Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew on the genres of blues and blues, from country music. Rock music drew on a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk, incorporated influences from jazz and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar as part of a rock group with electric bass and one or more singers. Rock is song-based music with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form, but the genre has become diverse. Like pop music, lyrics stress romantic love but address a wide variety of other themes that are social or political. By the late 1960s "classic rock" period, a number of distinct rock music subgenres had emerged, including hybrids like blues rock, folk rock, country rock, southern rock, raga rock, jazz-rock, many of which contributed to the development of psychedelic rock, influenced by the countercultural psychedelic and hippie scene.
New genres that emerged included progressive rock. In the second half of the 1970s, punk rock reacted by producing stripped-down, energetic social and political critiques. Punk was an influence in the 1980s on new wave, post-punk and alternative rock. From the 1990s alternative rock began to dominate rock music and break into the mainstream in the form of grunge and indie rock. Further fusion subgenres have since emerged, including pop punk, electronic rock, rap rock, rap metal, as well as conscious attempts to revisit rock's history, including the garage rock/post-punk and techno-pop revivals at the beginning of the 2000s. Rock music has embodied and served as the vehicle for cultural and social movements, leading to major subcultures including mods and rockers in the UK and the hippie counterculture that spread out from San Francisco in the US in the 1960s. 1970s punk culture spawned the goth and emo subcultures. Inheriting the folk tradition of the protest song, rock music has been associated with political activism as well as changes in social attitudes to race and drug use, is seen as an expression of youth revolt against adult consumerism and conformity.
The sound of rock is traditionally centered on the amplified electric guitar, which emerged in its modern form in the 1950s with the popularity of rock and roll. It was influenced by the sounds of electric blues guitarists; the sound of an electric guitar in rock music is supported by an electric bass guitar, which pioneered in jazz music in the same era, percussion produced from a drum kit that combines drums and cymbals. This trio of instruments has been complemented by the inclusion of other instruments keyboards such as the piano, the Hammond organ, the synthesizer; the basic rock instrumentation was derived from the basic blues band instrumentation. A group of musicians performing rock music is termed as a rock group. Furthermore, it consists of between three and five members. Classically, a rock band takes the form of a quartet whose members cover one or more roles, including vocalist, lead guitarist, rhythm guitarist, bass guitarist and keyboard player or other instrumentalist. Rock music is traditionally built on a foundation of simple unsyncopated rhythms in a 4/4 meter, with a repetitive snare drum back beat on beats two and four.
Melodies originate from older musical modes such as the Dorian and Mixolydian, as well as major and minor modes. Harmonies range from the common triad to parallel perfect fourths and fifths and dissonant harmonic progressions. Since the late 1950s and from the mid 1960s onwards, rock music used the verse-chorus structure derived from blues and folk music, but there has been considerable variation from this model. Critics have stressed the eclecticism and stylistic diversity of rock; because of its complex history and its tendency to borrow from other musical and cultural forms, it has been argued that "it is impossible to bind rock music to a rigidly delineated musical definition." Unlike many earlier styles of popular music, rock lyrics have dealt with a wide range of themes, including romantic love, rebellion against "The Establishment", social concerns, life styles. These themes were inherited from a variety of sources such as the Tin Pan Alley pop tradition, folk music, rhythm and blues.
Music journalist Robert Christgau characterizes rock lyrics as a "cool medium" with simple diction and repeated refrains, asserts that rock's primary "function" "pertains to music, or, more noise." The predominance of white and middle class musicians in rock music has been noted, rock has been seen as an appropriation of black musical forms for a young and male audience. As a result, it has been seen to articulate the concerns of this group in both style and lyrics. Christgau, writing in 1972, said in spite of some exceptions, "rock and roll implies an identification of male sexuality and aggression". Since the term "rock" started being used in preference to "rock and roll" from the late-1960s, it has been contrasted with pop music, with which it has shared many characteristics, but from wh
Laura Sandra MacFarlane is a multi-instrumentalist, singer and audio engineer. Since 1996 she is the founding mainstay of ninetynine. MacFarlane performs solo and has been in other bands, including as an early drummer and singer with United States rock group, Sleater-Kinney. Laura Sandra MacFarlane is from Glasgow Scotland, her parents are George MacFarlane and Patricia "Patsy" MacFarlane; the MacFarlane family migrated to Perth in October 1978. George was an accomplished musician and had played trombone and percussion instruments both with Scottish and Australian army bands. MacFarlane began her interest in music as a child playing trumpet, she went on to receive a music scholarship at Perth Modern School for vocals and percussion and studied music at University of Western Australia. MacFarlane began performing in independent bands in Perth from 1988 onwards, she was the main songwriter in the Brautigans from, performing vocals and vibraphone. She performed in other local bands including Halcyon Days on drums. and Louder than God which had an extensive line-up of ten members co-founded by Iain McIntyre.
MacFarlane joined Manic Pizza, on bass guitar and vocals, with Gareth Edwards on guitar and Cameron Potts on drums. As a member of Manic Pizza, MacFarlane relocated to Melbourne in the early 1990s. Edwards told René Schaefer of Mess+Noise that "Cameron was into the Pixies at the time. In 1992 MacFarlane formed Sea Haggs on guitar, viola and vocals with McFarlane and Potts; that group's material was included on a compilation album, Jelly. In 1992 Macfarlane began publishing Woozy fanzine with McIntyre. Woozy was a self published fanzine with a DIY philosophy that promoted local Melbourne and Australian bands as well as international underground acts and grassroots politics. Woozy produced over 20 publications from 1992-2002. In 1996 MacFarlane co-founded with McIntyre, Choozy independent distribution which distributed music and small publications within Australian and overseas. MacFarlane began playing drums and vocals, in 1994, with visiting United States rock group, Sleater-Kinney, in 1995 she went to Olympia and Seattle to tour and record with the band.
She is the co-producer and co-writer on their self-titled debut album, Sleater-Kinney. She is the lead singer guitarist on the track, "Lora's Song". MacFarlane provided drums, backup vocals and guitar on their follow up album. In 1996 MacFarlane returned to Melbourne and founded an indie rock band, ninetynine as a solo project playing all the instruments on the debut album, 99, her project soon became a band including McIntyre. By 2010 ninetynine toured the world several times; the band celebrated their 20th anniversary with release of Further in 2016 MacFarlane founded her own record label, which issued ninetynine material as well as that by other bands: Sea Scouts, Fiona Beverage, Boo Who, Trixies Undersea Adventure and Vivian Girls. MacFarlane has played a variety of instruments on a number of records, including vibraphone, guitar and vocals, she has worked with other artists including Lee Memorial, Bombazine Black, The Wonder Winterborn, New Buffalo, Trixies Undersea Adventure, Boo Who, Bruna, Scared of Horses, Cold Cold Hearts, Disaster Plan and Low Talk.
MacFarlane has worked as audio engineer at 3CR radio. In 2015 she produced and recorded the second album by Melbourne singer/songwriter Jules Sheldon entitled Football, Trams and Other Extended Highlights. MacFarlane is a teacher and educator of music, establishing Augment Music Education in 2016; as of 2017 MacFarlane is based in Melbourne, still plays as a member of ninetynine, as well as performing solo.. Ninetynine The Triantiwontigongolo - Ninetynine EP CD 1996 Ninetynine 99 CD 1996 Ninetynine 767 CD and LP Album 1998 Ninetynine Girl Crazy - Woekender LP 1998 Ninetynine Ersatz Split 7” 1999 Ninetynine 180 Degrees CD and LP 2000 Ninetynine Vivian Girls Split 7” 2001 Ninetynine Anatomy of Distance CD 2002 Ninetynine The Process CD and LP 2002 Ninetynine Receiving the Sounds of Science Fiction CD EP 2003 Ninetynine World of Space World of Population World of Robots CD 2006 Nineytynine Chapter 99 - Compilation CD 2006 Ninetynine Silo EP 2008 Ninetynine Bande Magnetique CD 2010 Ninetynine Woods 7” 2016 Ninetynine Further 7” and CD 2016 Sleater-Kinney Sleater-Kinney 1995 CD LP Sleater-Kinney Call the Doctor 1996 CD LP Sleater-Kinney Start Together 2014 CD LP The Brautigans Walk Along the Waterfront/Homecoming 1991 Cassette Single The Brautigans Scar-red 1991 Cassette Album Manic Pizza Deep Pan Delivery 1991 CassetteAlbum The Sea Haggs Beastie 1993 Cassette EP The Sea Haggs Jelly 1995 CD Dragster Dragster CD LP 1996 Popemobile The Triantiwontigongolo CD 1996 Pip Proud Matildas You Fiend LP 1996 Madig
National Library of Australia
The National Library of Australia is the largest reference library in Australia, responsible under the terms of the National Library Act for "maintaining and developing a national collection of library material, including a comprehensive collection of library material relating to Australia and the Australian people." In 2012–13, the National Library collection comprised 6,496,772 items, an additional 15,506 metres of manuscript material. It is located in Parkes, Canberra, ACT; the National Library of Australia, while formally established by the passage of the National Library Act 1960, had been functioning as a national library rather than a Parliamentary Library since its inception. In 1901, a Commonwealth Parliamentary Library was established to serve the newly formed Federal Parliament of Australia. From its inception the Commonwealth Parliamentary Library was driven to development of a national collection. In 1907 the Joint Parliamentary Library Committee under the Chairmanship of the Speaker, Sir Frederick William Holder defined the objective of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Library in the following words: The Library Committee is keeping before it the ideal of building up, for the time when Parliament shall be established in the Federal Capital, a great Public Library on the lines of the world-famed Library of Congress at Washington.
The present library building was opened on 15 August 1968 by Prime Minister John Gorton. The building was designed by the architectural firm of Bunning and Madden in the Late Twentieth Century Stripped Classical style; the foyer is decorated in marble, with stained-glass windows by Leonard French and three tapestries by Mathieu Matégot. The building was listed on the Australian Commonwealth Heritage List on 22 June 2004. In 2012–13 the Library collection comprised 6,496,772 items, with an estimated additional 2,325,900 items held in the manuscripts collection; the Library's collections of Australiana have developed into the nation's single most important resource of materials recording the Australian cultural heritage. Australian writers and illustrators are sought and well represented—whether published in Australia or overseas; the Library's collection includes all formats of material, from books, journals and manuscripts to pictures, maps, oral history recordings, manuscript papers and ephemera.
92.1% of the Library's collection has been catalogued and is discoverable through the online catalogue. The Library has digitized over 174,000 items from its collection and, where possible, delivers these directly across the Internet; the Library is a world leader in digital preservation techniques, maintains an Internet-accessible archive of selected Australian websites called the Pandora Archive. The Library collects material produced by Australians, for Australians or about the Australian experience in all formats—not just printed works—books, newspapers, posters and printed ephemera—but online publications and unpublished material such as manuscripts and oral histories. A core Australiana collection is that of John A. Ferguson; the Library has particular collection strengths in the performing arts, including dance. The Library's considerable collections of general overseas and rare book materials, as well as world-class Asian and Pacific collections which augment the Australiana collections.
The print collections are further supported by extensive microform holdings. The Library maintains the National Reserve Braille Collection; the Library houses the largest and most developing research resource on Asia in Australia, the largest Asian language collections in the Southern hemisphere, with over half a million volumes in the collection, as well as extensive online and electronic resources. The Library collects resources about all Asian countries in Western languages extensively, resources in the following Asian languages: Burmese, Persian, Japanese, Korean, Manchu, Thai and Vietnamese; the Library has acquired a number of important Western and Asian language scholarly collections from researchers and bibliophiles. These collections include: Australian Buddhist Library Collection Braga Collection Claasz Collection Coedes Collection London Missionary Society Collection Luce Collection McLaren-Human Collection Otley Beyer Collection Sakakibara Collection Sang Ye Collection Simon Collection Harold S. Williams Collection The Asian Collections are searchable via the National Library's catalogue.
The National Library holds an extensive collection of manuscripts. The manuscript collection contains about 26 million separate items, covering in excess of 10,492 meters of shelf space; the collection relates predominantly to Australia, but there are important holdings relating to Papua New Guinea, New Zealand and the Pacific. The collection holds a number of European and Asian manuscript collections or single items have been received as part of formed book collections; the Australian manuscript collections date from the period of maritime exploration and settlement in the 18th century until the present, with the greatest area of strength dating from the 1890s onwards. The collection includes a large number of outstanding single items, such as the 14th century Chertsey Cartulary, the journal of James Cook on the HM Bark Endeavour, inscribed on t
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. It is named after the city of Perth, Scotland and is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with a population of 2.04 million living in Greater Perth. Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with the majority of the metropolitan area located on the Swan Coastal Plain, a narrow strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp; the first areas settled were on the Swan River at Guildford, with the city's central business district and port both founded downriver. Perth was founded by Captain James Stirling in 1829 as the administrative centre of the Swan River Colony, it gained city status in 1856 and was promoted to the status of a Lord Mayorality in 1929. The city inherited its name due to the influence of Sir George Murray Member of Parliament for Perthshire and Secretary of State for War and the Colonies; the city's population increased as a result of the Western Australian gold rushes in the late 19th century.
During Australia's involvement in World War II, Fremantle served as a base for submarines operating in the Pacific Theatre, a US Navy Catalina flying boat fleet was based at Matilda Bay. An influx of immigrants after the war, predominantly from Britain, Greece and Yugoslavia, led to rapid population growth; this was followed by a surge in economic activity flowing from several mining booms in the late 20th and early 21st centuries that saw Perth become the regional headquarters for several large mining operations located around the state. As part of Perth's role as the capital of Western Australia, the state's Parliament and Supreme Court are located within the city, as is Government House, the residence of the Governor of Western Australia. Perth came seventh in the Economist Intelligence Unit's August 2016 list of the world's most liveable cities and was classified by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network in 2010 as a Beta world city; the city hosted the 1962 Commonwealth Games.
Perth is divided into 30 local government areas and 250 suburbs, stretching from Two Rocks in the north to Singleton in the south, east inland to The Lakes. Outside of the main CBD, important urban centres within Perth include Joondalup. Most of those were established as separate settlements and retained a distinct identity after being subsumed into the wider metropolitan area. Mandurah, Western Australia's second-largest city, has in recent years formed a conurbation with Perth along the coast, though for most purposes it is still considered a separate city. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Perth area for at least 38,000 years, as evidenced by archaeological remains at Upper Swan; the Noongar people lived as hunter-gatherers. The wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain were important to them, both spiritually and as a source of food; the Noongar people know the area. Boorloo formed part of the territory of the Mooro, a Noongar clan, which at the time of British settlement had Yellagonga as their leader.
The Mooro was one of several Noongar Indigenous clans based around the Swan River known collectively as the Whadjuk. The Whadjuk themselves were one of a larger group of fourteen tribes that formed the south-west socio-linguistic block known as the Noongar sometimes called the Bibbulmun. On 19 September 2006, the Federal Court of Australia brought down a judgment recognising Noongar native title over the Perth metropolitan area in the case of Bennell v State of Western Australia FCA 1243; the judgment was overturned on appeal. The first documented sighting of the region was made by the Dutch Captain Willem de Vlamingh and his crew on 10 January 1697. Subsequent sightings between this date and 1829 were made by other Europeans, but as in the case of the sighting and observations made by Vlamingh, the area was considered to be inhospitable and unsuitable for the agriculture that would be needed to sustain a settlement. Although the Colony of New South Wales had established a convict-supported settlement at King George's Sound on the south coast of Western Australia in 1826 in response to rumours that the area would be annexed by France, Perth was the first full-scale settlement by Europeans in the western third of the continent.
The British colony would be designated Western Australia in 1832 but was known informally for many years as the Swan River Colony after the area's major watercourse. On 4 June 1829, newly arriving British colonists had their first view of the mainland, Western Australia's founding has since been recognised by a public holiday on the first Monday in June each year. Captain James Stirling, aboard Parmelia, said that Perth was "as beautiful as anything of this kind I had witnessed". On 12 August that year, Helen Dance, wife of the captain of the second ship, cut down a tree to mark the founding of the town, it is clear that Stirling had selected the name Perth for the capital well before the town was proclaimed, as his proclamation of the colony, read in Fremantle on 18 June 1829, ended "given under my hand and Seal at Perth this 18th Day of June 1829. James Stirling Lieutenant Governor"; the only contemporary information on the source of the name comes from Fremantle's diary entry for 12 August, which records that they "named the town Perth according to the wishes of Sir George Murray".
Murray was born in Perth and was in 1829 Secretary of State for the Colonies and Member for Perthshire in the British House of Commons. The town was named after the Scottish Pert
Machine Translations is the performing name of Greg James Walker, an Australian singer and multi-instrumentalist. Walker started out recording all instruments himself in a home studio and branched out to include a band. Machine Translations' songs vary between simple guitar melodies and complex works with unusual instruments—a spectrum from pop to art. Since 1997 Walker has released several albums. In 2001 he toured the United States supporting Dirty Three; as a composer Walker has been nominated at the APRA Music Awards of 2005 for Best Music for a Documentary for Girl in a Mirror: A Portrait of Carol Jerrems. Greg James Walker, who works as J Walker or Machine Translations, was raised in Canberra, his mother, Valda, is a classically trained vocalist. He has an older brother and sister, together with his mother, they encouraged him to learn piano and guitar, he attended Narrabundah Secondary College, where he learned synthesiser, multi-track recording and musical composition. By 1985 Walker, on keyboards, was a member of local psychedelic band, with Paul Davies on bass guitar and lead vocals.
Kathryn Whitfield of Pulse caught their performance in May 1986: "their lighting effects are reminiscent of the sixties oil lights with a kaleidoscope of coloured lights floating across the stage". In 2003 Walker recalled " played in a succession of'funny little Canberra bands'". By July 1995 Walker was working in a home studio in his garden shed. Under the name Shed Method he issued a cassette album, Machine Translations, which included the track "Jezebel". Nick Enfield of The Canberra Times described the album as "an eclectic mix of his unique array of original sounds". Walker had been recording for producing other local artists, his lo-fi approach included using traditional instruments: drums and keyboards. His influences were John Cale and Tom Waits while "listening to a lot of belly-dancing music as well as Chinese classical music, Indian music". One of Walker's associates on the album was Kevin White. Walker was a member of P. Harness, which Enfield opined were "madcap ocker goons", with Geoff Hinchcliffe on guitar and lead vocals.
By August 1995 they released @ction. Simic described its underlying theme: "all the songs are about eating, they've got food references through them". In October that year Walker and White supplied the music for a stage play, The Fortress, at Studio One, Braddon. Walker completed his tertiary studies in Shanghai with a degree in Mandarin Chinese, he lived in India "absorbing musical influences". Upon return to Australia Walker continued his musical career living near Wollongong, his album, Abstract Poverty, was released in 1997 on the Way Over There label. Hans Uhad of Stylus Magazine felt it showed a "juxtaposition of slow burning, Codeine-like numbers with deft, mildly psychotic stabs at fusing traditional Celtic music with his own burnt version of Americana and flamenco". One of the tracks, "Jezebel", was a re-recorded version of his earlier work as Shed Method. For touring Walker expanded the band with Guy Freer on accordion and keyboards. Machine Translations' second album, appeared in the following year on Way Over There and was distributed by Shock Records.
White provided clarinet for the album. His next album on Way Over There was Holiday in Spain, released in 1999. Kelsey Munro of The Sydney Morning Herald felt the album was a "criminally ignored underground classic". Comes with a Smile's Matt Dornan noted there is "no disguising the homemade feel of both music and sparse packaging, but there's a twisted core to this antipodean walkabout through sonic pastures new". Walker co-produced the album with Kimmo Vennon, he used guest vocalists including Kirsty Stegwazi. Walker had provided guitar on tracks for Stegwazi's solo album. At times Machine Translations performed with White aboard under the name Thing of a Thousand Strings. In 2000 he worked on Bad Shapes. Walker was joined in the studio by Freer on accordion, it was issued on Spunk! Records and achieved critical acclaim and "got everyone paying attention". Walker described collaborating with Freer and Nix: "We've known each other for at least 10 years... I enjoy working with them, writing with them, doing what I do, I know my own tricks, but with the group there's far less chance of stagnation".
Bad Shapes provided "Poor Circle", a "radio-friendly" single, "rresistibly fresh and poppy" according to The Age's Jo Roberts. After the album appeared Walker moved to Melbourne, he toured the eastern states of Australia and in late 2001 Machine Translations supported instrumental group, Dirty Three, on a ten‑day tour of the United States. Walker's group toured Europe including a gig in Paris on a boat in the Seine. In October 2002 the group released their next album, which Munro felt was "an advance on its p
Art of Fighting (band)
Art of Fighting are an indie rock band from Melbourne, Australia. The band formed in 1995 as a duo, with Ollie Browne playing guitar and Peggy Frew on bass, with both taking turns on vocals; the couple were in a romantic relationship at this time, though they were to split amicably later. They were joined six months by drummer Cameron Grant, over the following two years released two demo tapes, the first self-titled and the second named The Angry Man. Two of the tracks from the latter, "The Chorus is Suffering" and "You and Me on Mars" were included on the Wonder From A Quarter Acre compilation put out by Au Go Go Records in 1998. In 1997, the trio began recording The Very Strange Year. During touring for this EP but before its release, Ollie Browne's brother, Miles Browne, joined the group playing guitar and trumpet; the Very Strange Year was released on Half a Cow Records at the end of 1998. In the middle of 1999 the foursome began recording another EP for Half a Cow, Empty Nights, released in November of that year.
Cameron Grant left the band in late 2000. Following a move to Trifekta Records, in 2001 the band recorded their debut full-length album, Wires; the album was successful and went on to win an ARIA award for Best Alternative Release, beating the more high-profile You Am I, Something for Kate and Magic Dirt. Not expecting to win, they were famously told of their prize while packing up after a gig in Germany, on their first European tour; the success of the album not only locally but internationally - with releases in the USA, Japan and Taiwan - led to a sustained period of touring. This successful time was followed by a turbulent 2003, when the long-term romantic relationship between Ollie Browne and Peggy Frew ended, amongst other variously momentous events, their second album, Second Storey, was released in 2004, once again engendering a burst of touring both local and international. In a coup for the band, Bella Union released the album in the Europe. At the end of 2006, the release of first single "Eastbound" preceded a forthcoming album titled Runaways released on 10 March in Australia, on Remote Control Records.
In April 2007 the band played at All Tomorrow's Parties in Minehead UK, followed by two live shows in Tokyo. In 2008 the band scored an original soundtrack for the Australian film Ten Empty. 2010 saw. He and fellow Nashville musician Jon Tiven are coming out with a new album this year. Wires Second Storey Runaways The Very Strange Year Empty Nights In No Way Good "Reasons Are All I Have Left" "Along the Run" "Come Round and Show Me" "Eastbound" Wonder From A Quarter Acre Official website Article on the production of Second Storey Article on the making of Runaways Article on the forthcoming release of Runaways "At All Points Of The Compass With Art Of Fighting". Mess+Noise Magazine. 2007-04-30. P. 8
MX was an Australian free afternoon daily newspaper in the cities of Melbourne and Brisbane, owned and produced by News Corp Australia. Targeted at commuters, its main channels of distribution were inner-city railway stations and bus stops, major CBD intersections. On 28 May 2015 it was announced that mX would close the publication due to falling circulation and commuters turning to content on mobile devices; the final edition was published on 12 June 2015. The first mX was published in Melbourne on 6 February 2001, hoping to capitalise on the Metro format, popular in Europe; the paper contained lighter news and sports articles containing strange stories and facts from around the world. The newspaper's approach was a much greater focus on entertainment than news than broadsheet newspapers, or other tabloids. Melbourne Express, published by rival Fairfax Media, was this paper's competitor, it used the same format, although it was released in the mornings rather than the afternoon. It began publication the day before mX, but was soon overtaken due to mX's much broader use of colour, its greater availability, its lighter tone.
In addition, mX had no explanation at its launch, allowing readers to assume that it stood for "Melbourne Express" and that it was the paper known by that name. Melbourne Express ceased publication on 7 September 2001; the broad success of mX contributed to reduced sales of the afternoon edition of News Corporation stablemate the Herald Sun, its last edition being published on 21 December 2001. Following the success of mX in Melbourne and Brisbane editions were since launched. On 4 July 2005, mX launched a Sydney edition. Sydney City Council was considering a tender to lease Sydney footpaths to News Corporation for $362,000 annually, charge other free daily newspaper a similar fee if they use the same location more than 40 times a year. Other newspapers, such as Green Left Weekly that are distributed by sellers on streets, are concerned about the possibility that they may be required to pay such fees; the Brisbane edition of mX was launched on 5 March 2007, with an expected distribution of 40,000 copies per day.
Being a commuter newspaper, mX was much thinner than other daily newspapers. Central themes of most articles included U. S. celebrity gossip, new product lines, controversial events, celebrity trivia, readers' gripes, amongst other attention-grabbing stories. Large photographs appeared without any related story, only a caption describing their contents. Small and full page advertisements were a major contributor to the paper's overall make-up; the newspaper continues to operate as an app, first launched in 2013. It is available for both Android. News – Short items of'legitimate' news such as national and state politics, included the next day's weather forecast. Started on page 2. Juice – Celebrity gossip. Located on pages 4 and 5. Sport – Located on the final two or three pages. Brainwave – The puzzles page, including a crossword and various other word games. Included a horoscope under the heading of "Should I get out of bed tomorrow?" Talk – Essentially Letters to the Editor, although most letters were short, having been sent via SMS.
It was divided into several sections: Vent Your Spleen – Devoted to readers' SMSed complaints and thoughts. Overheard – Devoted to humorous or bizarre conversations overheard and sent in by readers. Here's Looking At You – In which readers wrote messages to people on public transport to whom they are attracted, in the hope that they will reply and arrange a date, or just to anonymously compliment them; such messages appeared in the general "Vent Your Spleen" section, but the practice became so popular that it was separated into its own section. "Here's looking at all of you" was the page-filling title page when the paper announced on 29 May 2015 its closure to the readers. Lost in Love – Readers' responses to a request from another reader for relationship advice, an invitation to send replies to the next day's question. My Platform – A vox pop in which three people on the street gave a short response to a question; this section has been dropped. Flicks – That night's movie listings. A movie review used to feature in the middle of every flicks page but, dropped in 2011 due to the space being needed for session time listings.
The Box – Reviews of television programs screening that night. Program – That night's primetime television listing. Was combined with "The Box" City Scene – A weekly entertainment section with an emphasis on all genres of popular music, including CD and movie reviews, concert listings, band interviews and trivia. Appears on Thursdays. Used to be called Citybeat. Goss & Glam – Magazine-style entertainment and fashion news. Located on the middle four pages. Quickie – A short interview with a famous person. Dropped. CareerOne – Mainly job advertisements. Dropped. Flirt – A weekly section focused on love and relationships. Appeared on Fridays. Dropped. Weird – A two-page spread of weird news from around the world. Wanderlust – A two-page spread about travel destinations sponsored by Jetstar; some mX editions had been stapled. This decision was based on the capabilities of publishing equipment and whether binding systems were installed at the production facilities; the mX masthead was modified to capitalise on major events, such as a tennis ball and racquet during the Australian Open, love hearts and using rose scented ink during Valentine's Day.
On the day of the Wedding of Prince W