Mezhdunarodnaya (Moscow Metro)
Mezhdunarodnaya is a northern terminus of one of the 2 branches of the Filyovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. The station was built as part of the second stage and completed the branch of the Filyovskaya Line into the Moscow International Business Center, it thus became the newest station of the branch. The station, designed by architects A. Orlov and A. Nekrasov, features a deep-level column tri-vault design. However, unlike the standard Moscow sizes, the platform length is shortened from 162 to 118 metres, while the sizes of both the central and platform vaults have been reduced from the standard 9 to 7.5 metres. As a result, the station has sizes similar to those on the London Underground stations. Mezhdunarodnaya is the only deep-level station that features a curved platform. Decoratively the station has a modern "high-tech" design that blends with the skyscraper landscape of the Moscow-City; the design consists of white marble and plastic panels, a dark granite floor, metallic interpylon slabs.
The vestibule of the station is located under the Third Ring. The lobby contains modernized turnstiles
Moscow Central Circle
The Moscow Central Circle or MCC, designated Line 14 or just Encircle Line and marked in a strawberry red/white color is a 54-kilometre-long orbital urban/metropolitan rail line that encircles historical Moscow. The line is rebuilt from the Little Ring of the Moscow Railway and opened to passengers on 10 September 2016. and is operated by the Moscow Government owned company MKZD through the Moscow Metro, with the state-run Russian Railways selected as the operation subcontractor. The infrastructure and platforms are owned and managed by Russian Railways, while most station buildings are owned by MKZD; the railroad was commissioned in 1897 under the auspices of Czar Nicholas II, thus earning a "Royal Railroad" nickname. The planning took five years. Thirteen design alternatives were reviewed in the process; the winning bid was for a four-track rail line, with two tracks allocated for freight, the other two used by passenger trains. The project came with an estimated 40 million ruble price tag.
In May 1902, construction began. Following a defeat in the 1905 Russo-Japanese War, construction was scaled back; as the costs overran the estimate by a third, the number of tracks being built was reduced to two. Bridges, of which there are 35, were costly, their low clearance hindered electrification efforts for over a century to come. The vast railroad infrastructure included housing facilities, water towers and miscellaneous shops. Station houses — architectural masterpieces built in the typical early-20th-century Russian industrial style — had electricity. Heat was provided by masonry heaters, some of which were Russian-made, some imported from Holland. Station clocks were purchased from Swiss manufacturer Paul Buhré. Known for their accuracy, these clocks, for a while, became the city's de facto time standard. Only one such clock has survived, it is located in Presnya station supervisor's office. The first train ran in 1907. On 19 July 1908, the railroad opened; the opening ceremony was attended by the Czar, Royal Dynasty members, government and city officials.
In the first few months, the railroad was used for passenger traffic. Due to a high train fare — at 3.40 rubles — ridership was non-existent, the line brought in the total of 132 rubles in revenue since the operation started. Thus, on 10 October 1908, passenger trains were discontinued in favor of freight service. Between World War I and the October Revolution of 1917, the passenger service was restored, although freight remained the only viable revenue source. By the late 1920s, other forms of public transportation had emerged and in 1934 passenger service was ended, only to resume again 82 years later. Around 2010, many millions of people used the city's subway system daily; some 35-40 % used private transportation. Upgrade plans for the railway line were signed by Russian Railways and the Moscow Government between 2008 and 2011 with consent of Vladimir Putin. Construction work planned for 2013–2016 would convert the Little Ring line of the Moscow Railway for joint passenger and freight use but in 2012, at a meeting with new Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev in Odintsovo, Moscow Mayor Sergey Sobyanin acknowledged that trains on the circle railway would not be ready until 2020.
The required work included: Electrification of the whole line with 3 kV DC overhead wires and the construction of substations Complete track replacement with additional third track on the northern half of the circle Construction of new passenger stations and rehabilitation of old yards Construction of Podmoskovnaya depot for EMU trains Construction of an additional second track and station upgrades on the northern section of the Greater Ring of the Moscow Railway, for the re-routing freight traffic away from central Moscow Replacement for most bridges and overpasses New rolling stock designed for urban service Construction of transfers with existing and under construction Moscow Metro stationsConstruction commenced in 2012, passenger services began in the third quarter of 2016. During the reconstruction of the railway, many of the original passenger stations were re-purposed for passenger use and complemented with new stations; the line opened on 10 September 2016 in the presence of President Vladimir Putin and Moscow Mayor Sergey Sobyanin.
The line was free to ride for the first month of operation. By the end of 2016, the daily ridership on the Central Circle Line was expected to reach 400,000 and by 2025, the ring railway is expected to carry up to 300 million passengers annually; the operation of the Central Circle is similar to the S-Train systems in Germany and other countries. Ticketing on the Moscow Central Circle is integrated with the Moscow Metro; the line serves the purpose of a connector between the different radial lines of outer Moscow, much as the Koltsevaya Line does in inner Moscow. 130 trains per day circulate around the line, with an interval of 5–6 minutes during the rush hours, 10–15 minutes at other times. The line's hours of operation are the same as the rest of the Metro, from 06:00 until 01:00. Despite its name, the Moscow Central Circle is not circle-shaped; the line stretches 12 kilometres outward in the northwest and draws as close as 5 kilometres to the Kremlin in the south. The Metro's Bolshaya Koltsevaya line, which
Luzhniki (Moscow Central Circle)
Luzhniki is a station on the Moscow Central Circle of the Moscow Metro that opened in September 2016. It is named for the nearby Luzhniki Olympic Complex. Passengers may make out-of-station transfers to Sportivnaya station on the Sokolnicheskaya Line, across Khamovnichesky Val. mkzd.ru
Delovoy Tsentr (Moscow Central Circle)
Delovoy Tsentr is a station on the Moscow Central Circle of the Moscow Metro that opened in September 2016. The station is named for the adjacent Moscow International Business Center known as Moscow City; the station was planned to be Citi, but was changed to Delovoy Tsentr prior to the opening of the line. The station offers out-of-station transfers to the Filyovskaya Line at Mezhdunarodnaya.
Vladykino (Moscow Central Circle)
Vladykino is a station on the Moscow Central Circle of the Moscow Metro. The station offers a transfer for Vladykino of Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line. Mkzd.ru
Oktyabrskoye Polye is a station on the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. The station was opened on 30 December 1972 as part of the Krasnopresnenskiy radius, for three years it was the original terminus of the Krasnopresnenskaya Line; the station received its name from Khodynka Field, a nearby locality, known as October Field during the Soviet era. Designed by Nina Alyoshina and L. Zaitseva, the station features a typical pillar-trispan "Novaya Sorokonozhka" design, with polygonal aluminium coated pillars and walls with bright-grey coloured marble decorated with anodized aluminium artworks; the floor is coated white marble except for the area around the pillars where it gives way to black granite. The two vestibules are interlinked with subways that allow access to Narodnogo Opolcheniya Street and Marshala Biryuzova Street; the station has a daily passenger flow of 75,910 people. Yuri Gridchin's Site. KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
A side platform is a platform positioned to the side of a pair of tracks at a railway station, tram stop, or transitway. Dual side platform stations, one for each direction of travel, is the basic station design used for double-track railway lines. Side platforms may result in a wider overall footprint for the station compared with an island platform where a single width of platform can be shared by riders using either track. In some stations, the two side platforms are connected by a footbridge running above and over the tracks. While a pair of side platforms is provided on a dual-track line, a single side platform is sufficient for a single-track line. Where the station is close to a level crossing the platforms may either be on the same side of the crossing road or alternatively may be staggered in one of two ways. With the'near-side platforms' configuration, each platform appears before the intersection and with'far-side platforms' they are positioned after the intersection. In some situations a single side platform can be served by multiple vehicles with a scissors crossing provided to allow access mid-way along its length.
Most stations with two side platforms have an'Up' platform, used by trains heading towards the primary destination of the line, with the other platform being the'Down' platform which takes trains heading the opposite way. The main facilities of the station are located on the'Up' platform with the other platform accessed from a footbridge, subway or a track crossing. However, in many cases the station's main buildings are located on whichever side faces the town or village the station serves. Larger stations may have two side platforms with several island platforms in between; some are in a Spanish solution format, with two side platforms and an island platform in between, serving two tracks. Island platform Split platform