Society of Jesus

The Society of Jesus is a religious order of the Catholic Church headquartered in Rome. It was founded by Ignatius of Loyola with the approval of Pope Paul III in 1540; the members are called Jesuits. The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations. Jesuits work in education and cultural pursuits. Jesuits give retreats, minister in hospitals and parishes, sponsor direct social ministries, promote ecumenical dialogue. Saint Ignatius of Loyola, a Navarre nobleman from the Pyrenees area of northern Spain, founded the society after discerning his spiritual vocation while recovering from a wound sustained in the Battle of Pamplona, he composed the Spiritual Exercises to help others follow the teachings of Jesus Christ. In 1534, Ignatius and six other young men, including Francis Xavier and Peter Faber and professed vows of poverty and obedience, including a special vow of obedience to the Pope in matters of mission direction and assignment. Ignatius's plan of the order's organization was approved by Pope Paul III in 1540 by a bull containing the "Formula of the Institute".

Ignatius was a nobleman who had a military background, the members of the society were supposed to accept orders anywhere in the world, where they might be required to live in extreme conditions. Accordingly, the opening lines of the founding document declared that the society was founded for "whoever desires to serve as a soldier of God to strive for the defence and propagation of the faith and for the progress of souls in Christian life and doctrine." Jesuits are thus sometimes referred to colloquially as "God's soldiers", "God's marines", or "the Company", which evolved from references to Ignatius' history as a soldier and the society's commitment to accepting orders anywhere and to endure any conditions. The society participated in the Counter-Reformation and in the implementation of the Second Vatican Council; the Society of Jesus is consecrated under the patronage of Madonna Della Strada, a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary, it is led by a Superior General. The headquarters of the society, its General Curia, is in Rome.

The historic curia of Ignatius is now part of the Collegio del Gesù attached to the Church of the Gesù, the Jesuit mother church. In 2013, Jorge Mario Bergoglio became the first Jesuit to be elected Pope, taking the name Pope Francis; as of 2012, the Jesuits formed the largest single religious order of priests and brothers in the Catholic Church. The Jesuits have experienced a decline in numbers in recent decades; as of 2018 the society had 15,842 members: 11,389 priests and 4,453 Jesuits in formation, which includes brothers and scholastics. This represents a 43.4 percent decline since 1977, when the society had a total membership of 28,038, of which 20,205 were priests. This decline is most pronounced in Europe and the Americas, with modest membership gains occurring in Asia and Africa. According to Patrick Reilly of the National Catholic Register, there seems to be no "Pope Francis effect" in counteracting the fall of vocations among the Jesuits. Twenty-eight novices took first vows in the Jesuits in the United States and Haiti in 2019.

In September 2019, the superior general of the Jesuits, Arturo Sosa, estimated that by 2034 the number would decrease to about 10,000 Jesuits, with a much younger average age than in 2019, with a shift away from Europe and into Latin America and India. The society is divided into 83 provinces along with six independent regions and ten dependent regions. On 1 January 2007, members served in 112 nations on six continents with the largest number in India and the US, their average age was 57.3 years: 63.4 years for priests, 29.9 years for scholastics, 65.5 years for brothers. The current Superior General of the Jesuits is Arturo Sosa; the society is characterized by its ministries in the fields of missionary work, human rights, social justice and, most notably, higher education. It operates colleges and universities in various countries around the world and is active in the Philippines and India. In the United States the Jesuits have historical ties to 28 colleges and universities and 61 high schools.

The degree to which the Jesuits are involved in the administration of each institution varies. As of September 2018, 15 of the 28 Jesuit universities in the US had non-Jesuit lay presidents. According to a 2014 article in The Atlantic, "the number of Jesuit priests who are active in everyday operations at the schools isn’t nearly as high as it once was". Worldwide it runs 172 colleges and universities. A typical conception of the mission of a Jesuit school will contain such concepts as proposing Christ as the model of human life, the pursuit of excellence in teaching and learning, lifelong spiritual and intellectual growth, training men and women for others. Ignatius laid out his original vision for the new order in the "Formula of the Institute of the Society of Jesus", "the fundamental charter of the order, of which all subsequent official documents were elaborations and to which they had to conform." He ensured that his formula was contained in two papal bulls signed by Pope Paul III in 1540 and by Pope Julius III in 1550.

The formula expressed the nature, community life, apostolate of the new religious order. Its famous opening statement echoed Ignatius' military background: Whoever desires to serve as a soldier of God beneath the banner of the Cross in our Society, which we desire to be designated by the Name of Jesus, to serve the Lord alone and the Church, his spouse, under the Roman Pontiff, the Vicar of Christ on earth, after a solemn vow of perpetual chastity and obedience, keep what follows in mi

Go'natt Herr Luffare

Go'natt Herr Luffare is a 1988 Swedish film directed by Daniel Bergman and based on the novel of the same name by Astrid Lindgren. One night Sven and Stina have to stay home alone as their parents go to a funeral. Before the parents leave, they warn their children not to open the door to anybody and not to a tramp; the children promise that. When Sven goes outside to check on the cat, he forgets to close the front door; when it knocks outside the door, Sven automatically says "Come in". A few seconds he regrets that, remembering the promise he made to his parents, but it is too late and a tramp enters the house. Stina starts to cry, but the tramp, whose name is Manfred, manages to calm Stina down. He tries to entertain the children, plays theatre, etc; the children are thrilled and laugh about the show Manfred offers them. Thus, the tramp manages to convince the children to give him something to eat; the children want to see more. But when he has finished eating, Manfred decides to leave, he goes outside into the snow.

The children hope. Björn Gustafson: Manfred Peter Hall: Sven Stina Lindmark: Anna Astrid Bräne: Lill-Stina Lena T. Hansson: Mamma Robert Broberg: Pappa Go'natt Herr Luffare was first broadcast on 3 December 1988 in Sweden, it was shown on German television. After that it was released on DVD in both Germany. In the German version the film was cut into 25 minutes. According to Björn Gustafson's performance as the tramp Manfred is fantastic. The film is funny but sometimes a little scary. Bernt Lindner from Kinder- und Jugendfilm Korrespondenz believes, that Go'natt Herr Luffare can be enjoyed by both and adults. Go'natt Herr Luffare on IMDb

Cedarbend Township, Roseau County, Minnesota

Cedarbend Township is a township in Roseau County, United States. The population was 230 at the 2000 census. Cedarbend Township was named for the groves of white cedar within its borders. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 36.0 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 230 people, 82 households, 61 families residing in the township; the population density was 6.4 people per square mile. There were 99 housing units at an average density of 2.7/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 97.83% White, 0.43% Native American, 0.87% from other races, 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population. There were 82 households out of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.6% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.23. In the township the population was spread out with 31.3% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 117.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.4 males. The median income for a household in the township was $34,643, the median income for a family was $33,750. Males had a median income of $28,125 versus $20,313 for females; the per capita income for the township was $15,654. About 3.7% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over