Solaris is a non-free Unix operating system developed by Sun Microsystems. It superseded the company's earlier SunOS in 1993. In 2010, after the Sun acquisition by Oracle, it was renamed Oracle Solaris. Solaris is known for its scalability on SPARC systems, for originating many innovative features such as DTrace, ZFS and Time Slider. Solaris supports SPARC and x86-64 servers from Oracle and other vendors. Solaris is registered as compliant with the Single UNIX Specification. Solaris was developed as proprietary software. In June 2005, Sun Microsystems released most of the codebase under the CDDL license, founded the OpenSolaris open-source project. With OpenSolaris, Sun wanted to build a user community around the software. After the acquisition of Sun Microsystems in January 2010, Oracle decided to discontinue the OpenSolaris distribution and the development model. In August 2010, Oracle discontinued providing public updates to the source code of the Solaris kernel turning Solaris 11 back into a closed source proprietary operating system.
Following that, OpenSolaris was forked as illumos and is alive through several illumos distributions. In 2011, the Solaris 11 kernel source code leaked to BitTorrent. However, through the Oracle Technology Network, industry partners can still gain access to the in-development Solaris source code. Solaris is developed under a proprietary development model and only the source for open source components of Solaris 11 are available for download from Oracle. In 1987, AT&T Corporation and Sun announced that they were collaborating on a project to merge the most popular Unix variants on the market at that time: Berkeley Software Distribution, UNIX System V, Xenix; this became Unix System V Release 4. On September 4, 1991, Sun announced that it would replace its existing BSD-derived Unix, SunOS 4, with one based on SVR4; this was identified internally as SunOS 5, but a new marketing name was introduced at the same time: Solaris 2. The justification for this new overbrand was that it encompassed not only SunOS, but the OpenWindows graphical user interface and Open Network Computing functionality.
Although SunOS 4.1.x micro releases were retroactively named Solaris 1 by Sun, the Solaris name is used exclusively to refer only to the releases based on SVR4-derived SunOS 5.0 and later. For releases based on SunOS 5, the SunOS minor version is included in the Solaris release number. For example, Solaris 2.4 incorporates SunOS 5.4. After Solaris 2.6, the 2. was dropped from the release name, so Solaris 7 incorporates SunOS 5.7, the latest release SunOS 5.11 forms the core of Solaris 11.4. Although SunSoft stated in its initial Solaris 2 press release their intent to support both SPARC and x86 systems, the first two Solaris 2 releases, 2.0 and 2.1, were SPARC-only. An x86 version of Solaris 2.1 was released in June 1993, about 6 months after the SPARC version, as a desktop and uniprocessor workgroup server operating system. It included the Wabi emulator to support Windows applications. At the time, Sun offered the Interactive Unix system that it had acquired from Interactive Systems Corporation.
In 1994, Sun released Solaris 2.4, supporting both SPARC and x86 systems from a unified source code base. On September 2, 2017, Simon Phipps, a former Sun Microsystems employee not hired by Oracle in the acquisition, reported on Twitter that Oracle had laid off the Solaris core development staff, which many interpreted as sign that Oracle no longer intended to support future development of the platform. While Oracle did have a large layoff of Solaris development engineering staff, development continues today of which Solaris 11.4 was released in 2018. Solaris uses a common code base for the platforms it supports: i86pc. Solaris has a reputation for being well-suited to symmetric multiprocessing, supporting a large number of CPUs, it has been integrated with Sun's SPARC hardware, with which it is marketed as a combined package. This has led to more reliable systems, but at a cost premium compared to commodity PC hardware. However, it has supported x86 systems since Solaris 2.1 and 64-bit x86 applications since Solaris 10, allowing Sun to capitalize on the availability of commodity 64-bit CPUs based on the x86-64 architecture.
Sun has marketed Solaris for use with both its own "x64" workstations and servers based on AMD Opteron and Intel Xeon processors, as well as x86 systems manufactured by companies such as Dell, Hewlett-Packard, IBM. As of 2009, the following vendors support Solaris for their x86 server systems: Dell – will "test and optimize Solaris and OpenSolaris on its rack and blade servers and offer them as one of several choices in the overall Dell software menu" Intel Hewlett Packard Enterprise – distributes and provides software technical support for Solaris on BL, DL, SL platforms Fujitsu SiemensAs of July 2010, Dell and HP certify and resell Oracle Solaris, Oracle Enterprise Linux and Oracle VM on their respective x86 platforms, IBM stopped direct support for Solaris on x64 kit. Solaris 2.5.1 included support for the PowerPC platform, but the port was canceled before the Solaris 2.6 release. In January 2006, a community of developers at Blastwave began work on a PowerPC port which they named Polaris.
In October 2006, an OpenSolaris community project based on the Blastwave efforts and Sun Labs' Project Pulsar, which re-integrated the relevant parts from Solaris 2.5.1 into OpenSolaris, announced its first official source code release. A port of Solaris to the Intel Itanium architecture was announced in 1997 but never brought to market. On No
This timeline covers the main points of British foreign policy from 1485 to the early 21st century. Henry VII becomes king, founding the Tudor dynasty and ending the long civil war called "Wars of the Roses", his foreign policy involves an alliance with Spain, cemented by the marriage of his son Arthur to the Spanish princess Catherine of Aragon. However, after 5 months, Arthur dies at the age of 15. Henry VII reverses the Plantagenet policy of acquiring more French territory. 1502: Treaty of "perpetual peace" signed with Scotland. The marriage of King James IV of Scotland to Margaret Tudor will lead to the Stuart succession to the English throne. 1509–47 Henry VIII becomes king. 1513 English defeat & kill King James IV of Scotland at Battle of Flodden Field. 1520: 7 June: Henry VIII meets with Francis I of France near Calais at the extravagant "Field of the Cloth of Gold". 1526–30 War of the League of Cognac, allied with France. 1533: Pope Clement VII excommunicates Henry and annuls his divorce from Catharine 1542: War with Scotland.
James V defeated at the Battle of Solway Moss 1551–59: Italian War of 1551–59. "The Spanish marriage" was unpopular though Philip was to have little or no power. However he pushes Mary into alliance with Spain in a war with France that resulted in the loss of Calais in 1558 1558–1603 Elizabeth I as Queen, her spymaster Sir Francis Walsingham thwarts numerous plots supported by Spain or France to assassinate the Queen. The long-term English goal becomes a united and Protestant British Isles, through conquest of Ireland and alliance with Scotland. Defence is the mission of a strengthened Royal Navy. 1573: Convention of Nymegen a treaty with Spain promising to end support for raids on Spanish shipping by English privateers such as Drake and Hawkins. 1580–1620s – English merchants form the Levant Company to promote trade with Ottoman Empire. 1585: By the Treaty of Nonsuch with the Netherlands, England supported the Dutch revolt against Spain with soldiers and money. Spain prepares an armada to invade England.
1585–1604: Anglo-Spanish War was an undeclared intermittent naval conflict. 1588: Massive Spanish invasion thwarted by destruction of Spanish Armada. 1603–1714 was the Stuart period 1603: James VI of Scotland crowned King of England (as James I of England, marking a permanent union of the two thrones 1604: King James achieves peace with Spain in Treaty of London. James associates his kingdoms with the anti-Habsburg forces with this marriage. 1613–20: Netherlands becomes England's major rival in trade and whaling. The Dutch form alliances with the Hanseatic League. In 1613 it obtains a monopoly on whaling in Spitsbergen. 1613: The English captain John Saris arrives at Hirado, with the intent of establishing a trading factory. He met with Tokugawa Ieyasu. However, during the ten-year activity of the company between 1613 and 1623, only four English ships brought cargoes directly from London to Japan. 1623. The Amboyna massacre occurs in Japan. England closes its commercial base at Hirado; the relationship ends for more than two centuries.
1624–25: The king turns to France after negotiations with Spain for a marriage to the infanta had stalled. With religion tied to politics, France demanded an end to the persecution of Catholics in England as a condition for the marriage; the negotiations fail. 1627–28: English attempt to aid besieged Huguenots in the Siege of La Rochelle, but fail. This is the only major English contribution to the Thirty Years' War. 1639–40: Bishops' Wars with Scotland 1642: English Civil War begins see Timeline of the English Civil War and Wars of the Three Kingdoms 1652–54: First Anglo-Dutch War 1654–60: Anglo-Spanish War 1657: Alliance with France signed against Spain. 1661: Kin
Acacia uncinata known as gold-dust wattle or round-leaved wattle, is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Phyllodineae, native to parts of eastern Australia. The shrub has an open to spindly habit and grows to a height of 1.5 to 2.5 m. The dull grey-green phyllodes are flat or twisted with an elliptic to broadly elliptic shape that can sometimes be broadly obovate; the phyllodes have a width of 10 to 23 mm. The shrub blooms between September and November producing up to 20 inflorescences on axillary racemes along an axis of around 6 cm in length; the spherical flower heads contain 14 to 23 pale yellow flowers. After flowering firm leathery brown seed pods form that are flat to curved with a length of 3 to 7 cm and 12 to 21 mm; the species was first formally described by the botanist John Lindley in 1830 as part of the work Edwards's Botanical Register. It was reclassified as Racosperma uncinatum in 1987 by Leslie Pedley transferred back to the genus Acacia in 2006; the specific epithet is reference to the phyllode's curved point.
A. uncinata resembles Acacia aureocrinita. Other synonyms include, it is found in the north eastern part of Mount Kaputar National Park in New South Wales where it grows along watercourses and on hillsides Eucalyptus and Callitris woodland communities in rocky sandy-loam soils. List of Acacia species
Jožef Školč is a Slovenian left liberal politician. He was born in the village of Breginj in western Slovenia, in what was the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, he graduated from political science at the University of Ljubljana. In 1988 he was elected president of the Alliance of Socialist Youth of Slovenia, the youth organization of the Communist Party of Slovenia. By that time, the organization was fairly independent from the Communist Party and played an important role in the process of democratization of Slovenia. In 1990, the Alliance of Socialist Youth was renamed to Liberal Democratic Party and Školč became its first president. In the first free elections in Slovenia in April 1990, the party gained around 14% of the popular vote and remained in opposition against the government led by the DEMOS coalition. In 1992, Školč resigned as president of the Liberal Democratic Party to give way to Janez Drnovšek; the same year, he was elected MP in the Slovenian National Assembly and between 1994 and 1996, he served as its speaker.
Between 1997 and 2000, he served as Minister of Culture of Slovenia. Between 2007 and 2008, he was head of the parliament group of the Liberal Democracy of Slovenia. Since 2008, he has been serving as a State Secretary in the Cabinet of the Prime Minister Borut Pahor. Biography
Trigonostoma is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Cancellariidae, the nutmeg snails. Trigonostoma is the name given to a trematode genus in the family Aspidogastridae, a synonym of the genus Multicalyx Faust & Tang, 1936 According to the World Register of Marine Species the following species with valid names are included within the genus Trigonostoma: Trigonostoma antiquatum - Antique Nutmeg Trigonostoma bicolor Trigonostoma breve Trigonostoma bullatum - Bubble Nutmeg Trigonostoma chui Yen, 1936 Trigonostoma costiferum Trigonostoma diamantinum Garrard, 1975 Trigonostoma elegantulum Little Elegant Nutmeg Trigonostoma gofasi Verhecken, 2007 Trigonostoma goniostoma - Angle-mouth Nutmeg Trigonostoma iota Garrard, 1975 Trigonostoma kilburni Petit & Harasewych, 2000 Trigonostoma lamberti Trigonostoma laseroni - Laseron's Nutmeg Trigonostoma milleri - Miller's Nutmeg Trigonostoma mozambicense Petit & Harasewych, 2002 Trigonostoma nitidum Trigonostoma pygmaea Trigonostoma rugosum Trigonostoma scala Trigonostoma scalare Trigonostoma semidisjunctum - Disjunct Nutmeg Trigonostoma tenerum - Philippi's Nutmeg Trigonostoma tessella Garrard, 1975 Trigonostoma thysthlon Petit & Harasewych, 1987 Trigonostoma tryblium Bouchet & Petit, 2008 Trigonostoma tuberculosum Trigonostoma vinnulum Iredale, 1925Subgenus Trigonostoma Blainville, 1825Trigonostoma pellucida - Triangular NutmegSpecies brought into synonymy Trigonostoma campbelli Shasky, 1961: synonym of Axelella campbelli Trigonostoma foveolata: synonym of Scalptia foveolata Trigonostoma semidisjuncta: synonym of Trigonostoma semidisjunctum Trigonostoma tuberculosa: synonym of Trigonostoma tuberculosum Hemmen J..
Haro Bikes Corporation is an American BMX and Mountain bicycle manufacturer. The company was founded in 1978 by Bob Haro. Haro started out producing numberplates for BMX bikes in his Home. Demand for these stylish plates outgrew his one-man capacity. Haro Designs, the first name of the company, was formed in 1980 with headquarters in Torrance, California. While the company was growing, Haro was growing the sport of freestyle BMX, he travelled around the country performing demos of radical trick riding that had not been seen anywhere before. As a result, Haro earned the title "The Father of Freestyle". During the early eighties, the company grew by expanding its product line and establishing national and international distribution; the BMX boom was in full swing and the company built a reputation for developing innovative, top-of-the-line BMX and freestyle bikes and accessories. Haro Bikes' most popular BMX/Freestyle models were the Sport. Haro introduced its first successful line of Freestyle BMX bikes in 1983.
The Haro Sport and Master were the company's flagship bikes that sparked a revolution in bicycle design and imitation across the industry by other companies. In that year, its revenue took off and it ignited a huge cult following. In 1984, the company added the FST to its product line-up for consumers with lower budgets; as a result of Haro's huge success, companies like Hutch, Diamond Back, GT, Redline, Dyno, CW and Skyway modeled their own frame versions after Haro's designs. During the 80s, GT became Haro's strongest competitor. However, because of Haro's huge profits from the Sport, GT's sales dwindled in comparison. Haro possessed the best Freestyle team, dominating the 80s, 2000s, it won the most first places and top honors more than any other bike team. It contracted the most popular Freestylers in the history of the sport: Mike Dominguez, Donovan Ritter, Marc McGlynn, Bryan Blyther, Dave Nourie, Mat Hoffman, Dennis Mccoy, Ron Wilkerson, Joe Johnson, Ryan Nyquist, Dave Mirra, Rick Moliterno, Bob Morales, Eddie Fiola, Rich Sigur, R.
L. Osborn. During the 1980s GT struggled against bike company, Haro Bikes which dominated the freestyle BMX landscape and industry; as Haro was the most popular freestyle BMX bike at the time, it eclipsed GT in all categories in the number of bikes sold, number of sponsored freestyle riders and number of wins and trophies in competitions throughout the 80s and 90s. The first Haro bikes were manufactured by Torker. In 1982, when Haro introduced his own line of racing bikes, his sponsorship by Torker and Max was terminated. Although injuries forced Haro to relinquish his riding duties, Haro Bikes subsequently compiled a virtual "who's who" list of talented riders including Bob Morales, Mike Dominguez, Dennis McCoy, Ron Wilkerson, Matt Hoffman, Eddie Fiola, Donovan Ritter, Marc McGlynn, Brian Blyther, Dave Nourie, Mike King, Pete Loncarevich,Tony"The Tiger"Murray and many more; these riders won nearly every title there was in both freestyle. Media attention put Haro Bikes in the spotlight as an industry leader with a bicycle line focused on the high end "Master" and more moderate "Sport".
In 1986, Haro's design of the "Master" was at its climax with what is regarded as its most beautiful form with uniquely designed Haro Group 1 components, paint over chrome frame and forks, uniquely designed flip-up pegs. The 1986 "Master" in team issue neon green with all original components has become collectible. In 1987, The "Master" was made over to reduce the cost of the 1986 model. In 1988, Bob Haro sold the company to a bigger bike company and agreed to a five-year consulting contract that provided continuing product innovation and a premium image for the brand. At the end of five years Bob started a graphic design company. In 1993, the company was sold again, this time to a group of investors headed by Jim Ford, a Vice President at Haro Bikes since 1981. With its new independence, Jim leading the company as its President, the company re-established its focus on Bob Haro's original vision and began a rebuilding process that followed a sharp decline in the BMX market dating back to 1988.
Within one year, key management positions were filled and a new dealer base was established. A new competitive BMX racing team was formed and superstar freestyle riders Dave Mirra and Ryan Nyquist were signed by Haro soon after. Haro's new products re-established its reputation for performance. By 1999, sales had exploded and Haro Bikes was again recognized as one of the top brands of BMX and freestyle bikes; the sport's popularity has reached new heights, thanks to greater television exposure ESPN's X-Games and NBC's Gravity Games. In fact, Haro Bikes sponsored riders have combined to win over ten medals since the X-Games started in 1996, the most of any bike company. Dave Mirra is the most decorated X-Games athlete with six of them gold. Haro Bikes has taken major steps to establish its presence in the mountain bike market by signing former UCI World Champion Downhiller Mike King and the current UCI World Champion Cross Country racer, Michael Rasmussen of Denmark. Before his death in 2016, Dave Mirra had left and made his own company Mirraco Bikes in 2007... an enterprise of Trek Bicycle Corporation.
Ending his run with the Haro Brand. As of 2019 Haro Bikes sponsors freestyle BMX riders Ryan Nyquist, Dennis Enarson, Chad Kerly, Matthias Dandois, Mike Gray and Dennis McCoy, they sponsor BMX racers Nic Long and Brooke Crain. Mountain bikes: Ally SS, Ally XC, Beasley 1/9, Beasley SS, Calavera 27.5 Sport, Calavera 27.5 Comp, Escape Comp, Escape S, Escape Sport, Extreme X6, Extreme X6 Comp, Extreme X7, Flightline Comp, Flightline Expert, Flightline One