Green Party (Norway)
The Green Party is a green political party in Norway. The party holds one seat in the Parliament of Norway and has representation in municipal councils and county councils; the Green Party advocates green politics, has been described as centre-left by academics and voters. The party itself claims distance to the two dominant right-wing and left-wing political blocs, jointly denominated as "the fossil block"; the Green Party is a member of the European Green Party and the Global Greens, was founded with the German Greens as its stated model. It maintains close ties to other Green parties including the Swedish Greens; the process of forming a new national green party in Norway was initiated in December 1984, with the official launch in 1988. Among the pioneers were the late philosopher Arne Næss, peace researcher Johan Galtung, the philosopher Sigmund Kvaløy Setreng. In the local elections between 1991 and 2009 the Green Party had 6 - 8 representatives elected each time. In the national elections the party never exceeded 0.5% support.
Since 2005, the Greens have seen a significant membership rise, with the new members coming from a wide variety of other parties, including the seven established parliamentary parties. In the municipal elections of 2011, the party saw its first local breakthrough, having garnered close to 22,000 votes on a national basis. Two years during the campaign for the 2013 general election, the party saw a significant rise in support in the opinion polls; the Greens were expected to gain parliamentary representation to some extent. In the election, the Greens gathered over 79,000 votes, making them the 8th biggest party in the country; this vote count translates to 2.8 percent of the vote. Rasmus Hansson, the party's top candidate from Oslo was elected to parliament, becoming the first Green MP. In the local elections of 2015 the Green Party overtook the 4% nationally for the first time in its history and got the third place in Oslo; the Green Party is one of environmentalist political parties and movements.
As a member of the pan-European European Green Party, the Norwegian Greens subscribe to social progressivism and social justice. The main focus of the party is ecological sustainability; the party seeks to introduce a tax on wasteful consumption, to reorganise the food industry. The Greens have pledged support for a reform in the agrarian industry, increasing the production of organic crops and strengthening the eco-friendly agricultural sector; the Green party seeks to reduce the Norwegian petroleum extraction in order to counteract serious climate change. The proposal is to stop extraction by 2033; the party does not have a leader in the traditional sense, rather it is led by the national executive committee which consists of seven persons. Among the board members, two persons, act as national spokespersons for the party. All party representatives are elected during the annual party convention. Green party Green politics List of environmental organizations Official site
Labour Party (Norway)
The Labour Party the Norwegian Labour Party, is a social-democratic political party in Norway. It was the senior partner of the governing Red-Green Coalition from 2005 to 2013, its leader, Jens Stoltenberg, was Prime Minister of Norway during that time; the party is led by Jonas Gahr Støre. The Labour Party is committed to social-democratic ideals, its slogan since the 1930s has been "everyone shall take part", the party traditionally seeks a strong welfare state, funded through taxes and duties. Since the 1980s, the party has included more of the principles of a social market economy in its policy, allowing for privatization of government-held assets and services and reducing income tax progressivity, following the wave of economic liberalization in the 1980s. During the first Stoltenberg government, the party's policies were inspired by Tony Blair's New Labour and saw the most widespread privatization by any Norwegian government to that date; the party has been described as neoliberal since the 1980s, both by political scientists and opponents on the left.
The Labour Party profiles itself as a progressive party that subscribes to cooperation on a national as well as international level. Its youth wing is the Workers' Youth League; the party is a member of the Party of Progressive Alliance. The Labour Party has always been a strong supporter of Norway's NATO membership and has supported Norwegian membership in the European Union during two referendums. During the Cold War, when the party was in government most of the time, the party aligned Norway with the United States at the international level and followed an anti-communist policy at the domestic level, in the aftermath of the 1948 Kråkerøy speech and culminating in Norway being a founding member of NATO in 1949. Founded in 1887, the party increased in support until it became the largest party in Norway in 1927, a position it has held since; this year saw the consolidation of conflicts surrounding the party during the 1920s following its membership in the Comintern from 1919 to 1923. It formed its first government in 1928, has led the government for all but 16 years since 1935.
From 1945 to 1961, the party had an absolute majority in the Norwegian parliament, the only time this has happened in Norwegian history. The domination by the Labour Party, during the 1960s and early 1970s, was broken by competition from the left from the Socialist People's Party. From the end of the 1970s however, the party started to lose voters to the right, leading to a turn to the right for the party under Gro Harlem Brundtland during the 1980s. In 2001 the party achieved its worst electoral results since 1924. Between 2005 and 2013, Labour returned to power after committing to a coalition agreement with other parties in order to form a majority government. Since losing nine seats in the 2013 election, Labour has been in opposition; the party lost a further six seats in the 2017 election, yielding the second lowest number of seats Labour has held since 1924. The party was founded in 1887 in Arendal and first ran in elections to the Parliament of Norway in 1894, it entered Parliament in 1904 after the 1903 election, increased its vote until 1927, when it became the largest party in Norway.
The party were members of Comintern, a Communist organisation, between 1918 and 1923. From the establishment of Vort Arbeide in 1884, the party had a growing and notable organisation of newspapers and other press outlets; the party press system resulted in Norsk Arbeiderpresse. In January 1913 the party had 24 newspapers, 6 more newspapers were founded in 1913; the party had the periodical Det 20de Aarhundre. In 1920 the party had 6 semi-affiliated newspapers; the party had its own publishing house, Det norske Arbeiderpartis forlag, succeeded by Tiden Norsk Forlag. In addition to books and pamphlets, Det norske Arbeiderpartis forlag published Maidagen, Arbeidets Jul and Arbeiderkalenderen. From its roots as a radical alternative to the political establishment, the party grew to its current dominance through several eras: The party experienced a split in 1921 caused by a decision made two years earlier to join the Communist International, the Social Democratic Labour Party of Norway was formed.
In 1923 the party left the Communist International, while a significant minority of its members left the party to form the Communist Party of Norway. In 1927, the Social Democrats were reunited with Labour; some Communists joined Labour, whereas other Communists tried a failed merger endeavor which culminated in the formation of the Arbeiderklassens Samlingsparti. In 1928, Christopher Hornsrud formed Labour's first government. During the early 1930s Labour set a reformist course. Labour returned to government in 1935 and remained in power until 1965. During most of the first twenty years after World War II, Einar Gerhardsen led the party and the country, he is referred to as "Landsfaderen", is considered one of the main architects of the rebuilding of Norway after World War II. This is considered the "golden age" of the Norwegian Labour Party; the party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International between 1938 and 1940. In 1958 two Workers' Youth League members contacted MPs of the Labour Party, to have MPs sign a petition, as a part of what is known as the Easter Uprising of
Socialist Left Party (Norway)
The Socialist Left Party or SV, is a democratic socialist political party in Norway. In 2005, the party became a governing party for the first time, participating in the Red-Green Coalition with the Labour Party and the Centre Party. Following the 2013 election, the party was reduced to seventh-largest party in its worst election on record, became a part of the opposition; the party was founded in 1973 as the Socialist Electoral League, an electoral coalition with the Communist Party, Socialist People's Party, Democratic Socialists - AIK, independent socialists. In 1975, the coalition was turned into a unified political party; the party was founded as a result of the foreign policies prevalent at the time, with the socialists being opposed to Norwegian membership of the European Union and NATO. While having the official ideology of democratic socialism, the party increasingly profiles itself as a supporter of feminism and environmentalism, it calls for a stronger public sector, more government involvement in the economy, a strengthening of the social welfare net.
As of 2017, the party has over 10,000 members. The current leader of the Socialist Left is Audun Lysbakken, elected on 11 March 2012. Like its predecessors, the Socialist People's Party and the Information Committee of the Labour Movement against Norwegian membership in the European Community, the Socialist Left is a left-wing party which favours a welfare state and taxation of the wealthy. Finn Gustavsen, former leader of the Socialist People's Party, believed that the Labour Party were not socialists, the only socialist force in parliament were members from the Socialist Electoral League, he was one of the main opponents of Norwegian membership in the European Community, saying the organisation showed how "evil and stupid" capitalism was. According to a 2002 poll, one out of four members in the Socialist Left wanted Norway to join the European Union; the party's election program for the 2001 parliamentary election stated that the party was a "socialist party" with a vision of a Norway without social injustice.
Since its inception, the party has promoted itself as socialist. In years, the party has been portrayed as social democratic by some in the Norwegian media, as democratic socialists; the party has been categorised as eco-socialist. The present leader, Audun Lysbakken, has been a self-proclaimed revolutionary and Marxist, he believes the party to be a democratic socialist one. Education has been one of main campaign issues. Øystein Djupedal was elected Minister of Education and Research, held that position for two years. He was replaced by fellow Socialist Left politician Bård Vegar Solhjell. Halvorsen took over the ministry in late 2009. Djupedal's first assignment in office was granting 10 million kr to "even out social differences" between ethnic minorities; the party believes. Anders Folkestad, leader of the Confederation of Unions for Professionals, was not pleased with Djupedal's efforts during his term in office, saying, "Djupedal has created much uncertainty and a mess after he became Minister of Education and Research.
Many had great expectations, but he is sure lagging behind from the time when he was a sideliner". Djupedal was criticised by the Norwegian media for his controversial and bizarre statements. In late 2005, it was estimated that students studying general and administrative studies would save up to 11,978 kr under the Red-Green Coalition; the party wants to reduce the number of private schools. Bård Vegar Solhjell said he believed government-funded schools helped "smoothing social inequality", he further stated, "Many of those who remain outside the labor market have received lack of training from school. It prevents them from contributing to the community. Parties on the right confuse social security and welfare schemes as the problem. There are systematic connections between social background and lack of training - it is a class question where something is needed to be done." Others believe. Torbjørn Urfjell, former leader of the Socialist Youth chapter in Vest-Agder, said, "School and adolescence is too important to be left to the market.
Therefore, they should be taken back." During the 2005 election, the party promised to increase resources to public schools, believing that more money would lead to fewer pupils per teacher, thus more individualised and personal instructions. The party has held the office of Minister of the Environment since 2005, first by Helen Bjørnøy, followed by Erik Solheim and since 2012 by Bård Vegar Solhjell. During the 2009 parliamentary election, the party promoted itself as the "biggest" and "strongest" green party in Norway; the party was vocal against oil drilling in Lofoten and Vesterålen during the election campaign. A large minority within the party are opposed to the conservation plan, with the majority of them coming from Nordland, the county where the drilling is taking place; the party struggled, despite the public's strong focus on global warming. They instead experienced one of their worst elections in years. By August 2009, various opinion polls gave the party 10% support, but they lost most of their voters to the Labour Party during the last da
2017 Norwegian parliamentary election
A parliamentary election was held in Norway on 11 September 2017. The non-socialist parties retained a reduced majority of 88 seats, allowing Prime Minister Erna Solberg's Conservative-Progress coalition to remain in government; the Liberal Party joined the coalition in January 2018 but it remained a minority cabinet until the Christian Democratic Party joined the coalition in 2019. The three largest centre-left parties won 79 seats; the Green Party retained its single seat, while the Red Party won its first seat. The last parliamentary elections in Norway were held on 9 September 2013; the outcome was a victory for their populist right-wing allies. The Conservative Party, led by Erna Solberg, the right-wing populist Progress Party formed a two-party minority government, with Solberg as Prime Minister; the two parties received confidence and supply from two centrist parties, the Liberals and the Christian Democrats. The election used party-list proportional representation in nineteen multi-member constituencies, one for each of the counties of Norway.
The number of members to be returned from each constituency varies between 4 and 19. To determine the apportionment of the 169 seats amongst the 19 counties, a two-tier formula is used, based on population and geographic size; each inhabitant counts one point, while each square kilometer counts 1.8 points.150 of the seats are regular district seats. These are awarded based on the election results in each county, are unaffected by results in other counties. Nineteen of the seats are leveling seats, awarded parties who win fewer seats than their share of the national popular vote otherwise entitles them to. A party must win 4% of the popular vote in order to win compensation seats, but may still win district seats if it fails to reach this threshold; the system for apportioning seats is biased in favour of rural areas since the area of the county is a factor, but the system of compensation seats reduces the effect this has on final party strength. According to the Norwegian constitution, parliamentary elections must be held every four years.
The Norwegian parliament may not be dissolved before such a four-year term has ended, a rather rare trait of a political system found in few, if any democracies besides Norway and the USA. On 22 April 2016, the Norwegian government announced that the date of the election is set to be Monday, 11 September 2017. Additionally, each municipal council may vote to extend voting by one day, by opening the polling stations on Sunday, 10 September. Eight political parties were represented in the Norwegian parliament prior to the election, all of whom went on to contest the 2017 election; the Labour Party is with its 55 seats in parliament the largest party of the 2013-2017 parliament. Labour describes itself as a social-democratic party of the centre-left; the party is led by former minister of foreign affairs Jonas Gahr Støre, who has served as party leader and leader of the opposition since June 2014. The Conservative Party is the largest party of the incumbent government; the Conservatives hold 48 seats, after having garnered close to 27 percent of the vote in the previous election.
The Conservatives' party leader is Prime Minister Erna Solberg. The Conservative Party is considered to be a moderate centre-right party in the Norwegian political spectrum, it subscribes to the liberal conservative ideology; the Progress Party is led by Siv Jensen and serves as the junior partner in the Solberg cabinet. The party identifies as classical conservative-liberal. Political scientists broadly consider it a label the party denies; the Christian Democratic Party is a centre to centre-right party, based on Christian democratic values. The party is led by Knut Arild Hareide, participated in the 2013 election as a proponent of the centre-right coalition led by the Conservatives; the Centre Party is the fifth largest party in the Norwegian legislature, with 10 seats. Between 2005 and 2013 the party served as a junior partner in the Red-Green government; the party is led by Trygve Slagsvold Vedum. The party is centrist and agrarian, with some conservative and some liberal factions; the Liberal Party of Trine Skei Grande holds 9 seats in the Norwegian parliament.
It claims to be the sole social-liberal party in the country, positions itself in the centre of Norwegian politics. The Liberals have a close relationship with the Christian Democrats; the Socialist Left Party is the second smallest party in parliament, campaigned for a third term as a part of the Red-Green coalition government in 2013. The party sees itself as democratic environmentalist. Since 2012, Audun Lysbakken has chaired the party; the Green Party made its debut in the Norwegian parliament in the 2013 election, gaining a single seat from the Oslo district. The Greens have no official party leader, but rather two national spokespersons; these spokespersons are Une Aina Bastholm and Rasmus Hansson. The party distances itself from the left-right axis, identifies as an environmentalist party. Additionally, the far-left Red Party led by Bjørnar Moxnes secured its first seat via a direct mandate in Oslo district, it had failed to secure representation in previous elections. The party is Communist in orientation and is a successor to the Red Electoral Alliance, which had won a seat in the 1993 election..
Prime Minister Solberg set out to form a governing coalition between the Conservative Party, Progress Party, Liberal Party, the Christian Democrats. In late-September 2017, the Christian Democrats left coalition talks due to the inclusion of the Progress Party. On 14 January 2018, a government was forme
Conservative Party (Norway)
The Conservative Party is a conservative and liberal-conservative political party in Norway. It is the major party of the Norwegian centre-right, the leading party in the governing Solberg cabinet; the current party leader is the Prime Minister of Norway Erna Solberg. In national elections in September 2013, voters ended eight years of Labour Party rule. A coalition of the Conservative Party and the Progress Party entered office based on promises of tax cuts, better services and stricter rules on immigration, with the support of the Liberal Party and Christian Democratic Party. After winning the elections, Solberg said her win was "a historic election victory for the right-wing parties"; the party advocates economic liberalism, reduction of taxes, individual rights, defines itself as a "conservative party of progress". It has been the most outspokenly pro-European Union party in Norway, supporting Norwegian membership during both the 1972 and 1994 referendums; the party supports semi-privatization through state-funded private services and tougher law and order measures.
Founded in 1884, the Conservative Party is the second oldest political party in Norway after the Liberal Party. In the interwar era, one of the main goals for the party was to achieve a centre-right alliance against the growing labour movement, when the party went into decline. In the post-war era until 2005 the party participated in six governments; the Conservative Party of Norway was founded in 1884 after the implementation of parliamentarism in Norway. The jurist Emil Stang was elected the first chairman of the party. Stang underlined important principles for the work in Høyre; the party was to be a social party of reforms that worked within the constitutional frames set by a parliamentary democracy. Høyre's electoral support has varied. In the 1981-election, Høyre got 31.7%. It was the best election since 1924; the result in 1993 was 17%. This election was influenced by the EU membership issue; the 1997 parliamentary election resulted in the lowest support since 1945, with only 14.3% of the votes.
Høyre has since seen increased popular support, got 21.3% in the 1999 local elections and 21.2% in the 2001 parliamentary election. Throughout the years Høyre has supported a policy that aims to stimulate growth in order to avoid unemployment and raise economic strength to solve various necessary tasks in Norwegian society. In the beginning of the 20th century Høyre took the initiative to construct a modern Norwegian communications network. After the devastating First World War it was important for Høyre to work for the reconstruction of sound, economic politics. An example of this is the resolution Høyre passed in 1923 introducing old-age insurance, but because of the State's finances it was not possible to continue this effort. Høyre was the leading party in opposition in the post-war years in Norway. Høyre fought against the Labour Party's regulating policy. Høyre wanted another future for Norway consisting of creative forces. Høyre has been a protagonist in the construction of the welfare system in this country, has on several occasions taken initiative to correct injustices in social care regulations.
Additionally Høyre has advocated that the State's activity must concentrate on its basic problems and their solutions. During the post-war years Høyre has consolidated its position as a party with appeal to all parts of the nation. Non-socialist co-operation as an alternative to socialism has always been one of Høyre's main aims. Høyre has led several coalition governments; the Christian Democratic Party was one of Høyre's coalition partners both in 1983–86 and 1989–90. At the parliamentary election in 1993 it was impossible to present a credible non-socialist government alternative because Høyres former coalition parties, The Christian Democrats and the Centre Party both campaigned against Norwegian membership in the EU. Before the parliamentary election in 1997 the Labour party proclaimed that they would not be willing to govern the country if they did not obtain more than 36.9% of the votes. As it turned out, they got 35%, other parties had to form government. There were serious discussions between Høyre, The Christian Democrats and Venstre to take on this task, but the end result was that the two latter parties joined forces with the Centre Party to create a minority government without Høyre.
In the parliamentary election in September 2001, Høyre obtained 21.2 percent of the votes. After a series of discussions Høyre was once again able to take part in a coalition government, this time with the Christian Democratic Party, the Liberal Party; the total percentage obtained for these three parties at last general election was 37.5. Høyre, as the largest party in the coalition government, had 38 members in the present Storting, 10 of the 19 ministers in the Government were Høyre representatives. Høyre's three focal areas this period were to establish a rise in quality in Norway's educational system, lower taxes and produce a higher service level in state sectors. In the 2005 parliamentary election, Høyre obtained 14.1% of the votes. The election outcome put Høyre back in opposition, the party got 23 members in the present Storting. In the 2009 parliamentary election, Høyre obtained 17.2% of the votes, 30 members in the present Storting. During the local elections of 2011, the party gained 27.6 percent of the vote, it has since
Northern Norway is a geographical region of Norway, consisting of the three northernmost counties Nordland and Finnmark, in total about 35% of the Norwegian mainland. Some of the largest towns in Northern Norway are Mo i Rana, Bodø, Harstad, Tromsø and Alta. Northern Norway is described as the land of the midnight sun and the land of the northern lights. Further north, halfway to the North Pole, is the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard, traditionally not regarded as part of Northern Norway; the region is multi-cultural, housing not just Norwegians but the indigenous Sami people, Norwegian Finns and Russian populations. The Norwegian language dominates in most of the area. Finnish is spoken in only a few communities in the east of Finnmark. Northern Norway covers about a third of Norway; the southernmost part the part south of the Arctic Circle, is called Helgeland. Here there is a multitude of islands and skerries on the outside of the coastal range, some flat, some with impressive shapes, like Mount Torghatten, which has a hole through it, the Seven Sisters near Sandnessjøen.
The inland is covered with dense spruce mountains near the Swedish border. The highest mountain in Northern Norway is found here in the Okstindan range south of Mo i Rana with Oksskolten reaching 1,915 metres above sea level, with the glacier Okstindbreen; the Saltfjellet range, with its Svartisen glacier and intersecting Arctic Circle, divides Helgeland from the next region, called Salten. Notable peaks in Salten are the Børvasstindan south of Bodø, Suliskongen near Fauske, the Steigartindan and the phallic Hamarøytinden. Between Saltfjellet and eastern Finnmark, Norway spruce trees have been planted and are privately owned; the older plantations are now producing lumber, 80 years after planted. Lofoten is a chain of peaks. From the mainland side it looks barren, but behind the violet-black peaks there are flatlands with good grazing for sheep on soil made from seaweed; the Vesterålen islands consist of bigger islands with a huge variation in landscape. Ofoten, further inland, is a fjord landscape with high mountains, the highest is Storsteinfjellet in Narvik, 1,894 m above sea level, but the most well-known is Stetind, the national mountain of Norway.
There are glaciers, like Frostisen and Blåisen. Troms county has surprising greenery for the latitude, the inner waterways and fjords are lined with birch forests, further inland there are extensive pine forests and highlands around the rivers Målselva and Reisaelva. Big islands like Senja, Kvaløya and Ringvassøya have green, forested interiors and a barren, mountainous coastline, with smaller islands offshore; the Lyngen Alps are the highest mountains of the area, rising to 1,833 metres, an area of glaciers and waterfalls. The 269 metres Mollisfossen waterfall in Nordreisa is the highest waterfall in the north, while Målselvfossen is Norway's national waterfall. Finnmark county has fjords and glaciers in the far southwest, the northwestern coasts are characterized by big islands, like Sørøya and Seiland; the inland is covered by Finnmarksvidda, a barren plateau about 300 to 400 metres high, with many lakes and rivers like Alta-Kautokeino and Tana/Deatnu. At this latitude, pine forests grow in lowland areas inland.
East of Honningsvåg, there are no islands protecting the barren coasts that rise directly up from the sea. The landscape towards the Russian border is comparatively flat. Knivskjellodden on the island of Magerøya marks the northern end of Europe. Finnmark is situated north of northernmost Finland, to the east Norway has a 196 kilometres border with Russia; the oldest known historical culture in the region is called Komsa, named after a mountain in Alta. The first people arrived around 12–13,000 years ago, but it is uncertain whether they came from southern Norway or from the Kola Peninsula. Today the rock carvings at Hjemmeluft in Alta or at Leknes in Nordland are among the remainders of the Stone Age cultures, showing reindeer swimming across the fjords. A significant find area is between the river Tana and the fjord of Varanger, where the reindeer ran over the isthmus on the way between the winter and summer grazing; the question of the ethnic identity of the Stone Age cultures is politically charged, as many Sami feel the uncertainty surrounding the earliest settlers in Northern Norway is being used to question their status as an indigenous people.
Metals were introduced around 500 BC. The Sami culture can be traced back at least 2,000 years. There is some archeological evidence of Bronze Age agricultural settlements about 2,500 years old, as in Steigen and Sømna. In 2009, archeologist discovered evidence of barley grown in Kvæfjord near Harstad in the Bronze Age 1000 BC. A larger settlement by people of Germanic origin, with substantial archeological evidence, seem to have occurred around 200–300 AD; these settled along the coasts up to Tromsø. The two e
Red Party (Norway)
The Red Party is a Norwegian far-left political party and the leading party to the left of the Socialist Left Party in Norway. The party was founded in March 2007 by a merger of the Workers' Communist Party and the Red Electoral Alliance. Bjørnar Moxnes is the Red Party's current leader. Red states, they further specify that "this is what Karl Marx called communism". The label is a result of many of the party's leading members promoting communist values, either or previously; the party's main principles are based on replacing capitalism with a socialist society, including a strong public sector and nationalization of large businesses, while its core ideology espouses the revolutionary socialist aims for "the workers" to "take the power", the creation of new legislatures. However, the party makes clear that it does not support violent "armed revolution" espoused by its predecessors. Red has 80 municipal representatives. In the 2013 parliamentary election, it was the largest party; the party entered parliament in the 2017 election, winning 2.4% of the votes and its first seat in the Storting.
The last time a far-left party had representation in the Storting was when its predecessor party, the Red Electoral Alliance, won a seat in the 1993 election. Red is a far-left party like both of its predecessors, the Red Electoral Alliance and the Workers' Communist Party, it favours the welfare state and high taxation upon the wealthy as a means of tackling continuing inequality in Norway. Since its formation, notable groups have merged with the party, the most notable example of this being the Trotskyist International Socialists; the party consists of various internal factions, including the Trotskyists, Marxist–Leninists, democratic socialists. One of Red's important projects is protecting the Norwegian welfare state, calling for the government to spend 30-40 billion NOKs on the public sector to counter the financial crisis. Red politician Mimir Kristjansson claimed that the "right wing parties have proved their willingness to dismantle the foundation of our welfare state". According to him, the socialist parties, along with the Norwegian Labour Party, need to be forced into a policy which protects the welfare model for the poor.
The 2009 election results, which were regarded as disappointing, led to some turmoil within the party, with some members wanting the party to move ideologically closer to the Socialist Left Party. After being challenged on the party's position on liberal democracy in 2012, party leader Moxnes wrote in Aftenposten that "free speech, freedom of association, free elections, free media, independent courts that guarantee rule of law for individuals are fundamental for a socialistic society". In its official political program, the party says that its ultimate goal is a classless society, which it describes as "what Karl Marx called communism", that "the Red Party bases its understanding of society on Marxist theory". In 2014, there was large support within the party to highlight the communist revolutions in China and in Russia as "positive", with half the committee drafting the program supporting an early draft that stated this, although it was decided that it would not be included in the final program.
Red was founded on 7 March 2007 in a merger of the Red Electoral Alliance and the Workers' Communist Party. The two parties had shared the same history for decades, because the Workers' Communist Party founded the Red Electoral Alliance as an electoral party that would promote communist and socialist values. During the national convention held by the Red Electoral Alliance, a faction within the party stated it would support the merger of the two parties if any references to communism in the new party program would be removed. During a secret meeting between the leading staff of both parties on 5 March, a vote was held, with most members supporting the merger; the Workers' Communist Party was official dissolved in April 2007. During the party's first national convention, three names were considered: Red Choice and Red Cloth; when founded, the party saw it as its main mission to fill "the void" between it and the Red-Green Coalition. When talking about the party program, Torstein Dahle said: Torstein Dahle was unanimously elected party leader by members of the Workers' Communist Party and the Red Electoral Alliance in February 2007.
This was met with criticism by outsiders, who claimed that Dahle would not be able to lead the party in a "new direction". The leader of the Workers' Communist Party, Ingrid Baltzersen, was elected the party's Deputy Leader. On 23 July 2007, Dahle became subject to media attention when he said that the Taliban and other Afghan rebels had the full right to fight Norwegian soldiers stationed in Afghanistan; the attention occurred only days with the death of a Norwegian army officer in the Logar Province as a Norwegian military unit came under hostile fire. Dahle replied to the criticism, saying that he did not support the death of Norwegian military personnel; when planning for the 2007 local elections, the party thought it had a realistic chance of gaining the mayorship in three municipalities. During the local elections, the party was forced to campaign under the banner of the Red Electoral Alliance, as the Election Committee had not approved its new name. Election researcher Bernt Aardal believed that Red would be able win votes from voters who voted for the Socialist Left Party.
The reasoning behind this was that the Socialist Left became part of the ruling Red-Green Coa