.[2]

In 2008, the party decided to change its allies for the general election to UM, ERC and ExM. The coalition refused to join with EUIB. However, 29% of the members wanted to follow the former alliance with EUIB and EV. Most of them were members of the PSM–Left Nationalist Youth. With less than 30,000 votes, no representation in the Cortes Generales was obtained. Also in 2008, the PSM became a full member of the European Free Alliance (EFA).

In 2011, the Bloc broke and the party decided to form an electoral coalition with IniciativaVerds (IV) and ExM for the regional election. The coalition got 36,149 votes and 4 seats in the Parliament. Later that year, the coalition was enlarged by the addition of the new ecologist party eQuo, and participated in the 2011 general election, getting 31,378 votes and no representation.

In March 2016, Bel Busquets was elected Secretary General, in substitution of Biel Barceló.[3]

Electoral performance[edit]

Parliament of the Balearic Islands[edit]

Parliament of the Balearic Islands
Election Vote % Seats Status Leader
1983 16,979 (#4) 5.46
2 / 59
Opposition Sebastià Serra
1987 16,383 (#5) 4.88
2 / 59
Opposition Sebastià Serra
1991 22,522 (#3) 6.64
3 / 59
Opposition Mateu Morro
1995 41,242 (#3) 10.98
5 / 59
Opposition Pere Sampol
1999 39,509 (#3) 10.83
4 / 59
Government Pere Sampol
2003 30,964 (#4) 7.26
3 / 59
Opposision Pere Sampol
2007 with Bloc
2 / 59
Government Gabriel Barceló
2011 with PSM–IVExM
3 / 59
Opposition Gabriel Barceló
2015 with Més
4 / 59
Government Gabriel Barceló

Congress of Deputies candidates[edit]

  • 1977: Francesc Obrador (with the Unitat Socialista coalition)
  • 1982: Joan Perelló
  • 1986: Mateu Morro
  • 1989: Enric Ribas
  • 1993: Sebastià Serra
  • 1996: Maria Antònia Vadell
  • 2000: Cecili Buele
  • 2004: Nanda Ramon (with the Progressistes per les Illes Balears coalition)
  • 2008: Pere Sampol (with the Unitat per les Illes coalition)
  • 2011: Miquel Ensenyat (with the PSM-IniciativaVerds-Entesa-EQUO coalition)
  • 2015: Antoni Verger (Més per Mallorca coalition)
  • 2016: Antoni Verger (Units Podem Més coalition)

References[edit]