Helen Sofie Dohlmann was a Danish sculptor. Dohlmann was born in Copenhagen in 1870, she studied with Paul Bartlee and Jean Antoine Injalbert in Paris and with Stephan Sinding in Copenhagen. She studied painting with Richard Miller. One of her earliest works, sarkofag med figur, was exhibited at the Salon in Paris where it received a Mention Honorable It was exhibited at Charlottenborg and in Munich, she participated in several competitions for public monuments in Denmark. Her works include a bust of hospital director H. V. S. Gredsted at the former Copenhagen Municipal Hospital, now part of University of Copenhagen's City Campus, she is buried at Solbjerg Park Cemetery in Frederiksberg. En dreng, der spiller på fløjte Sorg, sarkofag med figur Forladt, moder med barn Hospitalsdirektør Gredsted Hagar og Ismael.
Johanne Nathalie Krebs was a Danish potter. She was the sister of explorer Carl Krebs. Krebs was employed at the Bing & Grøndahl between 1919 and 1929, where she worked with ceramist Gunnar Nylund. In 1929 she founded Saxbo stoneware in Gladsaxe, she experimented with copper and iron glaze on simple stoneware shapes and reached results that gave her international reputation. From 1932 ceramist Eva Stæhr-Nielsen was tied to the workshop as a designer, Krebs collaborated with Edith Sonne Bruun. Saxbo was shut down in 1968. In 1937 she was awarded the Tagea Brandt Rejselegat award, in 1951 the Prince Eugen Medal. "Nathalie Krebs". Store Norske Leksikon. Read January 5, 2011. "Nathalie Krebs'. Den Store Danske. Read January 5, 2011. Biography at Danish kvindebiografisk leksikon
Christen C. Raunkiær
Christen Christensen Raunkiær was a Danish botanist, a pioneer of plant ecology. He is remembered for his scheme of plant strategies to survive an unfavourable season and his demonstration that the relative abundance of strategies in floras corresponded to the Earth's climatic zones; this scheme, the Raunkiær system, is still used today and may be seen as a precursor of modern plant strategy schemes, e.g. J. Philip Grime's CSR system, he was born on a small heathland farm, named Raunkiær, in Lyhne parish in western Jutland, Denmark. He took his surname after it, he succeeded Eugen Warming as professor in botany at the University of Copenhagen and the director of the Copenhagen Botanical Garden, a position he held from 1912 to 1923. He was married to the author and artist Ingeborg Raunkiær, who accompanied him on journeys to the West Indies and the Mediterranean and made line drawings for his botanical works, they divorced in 1915, the same year as their only son Barclay Raunkiær died. Raunkiær married the botanist Agnete Seidelin.
Raunkiær's research axiom was that everything countable in nature should be subjected to numerical analysis, e.g. the number of male and female catkins in monecious plants and the number of male and female individuals in dioecious plants. Raunkiær was an early student of apomixis in flowering plants and hybrid swarms. In addition, he studied the effect of soil pH on plants and plants on soil pH, a work his apprentice Carsten Olsen continued. After his retirement, C. Raunkiær made numerical studies of flora in the literature. In these studies, he applied strict quantitative criteria, like in his ecological studies. For example, he defined a poet as a person. Raunkiær devised a system for categorising plants by life-form as a way of ecologically meaningful comparison of species and vegetation in regions having different floras. Raunkiær compared statistically local life form spectra with the world average, which he called "the normal spectrum". Thereby, he devised the first null model in the history of ecology.
Raunkiær was a keen naturalist, who described the flora and funga of Denmark, the Virgin Islands and other countries. In contrast to many contemporary naturalist, however, he promoted quantitative and numerical approaches and experimentation, he devised a method to quantify the abundance of plants in vegetation as frequency in subplots and used it for quantitative studies of a range of plant communities. When plotting the number of species in a plant community that fell in each 20-percentile frequency class from frequent, i.e. numerically dominant, to infrequent, Raunkiær discovered that most species were either common or rare. This came to be known as "Raunkiær's law" and is related to R. A. Fisher's logseries distribution and to Frank W. Preston's lognormal distribution of the number of individuals of each species in a community; the significance of his idea was, disputed by some of his contemporaries. As a further experiment in characterizing plant communities, Raunkiaer devised a numerical scheme based on leaf size classes and leaf type, extended by L. J. Webb and is used as a way to classify forest types more than by lists of component species.
Raunkiær, C. Frøskallens Bygning og Udviklingshistorie hos Geraniaceerne. Botanisk Tidsskrift 16, 152-167. Raunkiær, C. Myxomycetes Daniae eller Danmarks Slimsvampe. Botanisk Tidsskrift 17, 20-105 Description in English of some new and of some unsatisfactorily known species of Myxomycetes described in the preceding treatise. Botanisk Tidsskrift 17, 106-110. Raunkiær, C. Notes on the vegetation of the North-Frisian Islands and a contribution to an eventual flora of these islands. Botanisk Tidsskrift 17, 179-196. Raunkiær, C. Vegetationsorganernes Morphologi og Biologi hos de danske Cyperaceer - Bestøvning og Frugtsaetning hos de danske Cyperaceer. Botanisk Tidsskrift 18, 19-23. Raunkiær, C. De danske Blomsterplanters Naturhistorie. L. Enkimbladede. Gyldendalske Boghandels Forlag, København. Raunkiær, C. Om Papildannelsen hos Aira caespitosa. Botanisk Tidsskrift 24, 223-238. Raunkiær, C. Statistisk Undersøgelse over Forholdet mellem Han- og Hunrakler hos vore Alnus-arter. Botanisk Tidsskrift 24, 289-296. Raunkiær, C.
Anatomical Potamogeton-Studies and Potamogeton fluitans. Botanisk Tidsskrift 25, 253-280. Ostenfeld, C. H. & Raunkiær, C. Kastreringsforsøg med Hieracium og andre Cichorieae. Botanisk Tidsskrift 25, 409-413. Raunkiær, C. Comment les plantes géophytes à rhizomes apprécient la profondeur où se trouvent placés leurs rhizomes. Oversigt over Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger, 1904, 330-349. Raunkiær, C. Om biologiske typer, med hensyn til planternes zilpasninger til at overleve ugunstige aarstider. Botanisk Tidsskrift 26, XIV. THIS PAGE DOES NOT CONTAIN A PAPER BY RAUNKIAER WITH THAT TITLE NOR DOES THE ENTIRE VOLUME. Ch. 1 in Raunkiær: Biological types with reference to the adaption of plants to survive the unfavourable season, p. 1. Raunkiær, C. Types biologiques pour la géographie botanique. Oversigt over Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger, 1905, 347-438. THIS PAGE RANGE SEEMS DOUBTFUL, BUT IS REPEATED ON UMPTEEN ONLINE PAGES. Raunkiær, C. Om Talforholdene mellem Kønnene hos tvebo Planter og om Talforholdet mellem hanlige og hunlige individer i Afkommet af Hunplanter og tvekønnede Planter hos Gynodiøcister.
Botanisk Tidsskrift 26, 86-88. Raun
Albert Heinrich Riise
Albert Heinrich Riise referred to as A. H. Riise, was a Danish pharmacist and manufacturer on St. Thomas in the Danish West Indies. A brand of rum is still named A. H. Riise after him. Late in his life he returned to Denmark where Sankt Thomas Plads in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen is named after him, he was the father of photographer Frederik Riise. Albert was the son of merchant Jens Christian Riise and wife Margrethe Elisabeth Krabbe; the father died at sea. After schooling, Albert is apprenticed at the pharmacist in Ærøskøbing and from 1825-30 he continued at the pharmacist in Fåborg, he traveled to Copenhagen, where he graduated in 1832. While still studying botany and chemistry, he worked at various pharmacies in the capital at the same time. A long-cherished desire to get to the West Indies was fulfilled in 1838 when he managed to get the privilege as a pharmacist in the Danish West Indies. Upon arrival in Saint Thomas, he at first worked in a so-called doctor stall, driven by several ‘’doctors’’.
The following year he established his own pharmacy in partnership with a doctor. In 1843, he was able to buy out the partner, so he became the sole owner of the pharmacy, it went well for A. H. Riise, the business grew, he traveled to the United States and Trinidad among othersEquipped with a large stock of all kinds of goods pharmaceutical products, St. Thomas Pharmacy became known in all the surrounding Caribbean islands as the place, where there was anything you might need for any household. Riise had a lively interest in botany and with utilized Caribbean exotic plants and animal life for the preparation of pharmaceutical and alcoholic products. Among other things the well-known Riise's Bay Rum, instrumental in A. H. Riise's prosperity. A. H. Riise was a pioneer in the distillation and sale of rum and bitter from the West Indies, as in the old days was used as a medicine for stomach ills and other hardships. A. H. Riise had great success with his West Indies rum, exported to several continents.
Riise's rum was popular in the motherland of Denmark. A. H. Riise exported his rum under various trademarks, including Old St. Croix Brand, Riise's Guava rum, A. H. Riise rum with more. A. H. Riise's exclusive series of rum from the Caribbean is still marketed by Dansk-Vestindisk Rom Kompagni. Over the years, A. H. Riise's rums have awarded medals at several competitions and exhibitions; the first was given to Riise in 1893 at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. When there were epidemics of both cholera, yellow fever, Smallpox in 1868, the family decided to travel to Denmark for a year. However, when the year was over, they decided to stay; the pharmacy on St. Thomas was handed over to an assistant. A son of this connection became a pharmacist in Ærøskøbing. Albert Riise bought a villa at Frederiksberg Allé; when the villa after Riise's death in 1882 was sold, it was transformed into an amusement park called St. Thomas. In addition, Albert Riise was Director of the ‘’Bank of St. Thomas’’, was appointed Knight of Dannebrog, Knight of the Swedish Order of Vasa, in 1868 for Council of Justice and in 1878 for Etatsråd.
He is buried at Solbjerg Park Cemetery. A commemorative plaque has been set for him at his birthplace in Ærøskøbing. On January 27, 1842 in Frederiksted on St. Croix, he got married to Henriette Marie Worm; the couple had 13 children, including Photographer Frederik Riise and pharmacist Valdemar Riise, the proprietor of the pharmacy after him. Slægtsforskning på Ærø AH Riise Labels Source
Jørgen Gudmundsen-Holmgreen was a Danish sculptor. Son of the artist Johan Gudmundsen-Holmgreen, Gudmundsen-Holmgreen was born in Copenhagen where he studied sculpture under Anders Bundgaard from 1913 to 1915. Afterwards, he was sent to Hanover to assist Anne Marie Carl-Nielsen in enlarging the horse for her equestrian statue of Christian IX. In 1915, he presented Niobide, a statue of a boy, at the Charlottenborg Spring Exhibition, earning him a scholarship allowing him to travel in Europe, he became interested in classical Greek sculpture which became a constant source of inspiration in his busts. His bronze masterpiece Josef was the culmination of several years' work in crafting youthful figures. After visiting Tunis in 1947, he developed a more intuitive approach. Gudmundsen-Holmgreen received many official commissions thanks to his fine eye for facial and psychological expression, although he was less adept in creating clothed figures. One of Gudmundsen-Holmgreen's best known works is the bust of Niels Bohr which stands on Frue Plads outside the University of Copenhagen.
Gudmundsen-Holmgreen's brother Anders was an artist while his son Pelle is a composer. In 1946, Gudmundsen-Holmgreen was awarded the Eckersberg Medal and, in 1965, the Thorvaldsen Medal. Illustrated list of artworks by Gudmundsen-Holmgreen in Danish museums
Carl William Frederik Lendorf was a Danish architect and historicist who worked in Odense. He designed Copenhagen's 1898 St Thomas' Church, he was born in 1839 in Copenhagen, the son of the carpenter Christian Gottfried Lendorf and Vilhelmine Nielsen. A journeyman carpenter in 1855, he attended the School of Architecture until 1863, he was employed by Ferdinand Meldahl on the construction of Fredericia Town Hall and worked on the reconstruction of Frederiksborg Palace under Meldahl. Lendorf managed his own firm in Odense and in Copenhagen, he was drawing teacher at Odense Technical College. Lendorf participated in the Nordic Exhibition of 1888, he was honored as a Knight of the Dannebrog, was awarded the Dannebrogordenens Hæderstegn, served on the board of the Foreningen for Alderdoms-Friboliger. He was a Freemason. Lendorf was married on May 1863 in Copenhagen to Sophie Christiane Jørgine Anchersen, he was buried at Solbjerg Parkkirkegård. Funen Stiftstidendes buildings near Lille Gråbrødrestræde Torvehal Fisketorvet The Danish Masonic Order lodge building, Albanigade 16 Sukkerkogeriet Odense, Vesterbro 118-120 Local girls' school, Klaregade Fyens Disconto Kasse Funen Diocese Savings Bank The hive, the Fish Market Rytterkasernen, Pjentendamsgade 21 Garrison Hospital, Albanigade Jernbanegades Skole, Jernbanegade 20 Odense City Hall Media related to Carl Lendorf at Wikimedia Commons
Caroline Emilie Mundt was a Danish painter, known for her portraits of children. Her father, Carl Emil Mundt, was a Professor of mathematics at the Sorø Academy, her mother died when she was three and her father moved the family to Copenhagen. As a child, her home was filled with political and philosophical discussions, as her father was a member of Den Grundlovgivende Rigsforsamling and her uncle, J. H. Mundt, was the Mayor of Copenhagen, she and her sister, received their basic education at N. Zahle's School and, in 1861, she took an exam to become a private tutor. However, her drawing teacher, Frederik Helsted was impressed with her artistic talent so, after graduation, she became a drawing and writing teacher at the school. At the age of thirty, she set out to become an artist and enrolled at the "Painting School for Women", operated by Vilhelm Kyhn, it was there she met her life partner, Marie Luplau. In 1875, she unsuccessfully sought to gain admission to the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts so, following the advice of Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann and Luplau went to Munich to continue their studies with Eilif Peterssen.
During a period of study in Paris at the Académie Colarossi, she was influenced by the works Jules Breton and Jules Bastien-Lepage. Their depictions of the lives of poor people inspired her to create a series of paintings on the lives of poor children, many of which were done at a local orphanage. In 1886, she and Luplau set up their own painting school for women in Frederiksberg, in operation until 1913, they were diligent campaigners for women's suffrage and, in 1890, adopted a young girl named Carla. In 1916, she became one of the first members of the "Kvindelige Kunstneres Samfund". In addition to paintings of children, she is known for scenes of peasant life. A major retrospective of her works was presented at the Women's Museum, Aarhus in 2007. Mette Thelle, Efter hjemkomsten: et maleri af Emilie Mundt, Randers Museum of Art, 1990 ISBN 87-88075-42-7 ArtNet: More works by Mundt