click links in text for more info

Solaris Urbino 15 LE

Solaris Urbino 15 LE is a series of low-entry buses from the Solaris Urbino series, designed for transport, produced since 2008 by the Polish company Solaris Bus & Coach in Bolechowo near Poznań. In 2010 the company began manufacturing the bus with the engine powered by CNG. Solaris Urbino 15 LE was put into production since the spring of 2008, it was based on a model of the Solaris Urbino 15, built to be used for Alpine and Scandinavian countries. The bus is popular in the Czech Republic and Slovakia; the first customer, who contributed to production of the model by placing an order for three types of low-entry buses, is a Ledermair company in the city Schwaz, Austria. The first official information about the bus, including photographs, appeared in June 2008 during the AUTOTEC Trade Fair in Brno, that is, after the delivery to Austria; the official debut took place at IAA Nutzfahrzeuge Trade Fair in Hannover and the Transexpo Trade Fair in Kielce in autumn in 2008. It is one of the few buses with a length of 15 metres produced in the world.

Thanks to the high floor in the rear of the vehicle, the engine and gearbox are placed in the centre for the third axle. It works with the SCR technology using AdBlue. All axles are from ZF. Due to the use of larger wheel size 295/70 tires the bus has an extended wheel arch. Behind the front axle there is a storage for snow chains. Two illuminated steps provide access to the higher floor level at the rear. All seats are located on the raised floor and are equipped with safety belts, while those located on the side of the stairs have additional armrests and handles. Above the seats in the low floor part of the bus there are shelves for luggage on the ceiling; the higher door has wheelchair access. Optionally, in place of the wheelchair bay the space can be transformed for four additional passenger seats; the ventilation of the interior of the bus has two electric sunroofs. Instead of tilting windows there can be installed an air conditioning system. There are several versions of the cab: semi-closed and closed.

Doors used in Solaris Urbino 15 LE all open to the outside

Food trucks in South Korea

A food truck is a large vehicle equipped to cook and sell food. Many food trucks operate in South Korean cities. Some, including ice cream trucks, sell prepackaged food. Sandwiches, french fries, other regional fast food fare is common. In recent years, associated with the pop-up restaurant phenomenon, food trucks offering gourmet cuisine and a variety of specialties and ethnic menus, have become popular. Food trucks, along with portable food booths and food carts, are on the front line of the street food industry that serves an estimated 2.5 billion people every day. The advantage of purchasing a truck is. Food trucks are gaining huge popularity worldwide because they are not only inexpensive but almost free of charge when starting a business. Republic of Korea's government legalized food trucks in September 2014 and numbers have continued to climb since then. Many young people are trying to create food trucks, a wider range of products is becoming available. However, it is not possible to operate food trucks everywhere.

In the case of Korea, there is only a limited number of places designated by each local government. Food trucks in Korea must report business reports to the local district office. All other food trucks are illegal, they can be treated as general food restaurant, it can not be sold anywhere else, but it can be operated only by licensed facilities, tourist attractions, sports facilities, urban parks, streams. A food truck with a legal license must have a business report in the truck. Not having business report can be considered as illegal food truck; the government is trying to cultivate legal food trucks. Republic of Korea's government legalized food trucks in September 2014. In July 2016, the government reviewed the revision and decision to allow food trucks to move in order to ease the grievances of conventional legal food trucks. Government regulations specify that the height of the cooking area shall be less than 1.5 m and the area shall be not less than 0.5 sq m and not more than 0.5 sq m. Korean Government announced Food Resources Sales Procedure, Sanitary & Safety Management Manual for Food trucks in 2014.11.12 for the need to set up a business reporting process for the licensee and related agencies in relation to the new food truck sales.

Areas where citizens do not tread on their toes. Areas where vehicles can not obstruct traffic hygienic areas where waste disposal facilities, such as waste disposal facilities and odor sources, are disposed of. Electricity trucks available for food truck sales and areas where water supply is available Safe from vermin, etc. Consideration of Commercial Market Sales Commercia Areas with toilet areas available around the neighborhood, etc. Local governments are entitled to select and contract contracts based on local administrative bodies. Private business operators establish their own regulations, select food truck vendors and contract contracts※ Precautions for public disclosure ⅰ. Food Truck Sales Report Submission: If a food truck operator has secured a business registration card, the food sanitation department issues an approval and requests it as a document issued by the company's permanent resident registration team. Ii. Retention of food truck: In case food truck is not required to be sold by taking into consideration the damages on the salesperson who failed to win the bid on condition that food truck is kept as a bid in the early stage of legalization When a contractor submits a copy of a business report issued by a local health care department, the company issues a confirmation of the sales confirmation.

However, private operators may be substituted by contract documents In case of violation of the allowable area of food truck in the tourist complex, the regulations specify the violation of the contract and manage the contents of the contract. Violation of "Food Hygiene Act" in violation of the approval business or outside of the resort area. According to the Seoul city council on July 18, the city council discussed ways to invigorate food trucks in the Seoul Metropolitan area by holding a conference session with related departments and food trucks. According to the Seoul Food and Drug Administration released in Seoul, the number of food trucks reported in Seoul totaled 424,000 in late March, accounting for 32 percent of the total; the number of food trucks sold is 250 days, the average business period is 144 days after start-up. Thirty-five percent of the total sales were closed in six months, accounting for about 80 percent of the total sales and the lowest among the total buyers. However, the food truck owners are having a hard time due to a lack of food truck operating areas with stable profits.

Seoul City has been searching for possible food truck locations since last September, but it has not been able to set up more than half of the stores due to opposition from existing businesses, insufficient flow populations, difficulties in transportation. Sales at the store are sluggish. Another problem was the fact that food truck sales are only taking place at festivals. In other words, the movie has limits on the creation of regular profits except for the night market and the Han River project; such poor conditions caused complaints from vendors at the conference. Korean food truck industry is saturated sharing and experiencing a rift with the traditional market, said an official at the Korea Food Truck Association, which introduces only about 200,000 to 100,000 won per day in Seocho, where food trucks are popular. Many food truck operators are unable to enter the night market, said an official at the Korea Food Truck Cooperative Federation. “We don’t have any count

Regional Authorities in Ireland

Regional Authorities in Ireland were established by the Local Government Act 1991 and came into existence in 1994. Under this Act, the Regional Authorities had two main functions: to promote the co-ordination of public service provision and to monitor the delivery of European Union Structural Fund assistance in the regions; the Regional Authorities were replaced by Regional Assemblies. The members of the Regional Authorities were not directly elected, but were nominated from among the elected members of the local authorities in the region; each local authority had a certain number of seats on a Regional Authority, based loosely on the population of the local authority area. The size of the Regional Authorities varied from 21 members in the Mid-East region to 37 members in the Border region. To assist the Regional Authority in undertaking its functions, each has an Operational Committee and an EU Operational Committee; the Operational Committee is chaired by the Cathaoirleach of the Regional Authority and is composed of senior management from the constituent local authorities and other relevant public sector agencies operating in the region.

It helps prepare the work of the Regional Authority and assists and advises it on matters relating to its functions. Each Regional Authority has a designated city/county manager from one of its local authorities to further enhance the linkages between the local authorities and the Regional Authority; the EU Operational Committee has a similar, but broader and assists the Regional Authority in matters relating to EU assistance and reviewing the implementation of various EU Operational Programmes in a region. Each Regional Authority has a Director, assisted by a number of policy and administrative staff, they are NUTS III level. The Regional Authorities had specific responsibility for: Reviewing the Development Plans of local authorities in their region and in adjoining regions; the financing of the activities of the Regional Authorities was borne by their constituent local authorities. Border Regional Authority Dublin Regional Authority Mid-East Regional Authority Midlands Regional Authority Mid-West Regional Authority South-East Regional Authority South-West Regional Authority West Regional Authority The legislation which abolished the eight regional authorities and two Regional Assemblies and which replaced them with three regional assemblies was the Local Government Act 1991 the statutory instrument number 573/2014 of 2014.

The Order provided for the transfer of staff and liabilities to the successor assemblies. It described the area under the remit of the regional authorities: Eastern and Midland Regional Assembly – which comprises the combined territory of the counties of Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Kildare, Longford, Meath, South Dublin and Wicklow as well as the territory of the city of Dublin. Northern and Western Regional Assembly – which comprises the combined territory of the counties of Cavan, Leitrim, Mayo, Monaghan and Sligo as well as the territory of the city of Galway. Southern Regional Assembly – which comprises the combined territory of the counties of Carlow, Cork, Kilkenny, Tipperary and Wexford as well as the territory of the cities of Cork and Waterford. Official website Eastern and Midland Regional Assembly Official website Northern & Western Regional Assembly Official website Southern Regional Assembly

John Moffat (physicist)

John W. Moffat is a Danish-born British-Canadian physicist, he is Professor Emeritus in physics at the University of Toronto and is an adjunct Professor in physics at the University of Waterloo and a resident affiliate member of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. Moffat is best known for his work on gravity and cosmology, culminating in his nonsymmetric gravitational theory and scalar–tensor–vector gravity, summarized in his 2008 book for general readers, Reinventing Gravity, his theory explains galactic rotation curves without invoking dark matter. He proposes a variable speed of light approach to cosmological problems; the speed of light c may have been more than 30 orders of magnitude higher during the early moments of the Big Bang. His recent work on inhomogeneous cosmological models purports to explain certain anomalous effects in the CMB data, to account for the discovered acceleration of the expansion of the universe. Moffat has proposed a new nonlocal variant of quantum field theory, finite at all orders and hence dispenses with renormalization.

It generates mass without a Higgs mechanism. Moffat was born in Copenhagen, the son of a Scottish father, George Moffat, Danish mother, Esther, his father, a musician from Glasgow, was performing in a night club in Copenhagen when he met Esther, a dancer. They married three weeks later. In 1938, on the eve of the Second World War, John's father moved the family to London predicting that Denmark would be invaded by Germany. In 1939, during the Blitz, the 7-year-old John was evacuated to Glasgow to live with his grandparents, but he failed to thrive in Glasgow, struggling academically, so after a year he returned to his parents, all three moved to Bristol, where his father got a job searching ships for German spies. In Bristol, they lived close to the factory. Air raids were frequent as the Battle of Britain intensified in 1940. One day, they went to the boardwalk at Weston-super-Mare to escape the raids in Bristol, only to have German planes appear overhead; as Moffat recalled in his memoir, Einstein Wrote Back: "I heard the shriek of the whistling bombs as they fell, the hollow booms as they detonated deep inside the mud of the beach...

The blast me across the road adjacent to the boardwalk. I landed in a garden on my back, opened my eyes and stared at the blue sky, there was a loud ringing in my ears; the blood was pouring out of my nose, I felt a terrible tightness and pain in my chest... In a daze, I got up, soon discovered my parents in the same garden, on all fours, attempting to stand up suffering from nosebleeds and chest pains." The trauma from the bombing and the air-raids stayed with him for a lifetime, Moffat wrote: "At the time, I was somehow able to suppress the horror of our experiences during the war, carry on day by day. However, about a year after the bombings in Bristol and Weston-super-Mare, I began suffering from what is now called post-traumatic stress disorder. I began getting severe nightmares and panic attacks. Today I still experience panic attacks when I am visiting Europe." When John was 7 or 8, his father took him to a psychiatrist in London because he insisted on reading sentences and clocks backward.

The psychiatrist told his father. John, did not think the word meant much for his future. After the war, the family moved back to Denmark, where John's father started an import-export business, he contracted tuberculosis from one of his employees and became ill for a year, the family struggled to get by. As a teenager, Moffat quit school at 16 to become an artist, he gave up after living for a time in Paris with no income. Upon returning to Copenhagen, he became interested in the cosmos and began teaching himself mathematics and physics; the University of Copenhagen allowed anyone to check out books from its libraries, he made such quick progress that within a year he began working on problems of general relativity and unified field theory. When Moffat was about 20 years old, he wrote a letter to Albert Einstein, informing the great physicist that he was working on one of his theories. "Dear Professor... I would be eternally indebted if you could find time to read my work," he began. "In 1953 Einstein sent me a reply, from Princeton, New Jersey.

So I ran down to my barber shop to have my barber translate it for me. Through that summer and fall, we exchanged about a half dozen letters; the local press picked up on these stories which caught the attention of physicist Niels Bohr and others. Doors of opportunity were swinging open for me". Einstein's initial reply: "Most honorable Mr. Moffat: Our situation is the following. We are standing in front of a closed box which we cannot open, we try hard to discuss what is inside and what is not," Einstein replied. Moffat's correspondence with Einstein and meeting with Bohr drew the attention of officials at the British consulate in Copenhagen, he was invited to study at Cambridge. In 1958, he was awarded a Ph. D. without a first degree at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was supervised by Abdus Salam. In 1992, John Moffat proposed that the speed of light was much larger in the early universe, in which the speed of light had a value of more than 1030 km/s, he published his "variable speed of light" theory in two places—on the Los Alamos National Laboratory's online archive, Nov. 16, 1992, in a 1993 edition of International Journal of Modern Physics D.

The scientific community ignored VSL theory until in 2

Operation Z (1944)

Operation Z was a defensive plan put into place by the Japanese during World War II to defend the Marianas Islands, in particular, Saipan. Early in 1944, the United States military set their eyes on the Marshall Islands after landing on Kwajalein Atoll. To help with the attack, on February 17, 1944, they bombarded Truk, Caroline Islands, due to its proximity to the Marshall Islands. During this bombardment, the Japanese lost some 200,000 tons of merchant shipping. With the impending invasion of the Marianas Islands, Admiral Mineichi Koga, on March 8, sponsored Operation Z, as a defense against the American attack; this plan was approved by the Imperial Japanese Navy General Staff, with a formal title of Combined Fleet Secret Operations Order No. 73. The operation called for the utilization of the remaining land-based aircraft numbering 1055 in the Marianas, the Caroline Islands, in western New Guinea; the plan's success called on a naval force of around 9 aircraft carriers and their 450 or so aircraft assisting in the defense.

The plan was intended to create the Kantai Kessen, one final battle that would devastate the American forces and force them to sue for peace. Throughout the spring of 1944, the aircraft losses for the Japanese continued to mount, endangering the success of the operation. Among those captured was Shigeru Fukudome, in the second plane. After extricating himself from the wreckage, he began to swim ashore. During this portion of his ordeal, he kept the briefcase that contained the top secret documents concerning Operation Z. After spending hours in the ocean, all the while approaching the coastline, he was spotted by some Filipino fishermen. Not sure if they were friendly or rebels, Fukudome released the briefcase with the intention of allowing it to sink. Upon reaching land, the documents were sent to the American forces for analysis. A clandestine high-priority submarine pickup was arranged, with a cover story of evacuating American refugees; the submarine picked up the documents, along with 40 American men and children.

Traveling on the surface for speed, diving only when needed, the submarine survived depth charging twice, arriving near the American naval base in Darwin, Australia on May 19. From there, the documents were flown to Brisbane; the Z Plan documents were in plain text, rather than code, were translated on an urgent basis by the top five translators at the Military Intelligence Service attached to the Allied Translator and Interpreter Section, it was first translated by Yoshikazu Yamada and George "Sankey" Yamashiro, two nisei translators. Copies of the translation were rushed to General Douglas MacArthur, who forwarded them to Admiral Chester Nimitz, commander-in-chief of the Pacific Fleet. Among other things, planned Japanese diversionary tactics were now anticipated by the Americans, leading to the lopsided American victory in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, the largest aircraft carrier battle in history, one of the decisive battles of the Pacific war. After the loss of the plans, Admiral Toyoda Soemu rewrote the plans in a more aggressive manner and named it Operation A-Go.

Anon. "Congressional Record. Volume 150, Part 18". Bradsher, Greg. "The "Z Plan" Story Japan's 1944 Naval Battle Strategy Drifts into U. S. Hands". Prologue Magazine. 37. Archived from the original on August 2, 2014. Retrieved August 2, 2014. Hoiberg, Dale H. ed.. "World Wars". Encyclopædia Britannica. 29: United-Zoroastrianism. Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ISBN 0-85229-571-5. LCCN 91-75907. Roehrs, Mark D.. World War II in the Pacific. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe. ISBN 0-7656-0836-7. Toland, John; the Rising Sun, The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire: 1936–1945. New York, NY: Random House. ISBN 978-0394443119. LCCN 77-117669


Mipus is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Muricidae, the murex snails or rock snails. Species within the genus Mipus include: Mipus alis Oliverio, 2008 Mipus boucheti Oliverio, 2008 Mipus brinkae Kosuge, 1992 Mipus coriolisi Kosuge & Oliverio, 2004 Mipus crebrilamellosus Mipus eugeniae Mipus fusiformis Mipus gyratus Mipus intermedius Kosuge, 1985 Mipus isosceles Mipus mamimarumai Mipus matsumotoi Kosuge, 1985 Mipus miyukiae Kosuge, 1985 Mipus nodosus Mipus rosaceus Mipus sugitanii Kosuge, 1985 Mipus tomlini Mipus tonganus Oliverio, 2008 Mipus tortuosus Mipus vicdani Species brought into synonymy Mipus ovoideus Kosuge, 1985: synonym of Coralliophila ovoidea Spencer, H.. B.. All Mollusca except Opisthobranchia. In: Gordon, D.. New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp