Lokomotiv (Moscow Central Circle)
Lokomotiv is a passenger station on the Moscow Central Circle of the Moscow Metro that opened in September 2016. The station, to be named Cherkizovo, reflecting the name of a village on the site, was named Lokomotiv for the soccer team that plays its home games nearby. Lokomotiv offers out-of-station transfers to Cherkizovskaya on the Sokolnicheskaya Line. Mkzd.ru
Sportivnaya (Moscow Metro)
Sportivnaya is a Moscow Metro station on the Sokolnicheskaya line. It is in the Khamovniki District in the Central Administrative Okrug of Moscow. Named for the nearby Luzhniki Olympic Complex, it opened in 1957. Passengers may make out-of-station transfers from Sportivnaya to Luzhniki on the Moscow Central Circle, about 200 meters away; the architects were Nadezhda Bykova, I. Gokhar-Kharmandaryan, Ivan Taranov, B. Cherepanov. Sportivnaya has white marble pylons with green marble accents and a ceiling of embossed asbestos-cement tiles rather than the usual plaster; the upper two floors of the three-story vestibule are home to the Moscow Metro Museum, which displays 70 years of Metro memorabilia
Turgenevskaya is a station on the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It was named after Turgenevskaya Square; the station was designed by Yu. Vdovin, I. Petukhova and opened on 5 January 1972. Turgenevskaya has simple white marble pylons which follow the curve of the station tube and a ceiling composed of reinforced plastic panels. Metal cornices run the length of the station along the base of the ceiling; the walls, which are faced with white and black marble, are decorated with chased brass panels by Kh. Rysin and D. Bodniek. From this station, passengers can transfer to Sokolnicheskaya Line at Chistye Prudy station and to Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya Line at Sretensky Bulvar station
Moscow Yaroslavsky railway station
Moscow Yaroslavsky railway station is one of the nine main railway stations in Moscow. Situated on Komsomolskaya Square, Moscow Yaroslavskaya has the highest passenger throughput of all nine of the capital's main-line terminuses, it serves eastern destinations, including those in the Russian Far East, being the western terminus of the world's longest railway line, the Trans-Siberian. The station takes its name from that of the ancient city of Yaroslavl which, lying 284 rail kilometres north-east of Moscow, is the first large city served by the line; the first Yaroslavsky station was built on this site in 1862, next to Moscow's first rail terminal, the Oktyabrsky station. The existing Neorussian revival building facing Komsomolskaya Square was built in 1902–1904 by Fyodor Shechtel; the main departure hall beneath the fairy-tale roof connected directly into the boarding concourse. In 1910, its platforms and concourse were expanded by Lev Kekushev. Two major additions, in 1965–66 and 1995, further expanded station capacity.
The station serves around 300 pairs of trains daily. »: through coach Suburban commuter trains connect Yaroslavsky Rail station stations and platforms of the Yaroslavsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway, in particular, with the towns of Mytishchi, Yubileyny, Monino, Fryazino, Krasnoarmeysk, Sergiyev Posad, Alexandrov. Yaroslavsky station Russian Railways Chinese Railways Mongolian Railways Photo gallery of architectural details Virtual tour to Leningradsky and Kazansky train station
Moscow Leningradsky railway station
Moscow Leningradsky railway terminal known as Moscow Passazhirskaya station is the oldest of Moscow's nine railway terminals. Situated on Komsomolskaya Square, the station serves North-Western directions, notably Saint Petersburg. International services from the station include Tallinn, operated by GoRail, Helsinki, Finland, it is the only Moscow railway terminal operated by October Railway rather than Moscow Railway. The station was constructed between 1844 and 1851 to an eclectic design by Konstantin Thon as the terminus of the Moscow-Saint Petersburg Railway, a pet project of Emperor Nicholas I. Regular connection was opened in 1851, it was known as Peterburgsky. Upon the Emperor's death five years the station was named Nikolayevsky after him and retained this name until 1924, when the Bolsheviks renamed it Oktyabrsky terminal, to commemorate the October Revolution; the present name was given a year when the city of Petrograd became Leningrad. Thon's design follows that of the station's counterpart in St. Petersburg.
The monotonous regularity of rustication and pilasters is enlivened with Italianate details and an elegant clocktower at the centre. More rigorous is the exterior of the nearby Moscow Customs House by Thon; the interior of the station was modernized and renovated in 1950 and 1972. There are numerous ordinary long range trains to these directions. High-speed commuter rail Since 1 October 2015 Siemens Desiro RUS high speed commuter trains operating on Moscow-Tver and Moscow-Kryukovo routes; the major stops on the route are:Khimki, Kryukovo and Klin. Suburban commuter trains connect Leningradsky station with stations and platforms of the Leningradsky suburban direction of Oktyabrskaya Railway, in particular, with the towns of Khimki, Solnechnogorsk, Klin and Tver. Leningradsky station Official site
Park Kultury (Koltsevaya line)
Park Kultury is a Moscow Metro station in the Khamovniki District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Oktyabrskaya and Kiyevskaya stations. Park Kultury opened on 1 January 1950; the station is a standard pylon tri-vault, built in the flamboyance of the 1950s. Architect Igor Rozhin applied a classic sport recreational theme to match the connotation with the ancient-Greek inspired transfer station; this includes large and imposing pylons faced with grey marble. The floor is laid with grey granite tiles imitating a carpet; the walls are faced with white labradorite. Decoratively the station contains 26 circular bas-reliefs by Iosif Rabinovich which depict sporting and other leisure activities of the Soviet youth; the white vault of the station contains complex geometry which repeats that of the arches, along the apex are suspended a set of intricate hexagonal chandeliers. Rozhin admitted that he made a grave error in choosing to place the chandeliers amid the arches, not between them, that way he would have avoided giving the bas-reliefs a double shadow.
At the end of the station is a massive marble wall with a small profile bas-relief of Maxim Gorky. The station was called "Park Kultury imeni Gorkogo" but during the 1980 Moscow Olympics this was shortened as the Russian announcements were repeated in English and French during the games. After the Olympics, the shorter name was retained; the original long form appears in bronze letters next to Gorky's image. The station has a large imposing vestibule located on the corner of Komsomolsky Avenue and Garden Ring next to the Krymsky Bridge, co-designed with Rozhin by Yelena Markova. Rozhin planned for an extended arcade modeled after Russian trading rows, but this was rejected in favour of a more traditional design; the large building features a central dome, inside has four bas-reliefs of sportsmen, another one on its portico outside. The vestibule doubles as a transfer to the Sokolnicheskaya line; as the station was terminus, a set of reversal sidings exist in front of it from them runs a service branch to the Sokolnicheskaya line, used as the primary way of transferring rolling stock to the station before the opening of the Koltsevaya line's depot in 1954.
On 14 January 2011, Moscow Metro authorities announced their plans to close the station on 5 February 2011 so as to replace the ageing escalators. Park Kultury was supposed to open in December 2011 but the date was shifted to 30 March 2012 due to delays in shipping new escalators. and opened the station on 28 April
A bus is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers. Buses can have a capacity as high as 300 passengers; the most common type of bus is the single-deck rigid bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker and articulated buses, smaller loads carried by midibuses and minibuses. Many types of buses, such as city transit buses and inter-city coaches, charge a fare. Other types, such as elementary or secondary school buses or shuttle buses within a post-secondary education campus do not charge a fare. In many jurisdictions, bus drivers require a special licence above and beyond a regular driver's licence. Buses may be used for scheduled bus transport, scheduled coach transport, school transport, private hire, or tourism. Horse-drawn buses were used from the 1820s, followed by steam buses in the 1830s, electric trolleybuses in 1882; the first internal combustion engine buses, or motor buses, were used in 1895. Interest has been growing in hybrid electric buses, fuel cell buses, electric buses, as well as ones powered by compressed natural gas or biodiesel.
As of the 2010s, bus manufacturing is globalised, with the same designs appearing around the world. Bus is a clipped form of the dative plural of omnis-e; the theoretical full name is in French voiture omnibus. The name originates from a mass-transport service started in 1823 by a French corn-mill owner named Stanislas Baudry in Richebourg, a suburb of Nantes. A by-product of his mill was hot water, thus next to it he established a spa business. In order to encourage customers he started a horse-drawn transport service from the city centre of Nantes to his establishment; the first vehicles stopped in front of the shop of a hatter named Omnés, which displayed a large sign inscribed "Omnes Omnibus", a pun on his Latin-sounding surname, omnes being the male and female nominative and accusative form of the Latin adjective omnis-e, combined with omnibus, the dative plural form meaning "for all", thus giving his shop the name "Omnés for all". His transport scheme was a huge success, although not as he had intended as most of his passengers did not visit his spa.
He turned the transport service into his principal lucrative business venture and closed the mill and spa. Nantes citizens soon gave the nickname "omnibus" to the vehicle. Having invented the successful concept Baudry moved to Paris and launched the first omnibus service there in April 1828. A similar service was introduced in London in 1829. Regular intercity bus services by steam-powered buses were pioneered in England in the 1830s by Walter Hancock and by associates of Sir Goldsworthy Gurney, among others, running reliable services over road conditions which were too hazardous for horse-drawn transportation; the first mechanically propelled omnibus appeared on the streets of London on 22 April 1833. Steam carriages were much less to overturn, they travelled faster than horse-drawn carriages, they were much cheaper to run, caused much less damage to the road surface due to their wide tyres. However, the heavy road tolls imposed by the turnpike trusts discouraged steam road vehicles and left the way clear for the horse bus companies, from 1861 onwards, harsh legislation eliminated mechanically propelled vehicles from the roads of Great Britain for 30 years, the Locomotive Act of that year imposing restrictive speed limits on "road locomotives" of 5 mph in towns and cities, 10 mph in the country.
In parallel to the development of the bus was the invention of the electric trolleybus fed through trolley poles by overhead wires. The Siemens brothers, William in England and Ernst Werner in Germany, collaborated on the development of the trolleybus concept. Sir William first proposed the idea in an article to the Journal of the Society of Arts in 1881 as an "...arrangement by which an ordinary omnibus...would have a suspender thrown at intervals from one side of the street to the other, two wires hanging from these suspenders. Although this experimental vehicle fulfilled all the technical criteria of a typical trolleybus, it was dismantled in the same year after the demonstration. Max Schiemann opened a passenger-carrying trolleybus in 1901 in Germany. Although this system operated only until 1904, Schiemann had developed what is now the standard trolleybus current collection system. In the early days, a few other methods of current collection were used. Leeds and Bradford became the first cities to put trolleybuses into service in Great Britain on 20 June 1911.
In Siegerland, two passenger bus lines ran but unprofitably, in 1895 using a six-passenger motor carriage developed from the 1893 Benz Viktoria. Another commercial bus line using the same model Benz omnibuses ran for a short time in 1898 in the rural area around Llandudno, Wales. Daimler produced one of the earliest motor-bus models in 1898, selling a double-decker bus to the Motor Traction Company, first used on the streets of London on 23 April 1898; the vehicle had a maximum speed of 18 km/h and accommodated up to 20 passengers, in an enclosed area below and on an open-air pl