Sodium trimetaphosphate

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Sodium trimetaphosphate[1]
Sodium trimetaphosphate.png
Names
Other names
Sodium trimetaphosphate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.029.171
EC Number 232-088-3
Properties
Na3P3O9
Molar mass 305.885 g/mol
Appearance colorless or white crystals
Density 2.49 g/cm3 (anhydrous)
1.786 g/cm3 (hexahydrate)
Melting point 53 °C (127 °F; 326 K) (hexahydrate, decomposes to anyhdrous)
22 g/100 mL
Solubility insoluble in alcohol
1.433 (hexahydrate)
Structure
triclinic (hexahydrate)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Sodium trimetaphosphate (also STMP), with formula Na3P3O9, is a metaphosphate of sodium. It has the empirical formula NaPO3. It is the sodium salt of trimetaphosphoric acid, it is a colourless solid that finds specialised applications in food and construction industries. STMP is prepared by heating sodium polyphosphate at a few hundred degrees. [2]

Although drawn with a particular resonance structure, the trianion has D3d symmetry.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lide, David R. (1998). Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. pp. 4–86. ISBN 0-8493-0594-2.
  2. ^ Klaus Schrödter; Gerhard Bettermann; Thomas Staffel; Friedrich Wahl; Thomas Klein; Thomas Hofmann (2008). Phosphoric Acid and Phosphates. Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a19_465.pub3.